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高考英语语法填空,解题技巧与方法


马老师 高考英语语法填空 解题技巧与方法

命题揭密

形式分类 无提示词 有提示词

考点分布
考点 数量 动词(谓语/非谓语) 名词 连词(从属连词/并列连词) 介词 代词 冠词 形容词 副词

2015年
无提示词考点如下表:
内容 连词 介词 助动词 冠词 副词 (全国卷I)题号及答案 64. which / that 66. by(构成短语介词) (全国卷II)题号及答案 70. how(引导宾语从句) 67. at(构成介词短语) 62. the(定冠词在形容词 最高级前) 62. before / earlier

有提示词考点如下表:
内容 非 谓 动 语 词 动 词 -ing形式 -ed分词 不定式 (全国卷I)题号及答案 (全国卷II)题号及答案 70. living(作定语) 64. using(by doing结构) 66. to cool(enough to do结 构) 68. conducted(作表语) 61. built(作定语)

谓语动词形式 61. arrived(基本时态) 68. goes(主谓一致) 67. is 副词的功能(由形 69. regularly 容词派生) 形容词的功能 名词 代词 65. paintings 63. its 65. slowly 69. natural(由名词派生) 63. ability(作表语)

根据此表,我们知道,语法填空的考点或 考查内容是: (1)纯空格题:通常考 冠词、介词、代词和连词 等 一 四类词。一个空格只能填 个单词 动词 、 (2)用括号中所给词填空:通常考 _____ 形容词和副词的比较等级 _____________________________ 、 词类转换 ________________ 等。一个空格可以 填 一到多 个单词

考点分析

语法填空以要求根据上下文填入一个以动词(verb) (或其适当形式)、名词(noun)、代词(pronoun)、 冠词(article)、介词(prep.)、情态动词(modal verbs)、连词(conj)或引导词、形容词(adj.)和副词 (adv.) 考查各项语法内容。

Discuss with your group members about the following sentences, and try to figure out some similarities of the words we should fill in.

? 无提示词 考点一:冠词 ? 名词之前

考点分析

1. There once were a goat and a donkey…. So the the farmer killed [40]__________ goat and gave the donkey medicine made from its heart. 2.When I see a child subject to this kind of pressure, I a think of Donnie. He was [35]________ shy , nervous perfectionist. 3. …the head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to a small town some 20 kilometers away a visiting friend from 4. I still remember taking [22] ___
Canada to a local Black Country pub for lunch.

考查语法点: 定冠词,不定冠词的用法

考点分析

[解题技巧] 下列情况很可能填 不定冠词 : (1)_______+可数名词(单数); (2)________+形容词+可数名词(单数)。

下列情况下很可能填 定冠词 : (1)________ (+定语)+名词+ of等介词短语(表示特 指 ); (2)_______ (+定语)+名词+定语从句(表示特指); (3)________ (+定语)+名词+不定式短语或分词短 语(表示特指)。

an amazing singer, a music video 1 He’s ___ director, a business owner and he …… 2 One way that Americans do this is with a __ firm hand shake. 3 This is ____ the law of American—of all successful people.
4

an _____

hour honest boy 8-year-old boy X-ray photo/umbrella/American

考点分析

考点二: ? 无提示词:注意搭配问题 ?与名词相连构成介宾短语担任状语,补 介词 语等 ? 与不及物动词构成动词短语接宾语
of 1. In short, I believe that it is [39]________ great use to keep a dairy in English… 2. When I took the money from her grandparents, I looked back [34]_________the girl, who was giving me at the most optimistic, largest smile I had ever seen. on sale. 3. She found some good quality pipes_________ from/afterdoing this for a whole 4. He was very tired _______________ day… 考查语法点: 介词的基本用法及惯用搭配

考点分析

? 无提示词 考点三: 代词

? 作主语用主格,作宾语用宾格,注意 形容词词性和名词性物主代词的区别。

? 指示代词(it和this),不定代词,it用 作引导词,反身代词等 it was to choose 1. She remembered how difficult _________
a suitable Christmas present for her father. 2. When the time came for me to say goodbye to my friends in my village, I wanted to reward the old her . woman for the trouble I had caused _____ 3. It has been said before, but experiencing it myself has me want to say it again: a smile… made _____ 考查语法点: 代词的基本用法

考点分析

[解题技巧] 因句子的主语或宾语主要由 等充当,而名词、动名词或不定式等实 词通常会放在有提示词的空格中考查,所以纯空 格所填词在句子中作 ,通常填代词, 包括人称代词、指示代词、不定代词、名词性物 主代词、疑问代词、反身代词(不能作主语)等。 在名词前作定语就只能用 了。

考点分析

考点四:连词或 从句引导词

? 无提示词 ?两个主谓结构连接

1. Historically, it was famous for industry, which explains 16 why the area is called the Black Country. (11广州
when 2. It got its name during the industrial revolution, 17 factory pollution turned the local skies black and local dust from the mines made the soil the same color. (同上) wheresome 3. Jane paused in front of a counter ______ attractive ties were on display.(09广东) that he would 4. One day, he came up with an idea _____ pluck up all of his crop a few inches.(08广东) 考查语法点: 各类复合句中连词,引导词的用法
一模)

