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必修3 Unit 1(单词+短语+句型)_图文


必修 3

Unit 1

Festivals around the world

课标词汇
名词11个 1. 美人 beauty 2. harvest 收获 3. 起源 origin 4. 祖先 ancestor 5. belief 信任,信仰 6. 诡计,窍门 trick 7.poet 诗人 8.农业 agriculture 9.衣服 clothing 10.风俗 custom 11.许可,允许 permission

动词11个 harvest 1. 收获,收割 trick 2. 欺骗,诈骗 gain 3. 获得 gather 4. 搜集,聚集 5. 授奖,授予 award 6. 道歉 apologize 7. 淹没,溺死 drown 8. 擦去,擦 wipe 9. 提醒,使想起 remind 10. forgive 原谅,饶恕

形容词或副词7个
1. 宗教的,虔诚的 religious 2. 独立的 independent 3. 充满活力的 energetic 4. 遍及全世界的 worldwide 5. 明显的 obvious

original agricultural

联想串记 religious adj. )宗教上的;信奉宗教的;虔诚的 1. ________( ______(n. )宗教信仰 religion belief n. ) 信任;信心;信仰 2. _____(

→______ believe (vt. )相信 independence (n. )独立;自主 3. ____________
→___________ independent (adj. )独立的;自主的 admire vt. )赞美;钦佩;羡慕 4. _______( admirationn. ) __________( 钦佩;羡慕 permission n. )许可;允许 5. __________( permit → ______ (vt. )允许 6. apologize _________(vi. )道歉;辩白 apology n. )道歉 →_______( forgive vt. )原谅;饶恕 7.________( →__________ forgiveness (n. ) 宽恕;原谅

Ⅱ. 短语互译 1. 发生 2. 纪念;追念 3. 盛装;打扮;装饰 4. 期望;期待;盼望

take place _________
in memory of ____________ dress up ________ look forward to ______________ day and night ____________ hold one’s breath ________________ set off ______

5. 日夜;昼夜;整天
6. 屏息;屏气

7. 出发;动身;使爆炸

8. turn up
9. keep one’s word

出现;到场 ___________ 守信用;履行诺言 _________________ 使??想起?? _______________ 搞恶作剧;诈骗;开玩笑 _______________________ 好像 _____ 玩得开心 _________

10. remind. . . of. . .
11. play a trick on 12. as though/if 13. have fun with

turn 短语
核 心 考 点

3年9考 3年1考

remind

gain
be +形容词+to do. . . it作形式主语的主语从句

3年1考
3年1考 3年8考

1.beauty n. 美(抽象不可数)/美人(可数) beautify vt.美化:我们要尽力美化我们的家园 beautiful adj.美丽的:如花儿一样美 晴朗的 beautiful adv. a beautifully clear sunny day 艳阳天 2. poet n.诗人 poem n.诗歌 a poem / The 300 Tang Poems poetry n.诗歌 LiBai wrote a great deal of poetry
3.clothing clothes cloth
表示“衣服”的总称(不可数)an article of clothing

表示“衣服”的复数名词 a suit of clothes(一套衣服), 表示“衣服”的复数名词表示“布”、“衣料”,是不可 数名词

1. trick n. 诡计;恶作剧;窍门 vt. 欺骗;诈骗 ①We are playing a trick on the man
我们正在戏弄那个家伙。

②They often trick you into buying something you don't need 他们经常骗你买一些你不需要的东西。

③The man tricked the old lady out of her
necklace. 那个人把老妇人的项链骗走了。

【归纳】填写适当的介词或副词
play tricks/a trick ___ on sb. 捉弄某人

trick sb. ____ into doing sth.
of sth. out __ trick sb. ___

诱使某人做某事
骗走某人某物

2. gain vt. 获得;得到 n. (不可数)获利, 利益;财富的增加 gain weight 增加体重 gain sth. from/by. . . 从??处获益 gain other’s respect/love/trus 获得别人的尊敬/爱戴/信任 【熟词生义】 ①No pains, no gains. 读句子猜含义 不劳无获。 My watch gains five minutes a day.
[
(钟 , 表 ) 快

]

②(2012· 广 东 高 考 )Sports are gaining importance in advertising on television. 体育(节目)正在电视广告中变得重要。 ③ They realise that passing exams is no longer enough to gain a place at university. 他们认识到仅仅是考试通过并不能确保进 入大学。 gained the ④ The stepfather finally ______ ___ respect children’s _______. _________ 这位继父终于获得了孩子们的尊重。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空

gain win

指经过很大努力而“获得”, 所得的东西常具有一 定的价值 常指取胜的一方具有优越的特质或条件而能克服 各种障碍, 意为“赢得”

get earn

普通用词, 有时指不一定需要努力就能“得到”

意为“赚得”, 表示经过努力所得的报酬

acquire 意为“获得, 取得”, 一般指通过漫长的过程而逐

渐获得

⑤After six years’ study, I ________ a good acquired

knowledge of computer and my perseverance
won ____ me many friends in theuniversity. got a good job, which has made Therefore I ___ earn up gain much experience. And now I ____ me____

to $100, 000 a year.

