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状语从句资料-学生版_图文

Module 5 The Great Sports Personality—Grammar —
编写人 钟 文

matter wh- , --ever

课堂探究案
【探究一】请看下面的例句: 探究一】 I’ll tell him the exciting news as soon as he ccomes back. You’ll make progress if you work hard. You’ll be late unless you leave immediately. So long as you keep on trying, you will surely succeed. When Mr. Smith arrives, please give it to him. When you have finished your homework, you may go out. 总结: 状语从句和 状语从句的复合句中,主句若为将来时,从句要用 总结:在含有 现在时态。试比较: Can you tell me when he will finish his work? Will you please come here when he comes tomorrow? 探究二】 【探究二】before 状语从句的重点句型 ……之后……才; It was a long time before I got to sleep . It wasn’t long before he told me about the affair. 不多久……就; Before I could get in a word, he had measured me. 不等……就; 刚……就; He hardly entered the room before he heard the telephone ring. You can have a few days to think about it before you make your decision. 先……再。 探究三 【探究三】请仔细观察下列 Since 引导的时间状语从句: He has studied very hard since he came to our school. 自从他来到我们学校,他学习就非常努力。 We have been missing them since they left here 自从他们离开这里,我们就一直很想念他们。
I haven’t heard any noise since I slept. 我醒后还未听到任何声音

学习目标: 学习目标: 1. 能恰当使用各种状语从句及其引导词 2. 增强状语从句方面的应试能力 使用说明: 使用说明:(Instruction )
1. 3. 课前独立完成预习案 2. 就合作探究部分进行课堂展示、质疑释疑 4. 课堂探究案分部分进行独学和合作探究 5 分钟巩固、记忆、小结

课前预习案
【预习任务安排及步骤】 一. 用横线划出下列句子中的状语从句,并指出是哪种状语从句: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 二. He talks as if (as though) he knew all about it.方式 He is such a good teacher that the students love and respect him.结果 I shall go to the park unless it rains.条件 No sooner had I got home than it began to rain.时间 Where there is water, there is life.地点 He studied hard so that he could catch up with his classmates.目的 Since you are very busy, I won't trouble you.原因 I will find her wherever she may be. 让步 We must do everything as he tells us.方式 India is much bigger than Japan.比较 独学自研 (请研读并标出你自己的重点和难点)

对状语从句的分析和理解是一个重点。英语状语从句分为时间状语从句、地点状语从句、 原因状语从句、目的状语从句、结果状语从句、条件状语从句、方式状语从句、让步状语从 句和比较状语从句。 状语从句 时间 地点 方式 原因 结果 目的 条件 让步 引导从句的连词 after, as, before, once, since, till, until, when, whenever, while, as soon as, hardly(scarcely) … when, No sooner … than, the moment (instant, minute, day…),immediately, directly, instantly, every time, next time, the first time where,wherever,everywhere, anywhere as, as if, as though, now (that) because, since, as,

so …that, such (a)… that, so that, that so that, in order that, that, so, if , unless, in case , as long as, providing/provided, suppose/supposing though, although, even if, even though,as, in spite of the fact, while, no

He has never been to see me since I was ill. 我病愈后,他一直未来看我。 I haven’t heard from him since he lived here. 自从他这里搬走,我就没有收到他的信。 It’s three years since I was in the army. 我退伍已三年了。 总结: 总结:若 since 引导的状语从句的谓语动词是延续性动词或表示状态的动词的过去时时, 则从句表示的时间是“从那持续动作或状态结束时算起”。 探究四 【探究四】as 引导让步状语从句时,必须用前置结构,通常是从句中的表语、状语或动词原形 放在句首,放在句首的名词前的冠词要去掉。 Child as(though)he is, he knows a lot.(注意在 child 前不要用冠词) Much as I like it, I won’t buy. Try as he would, he couldn’t lift the heavy box. 探究五 引导的从句: 【探究五】注意区分 where 引导的从句: You’d better make a mark where you have any questions. ( 从句) You’d better make a mark at the place where you have any questions. ( 从句) 探究六 【探究六】until 与 till You may stay here till/until the rain stops. He wouldn’t go to bed till/until she returned.→

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Not until she returned would he go to bed . It was not until she returned that he would go to bed . 探究七 【探究七】请用括号中所给词的适当形式填空 Ask me for help, you are in trouble. (when) You can take you like. (what) 总结: 从句中,而–ever 可用于 总结:no matter wh- 可用于 探究八 【探究八】“so…that”与“such…that” 1.什么时候用“so…that”, 什么时候用“such…that”?

