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福建泉州市2017高考英语完形填空一轮基本训练及答案


福建泉州市 2017 高考英语完形填空一轮基本训练及答案 【由 2013 界广东省东莞市高三上调研测试改编】 完形填空。阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 When she looked ahead, Florence Chadwick saw nothing but a solid wall of fog, Her body was been swimming for nearly sixteen hours. Already she was the first woman to 2 the English Channel in both directions. Now, at age 34, her 3 1 . She had

was to become the first woman to swim from Catalina Island to the California coast. On the July Fourth morning in 1952, the sea was icy and the fog was so heavy that she could support boats. Sharks swam toward her lone figure, only to he 5 4 see her

away by gun shots. Against the cold sea water, 6 .

she struggled on -- hour after hour -- while millions watched on national

Alongside Florence in one of the boats, her mother and her trainer offered encouragement. They told her it wasn't much farther. But what she could see was 7 .They urged her not to 8 . She never had … until then.

With only a half mile to go, she asked to be pulled out. Several hours later, she told a reporter, “Look, I'm not 9 myself, but if I could have seen 10 , I might

have made it.” It was not tiredness or even the cold water that defeated her. It was the fog. She was goal. Two months 12 , she tried again. This time, despite the same goal 14 13

11 to see her

fog, she swam with her faith and her 15 it!

pictured in. her mind. She knew that somewhere behind that fog was land and this time she

Florence Chadwick became the first woman to swim the Catalina Channel! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. cold pass mother hardly pulled scene fog swim blaming coach unhappy B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. numb dive record nearly swept television shark go excusing fog unwilling C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. thin swim success clearly driven radio boat try crying land unlucky D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. weak fly goal probably cleared race wall quit enjoying California unable

12. 13. 14. 15.

A. A. A. A.

ago heavy heavily did

B. B. B. B.

later wet easily forgot

C. C. C. C.

before solid clearly chose

D. D. D. D.

long cold suddenly made

1.【答案】B 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。cold 冷的; numb 麻木的; thin 瘦的; weak 弱的。她的身体是麻木的, 因为她已经游泳 16 个小时,故选 B。 2.【答案】C 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。pass 通过,及格;dive 潜水; swim 游泳; fly 飞行。 根据上文 She had been swimming for nearly sixteen hours.这里指的是游泳。她是第一个游过英吉利海峡的女 人,故选 C。 3.【答案】D 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。mother 母亲; record 纪录; success 成功;goal 目标。34 岁时,她的目 标是从卡特琳娜岛游到加州海岸,故选 D。 4.【答案】A 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。hardly 几乎不; nearly 几乎; clearly 清晰地; probably 也许。1952 年 7 月 4 日早晨海水很冰冷,雾很大她几乎看不见支持她的船,故选 A。 5.【答案】C 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。pulled 拉;swept 扫除; driven 开车; cleared 清除。 鲨鱼游向她的孤独的身影,结果被枪响给吓跑了,drive away 离去,赶走,故选 C。 6.【答案】B 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。scene 场景; television 电视; radio 收音机; race 种族。 根据常识这里有 watch 可知百万人在电视上观看,故选 B。 7.【答案】A 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。fog 雾; shark 鲨鱼; boat 船; wall 墙。根据上文因为雾大她看不见支 持她的船只,她能看见的全是雾,故选 A。 8.【答案】D 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。swim 游泳; go 去; try 尝试; quit 放弃,离开。他们催促她不要放弃 (quit),故选 D。 9.【答案】B

【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。blaming 责备; excusing 原谅; crying 哭; enjoying 欣赏。我不能原谅 (excusing)我自己,故选 B。 10.【答案】C 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。coach 教练; fog 雾; land 陆地; California 加利福利亚。 根据常识可知如果我早能看见陆地(land),也许我早就完成了,故选 C。 11.【答案】D 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。unhappy 不高兴; unwilling 不愿意; unlucky 不幸的; unable 不会的。 根据上文可知因为雾大,她不能看见目标,故选 D。 12.【答案】B 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。ago 以前; later 后来; before 以前; long 长时间。时间段+later;两个 月过后,她又尝试了一次,故选 B。 13.【答案】A 【解析】 考查动词及语境的理解。 heavy 重的; wet 湿的; solid 固体的; cold 寒冷的。 这次尽管有大雾 (heavy fog),但是她很自信,故选 A。 14.【答案】C 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。heavily 重地; easily 容易地; clearly 清晰地; suddenly 突然。这次尽管 有大雾,但是她很自信,目标就清楚(clearly)的画在自己的心理,故选 C。 15.【答案】D 【解析】考查动词及语境的理解。did 做; forgot 忘记; chose 选择;made it 成功。她知道在雾的后面的某 一个地方就是陆地,这一次她能成功(made it),故选 D。

