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3.Abstract英文摘要


英文摘要

Abstract
Dissertation from production practice, mainly discusses the measurement of coastal protection in the use of specific survey method. Paper is divided into two parts, the first major coastal protection is required for control of measurement and specific Surveying program. This includes control of the choice of routes, establishment of control points, observation route determination, the specific methods of observation and data processing. Control measures included measurement of plane control, vertical control survey. The second part is mainly construction setting, including the point and setting out and line setting out. With economic development in recent years, the state land use increases, the emergence of economic development crowding, more and more countries have opted for developing the territorial sea, to sustainable development, must be built of land reclamation in the formation of protective coastal protection. In recent years, on the shoreline protection works at home and abroad made a lot of valuable experience, technology research to achieve greater results. General control measurements were completed by the GPS surveillance for the establishment of control points, control points must be guaranteed the stability of the follow-up work to ensure the accuracy of electronic level control elevation to complete. Elevation points and control points are generally the same set of points are. Coastal protection and water into some parts of water, in recent years, the underwater part of the normal operation by divers underwater machinery and machine simultaneously directing operations on land, underwater part of the construction to ensure the quality of the completed quickly to prevent water erosion due to land filling trouble. Water part of the operation, general construction with a total station for the release line, follow-up monitoring of the general use of high-precision electronic level and the Super-meter pair of backfill settlement parts of observation to determine the deformation of construction to determine whether further construction. This article discusses the construction of specific coastal protection Key words: coastal protection, control survey, construction setting, settlement observation.
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