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江苏省沭阳中学2014-2015学年高二英语自主练习12

江苏省沭阳中学高二英语自主练习 12
一. 单项填空 1. When you are in a foreign country, you may miss ______ Chinese food a lot. As a result, you hope to have ______ big supper after a tiring day. A. /; a B. a; a C. /; / D. a; / 2. Studies show the electronic devices people have made much use of ________ music may be causing hearing losses. A. to enjoy B. enjoying C. enjoy D. enjoyed 3.Our maths teacher, Mr. Smith, was studying the work last night, with the aim of making it more ___ to us. A. accessible B. possible C. available D. reliable 4. The continuous rain ______ the harvesting of the wheat crop by two months. A. set back B. set off C. set aside D. set out 5. The bus hit against a tree in the fog and ______to the deep valley,with ten passengers killed and twenty wounded. A. down did it roll B. down rolled it C. it down rolled D. down it rolled 6. ____in a science competition, the three students were awarded scholarships totaling $ 21, 000. A. To be judged the best B. Judged the best C. Having judged the best D. Judging the best 7. Who is it up ___________ the first company_______ is run by the state? A.to take charge of;which B.to to take charge of;that C. for to take charge of;that D.to to taking charge of;which 8. The Great Wall is so good a place ________ many foreign people come to visit

________ it has become well known all over the world. A. as;as B. that;that C. as;that
9. By the time you have finished this book, your meal _______ cold.

D. that;as

A.gets B.has got C.will get D.is getting 10. --- Mum, you look so busy. Need my help? ---No, honey. I’m decorating the tree. Christmas seems to _______ quicker A. come back B.come over C. come around D. come out 11. -- What was she anxious to know? -- She wondered ________ the workers could complete the decoration.[来源:学+科+网] A. when it was B. it was when that C. it was when D. when it was that 12. ---- Jenny looks hot and dry. ---- So _____ you if you had a high fever. A. will B. do C. are D. would 13. —So hard ______ in the past few years that he has made great progress in English. —I can see that, only a few mistakes _______ in this exam. A. has he worked; did he make B. he has worked; he made C. he has worked; has he made D. has he worked; he made 14. Though Alice is busy, music has always been________her work.

A. as much a part of her life as B. as a part of her life much as C. as much as a part of her life D. so much a part of her life as 15. —You seem to be familiar with this city. —I _______ here for three years. It’s great to be back. A. have lived B. lived C. had lived D. live 二.阅读理解 A Maths Connect Another quality publication from Maths House Education Services Dear Parents, Maths Connect is a set of 4 mathematics magazines which comes with a free game CD. These magazines have been published by Maths House Educational Services which has been inspiring countless students for over 15 years. The contents of the four books which make up the set are as follows: Book 4: A Taste of the Maths Olympiad This book consists of three papers. The problems are challenging and will require the use of various strategies. You will get a taste of the type of questions commonly tested in an examination. You will also be able to learn many strategies which you may find useful even for your regular school work. Solutions and answers are provided. For more information, call 6486421 or log on to www. Mathsconnect. com To Order: Bulk (批量)Order through the school using your Edusave Account; Mail Order using the order form below. Maths Connect price quantity amount Primary1﹠2 $13 Primary 3﹠4 $13 Primary 5﹠6 $13 For individual orders, we will deliver the magazine to your local address. Do not mail cash. Major credit cards accepted. Make cheques payable to Maths Connect. Come down to our office to pay by cash. Name School Home address Connect number Book 3: Maths and Thinking Stories This book aims to show you that Maths is all around you and is not simply a subject you take in school. Join us on an adventure where Maths will get you out of sticky situations. 16. If you want to do well in the coming maths exam, which book would you choose?________ A. Challenging Activities B. Know Your School Work C. Maths and Thinking Stories D. A Taste of the maths Olympiad 17. If you want to buy a set of the books individually, you have to _______. A. use your Edusave Account B. pay by check or by cash C. give your information in detail D. post the order form together with the money 18. Which of the following is true according to the ad? A. The CD going with the books costs extra money.