【参考答案】完形填空 1-5 BCDAC 6-10 BADBC 11-15 DBACD

议论类和说明类完形填空复习指导 【考纲解读】 新课标考纲解释单项填空“主要考查学生对英语基础知识的掌握程度及运用能力,旨在检测考生对英语基础 知识的理解、掌握和运用情况”。试题的命题原则是“突出语境、强调应用、注重实际、体现能力”。命题范 围主要包括:名词、代词、冠词、形容词和副词、动词短语、动词时态及语态、非谓语动词、情态动词、 虚拟语气、定语从句、名词性从句、状语从句、强调句型、倒装、省略句和情景交际等。 【命题特点】

一、突出重点,覆盖考点。从语言知识的分布点上看,试题一直保持着“覆盖面广、重点突出”的特点。内 容涉及交际、时态、语态、冠词、形容词、副词、动词(词组)、非谓语动词、定语从句以及状语从句等, 其中围绕动词及其变化的考查一直是单项填空测试的重点。 二、突出语境,活用语法。从测试的内容上看,试题重视在语境中考查学生的语言实践能力。即考查语法 现象的规则性又体现其实践中的灵活性;即尊重语法知识的规范性又不拘泥其语境使用中的合理性。 三、突出交叉,综合踩点。从测试的体位上看,试题不只是单纯地考查某一个点,而是全面、立体地展示 中学阶段所学的基础知识。 四、突出实词,加强辨析。从词汇考查的角度来看,除湖北题全部考查词汇外,越来越多的省份逐渐加大 了词汇测试的考查力度,这是全国高考试题变化的一个新趋向,也是高考英语和大学英语接轨的一个切入 点。 五、突出创新,贴近生活。从题干的形式上看,单句的测试题渐渐让位于篇章测试题,语言知识测试题渐 渐让位于语言运用测试题,用对话创设情景的题目所占比例越来越多。试题的题干不再拘泥于陈腐的句型、 句式,而是以前置句、后置句、省略句、插入句、变化句等创新句型来增加语境和句子结构的复杂性。从 话题的选材上看,试题关注社会生活的变化和发展,点缀和折射时代热点,极具“生活化”和“时代感”。 【题型分类】 议论文是高考完形填空中较难的一种文体,一般由三个要素组成:论点、论据、结论。要做好议论文 类的完形填空最重要的是抓住作者的论点。不同的议论文论点的提出方式往往不同,大体有以下三种情况: (1)开门见山地提出论点。有些议论文在文章的一开始就提出论点。然后再通过具体的论据去说明论点, 论据有时候既有正面的论据,也有反面的论据,最后总结全文。(2)导入式提出论点。有些议论文会先通 过叙述生活中的一件具体的事情或描述生活中的现象, 然后根据事情或现象所反映的问题提出自己的论点, 再用具体的论据去说明自己的论点。 (3)最后提出论点。有些议论文一开始作者仅仅是列举生活中的现象, 而不表明自己的观点,而是通过对具体现象的分析,自然得出一种结论,这种结论往往就是作者的论点。 对于纯议论形式的完形填空,要在掌握全文主旨的情况下,抓好每段的首句。抓住了每段的主旨句也就是 把握了文章的脉络,理解文意就容易了。 说明文往往围绕一个问题从不同的侧面来加以说明,通常结构严谨,句子结构复杂,因此是高考完形 填空中较难理解的一种文体。说明文一般有三类:一是实体事例说明文。包括说明书、广告、解说词、人 物介绍、知识小品、知识注解等(实体事物是指国家、城市、人物、山水、树木、花草、虫鱼、鸟兽、建 筑、文化古迹、科技成果及各种工农业产品);二是事理说明文。包括理论性解释、文书简介、教材等(事 理是指观点、立场、名词概念、学术流派等);三是文艺性说明文。即把说明对象拟人化,进而编成故事, 对其进行介绍。具体特点为:(1)开头点题。做说明文完形填空时,要明确说明的对象是什么,是具体实 物还是理论性概念。因此,明确说明的对象是掌握说明细节的前提。在近年的说明型填空中,作者一般在 文章的首句直接提出说明的对象。(2)结构清晰。把握语篇特征对理解文意与答题极为有利。说明文的写

作一般按时问顺序(指先后顺序),空间顺序(从局部到整体,从上到下、从内到外),逻辑顺序(前因后果,先 果后因,先主后次);认识顺序(由此及彼,由浅入深,由具体到抽象,由现象到本质)。说明文型完形填空 短文层次清晰,整体性强,所以,递进性词汇和名词的设题往往出现得较多。说明文往往较直白,写作脉 络清晰,又没有很多感情因素的掺入,所以就不会有过多的情感词汇,自然不会有钻不出的“迷宫”。据此 特点,我们便可以顺着作者的思路,理清整篇文章的思路,从而顺利答题。

完型填空。请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选 项。 What happened to that brilliant idea that you once had? Did you that it was just a little thought? Have you ever if you had acted on your instincts (直觉) Imagine a scene, a light is The thought 40 41 39 38 37 36 it because you thought

what that little thought would have become

if you had paid more attention to it?

