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高考英语复习高效学案:必修1 unit 4 earthquakes 含解析

必修 1 地 震 Unit 4 Earthquakes 晨读· 记忆 A Horrible Earthquake Dirty water rose in wells and canals before the earthquake. But no one judged that an earthquake was coming. Suddenly, everything shook. It seemed as if the world was at an end. Millions of brick houses and a number of dams were destroyed. Railway tracks became useless bars. Pipes in mines burst and let outsmelly steam. Huge cracks trapped cyclists everywhere. The next day, this event was the headline or maintitle of all newspapers. With the reporters giving an outline of the disaster, the whole nation was shocked by the damage and the victim’s extremesuffering. People were moved when they read that the survivors comforted each other by saying “Congratulations! You survived!”. So they not only expressed their sympathysincerely, but also organized together to help the victims right away. The injured were rescued and the dead were buried. The frightenedsurvivors were dug out from under the ruins and were offered shelter, fresh water and electricity. Thanks to people’s help, the loss was minimized. 可怕的地震 地震前, 水井和运河里的污水都涨涌起来。 但是却没人判断出地震即将来临。 霎那间, 一切都在摇晃, 似乎整个世界就要结束。 数以百万的砖房和许多水坝遭到破坏;铁路轨道都变成无用的铁条;煤矿管道 纷纷爆裂,发出有臭味的蒸汽;到处都有骑车的人被巨大的裂缝陷住。 第二天,所有报纸都纷纷以大字标题或主要标题报道了这一事件。记者们描述了灾难的大概情况,全 国都被地震的破坏和灾民们极度的苦难所震惊。当人们读到幸存者以“恭喜啊,你还活着。”来互相安 慰时,都被感动了。人们不仅衷心地表达了他们的同情,而且还立刻组织起来帮助灾民。伤员被救助 了,死者被埋葬了,吓坏的幸存者被从废墟中挖出来了,栖身处、净水和电力也很快得到提供。多亏 了人们的帮助,灾区的损失被减到了最小。 I.单词盘点 1.__________(n.) 2.__________(n.) 3.__________(n.) 4.__________(vi.) 地震(同 quake) 井 管;导管 爆裂;爆发 (n.)突然破 裂;爆发 5.__________(n.) 6.__________(n.) 7.__________(n.) 百万 事件;大事 民族;国家;国民 8.__________(n.) 9.__________(n.) 10._________(n.) 11.__________(n.) 使破产 12.__________(n.) 13.__________(adj.) →__________(adv.) 14.__________(vt.) → __________(n.) → __________(adj.) 15.__________(v.) 16.__________(n.) 17.__________(n.) 18.__________(n.) 19.__________(adj.) 的 → __________(adj.) 20.__________(v.) 克;打击;震惊 → __________(adj.) → __________(adj.) 运河;水道 蒸汽;水汽 污垢;泥土 废墟;毁灭 (vt.)毁灭; → __________(adj.) 24.__________ (n.) 25. __________(v.) 26. __________(n.) → __________ (n.) 电学的;与电有关的 灾难;灾祸 埋葬;掩埋;隐藏 矿井 矿工 掩蔽;掩蔽处;避身处 标题;头衔;资格 记者 报道 条;棒;条状物 苦难;痛苦 极度的 极度地 损害;伤害 损害;伤害 受伤的 破坏;毁坏;消灭 砖;砖块 水坝;堰堤 轨道;足迹;痕迹 无用的;无效的;无益 27. __________(n.) 28. __________(n.) 29. __________(n.) → __________(vt.) 30___________(n.) 31.__________(n.& vt.) 损失;损害 32.__________(vt.) →___________(adj.) → __________ (adj.) 33.__________(n.) → __________ (vt.) 34 .__________(n.) 使惊吓;吓唬 受惊吓的;受恐吓的 令人恐惧的 祝贺; (复数)贺词 祝贺 裁判员;法官

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