B. You may get more information by calling 6486421. C. Maths Connect is meant for high school students. D. You have to go to the company’s office to get your books. B Most people agree that honesty is a good thing. But does Mother Nature agree? Animals can't talk, but can they lie in other ways? Can they lie with their bodies and behavior? Animal experts may not call it lying, but they do agree that many animals, from birds to chimpanzees, behave dishonestly to fool other animals. Why? Dishonesty often helps them survive. Many kinds of birds are very successful at fooling other animals. For example, a bird called the plover sometimes pretends to be hurt in order to protect its young. When a predator (猎食动物) gets close to its nest, the plover leads the predator away from the nest. How? It pretends to have a broken wing. The predator follows the "hurt" adult, leaving the baby birds safe in the nest. Another kind of bird, the scrub jay, buries its food so it always has something to eat. Scrub jays are also thieves. They watch where others bury their food and steal it. But clever scrub jays seem to know when a thief is watching them. So they go back later, unbury the food, and bury it again somewhere else. Birds called cuckoos have found a way to have babies without doing much work. How? They don't make nests. Instead, they get into other birds' nests secretly. Then they lay their eggs and fly away. When the baby birds come out, their adoptive parents feed them. Chimpanzees, or chimps, can also be sneaky. After a fight, the losing chimp will give its hand to the other. When the winning chimp puts out its hand, too, the chimps are friendly again. But an animal expert once saw a losing chimp take the winner's hand and start fighting again. Chimps are sneaky in other ways, too. When chimps find food that they love, such as bananas, it is natural for them to cry out. Then other chimps come running. But some clever chimps learn to cry very softly when they find food. That way, other chimps don't hear them, and they don't need to share their food. As children, many of us learn the saying "You can't fool Mother Nature." But maybe you can't trust her, either. 19. A plover protects its young from a predator by______. A. getting closer to its young B. driving away the adult predator C. leaving its young in another nest D. pretending to be injured 20. By "Chimpanzees, or chimps, can also be sneaky" (paragraph 5), the author means______. A. chimps are ready to attack others B. chimps are sometimes dishonest C. chimps are jealous of the winners D. chimps can be selfish too 21. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Some chimps lower their cry to keep food away from others. B. The losing chimp won the fight by taking the winner's hand. C. Cuckoos fool their adoptive parents by making no nests. D. Some clever scrub jays often steal their food back. 22. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A. Do animals lie? B. Does Mother Nature fool animals?

C. How do animals learn to lie?

D. How does honesty help animals survive?

C If you could be anybody in the world, who would it be? Your neighbour or a super star? A few people have experienced what it might be like to step into the skin of another person, thanks to an unusual virtual reality(虚拟现实)device. Rikke Wahl, an actress, model and artist, was one of the participants in a body swapping experiment at the Be Another lab, a project developed by a group of artists based in Barcelona. She swapped with her partner, an actor, using a machine called The Machine to Be Another and temporarily became a man. "As I looked down, I saw my whole body as a man, dressed in my partner's pants," she said. "That's the picture I remember best." The set-up is relatively simple. Both users wear a virtual reality headset with a camera on the top. The video from each camera is sent to the other person, so what you see is the exact view of your partner. If she moves her arm, you see it. If you move your arm, she sees it. To get used to seeing another person's body without actually having control of it, participants start by raising their arms and legs very slowly, so that the other can follow along. Eventually, this kind of slow synchronised (同步的) movement becomes comfortable, and participants really start to feel as though they are living in another person's body. Using such technology promises to alter people's behaviour afterwards-potentially for the better. Studies have shown that virtual reality can be effective in fighting racism-the bias(偏见)that humans have against those who don't look or sound like them. Researchers at the University of Barcelona gave people a questionnaire called the Implicit Association Test, which measures the strength of people's associations between, for instance, black people and adjectives such as good, bad, athletic or awkward. Then they asked them to control the body of a dark skinned digital character using virtual reality glasses, before taking the test again. This time, the participants' bias scores were lower. The idea is that once you've "put yourself in another's shoes" you're less likely to think ill of them, because your brain has internalised the feeling of being that person. The creators of The Machine to Be Another hope to achieve a similar result. "At the end of body swapping, people feel like holding each other in their arms," says Arthur Pointeau, a programmer with the project. "It's a really nice way to have this kind of experience. I would really, really recommend it to everyone." 23. The word "swapping" (paragraph 1) is closest in meaning to______. A. building B. exchanging C. controlling D. transplanting 24. We can infer from the experiment at the Be Another lab that______. A. our feelings are related to our bodily experience B. we can learn to take control of other people's bodies C. participants will live more passionately after the experiment D. The Machine to Be Another can help people change their sexes 25. In the Implicit Association Test, before the participants used virtual reality glasses to control a dark skinned digital character, ______. A. they fought strongly against racism B. they scored lower on the test for racism C. they changed their behaviour dramatically

