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八年级英语下册 Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement park section A课件 人教新目标版_图文


新目标八年级下册

Unit 9
Have you ever been to an amusement park?

Section A

Have you ever been to an amusement park?
Language Goals:
?Talk about past experiences

动 画 neither, theme, boat, route, island, especially, 词 汇 discover, guide, foreign, film, wonderful, quarter, holiday, population, fear, brave, excellent, Indian, dark, fox, environment, temperature, whenever, spring, autumn, season, awake, have a great time, Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, roller coaster, on board, end up, three quarters, all year round

单词和词组





Have you ever been to ...? Yes, I’ve been to ... No, I have never been to ...





现在完成时的用法交流用法
—Have you ever been to an amusement

park?
—Yes, I have. I went there last year. / No, I haven’t been to an amusement park.

a space museum

an amusement park

an aquarium

water park

Make up a conversation:
Have you ever been to …?

Yes , I have. / No, I haven’t.
Has Dick /Lucy ever been to …? Yes, he /she has. / No, he / she hasn’t. Me, neither.

1a Which of these places would you like to visit? Rank them from 1 to 5.

space museum amusement park n. 娱乐;消遣 aquarium zoo water park

太空博物馆 游 乐 水 族 场 馆

动 物 园 水上公 园

all; both; either; neither all意为“都”,用于三者或三者以上,修饰 或代替的主语为可数名词时,谓语动词用复 数形式。如: All the students are in the classroom. 所有的学生都在教室里。
both意为“两者都”,只用于两个人或事, 谓语动词用复数形式,常与and连用。如: Both Tom and Bill like bananas. 汤姆和比尔都喜欢香蕉。

either意为“两者中任何一个”,谓语动词 用单数形式,常与or连用。如: He is either a worker or a teacher. 他不是位工人就是位教师。 neither是either的否定形式,意为“两者都 不”,谓语动词用单数形式,常与nor连用。 如: It’s neither cold nor hot in autumn. 秋天天气既不冷,也不热。

1b Listen. Have these students ever been to these places?

Space Aquarium museum
Claudia Sarah

Zoo

Tapescript
Sarah: I’m bored, Claudia. Let’s do
something different.

Claudia: Have you ever been to an
amusement park?

Sarah: Yes, I have. I went to Fun times
Amusement Park last year. Have you ever been to a water park?

Claudia: No, I haven’t, Sarah. Sarah: Me neither. Let’s go to Water City

tomorrow!
Claudia: Well, that sounds fun, but I can’t swim. Sarah: Really? I didn’t know that. Well, how

about the zoo? Have you been to the zoo?
Claudia: I’ve been to the zoo a lot of times.

Sarah: Me, too. And I’ve been to the

aquarium also.
Claudia: So have I, Sarah. I went there on our

last school trip.
Sarah: I know, Claudia. Let’s go to the

space museum. I’ve never been there.
Claudia: That’s a great idea I went there last’

year, but I’d like to go there again.

1c PAIRWORK Ask and answer questions about the places in the picture above. A: Have you ever been to an aquarium? B: No, I haven’t. How about you? A: …

2a Look at the map of the town. Listen and circle the places you hear.

WATER WORLD CITY LIBRARY FUN TIMES AMUSEMENT PARK

RIVER PARK

THEATER

GREEN STREET

ZOO AQUARIUM

SPACE MUSEUM

2b Listen again and circle T (for true) or F (for false). Conversation 1 Tina went to the space museum last year. T F John has never been to the space museum. T F They are going to take the subway. T F

Conversation 2 Linda has been to the aquarium. T F Linda went to the zoo three times last year. T F Linda is going to the zoo again next week. T F

Conversation 3 Harvey had a great time at Water World. T F Harvey’s friend has never been to Water World. T F Harvey and his friend are going skating. T F

Tapescript
Conversation 1 Tina: It’s raining again, John! I really wanted to go skating today! John: Oh, well. Hey, have you ever been to the space museum, Tina? Tina: Yes, I went there last year. Have you ever been there? John: No, I haven’t. Tina: Well, I’d really like to go there again. John: Great. What bus do we take to the museum? Tina: We can take the subway. The station is near the museum.