【高考链接】

(2011· 辽 宁 高 考 )You are old enough to
______ your own living.

A. win

B. gain

C. take

D. earn

【解析】选 D 。考查动词辨析。句意:你 年纪足够大了, 可以自己谋生了。win赢得; gain 获 得 ; take 带 走 ; earn/make one’s living谋生, 构成固定短语。

3. apologize vi. 道歉;辩白 (1)apologize to sb. for (doing) sth. 因(做)某事向某人道歉 apologize to sb. +that从句向某人道歉 (2)apology n. 道歉, 致歉 make/offer an apology to sb. for (doing) sth. 因(做)某事向某人道歉 accept/refuse one’s apology 接受/拒绝某人的道歉 owe sb. an apology 应向某人道歉

apologize __ her___ for to ___ ①You should _________ having kept her waiting so long. 让她等了这么久, 你应该为此向她道歉。 ②(2012· 山东高考)He smiled politely as Mary apologized for her drunken friends. 当玛丽为她醉酒的朋友们向他道歉时 , 他 礼貌地微笑着。 ③He made a public apology for the team’s performance. 他就队伍的表现公开道歉。

【想一想】在日常交际中还有哪些表示道歉和答复道歉的句
式?试列举。 【参考答案】 (1)情景交际中表示道歉的句式:

①I am really sorry(真对不起), but I seem to have misplaced
your bag somewhere. ②I feel terribly sorry(我感到非常抱歉), but I’ve just broken your beautiful vase.

(2)对于道歉的回答, 可以用下列句式来表达:

①Don’t worry about it(别担心).
②Just forget about it(别再把这件事放在心上了). ③That’s OK/That’s all right/It doesn’t matter(没关系). ④It’s nothing(没什么).

4. remind vt. 提醒;使想起 remind sb. of/about sth. 使某人想起某事 remind sb. to do sth. 使某人想起;提醒某人(做)某事 remind sb. that/what/how从句. . . 提醒某人??/使某人想起?? remind sb. of doing sth. 提醒某人已做过某事

①These photos remind me of my childhood. 这些照片使我想起我的童年。 ②You must remind him to take his medicine, in case he forgets. 你必须提醒他吃药, 以防他忘记了。 ③ This story—which happened before I was born—reminds me how great my mother was. 这个发生在我出生之前的故事提醒我 , 我的母亲 是多么伟大。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空

“提醒, 使想起”, 指因外界的刺 remind +sb. + of remind 激而想起了过去的事, 侧重提醒 +sth. “回忆起, 使想起”, 侧重于有意 recall +sth. + to 识的 +sb.

recall

填空:At first I could not _____ where I had left the book, recall but
reminded

her words _________ me of the place where I put it.

【高考链接】 (2011· 全 国 卷 Ⅱ)Mary, I ______ John of his promise to help you. A. told B. reminded C. warned D. advised 选B。考查动词和固定搭配。remind sb. of sth. _____ not to miss the flight, the manager set out for the airport in a hurry.(2009福建32) 选B。动词和固定搭配。 A.Reminding B. Reminded remind sb. to do sth. C. To remind D.Having reminded 被动式

5. forgive vt. (forgave, forgiven)原谅;饶恕 forgive sb. sth. 原谅某人的某行为 forgive me 请原谅;对不起 forgive sb. for (doing) sth.原谅某人(做了)某事 【熟词生义】读句子猜含义 ①We forgave him his rudeness. I’ll forgive you the debt. 我们原谅了他的无礼。 ②Forgive me, I don’t to insult 免除(债务 ) ] you. [mean 请原谅, 我并非有意侮辱你。
③She’d find a way to forgive him for the theft of the money. 她会让自己原谅他偷钱的行为的。

6. award vt.授予,奖给,判给(尤指官方决定) reward 通 常 指 给 与 善 行 , 业 绩 , 劳 力 等 的 报 酬 ( 奖 励 ) n.奖品(仲裁人的)裁定(法院的)判决;裁定书 award通常指由审核员慎重审核的结果所给与的奖赏 赏金, 酬金 she's been awarded a scholarship to study at Oxford. 从词义上说,award 是“授予,给予”, 她获得了去年牛津大学念书的奖学金。 reward 是“回报”。 从用法上说, reward vt 报酬,酬谢,报答,奖赏 award 用双宾语: award sb sth 或 award sth to sb. n.报酬, 报答, 奖赏, 报偿 reward 用 固定搭配 reward sb with sth. He was genrously rewarded.他得到了慷慨的酬报。 He will expect some reward after working so hard. 他工作很努力, 会得到报偿的。

