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【写作】大小作文练习【版本二】


【第一段】 简要描述图片,略微引向主题 图片基调 相关细节 引向主题

【第二段】 点明图片寓意,进行充分拓展 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 举例论证 因果分析 利弊分析 正反论证 …. T?D1?D2?C A:化立论为驳论 大众观点 提出质疑 详实论据 得出结论

B:化苍白为哲理 哲理引入
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具体阐释 详实论据 得出结论

孔子 老子 孟子 李子 马子 Idioms600.doc

C:化平淡为修辞 Displayed by this cartoon is a simple truth: ……. However, such a doctrine has been waved aside by most of us. Any cases? Haven’t you ever found ….? Haven’t you ever noticed ….? Why …? Why…? Why…? Aren't they …….? 【第三段】 根据上文论调,进行对应评论 1. 社会弊病(生态环境) 控制:外控,内控 Corresponding laws and regulations should be put into practice to …. Official intervention should be activated to direct this problem to a positive situation. Fines or penalties should be cast on this matter to put an end to it. Media supervision should be put on this matter to reduce the prevalence of …..

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Self-discipline Self-restrict Self-restrain Self-control The ability of self-discipline should be cultivated among those who….. Awareness of …. The awareness of … should be nurtured among those who…. Right attitude … Right attitude to ….should be advocated among those who…. Social convention… A new social convention concerning … should be established among those who…… How can we put the problem of … under control? It occurs to many that ……. That is a way, but a passive one. Actually, we also need to …, with the assistance of which we can fundamentally put this trend to an end. Such misconducts of …must be put under control immediately! But how? Suggestions from the general public involve …, …, and … These proposals have been put into practice for years, with fruitful rewards. Is that enough? Actually, what we need is more than what mentioned above, but a new way that ……..

2.

社会风尚

支持 理由: 惠及自身与他人 惠及当下与未来 参与 Asked about my attitude to …, I am to say … is either beneficial to individuals or elevating to society. Actually, this escalating effect will not last for merely several years. As a social wealth, this virtue of … may be delivered from one individual to another, from one decade to another, and from generation to another. As a college man, I am determined to be a role-model in …... (As college men, we have the duty to join in the campaign of ……)

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I did not do it for you. I did not marry you because I love you. I did not catch the flight because I got up early. I missed the flight because I got up late.

Escalate Elevate elevator

《狗镇》舞台剧

3.

个人问题

求助:expert, senior, friend, book, well-written works 自助: 具体问题具体分析

How can we step out of the shadow of …? Once upon a time, facing the same situation, I was suggested by friends to seek help form seniors, experts, or books. That was a way, but help from other is not necessarily available all the time. Even if it is, it is not always suitable to me.
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Therefore I am determined to …, to …, to …, and to ….

2400 2350 1850

Exercise 1 Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should 1) describe the drawing briefly, 2) interpret the phenomenon it reflects, and then 3) give your comments. You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20 points)

学生的对联
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图片基调 ironic 相关细节 Couplet The first line… The second line… The horizontal scroll… 引向主题 dishonest Emerging from the cartoon is an ironic scene that the couplet pasted by students mirrors their undesirable attitude toward college examinations. The first line reads, “there will be no upgrade without cheating in exams”, while the second line bears, “in their minds, success in exams outweighs dignity.” The horizontal scroll summarizes their idea: they, regardless of the virtue of honesty, are determined to pass tests by any means. 大众观点 诚信 提出质疑 反问 详实论据 考试作弊:偷看,小抄,手势,手机,耳语… 得出结论 不再诚信,个人,教育,社会 It is generally accepted that … It is conventionally hold that … It is shared by the general public that … It is deeply rooted in the mind of the public that ….. It is widely shared that no other group in the world can be as honest as college students. But is that a truth anymore? Examples against this public view are abundant and within easy reach. From the point of collage examinations alone, it is not surprising to see candidates delivering keys by gesture, by whispering, or even by mobile phone. Evidently, a mounting number of students no longer cherish the virtue of honesty. This delinquency exerts negative influence either on their overall development or on the quality of education, not to mention the impact on social atmosphere.

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Prefer A to B A is preferable to B. In their minds, A outweighs B.

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Exercise 2 Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should 1) describe the drawing briefly, 2) explain its intended meaning, and then 3) give your comments. You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20 points)

The dream of a Bird 图片基调 alarming 相关细节 A bird is holding a gun. He is staring at the sky. He is hiding in the bush. Human beings are soaring in the sky. He wants to revenge on human. 引向主题 What people once did with him. Depicted by the cartoon is an alarming scenario that a bird, holding a gun and hiding in the bush, is staring at the sky where human beings are soaring. Obviously, he longs for a day when becomes a hunter, shooting people for fun. Evidently, his dream derives from / roots in / is provoked by / is evoked by / is triggered by / is sparked by what people once did with him. 【版本一】
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It has become a “common sense” that no other age place emphasis on environmental protection so much as today. But does every of us take part in this campaign? The answer is rather disappointing. The following misdeeds or delinquency are familiar. It is not surprising to see some of us hunting wild life for fun, cooking them for food, or selling them for profit. Meanwhile, it is not uncommon to find some factories emmiting toxic gas with atmosphere polluted. Evidently, the sense of achieving a better environment is not so pervasive as we expect, which may be detrimental to our well-being or long-term development. 【版本二】 哲理引入 As an esteemed thinker once put, “….” Never easily let go of the truth, “….” Never shrug off the motto, “….” Never easily wave aside the motto, “” The intended meaning of the cartoon can be summarized as a motto, “…” The cartoonist uses the unique matphor to endow us that ….. 具体阐释 That is, …. Simply state it, …. In other word, ….. Put it another way, …. 详实论据 得出结论

The nature may treat us the way we treat it. What we do with the nature is to be answered for.