Conversation 2

Carmella: Have you ever been to the aquarium, Linda? Linda: No, I haven’t. But I’m going there next week. Would you like to come? Carmella: Sure. how will we get there? Linda: We can ride our bikes. Carmella: Where is the aquarium? Linda: It’s on Green Street, behind the zoo. Carmella: Have you been to the zoo? Linda: Yes, I have! I Love the zoo. I went there three times last year.

Conversation 3 Tom: Have you ever been to Water World, Harvey? Harvey: No, I’ve never been there. Tom: Neither of I. Let’s go! Harvey: I’d really love to go, but I don’t have any money. Tom: Well, let’s go skating instead. There’s a great new place for skating on Center Street in River Park. Harvey: That’s a great idea. Could I borrow your bike? I want to go home to get my skates?

迪斯尼乐园
Disneyland 是世界著名的游乐园,美国第 一个Disneyland 坐落在Los Angeles(洛杉矶) 郊区,是美国动画片制作家Walt Disney设计 创建的。
游乐园中有中世纪的城镇,原始的木筏 和18世纪流行的画廊,还有热带的原始森林。 在卡通馆里,Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, Snow White(白雪公主)等卡通明星热情接 待着游客。

迪斯尼乐园旁边有一条10米宽的河流,游 客可乘船游览。河流两岸森林茂密,不时传来 阵阵猿鸣声。岸边有走动的大象,河里经常有 鲨鱼和海豹的出没。听起来挺原始的。不过, 这些人和鸟兽多数是人造的,由电子仪器控制。 乐园内也有dining room, shop, movie house, coffee house 等公共场所。整个游乐园 仿佛是洛杉矶的一座卫星城,被视为现代游乐 场所的奇迹。迪斯尼游乐园吸引了世界著名 各地众多的游客,是孩子们心目中的天堂。

Have you ever been to Disneyland?

Most of us have probably heard of Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, and many other famous Disney characters. Perhaps we have even seen them in movies. But have you ever been to Disneyland? In fact, there are now several different Disneyland amusement parks around the world.

Disneyland is an amusement park, but we can also call it a theme park. It has all the normal attractions that you can find at an amusement park, but it also has a theme. The theme, of course, is Disney movies and Disney characters. For example, you can find a roller coaster in most amusement parks, but in Disneyland, the rollercoaster is themed with Disney characters.

This means that you can find Disney characters all over the roller coaster. You can also watch Disney movies, eat in Disney restaurants, and buy Disney gifts. And you can see Disney characters walking around Disneyland all the time!

Have you ever heard of a Disney Cruise? These are huge boats that also have the Disney theme. You can take a ride on the boat for several days, and you can sleep and eat on board. There are also many attractions on board, just like any other Disneyland. You can shop, go to Disney parties, and eat dinner with Mickey Mouse! The boat takes different routes, but they all end up in the same place. That is Disney’s own island. It is just so much fun in Disneyland!

1. You can take a ride on the boat for several days, and you can sleep and eat on board. 你可 以坐船巡游几天,也可以在船上睡觉、吃饭。 on board意为“在船 / 飞机上”,也可作“上 船 / 飞机”解。如: The train didn’t start until we came on board. 等我们上来后火车才开动。 on the board 意为“在木板上”。如: Put the bread on the board before cutting it. 在切面包前先将其放在木板上。

2. The boats take different routes, but they all end up in the same place. 游船沿不同的路线航行,但最终都在同一个 地方靠岸。 end up 意为“(使)结束;告终”,既可以 作不及物短语动词,也可以作及物短语动词。 如: How does the story end up? 这个故事是怎么结尾的?(不及物短语动词) He finally ended up his speech. 最后他结束了自己的讲话。 (及物短语动词)

3c PAIRWORK

Read the article again and write a conversation. Then practice the conversation with your partner. A: I’d like to go on a Disney cruise.
B: What’s that?

A: It’s like Disneyland, but it’s on a boat.
B: Why do you want to go on that?

A: Well, you can travel to Disney’s own island.

