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高考英语二轮复习课件增分篇专题 语法 动词和动词短语(45ppt)_图文

板块一 词法集释 第三讲 动词和动词短语 动词词义辨析 1.(2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ)The watch was very good, and he ________ 20 percent down for it. A.paid B.cost C.bought D.spent 解析:考查动词辨析。句意:那块表很不错,他以 20%的折扣价买下了它。A项表示“支付”,后跟具体 的钱数,与for搭配,故选A。B项的主语一般是物;C 项后面一般用“商品”作宾语,可排除;D项与后面的 介词不搭配,其后应用介词on。 答案:A 2.(2013· 福建高考)Michelle found a job as a high school teacher which ________ spending quite a lot of time with students. A.enjoys C.practices B.involves D.suggests 解析:考查动词辨析。句意:米歇尔找到了一份高中教师 的工作,(这份工作)需要和学生待在一起的时间比较长。 involve“包含,需要”,符合句意。enjoy“喜欢”; practice“练习”;suggest“建议”。 答案:B 3.(2013· 湖北高考)According to the law, all foreigners have to ________ with the local police within two weeks of arrival. A.associate C.negotiate B.dispute D.register 解析:考查动词辨析。句意:按照该法律,所有的外国人在到 来的两周内必须在当地警方登记。这里说的是在警方登记,故 用register,表示“登记,注册”。associate“使联合,联 想”;dispute“争论”;negotiate“协商,谈判”。 答案:D 4.(2013· 江苏高考)—The town is so beautiful! I just love it. —Me too.The character of the town is well ________. A.qualified C.decorated B.preserved D.simplified 解析:考查动词辨析。根据题意可知,这个城镇的特色 保留得很好,因此选preserved表示“保存,保护”。 qualify“使合格,使具备资格”;decorate“装饰”; simplify“使简化”。 答案:B 动词词义辨析一直都是高考考查的重点,这类题绝大多 数情况下所给的四个选项的含义各不相同,没有关联性,此 时考查的是对题干和语境的理解。偶尔也考查近义词的辨 析。近三年考查到的还有: ①sacrifice (牺牲); substitute (代替); simplify (简化); survive ②conclude; lead; avoid (避免); hold ③persuade(说服); promise; invite; support ④open; narrow; widen; leave ⑤make; turn; take; have ⑥differ; shrink (收缩); fail; decline (下降) ⑦sponsor (赞助); launch (发射); organize; plan ⑧tell; remind (提醒); warn; advise 动词的一词多义和熟词新义 (2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅰ)Try not to cough more than you can ________ since it may cause problems to your lungs. A.check C.stop B.allow D.help 解析:考查动词辨析。句意:尽量不要过多咳嗽,因为咳嗽 过多可能引发你的肺部问题。not more than one can help意 为“能少尽量少”,符合句意。 答案:D 动词的一词多义或熟词新义是考查的难点,例如上文提 到的help,大家都熟悉的意思为“帮助”,但高考考查的是 “忍住”。动词的熟词新义请参见本书附录。 1.(2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅰ)At the last moment, Tom decided to ________ a new character to make the story seem more likely. A.put up C.put on B.put in D.put off 解析:考查动词短语辨析。句意:在最后的时刻,汤姆决定 添加一个新人物,以使故事显得更真实。put up“建造”; put in“添上”;put on“穿上”;put off“推迟”。根据句 意可知,应选B项。 答案:B 2.(2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ)Would you like to ________ with us to the film tonight? A.come along C.come across B.come off D.come through 解析:考查动词短语辨析。根据句意“你今晚愿意和我们一起 去看电影吗?”可知,此处意为“跟随”。come along“跟着 来,跟随”,符合句意。come off“举行,发生,成功”; come across“偶然遇见”;come through“(重病后)康复”。 答案:A 3.(2013· 湖北高考)In much of the animal world, night is the time ________ for sleep —pure and simple. A.set aside C.set off B.set down D