考点分析

[解题技巧] (1)连接两个功能对等的单词或短语时,应填并 列连词and, or, but等。 (2)若两个句子(有两个主谓结构)之间,没有句 号或分号,也没有连词,那空格处必定是填连接 词,否则,句子结构就不完整。 根据两句之间的意义和逻辑关系,或者根据句 式结构,确定是并列句(多要求考生填and, but, while, when, or等)还是某种主从复合句。然后根 据各类从句的特点,结合连接词的意义和用法, 确定填具体的某个连词。

考点分析

考点五:谓 语动词

? 有提示词 ? 与主语构成主谓结构

told 1. I was certain she would like it because I was _______ (tell) by my classmates that she loved hot food. kept (keep) him from 2. His fear of failure ________ classroom games that other children played with joyous abandon. 3. Being too anxious to help an event develop often results (result) in the contrary to our intention. ________
考查语法点: 谓语动词的时态及语态, 及主谓一致

考点分析

考点六:非谓 ? 有提示词 ? 除谓语动词以外的动词形式 语动词
1. We must also consider the reaction of the person receiving (receive) the gift. [32]__________ 2. …I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left to complete (complete) the rest! ____________ included (include), adored 3. My pupils, Donnie [40]__________ her. 4. Before the waitress could even finish describing the menu, my friend looked at me with his eyebrows(眉 毛) raised (raise). 考查语法点: 非谓语动词及变形的使用

考点分析

考点七: ? 有提示词 ? 介词,冠词,所有格后接名词,形容词修 词性转换 饰名词,副词修饰形容词动词或整个句子
rudely (rude). 1. “Thirty-five cents,” she said [36]__________ suggestion 2. As far as I am concerned, my [37] ____________ (suggest) is that we should always have a notebook and a Chinese-English within easy reach. (08惠二模) 3. This proverb is saying we have to let things go in natural (nature) course. (08广东) their _______ Undoubtedly (doubt), although there is still room 4. ____________ for improvement to this policy, I think it is still a good one which brings more good than harm to the students and the nation. (09汕头水平考试) 考查语法点: 各类词性的正确使用及转化
(07深圳一模)

考点分析

考点八: 形容词的 级

worst 1. One of the [33]__________ (bad) gift choices I ever made was for my high school English teacher… 2. … We were both laughing the whole time at our complete inability to communicate in words. When it was time to leave, I said “thank you” in Korean, using some of the few words I had learned. I lonely (lonely) than I had expected that felt less __________ night. 3. Lucille Clifton is an award-winning poet and writer. greatest (great) writers Critics call her one of the _________ of our time.

? 有提示词 ?通常,有表示范围的in /of介词短语或 形容词前有the时,一般要用最高级; than的前面一定要用比较级

总结提升

一.根据句子结构,确定词性

一 般 有 提 示 词

词性

动词 名词

冠词
介词 连词 代词

形容词
副词

无 提 示 词

总结提升

二.根据上下文意义及语法,确定词形 冠词 代词 连词

定冠词,不定冠词 人称代词,物主代词,不定代词, 指示代词,反身代词 并列句及复合句
介词的常用用法及词组搭配

介词 谓语动词
非谓语

谓语动词的时态及语态, 及主谓一致
非谓语动词 to do, doing, done 及变形

词性变化

词汇, 构词法

总结提升

解题四步走
提示:四步走归根到 底其实就是寻找依 检查搭配, 前后连贯 根据语义, 确定词形

据.每一个语法填空
的空格里所需的单词 或短语其实都可以在

所在的句子中或 者上下文中找到
它的依据

分析句子,确定词性
通读全文,理解大意

I thought that I had great skills in 1 (deal) with kids, so I applied for a job to teach kids. The day of my interview was also my first day of work. My first mistake led to my first lesson. Don’t try to make 2 (friend) with managers, but be respectful. After going through some work with 3 couple of kids I learned I was not as good as I thought I was, and it was 4 (good) to ask for help than do what you thought was right. A few days after work, feeling pressured to do a good job, I found repetition 5 (make) it more comfortable. It wasn’t long 6 I learned how to develop respectful relationships with my bosses and what tone of voice 7 (use) with kids. I started sounding more confident and realized that the more confident you sound, the more 8 seems that you know what you are doing. What surprised me most after a few months was how little money I had spent. Money from working long hours seemed to be more valuable to me than money 9 (give) by my parents. I kept it firmly in my hands and suddenly shopping was a 10 (total) different experience, The cost of items translated into how many hours I needed to work to pay for it.

I thought that I had great skills in dealing with kids, so I applied for a job to teach kids. The day of my interview was also my first day of work. My first mistake led to my first lesson. Don’t try to make friends with managers, but be respectful. After going through some work with a couple of kids I learned I was not as good as I thought I was, and it was better to ask for help than do what you thought was right. A few days after work, feeling pressured to do a good job, I found repetition made it more comfortable. It wasn’t long before I learned how to develop respectful relationships with my bosses and what tone of voice to use with kids. I started sounding more confident and realized that the more confident you sound, the more it seems that you know what you are doing. What surprised me most after a few months was how little money I had spent. Money from working long hours seemed to be more valuable to me than money given by my parents. I kept it firmly in my hands and suddenly shopping was a totally different experience, The cost of items translated into how many hours I needed to work to pay for it.

Thank you for attention!


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