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2014届高考英语(大纲版)第一轮三关复习测试:Unit 4 Unforgettable experiences 句型冲关


Unit_4

Unforgettable_experiences

1.Just_try_and you'll see you can do it. 只要努力,你就会发现你能做这事。 本句中使用了“祈使句+and+陈述句”这一结构。 (1)“祈使句+and+陈述句”相当于 If you ...,you will ...。 ①Work harder,and you'll find it not difficult to learn. =If you work harder,you'll find it not difficult to learn. 再用功一点,你就会发现它不难学。 (2)“祈使句+or(else)/otherwise+陈述句”相当于 If you ...not ...,you will ...。 ②Hurry up,or you will be late. =If you don't hurry up,you will be late. 快一点,否则你会迟到。 [提醒] (1)有时候祈使句中的动词可省略, 只剩下“名词或名词短语+and+陈述句”。 (2)and/or 后面的陈述句常用一般将来时或一般现在时。 ③More_effort,and you can finish it on time. 再加把劲,你会按时完成它的。

(2012· 辽宁高考)Bring the flowers into a warm room ________ they'll soon open. A.or C.but B.and D.for

解析:考查连词。句意:将花放到暖和的房间里,它们将会很快开放。根据句意可知此 处表示顺承关系,故用 and 连接。注意此句为“祈使句+and+陈述句”句型。 答案:B 2.However,before she could think twice,the water was upon her. 然而,还没能容她再想,水就已经逼近她了。 句中 before 用作连词,引导时间状语从句。基本意义是“在??之前”,在不同语境 中,有多种灵活的翻译方式,如“过了??才??”,“还没来得及??就??”,“趁 着??就??”等。常见于如下句型:

It took/was+时间段+before ... It will take/be+时间段+before ...

过了??才?? 要过多久才??

It will not take/be+时间段+before ... 过不了多久就会?? ①You can't borrow books from the school library before you get your student card. 在你得到学生证之前不能从学校图书馆借书。 ②It_will_be_a_long_time_before they get what they want. 要过很长时间他们才能得到他们想要的东西。 ③Someone called me up in the middle of the night, he hung up before I could answer the but phone. 有人半夜给我打电话,可是我还没来得及接,他就挂断了。 ④I must write it down before_I_forget_it. 趁着我没忘,我得把它记下来。

before,since,until (1)before 引导的时间状语从句动作与主句动作的关系: 主句动作在前, 从句动作在后(即 主句动作完成后从句动作才发生)。 (2)since 引导的时间状语从句动作与主句动作的关系:从句动作在前,主句动作在后。 (3)until 用来引导时间状语从句,表示直到从句的动作发生,主句的动作才发生,译为 “直到??才??”。 [自填助记] 用 before,since,until 填空 ①It was not until the doctor told him that he knew his father was badly ill. ②We began at 7:00 pm. It was three hours before we found out the cave. ③It's almost five years since we saw each other last time.

1. (2011· 山东高考)Find ways to praise your children often, ______you'll find they will open their hearts to you . A.till C.and B.or D.but

解析:考查句式结构。句意:经常找一些方法表扬你的孩子们,你会发现他们将会向你 敞开心扉。这是一个“祈使句+and +陈述句”结构。 后面的陈述句表达的是前面祈使句顺 承的结果,所以用 and。如果陈述句表达的是与前面祈使句相反的结果,则用 or。 答案:C 2.(2013· 朝阳一模)Though it is 30 years ________ we last met,I still remember the scene

________ we got separated on a rainy day. A.before;where C.since;when B.before;which D.since;where

解析:考查时间状语从句和定语从句。“it is/has been+一段时间+since 从句”为固定 句型,表示自从上次干某事到现在有多长时间了;scene 作先行词且定语从句中需要的是地 点状语,故用 where 或 in which 引导定语从句。 答案:D 3.—Mary looks down today.What is the matter? —Well, ________ happened between Mary and me is none of your business. A.wherever C.whatever B.whoever D.whichever

解析:答句句意:不管玛丽和我之间发生了什么事都与你无关。whatever 引导主语从句 作主语,表示“不管什么事”;whoever“不管是谁”;whichever“不管是哪一个”。 答案:C

