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方位介词练习


1.There is a clock ______________ the wall near the window. 2.There is a window ______________ the clock and the shelves. 3.There are three pictures ______________ the wall near the door. 4.There is a table______________ the room. 5.There is a long sofa ______________ the table. 6.There are some books ______________ the shelves. 7.There are two sofas ______________the door.

第一组:over, above 和 on 的用法 1) over 指在…的正上方,表示垂直在上。如: There is a lamp over the desk. 2) above 指在上方,属于斜上方。如:Raise your arms above your head. 3) on 指在上面,表示两物体接触。如:There is a cup on the table. 第二组:under / below 的用法:

1) under 在……下面/正下方:What's under your desk? 2) below 在……斜下方:Her skirt came below her knees. 练习: ( )1The boat is passing___ the bridge. A. through B. below C. under D. across

( )2Two planes are flying___ the city. A. through ( B. over , C. on , D, below

)3We can see a river running to the east____ the hill. A. under B. below C. over D. on

( )4Do you see the kite ___ the building? A. over B. cross C. on D. above

第三组:in 和 on 表示“在……上” 1) 门一类——镶嵌在墙里的,用 in; 字画一类——挂在墙面上的,用 on ( ) 1 He put up a map ___ the back wall because there was a hole ___ it. A. on; on B. at; in C. on; in D. on; at

( ) 2 There is a door___ the wall. A. on B. to C. of D.in

( ) 3 Any man ___ eyes______ his head can see that he's exactly like a rope. A. with; on B. with; in C. on; with D. in; with

2) 鸟一类落在树上的,用 in; 苹果一类长在树上的,用 on

( ) 1 There are some birds singing___ the trees. A. in B. on C. at D. from

( ) 2 There are so many apples___ that tree. A. in B, on C. at D. from

第四组:in /on/ to 表示“接壤”

B A

A

B

A

B

B 在 A 里 — 用 in 接壤)— 用 to (

A 和 B 相邻(接壤)— 用 on

A 和 B 不相邻(不

) 1 The United States is ____ the south of Canada and ___ the east

of Japan. A. to; in ( B. on; to C. in; beside D. at; on

) 2 The man stood____the window, watching the boys playing

outside. A. in B. by C. with D. to

(

) 3 Japan lies____ the east of China. A. on B. to C. in D. with

第五组:at, in 表示“在……” 1) at 表示较小的地点。如: 2) in 表示较大的地点。如: ( at the bus stop, at home in China, in the world

) 1 Uncle Wang arrived____ No. 14 Middle School half an hour

ago. A. ( at B. in C to D. /

) 2 My uncle lives ____ 88 Beijing Street. A. to B. of C. at D. on

(

) 3 They are waiting ___ a bus ___ the bus stop. A. for; in B. on; at C. with; at D. for; at

第六组:in front of 和 in the front of 1) in front of 表示“在…之前”(范围外)。 There are some trees in front of the classroom. 2) in the front of 表示“在…的前部”(范围内) There is a blackboard in the front of the classroom. 第七组:in / into in 表示“在……里面”,强调静态; into 表示“去……里面”,强调动态。 第八组:through / across 通过,穿过 across 表示横过 , 即从物体表面通过,与 on 有关,为二维

through 穿过 , 即从物体内部穿过,与 in 有关,为三维。 ( )1 Is the street too narrow for the bus to go ___? A. through ( B. across C. on D. in

)2A mother camel was walking ___ her son ___ the desert. A. without; along C. next to; pass B. with; through D. beside; through

( )3The river runs____ the city. A. across B. through C. over D. from

( )4It took us over an hour to walk____ this street. A. from B. through C. over D. across

练习 1 Tom sits____the classroom while John sits____the room. A. in front of; at back of C. in front of; at the back of B. in the front of; at the back of D. in the front of; at back of

2 Lucy sits____ the third row, ____Jim‘s left. A. on; on B. in; at C. at; in D. in; on 3 Jiangsu is___ the east of China, but Japan is ___ the east of China. A. to; in B. in; to . C. on; to D. to; on 4 Don‘t read ____ the sun. It‘s bad ___ your eyes. A. in; to B. under; for C. with; to D. in; on

5 The woman____ a blue dress is my teacher. A. in B. on C. of D. at 6 ___ research ___ the universe scientists have put a lot of information ___ computers. A. With; over; at through 7 When a piece of ice is taken ____ a warm room, it gets smaller and smaller until ___ the end it disappears completely. A. in; in B. out of; at C. into; in D. to; by B. On; at; to C. In; about; into D. For; with;

8 A woman fell ___ the boat ___ the water. A. off; into B. at; below C. down; under D. away; in

练习2: 3. Hong Kong is ______ the south of China, and Macao is ______ the west of Hong Kong. A. in; to B. to; to C. to; in D. in; in

4. Japan lies ______ the east of China. A. to B. in C. about D. at

7. Look ___ the map ___ China ___ the wall, please. A after, of, in B at, of, in C after, in, on D at, of, on

17. He arrived _____ Guangzhou ____ noon. A. in; in B. to; at C. in; at D. at; in

18. They work _____ a small farm _____ a river. A. on; by B. at; on C. by; on D. in; in

19. --When will Mr Black come to Beijing? -- ____ September 5th. A. On B. To C. At D. In

20. ____ the night before Christmas Day, parents fill their children’s stockings with small presents. A. Of B. At C. To D. On

答案: 1. on 2.between 3.on 4.in 5.next to/near 6.on 7.in front of CBBD 练习1:1-5 BDBAA 6-10 CCA 6-10 DDCCB 11-15 CAADB 16-20

练习2:1-5 BAAAD DCAAD


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