7.gather v.收集 积聚 He is ~ing materials for a new book. gather /\ collect 区别 The clouds are ~ing.(四方云集) He collects stamps.(有选择收集) gather up 收集整理 Dark clouds ______ .It is going to rain. A.are collecting B.are gathering C.coming up D.are gathering up

8.drown vi./vt. (使)淹没,溺死 ~ sth (in… ) The floods drowned the whole village. The man drowned in the river. drowning / drowned 区别 快要淹死的 已经淹死的 Meng Xiangbin saved the____ girl. A. drown B. drowned C. drowning D. to drown

1. take place 发生 ①The threatening strike did not take place after all. 可能来临的罢工终究没有发生。 ②The evening party will take place on New Year’s Eve.

晚会将在除夕那天举行。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词汇填空

take place

发生;举行;举办;多指有组织、有计
划的事件的发生, 没有偶然性 这几

happen
occur come about

碰巧发生;一般用于偶然或突发性事件 个词 汇均 发生;突然想起, 其意义相当于happen 不可 发生;产生, 多指事情已发生, 但不知道 用于 为什么, 多用于否定句和疑问句 被动

break out

爆发;多指战争、灾难、瘟疫、争吵等 语态 事件的发生

took place London, great ③Since the 2012 Olympic Games _________in taken place changes have __________there. For example, fewer and fewer occurred/happened and nearly no quarrels traffic accidents _________________, broke out You may wonder how these differences _________. came about __________.

2. look forward to期望;期待;盼望

①I’m looking forward to seeing you again.
我盼望再次见到你。 ②The day we looked forward to came at last. 我们期待的日子终于来了。(we looked forward to是定语从句)

【拓展】补全下列look短语

out ___ for look ___
up __ to look ___ down ________. upon/on . . look _____ into sth. look ____

注意;当心;提防
仰慕 轻视/看不起?? 调查某事 把??当作?? 查阅, 查询

on . . __. as . . look ___.
up look ___

【高考链接】

(2011· 四川高考)I often ______ the words I don’t know in the
dictionary or on the Internet. A. look up C. look for B. look at D. look into

【解析】选A。考查动词短语辨析。句意: 我经常在词典里或 者网上查我不认识的单词。look up查阅, 查询。look at 看; look for 寻找;look into调查。

3. turn up 出现, 露面;被找到;开大(音量);向上翻

观察句子, 写出黑体部分的含义
①Richard turned up on Christmas Eve with Tony. ( 露面 ) ②I can’t hear the music. Please turn up the radio. ( 开大音量 ) ③I’m sure your watch will turn up one of these days. ( 被找到 ) ④He turned up his coat collar against the chill wind. ( 朝上翻 )

【拓展】
turn against 背叛;对??不利

turn down
turn in turn out turn over turn round turn to sb. for help

拒绝;关小, 调低
上交;拐入 结果是;证明是;生产;制造 翻身;打滚;移交;转动 转身;翻转;(使)翻身 向某人求助

【高考链接】
(2011· 江苏高考)—You look upset. What’s the matter? — I had my proposal ______ again. A. turned over C. turned off B. turned on D. turned down

【解析】选D。考查动词短语辨析。句意:——你看起来很沮 丧, 出什么事了?——我的提议又被拒绝了。turn down拒绝,

符合句意。turn over翻身;turn on打开;turn off关掉, 均与
句意不符。

4. set off出发, 动身;使爆炸;引起

观察句子, 写出黑体部分的含义
①Hearing the news, they immediately set off for the railway station. ( 出发 ) ( 使??爆炸 ) ③If uncontrolled, the shortage would set off a new rise in meat prices. ( 引起 )

②The slightest spark can set off the explosives stored here.

【拓展】

set about
set out set down set up

着手/开始做??(后接名词、动名词)
出发, 开始做??(后接动词不定式) 放下, 记下 建立, 树立, 搭起

Ⅲ. 句型透视 1. “be +形容词+to do . . . ” was difficult to find At that time people would starve if food _________________ (难以找到), especially during the cold winter months. 2. “with+宾语+介词短语”结构 On this important feast day, people eat food in the shape of “bones” on them 上面有“骨头”). skulls and cakes with ___________________(

3. it作形式主语的主语从句

It was obvious 很明显) that the manager of the coffee shop _____________(
was waiting for Li Fang to leave. . . 4. while 引导的时间状语从句 While she was on earth 她在人间时)she met the herd boy ____________________( Niulang and they fell in love.