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.(2013· 龙岩质检)—Would you mind if I closed the window? —________. It's that cold outside. A.Sorry, I'm afraid C.Sorry, you don't B.Yes, help yourself D.No, go ahead

解析:句意:“你介意我关上窗户吗?”“不介意,去关吧。外面那么冷。”根据答句 的后半句 It's that cold outside.可知对方同意关上窗户,故答案选 D。 答案:D 2. (2013· 河南洛阳统考)The bank was broken into last night.The police are now________the matter. A.seeing through C.looking into B.working out D.watching over

解析:考查动词短语辨析。look into“调查”,符合句意;see through“浏览”;work out“解决”;watch over“观察”。 答案:C 3.(2013· 陕西宝鸡质检)When we visited my old family home,memory came ________ back. A.flooding B.to flood

C.flood

D.flooded

解析:句意:当我们回到老家时,往事涌上心头。flood 与 memory 之间构成逻辑上的 主动关系,所以用现在分词作伴随状语。 答案:A 4.He was told that it would be at least three more months________he could recover and return to work. A.when C.since B.before D.that

解析: 考查句式“It+be+时间段+before 从句(要过多久才??)”。 句式“It is/has been +时间段+since 从句”,表示“自从??以来已有??”。 答案:B 5.—Guess what?I have passed the driving test. —Great!You ________ a lot of time practicing. A.should spend C.should have spent B.must spend D.must have spent

解析:由上句“I have passed the driving test”可知,这一动作发生在过去,且有一定的事 实依据。“must+have+过去分词”用于肯定句,表示“过去一定做过某事”,表示一种很 有把握的推测。 答案:D 6.The lifeboats were sent to ________ the sailors ________ the sinking ship. A.rescue; from C.treat; as B.throw; on D.carry; into

解析:句意:这些救生船被派去营救正在下沉的船上的船员。rescue ...from ...“把?? 从??中营救出来”。 答案:A 7.A________ person or animal is very aggressive or angry. A.fierce C.hottempered B.frightened D.tender

解析:考查形容词辨析。fierce “猛烈的,残忍的,狂暴的”;frightened “受惊的,受 恐吓的”; hottempered “急脾气的”; tender “温和的,亲切的”。 由句中所描述的“人 或动物是非常好斗的或易发怒的”可知选 A。 答案:A 8.Our country has ________ great changes in the past 30 years, which are the result of reform and opening up.

A.appeared C.taken place

B.happened D.witnessed

解析:句意:在过去 30 年里我们国家发生了巨大变化,这是改革开放的成果。witness 意为“是发生??的地点,见证”,符合句意。其他三项均为不及物动词(短语),其后不接 宾语。 答案:D 9.John and Sandy argued all the time, which completely ________ the party. A.destroyed C.ruined B.damaged D.broke

解析: ruin 在此指“毁掉(晚会)”, 其他选项用在此处不贴切。 句意: John 和 Sandy 一 直在吵,把整个晚会都毁掉了。 答案:C 10.—Here is a new edition of Crazy English. Do you want to look at it? —________! Let me see it. A.By and by C.Mind your own business B.Not really D.By all means

解析:考查交际用语。根据答语的下一句可知答话人“当然”想看一看。前三项分别表 示“不久以后,迟早”“不完全是”“少管闲事”,都不符合句意。 答案:D 11.When I got back home,I found the door open,a terrible idea ________ me — had my house been broken into? A.beat C.knocked B.struck D.attacked

解析:句意:当我回到家,发现门开着时,我突然有一个可怕的想法——有人闯进我家 了吗?strike “突然想起”,符合句意。 答案:B 12.Here's my card.Let's keep in________and try not to________touch with each other. A.touch;lose C.mind;get B.touch;keep D.mind;leave

解析:句意:这是我的名片,咱们彼此保持联系尽量不要失去联系。keep in touch “保 持联系”;lose touch with“与??失去联系”。 答案:A 13.In the past time,my parents ________ to bring my brother and me up and afford our education;they had a hard life.