you are sitting at home watching television or reading a book, suddenly

on in the dark tunnel of your mind as a thought or an idea crosses your mind. your attention but seems so meaningless and you are tempted to 43 42

it, but wait a minute! That thought could be the potential beginning of the mush wished for.

you have so

As the thought crosses your mind, your senses become alert and you suddenly see a possibility, a solution, or find the answer to a problem whose solution has if a wise man has 45 44 escaped you. It is almost as

the perfect solution into your ear or awakened your senses to a reality, 46 piece of jigsaw puzzle (拼图游戏).

thereby bringing light to your life. It is like finding the

This becomes an amazing moment and everything freezes around you as you excitedly try to grasp the practicality of that 47 but powerful thought. 48 of the great possibilities

Your self-confidence and enthusiasm increase as you become that can 49

if that little thought is acted upon. This becomes the moment to build upon that 50 any ideas that are streaming from that little thought for later review. 52 have a potential to explode into great

thought and to put 51

meaningless little thought or ideas when acted

projects. Many successful projects have been

53

from the little positive thoughts that were

carefully protected and recognized as bricks to great things. Don't waste a(n) 54 to act on a potentially brilliant idea. You don't have to wait for a major

idea, or approval from your peers in order for you to act on that little thought. That little thought or idea is the 36. A. hate 37. A. discovered 38. A. but 39. A. when 40. A. taken 41. A. catches 42. A. adore 43. A. wealth 44. A. highly 45. A. talked 46. A. first 47. A. weak 48. A. capable 49. A. attain 50. A. down B. ignore B. remembered B. or B. what B. worked B. puts B. adopt B. success B. long B. shouted B. last B. good B. conscious B. arise B. off 55 of great things if you decide to follow it through. C. like C. considered C. and C. where C. moved C. causes C. abandon C. dream C. hardly C. laughed C. best C. little C. proud C. cause C. up D. value D. complained D. nor D. while D. turned D. pulls D. account D. reality D. fast D. whispered D. exact D. strong D. typical D. prove D. out

51. A. Fortunately 52. A. in 53. A. grown 54. A. minute 55. A. center

B. Deliberately B. upon B. done B. possibility B. beginning

C. Obviously C. by C. born C. moment C. sign

D. Seemingly D. to D. torn D. opportunity D. result

【参考答案】完型: 36—40 B C B C D 46—50 B C B B A 41-45 A C B B D 51—55 D B C D B

【2014 高考英语模拟题】 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
While I was a kid , I worked as a salesman. We worked by 31 in newspapers to introduce our products. When we had 32

sufficient replies, we would load our trucks, drive into the area and sell the pianos to those who had replied.

Every time we would get a(n)

33

on a postcard saying, “Please bring me a piano for my

34 . I can pay $10 a month.” We 35 the payments were too

could not sell a piano for $10 a month. No finance company would carry a contract (合同) with her small, so we 36 her postcards.

The postcards decision, I just 40 39

37

coming to me after I owned my own company.

38

I knew that I was about to make a terrible business

a piano to her and told her I would carry the contract myself at $10 a month with no interest. I had thought that I 41 !

a piano, but all the payments came in. It was

Then one day 20 years later in a party, I

42

the most beautiful piano music. I was

43

by a young woman’s admirable skill

and moved closer to her, listening

44 . When she took a 47

45

she came to me and asked. “Aren’t you the man who

46

my grandma a piano a long time ago?” I suddenly

. It was her!

She told me how her grandmother had sold eggs and

48

every penny to buy a piano for her. “She always told me to keep 50 to speak a word.

49

in my heart for those who helped us,” she said. Moved by her story, I choked and

31. A. advertising

B. writing

C. communicating D. editing

32. A. gave

B. received

C. made

D. sent

33. A. response

B. note

C. announcement D. contract

34. A. daughter

B. son

C. granddaughter D. grandson

35. A. until

B. though

C. while

D. for

36. A. answered

B. avoided

C. hid

D. ignored

37. A. stopped

B. started

C. proceeded

D. liked

38. A. while

B. For

C. After

D. Since

39. A. purchased

B. donated

C. delivered

D. recommended

40. A. benefited from

B. give away

C. reflected on

D. appealed to

41. A. unfair

B. unbelievable

C. unpredictable

D. uncomfortable

42. A. heard

B. performed

C. created

D. recorded

43. A. accompanied

B. attacked

C. alarmed

D. attracted

44. A. frequently

B. anxiously

C. attentively

D. automatically

45. A. break

B. walk

C. breath

D. talk

46. A. lent

B. sold

C. gave

D. guaranteed

47. A. remembered

B. understood

C. struggled

D. acknowledged

48. A. spent

B. borrowed

C. saved

D. picked

49. A. memories

B. hopes

C. thanks

D. confidence

50. A. caught

B. stopped

C. turned

D. failed

【参考答案】31—50、ABACD

DBACB

BADCA

BACCD


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