从句中。

2.He was so clever a student that he was able to work out all the difficult problems.→ So 探究九 【探究九】状语从句的简化 就状语从句而言,有时为了使语言言简意赅,常常将状语从句进行"简化"。状语从句的 "简化"现象在口语中较为普遍,而且在高考中的复现率也较高。因此,有必要对其进行全 面、透彻的了解。状语从句的"简化"现象常存在于以下五种状语从句中: ①由 if, unless 等引导的条件状语从句; ②由 although, though, even if / though 等引导的让步状语从句; ③由 when, while, as, before, after, until / till 等引导的时间状语从句; ④由 as, as if 等引导的方式状语从句; ⑤由 as, than 等引导的比较状语从句。 下面针对这五种情形作一归纳。(动手试试看!) (1)当状语从句的主语是 it, 且谓语动词是 be 时,it 和 be 要完全简化掉。例如: He’ll go to the seaside for his holiday if it is possible. If it is possible, he will help you out of the difficulty. You must attend the meeting unless it is inconvenient to you. (2)当状语从句的主语和主句的主语一致时,从句可以将主语和 be 动词简化掉。例如: He won't go there with us unless he is invited. The concert was a great success than it was expected. He stood up as if he were to say something. He wouldn't solve the problem even if he were to take charge. She looked anxious as though she was in trouble. He had mastered the English language before he was in the USA. Work hard when you are young, or you'll regret. (少壮……) 另 : 请大家特别注意以下由 when,while 等引导的时间状语从句,由 if 引导的条件 去连词—去 状语从句以及原因状语从句中,我们还可以用分词进行更进一步的简化:去连词 去主 去连词 语—动词变分词 动词变分词 请将下列句子进行上述形式的简化, 再用分词形式进行更进一步的简化, 后面的结构更高 级哟,你要试试吗? a.连词 形容词 名词 & Being + 形容词 名词 连词+形容词 形容词/名词 连词 形容词/名词 As he was young, he learned how to ride a bike.

Being young, he learned how to ride a bike. Whenever she is free, she often goes shopping. Being free, she often goes shopping. While he was a young boy, he was always ready to help others. Being a young boy, he was always ready to help others. Although he was a farmer, now he is a famous director. Being a farmer in the past, now he is a famous director. b.连词 现在分词 & 现在分词 连词+现在分词 连词 As she was walking along the river bank, she was singing a pop song. → Walking along the river bank, she was singing a pop song. Although he is doing his best in maths these days, he has still got no good marks. Doing his best in maths these days, he has still got no good marks. d.连词 过去分词 & 过去分词 连词+过去分词 连词 When the museum is completed , the museum will be open to the public next year . Completed , the museum will be open to the public next year . 如果从句的主语与主句的主语不一致,也可以用上述方法化简.只需在化简后的分词短语 前,放上原从句中的主语就成:去连词 留主语 动词变分词 例如: 留主语—动词变分词 :去连词—留主语 As it was fine that day,we decided to go fishing. It being fine that day,we decided to go fishing. Since his father had fallen ill,John had to begin working at the age of ten. His father having fallen ill,John had to begin working at the age of ten. If weather permits, we will have a picnic. Weather permitting, we will have a picnic. When the meeting was over, all the people went out of the meeting-room. The meeting (being) over, all the people went out of the meeting-room. 另外,比较状语从句中也经常省略。例如: I’m taller than he (is tall). The higher the temperature (is), the greater the pressure (is).

课后巩固案
1. 【2011 全国卷 II 19】It was a nice meal, _______a little expensive. A. though B. whether C. as D. since 2. 【2011 北京卷 29】__________ volleyball is her main focus, she’s also great at basketball. A. Since B. Once C. Unless D. While 3. 2011 上海卷 36】 a lot of people say a film is not good, I won’t bother to see it, or I’ll wait ____ 【 If it comes out on DVD. A. whether B. after C. though D. until 4. 2011 上海卷 37】 police officers in our city work hard _____ the rest of us can live a safe life. 【 The A. in case B. as if C. in order that D. only if 5. 【2011 江西卷 29】Please call my secretary to arrange a meeting this afternoon, or ______ it is

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convenient to you. A. whenever B. however C. whichever D. wherever 6. 【2011 浙江卷 4】One Friday, we were packing to leave for a weekend away ______my daughter heard cries for help. A. after B. while C. since D. when 7. 【2011 福建卷 33】 was April 29, 2001 ____ Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the It palace hall of the wedding ceremony. A.that B.when C.since D.before 8.2011 四川卷 4】 【 Frank insisted that he was not asleep ____ I had great difficulty in waking him up. A. whether B. although C. for D. so 9. 【2011 四川卷 6】As it reported, it is 100 years ____Qinghua University was founded. A. when B. before C. after D. since 10. 【2011 辽宁卷 29】He had no sooner finished his speech _____ the students started cheering. A. since B. as C. when D. than 11. 【2011 陕西卷 17】 new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be ____the present The one. A. as three times big as B. three times as big as C. as big as three times D. as big three times as 12. 【2011 天津卷 5】____ regular exercise is very important, it’s never a good idea to exercise too close to bedtime. A.It B. As C.Although D.Unless 13. 【2011 陕西卷 19】____all of them are strong candidates, only one will be chosen for the post. A. Since B. While C. If D. As 14. 【2011 山东卷 28】 had his camera ready __ he saw something that would make a good picture. He A. even if B. if only C. in case D. so that 15. 【2011 重庆卷 30】To show our respect, we usually have to take our gloves off ______ we are to shake hands with. A.whichever B.whenever C.whoever D.wherever 16. 【2011 湖南卷 33】Jack wasn’t saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him _______he had done something very clever. A .as if B. in case C. while D. though (1-8-12, 2-13, 6-7)

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