A.worked C.contributed

B.helped D.struggled

解析:考查动词辨析。句意:在以前,父母为把我和我哥哥养大并供我们读书而奋斗, 他们度过了一段艰难的时光。struggle“挣扎,奋斗”,符合句意。work“工作”;help“帮 助”;contribute“贡献,有助于”,常与介词 to 搭配使用。 答案:D 14.Do come here on Monday, ________ we, as planned, will take part in the gathering of AIDS prevention volunteers. A.then C.therefore B.and D.or

解析:考查“祈使句+and+陈述句”。句意:务必在周一来这里,那样我们就可以按 计划参加防艾滋病志愿者的集会了。祈使句相当于 if 引导的条件状语从句。本题中,主句 部分插入了 as planned。 答案:B 15.—The woman biologist stayed in Africa studying wild animals for 13 years before she returned. —Oh,dear!She must have ________ a lot of difficulties! A.gone over C.got into B.got through D.gone through

解析:考查动词短语辨析。句意:“这位女生物学家在回来之前在非洲研究野生动物达 13 年之久。”“噢,天啊!她肯定遇到了重重困难。”go through“经历,遭受”,符合句 意。go over“复习”,get into“进入”,get through“完成”。 答案:D Ⅱ.阅读理解 A In South Africa, paragliding (滑翔伞运动) is one of the most popular sports around. Paragliding in South Africa is a delight and, at times, a frightening challenge. A paraglider is, firstly, someone who has been well taught in the skill of flying. Once you've done the 4- course and decide that you have the right mental attitude and the basic day physical requirements, the mountain slopes (山坡) wait for you. If you have never tried it before, you are sure to learn it in a few days, but safety comes first. Strangely, the relatively flat Karoo heartland is one of the best areas to paraglide in. The towns of De Aar and Kuruman in the Northern Cape province are centers of Karoo paragliding. South African paragliders hold more than 50% of the world records in this sport — most of them set in the Karoo. But why are paragliders so crazy about the Karoo? “The cloud base there is so

high and the wind is proper and stable. You can glide for hours, going up as high as 4,000 meters in the sky,” they explain. Foreign pilots wanting a taste of South Africa's paragliding opportunities can get a shorttime license. They can hold it for three months at most. Medical examination and insurance are needed by the South African Hang Gliding and Paragliding Association. The Western Cape has more than 60 official paragliding launch and flight sites. Up north along the Drakensberg slopes, you will see the brave “OneWings” doing their thing daily,

flying in the sky or taking the “ridge lift”, riding a wave of wind as it clears a mountain slope.
语篇解读:滑翔伞运动是一项新的空中运动,它需要技术和专业训练。南非 Karoo 地区的气候和地势非常 适合人们开展该运动。

1.If you want to learn paragliding, you must be ________. A.brave and healthy B.calm and delighted C.young and clever D.excited and powerful 解析: 推理判断题。 根据第一段“ ... a frightening challenge”和第二段“ ... you have the right mental attitude and the basic physical requirements”可推断,答案为 A。 答案:A 2.Why does Karoo attract paragliders from all over the world? A.Because it has very beautiful scenery. B.Because it is easy for them to get licenses. C.Because the conditions and climate are ideal for paragliding. D.Because it is well known in the world. 解析:细节理解题。根据第三段“The cloud base there is so high and the wind is proper and stable”可知,答案为 C。 答案:C 3.Foreign pilots who want to paraglide in South Africa ________. A.needn't have a medical examination B.will spend a great deal of money C.can stay there for two months at most D.must hold a shorttime license 解析:细节理解题。根据第四段“Foreign pilots ... can get a shorttime license”可知,答 案为 D。 答案:D 4.The author wrote this passage mainly to ________.