2. 选用句型透视中的句式仿写句子 (1)精通外语很重要。 It is very important to master foreign languages. __________________________________________ (2)老师手里拿着一本书走进教室。

The teacher entered the classroom with a book in his/her hand. _____________________________________________________ (3)显而易见手机现在很流行。
It is obvious that mobile phones are quite popular nowadays. ____________________________________________________

1. At that time people would starve if food was difficult to find, especially during the cold winter months. 那时如果难以找到食物, 人们就会挨饿, 特别是在寒冷的冬季。

(1)该句中使用了“sb. /sth. is+adj. +to do”结构。
(2)在该结构中, 不定式用主动形式表示被动意义, 如后面的动词 是不及物动词, 则要加上适当的介词或副词。 (3)能用于该句型的形容词有: easy, hard, difficult, fit, heavy, light, nice, unfit, good, sweet, interesting等。

仿写句子

①有些人认为英语很难学。
Some people think that English is very difficult to learn. ________________________________________________ ②这道数学题很难算出来。 This maths problem is very difficult to work out. __________________________________________

2. It was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was

waiting for Li Fang to leave. . .
很明显, 咖啡馆的经理在等李方离开?? (1)句子中的it作形式主语, 其后的that从句才是真正的主语。it 作形式主语, 没有具体意义, 而只是帮助把真正的主语移至句 子末尾, 使句子显得匀称。

(2)it作形式主语的常用句式: ①It be +形容词(possible, strange, natural, important. . . ) +that从 句

②It be +过去分词(said, thought, believed, supposed, reported. . . )
+that从句

③It +不及物动词(seem, occur, happen. . . )+that从句
④It be +名词短语(a pity, a fact, a wonder, an honour, no wonder. . . ) +that从句

①她一定会来参加讨论。

It is certain that ______________she will come to the discussion.
②我们不能走, 真遗憾。 It is a pity that _____________we can’t go. ③我突然想起前门未锁。

It occurred to me that didn’t lock the front door. ___________________I
④据报道他赢得了比赛。 It is reported that has won the game. ________________he

【点津】在“It is strange/natural/important/necessary/ essential. . . +that从句”结构中, 从句要用虚拟语气, 即从句

谓语动词为“should +动词原形”。

【高考链接】

(2011· 江苏高考) It was never clear ______ the man hadn’t
reported the accident sooner. A. that B. how C. when D. why

【解析】选 D。 考查主语从句。句意:这名男子没有早点报 告这次事故的原因根本没有搞清楚。It在句中是形式主语, 真 正的主语是why引导的主语从句。

1. admire vt. 赞美, 钦佩;羡慕;欣赏 admire sb. for sth. with admiration 因某事而钦佩某人 羡慕地

admire Beijing ___ for its beauty. ①Visitors _______ 观光者赞赏北京的美丽。

②You had better admire others more than criticize if you want

to be popular.
如果你想要受人欢迎, 尽量多赞美、少批评。 ③ Deeply moved by her performance, the whole audience gasped with admiration. 她的表演动人心弦, 全场观众赞叹不已。

2. hold one’s breath屏息;屏气 ①How long can you hold your breath underwater?

你能在水下屏住呼吸多久?
②The audience held its/their breath as the acrobat walked

along the tightrope.
杂技演员走钢丝时, 观众都屏住了呼吸。

【拓展】补全下列由“breath”构成的短语 out/short of breath (be) ________ catch one’ s breath _____ lose one’ s breath ____

呼吸急促;喘不过气来;上
气不接下气 屏住气;歇口气 气喘吁吁;上气不接下气

Ⅰ. 用所给单词的适当形式填空
1. When Mary finally appeared, she made herapologies ________ (apologize) to Mrs Madrigal.

independence (independent). 2. He was afraid of losing his ____________
belief (believe) in doctors of traditional 3. My father has much _____ Chinese medicine.

celebration (celebrate) of my parents’ 4. The party was in __________ silver wedding.
tricked (trick) into giving the old man some money. 5. I was _______

Ⅱ. 完成句子 apologize/make an apology for not being able 1. I must ________________________________________to meet you. 我必须因为没能见你而向你道歉。 2. Last Sunday a few of us arranged to meet in the town, but

didn’t turn up Jenny _____________.
上周日我们几个约好在镇上见面, 但是Jenny 却没有露面。

play a trick on 3. Jack tried to _____________his sister but she wasn’t taken in. 杰克试图捉弄他妹妹, 但是她没有上当。 You must keep your word you promised to take the 4. _______________________if

children to the cinema.
如果你答应要带孩子们去看电影, 就一定要遵守诺言。 It is obvious that was fooled from the beginning. 5. _______________he 很显然他一开始就被愚弄了。

单元作业:
? 1.识记课标词汇+短语+句型(听写) ? 2.考纲活页练习一份 ? 3.周报对应练习1+1


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