4 PAIRWORK
Answer the survey, and then interview your partner.

Have you ever …? Have you ever studied with more than three students? Yes, I have./ No, I haven’t. Have you ever traveled to another province? Yes, I have./ No, I haven’t. Where have you been ? I have been to…

Have you ever… You studied with more than three friends? traveled to another province of China? said something you didn’t want to say? helped someone you didn’t know? lived in another country? argued with you parents? …

Your partner

the Present Perfect Tense
? The key isn’t in his pockets now. ? He has lost his key.

They are in the room now.

They have come into the room.

past Yesterday, we cleaned the classroom. 用法1

now

Now, the classroom is clean because we have cleaned it.

强调过去发生的动作对现在产生的结果或 影响。

1. My father bought many books for me yesterday. Now, I have a lot to read because my father has bought many books for me. _____________________________________ 2. I saw this film last week. Now, I know this film because have seen it before I_____________________. 3. I finished my homework yesterday. Now, I can give it to the teacher because I______________ have finished it.

“已经”通常用于肯定句中。 already: I have already posted the letter. 有时,也用在疑问句中表示惊讶。 Have you eaten up all the food already ?

yet:

“仍然,还 ” 用在疑问句和否定句 中。 I haven’t read this book yet . Have you had breakfast yet ?

构成: have / has +动词过去分词

时间状语:already, yet, ever, never, just, before

ever

“曾经”通常用于疑问句和 肯定句中。 I have ever seen this film. Have you ever been to the USA ?

never ? “从来不” 用在否定句中。 ? Is he famous? I have never heard of him.

just

“刚刚 ”用在陈述句中。 I have just bought a novel.
? “以前”用在完成时中,

before

放在句尾。 ? Ihave never read this kind of books before.

She began to work in 1999. She still works here now. She has worked at this school for 2 years.

past

now
I have taught English at this school for five years.

I began to teach English at this school five years ago.

用法2: 过去发生的动作一直延续到现在。

1. I am a doctor. I began to work when I have worked for was 22. Now, I am 26. I ____________ four years.

2. We went to the USA last Monday. Today have stayed (stay) in the is Monday. We ___________ USA since last Monday.

since and for The woman has worked at this school for 2 years. ( since two years ago) for + 一段时间 since+点时间

since 2 years ago since 1998; since she came to the school

用for和since填空。 for three hours ______ _______a for week since for ______three o’clock _______a long time
for ______two days since ______yesterday afternoon since came here ______I since ______last Sunday since _______1997

for ______two weeks
since _______three years

ago
since last month _______

比较现在完成时和过去时的区别: *现在完成时所表示的是过去的行动所造成 的现在的情况。 *一般过去时表示的是过去发生的事实。 现在完成时不能和确定的过去 时间状语连用,如:yesterday, last year, in 1976,two days ago, just now… 但可以和一些不确定的时间状语连用,也可和包 括现在在内的时间状语连用,如:

already, yet, before, lately, recently, once, twice, ever, never… 1) She has already come. 2) I haven’t read it yet. *go\come\leave\die等词语表示的动作是一 时的,不能延续,不能与for、since等表示 一段时间的词连用,如不能说: He has gone for two months. (F) 但可以说: He has been away for 2months.

总结现在完成时:

1、构成:have / has +过去分词。
2、概念:(1)表示过去或已经完成的某一动作 对现在造成的影响或结果。常与下列状语连 用:already, just, yet, ever, never, before

总结现在完成时: (2)表示过去已经发生,持续到现在的动作 或状态,可以和表示从过去某一时刻延续到 现在(包括“现在”在内)的 一段时间的状 语连用。 a. for和表示一段时间的词组连用。 如:for 3 years b. since和表示过去某一时刻的词或词组连用。 如: since 1997, since two years ago, since last week

动词的过去式以及过去分词
AAA: put– put –put let—let –let ABB: stand—stood— stood ABA: become—became—become ABC: eat— ate—eaten

Homework
根据实际情况,设计调查报告,去调查朋友或亲

人曾经去过的地方,并把调查结果向全体同学汇报。


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