A.introduce a popular sport in South Africa B.tell us why paragliding is very popular C.attract more people to visit South Africa D.tell us Karoo in South Africa is well known 解析: 作者意图题。 本文的第一句“In South Africa, paragliding ... is one of the most popular sports around”是主旨句。本文主要向读者介绍了空中滑翔运动,故答案为 A。 答案:A B Few of us make money by losing sleep.But three graduate students at Brown University in Providence built a company around sleep deprivation. Jason Donahue,Ben Rubin and Eric Shashoua were working late nights in Brown's business and engineering schools—and began thinking about ways to sleep better.They discovered they weren't alone in burning the midnight oil.Around 20% of Americans get less than six hours of rest a night. The friends imagined a smart alarm clock that could track how much time we spend in the most restorative(促使康复的) stages of the sleep cycle:REM(快速眼动) and deep sleep.What would it cost to design such a thing?Five years of research,20 employees,$14 million in funding and a whole lot of doubting from investors and scientists. The company,Zeo, based in Newton,Mass.,launched its product in June.The Zeo device uses a headband with tiny sensors(传感器) that scan your brain for signs of four sleep states: REM,light,deep and waking sleep.The smart alarm clock displays a graph of your sleep pattern and wakes you as you're transitioning out of REM sleep (which is when you're least sleepy). In the morning you can upload the data to the company's website,and so track your sleep over time.The cost,$399,includes six months' access to one of Zeo's online sleep coaches.Most of the feedback comes in the form of Zeo's ZQ score showing how well you've slept. “Zeo allows people to unlock this black box of sleep, ”says Dave Dickinson, healtha care CEO. Whether any of this actually improves sleep is up to the consumer,who will also need to make lifestyle changes like cutting out alcohol before bedtime or caffeine after 3 p.m. For now the company is selling Zeo online only.Dickinson also plans to expand to countries such as Australia,where sleep deprivation approaches US levels.
语篇解读:这是一则科普说明文,美国三名大学生研制出一种仪器,能够记录睡眠数据,从而提醒主人规 律生活,提高睡眠质量。

5.Why did the three students imagine a smart alarm clock? A.To earn enough money for a scholarship. B.To wake them up on time in the morning.

C.To record the length of their sleep time. D.To improve the quality of their sleep. 解析:细节理解题。依据第二段的内容和第三段首句可知,他们想象该仪器的目的是提 高睡眠质量。 答案:D 6.Which is the correct order of how the Zeo device works? a.wake you when you're least sleepy b.scan your brain for sleep signs c.get the Zeo's ZQ score d.show a graph of your sleep pattern e.upload the data to the company's website A.d,b,a,e,c C.d,b,a,c,e B.b,a,d,c,e D.b,d,a,e,c

解析:细节理解题。依据第四段的内容可知,D 项是 Zeo 的工作程序。 答案:D 7.The Zeo's ZQ score is connected with________. A.the quality of sleep C.the time of waking up B.the length of sleep D.the time of going to bed

解析:细节理解题。依据第四段的最后一句可知,Zeo 提供的记录显示的是睡眠质量如 何。 答案:A 8.From the passage we can learn that________. A.Zeo will have a direct effect on users' lifestyles B.Zeo will have better results if users make proper changes C.Zeo is reported to be well received in Australia D.Zeo can now be bought either in stores or online 解析:推理判断题。依据倒数第二段内容可知,Zeo 只是记录数据,只有用户自己改变 生活方式才能从本质上提高睡眠质量。 答案:B Ⅲ.短文改错 I have a good friend who's name is Liu Wei.She is our 1.________ monitor but one of the excellent students in our class.2.________ She is clever,but she works very hard.We have a3.________

lot on common and have a lot to talk about.One evening she4.________ told me that something happened when her parents was out.5.________ She was doing her homeworks on Sunday morning when6.________ She smelt something burning.She stopped look out7.________ of the window and find a cloud of smoke coming out8.________ of her neighbor's house.She called 119 immediate.Ten9.________ minutes later,the firemen came and put out fire.Her neighbor10.________ was very thankful for her help. 答案:1.who's→whose who's 是 who is 或 who has 的缩写,但该句需要 whose 引导定 语从句,并在从句中作定语修饰 name,表示“她的名字”。 2.but→and 前后不是转折关系,而是顺承关系,所以用连词 and。 3.√ 4.on→in have a lot/much in common 表示“有很多共性”。

5. was→were when 从句的主语是复数名词 parents。 6.homeworks→homework homework 是不可数名词。 7.stopped 后加 to stop to do sth.表示“停下(别的事情)来做某事”。

8.find→found 该句主语 she 后由 and 连接两个并列谓语,都用一般过去时。 9.immediate→immediately 应用副词作状语。 10.fire 前加 the 此处特指她邻居家的这场火灾。


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