【版本三】 Displayed by this cartoon is a simple truth: it is our obligation to be on good term with our nature. However, such a doctrine has been waved aside by most of us. Any cases? Haven’t you ever found some of us hunting wild life with species endangered? Haven’t you ever noticed some factories over-mining with geographic disasters recurring? Where has their conscience gone? Where has their sense of social responsibility? Where has their insight of the future gone? Aren't these virtues swallowed by greediness, sacrificing long-term benefits for instant satisfaction of economy?
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Sacrifice …for ….

Exhibited by this cartoon is a motto: the nature may treat us the way we treat it. To put it another way, it may reward us fruitfully on condition that we are on good term with it, while punish us if we mistreat it. In the past, natural resources were available anytime and anywhere in that people never went too far in exploiting them.Currently, things has changed – our greediness has deprived us of the rights to enjoy those once abundant resources. The bird in the picture, by his revenge, intend to warn us that humans may pay a heavy price for what they did with the nature. Deprive sb. of …. Be on good term with it Get on well with it.

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Exercise 3 Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should 1) describe the drawing briefly, 2) explain its intended meaning, and then 3) give your comments.

图片基调 相关细节 引向主题

Have you ever been caught in a dilemma or a delicate situation? If so, you may feel the same sorrow and puzzle as the man does in the picture. The man, facing several directions, is walking back and forth, wondering where to go. The caption is reminding him, as well as all of us, that what troubles us is not adversities themselves but our indecisiveness. Remind sb. sth. Remind sb. that …

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Exercise 4 Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should 1) describe the drawing briefly, 2) explain its intended meaning, and then 3) give your comments.

图片基调 sarcastic 相关细节 overall / excessive sitting explaining excusing himself for … 引向主题 Be honest to customers Under the ridiculous appearance of the cartoon lies a social evil which may exert heavy pressure on each consumer. In the drawing, sitting in front of a patient, a surgeon is explaining “out of the consideration of your health, I render you an overall medical treatment.” Actually, he is excusing himself for his excessive remedy. Such excuse is not rare in almost any business! To live is to learn.

As an esteemed scholar once put, “To take good care of customers is to care himself for any business or social agencies.” In other word, it is impossible for any firm to flourish if it pays no attention to the interests of consumers. However, a significant number of agencies, like the doctor in the picture, let go of the truth. Let us take bank transaction for example. In several banks, aged people are always persuaded into purchasing some substandard money management services,
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resulting to financial loss. Evidently, such businesses, if they continue these misconducts, may be abandoned by the general public.

Persuade sb. into doing…. Dissuade sb. from doing ….

Impose heavy pressure on … Exert …..on ….

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Exercise 5 Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should 1) describe the drawing briefly, 2) explain its intended meaning, and then 3) give your comments.

Warm Mr. “Help-Provider” Mr. “Help-Accepter”

Information Transformation

Have you ever been assisted by any others? If so, you may feel the same warmth as these two men do in the picture. A Mr. “Help-Provider” is generously offering what he could, what he should in his mind. Meanwhile, a Mr. “Help-Accepter” is extending his gratitude heart and soul. The caption is reminding them, as well as all of us, that mutual assistance is the right access to a society of great harmoney. A is the right access to B. Displayed by this cartoon is a simple truth: it is our obligation to offer assistance when necessary. However, such a doctrine has been waved aside by most of us. Any cases? Haven’t you ever found some of us sitting still in a bus even if a pregnant lady standing in front of them? Haven’t you ever noticed others standing with arm folded in a car accident even though the injured groaning before them? Where has their conscience gone? Where has their unselfishness?
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Where has their generousness? Aren't these virtues swallowed by cowardliness, fearing that they may be involved into troubles ?

备忘录; 摘要; 书信: 1. 2. 格式 结构

Jan. 19th, Dear XXX, Dear sir or madam, To whom it may concern, 【第一段】 道明来意; 自我介绍,说明背景,问候致意 【第二段】

T ? D1 (C1)? D2 (C2) neither …. In addition,….. ….

A:罗列:建议,理由,困难,方案;

B:情节:Conflict 起伏跌宕,平铺直叙
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【第三段】 重申来意 适度拓展 Yours sincerely, Li Ming

X region was hit by a flood and storm, …… Dear friends, I am writing, on behalf of the student union, to ask for help for citizens in a disaster. A couple of days ago, X region were hit by a storm and flood which produce thousands of homeless individuals. They are confronted with two difficulties. Their daily necessities, involving fresh water, food, and medicine, are far from adequacy, while local authorities cannot afford to address their many needs. In addition, they need intensive care and accompany, as only under such care can our friends recover from panic. Knowing about their difficulties how can we continue to stand with arm folded? Anyone who wants to show support can contact us at support@sina.com. Your kindness and generousness would be highly appreciated! Yours sincerely, Li Ming Xiao Wang, 放弃考研,鼓励他,提供帮助!

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