D. they were more biased against those unlike them 26. It can be concluded from the passage that______. A. technology helps people realize their dreams B. our biases could be eliminated through experiments C. virtual reality helps promote understanding among people D. our points of view about others need changing constantly

D One evening, June Griffith was on her way to pick up her son. Almost immediately, she realized that she had gone the wrong way. She’d driven onto railroad tracks and the underside of her car was caught. As Griffith tried to remove the car, its headlights attracted the attention of a passerby, Jordan Ricks, a college student. He ran over. Ricks, 22, tried to appear calm as he instructed Griffith to remove the car. Both of them could now see the wheel between the rails and the uneven track bed. Ricks put his hands under the front fender (挡泥板) and gave it a push. It didn’t move. He pushed it again with all his strength. Still, no movement. From about 50 feet away, a group of students from the nearby university watched the scene. Ricks signaled to them, and five of the guys came over. He directed them to different sides of the car, and they all put their hands under the flame. “One, two, three” Ricks yelled. They all pushed. “One, two, three!” he yelled again. The car didn’t move. At that moment, they felt the ground begin to shake. Then four dings (叮当声) signaled an oncoming train, and the railroad gates dropped down. In the distance, an unclear line of light appeared, followed by the loud noise of a horn (汽笛). The guys started yelling, “Get out of the car! Get out of the car!” But Griffith felt paralyzed. When Griffith glanced in the mirror, she saw the train lights approaching. But she worried that the Arthritis (关节炎) in her feet would prevent her from escaping in time and that her car would be damaged. One of the students, Tommy Stackhouse, 20, saw her shocked face and knew he had to act. He reached for the car door and forced it open. The train was just a few hundred feet away. In the last few seconds, Stackhouse grasped Griffith’s arm and pulled her from the car. His friend, Frank DiPietrapaul, 18, grasped her other arm, and the pair pulled Griffith aside. They watched as the train crashed into the car, cutting it into half its original size and sending metal pieces flying. Griffith sat crying as the police arrived and sorted through the ruins—and wrote her a ticket for no attention to driving. Eventually, the students went home. A few days later, a reporter asked the young men and Griffith to reunite at a local coffee shop. There a tearful Griffith hugged her rescuers. “These boys are heroes,” she would later tell anyone who would listen. “They saved my life.” Ricks feels only grateful for the outcome. “It was one of those moments,” he says, “when we could have been gone together. It makes you think how precious life is.”
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27. What happened to June Griffith one evening? A. She was seriously injured. B. Her car crashed into a train. C. Her car knocked over a passerby. D. Her car was stuck in the train tracks. 28. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? A. Griffith was thankful that her car was saved. B. The police fined Griffith for her careless driving. C. It was Stackhouse that grasped Griffith out of the car. D. All the students from nearby college came over to help. 29. The underlined word “paralyzed” in the passage is closest in meaning to _______. A. frozen B. crazy C. calm D. surprised 30. Which one is the best title for this passage? A. A Courageous Rescue B. A Brave Woman C. A Precious Life D. An Exciting Story


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