# 高中一年级美国数学竞赛试题(简称AMC10)2012年B卷

Problem 1 Each third-grade classroom at Pearl Creek Elementary has 18 students and 2 pet rabbits. How many more students than rabbits are there in all 4 of the third-grade classrooms? Solution Problem 2 A circle of radius 5 is inscribed in a rectangle as shown. The ratio of the length of the rectangle to its width is 2:1. What is the area of the rectangle? Solution Problem 3 The point in the xy-plane with coordinates (1000, 2012) is reflected across the line y=2000. What are the coordinates of the reflected point? Solution Problem 4 When Ringo places his marbles into bags with 6 marbles per bag, he has 4 marbles left over. When Paul does the same with his marbles, he has 3 marbles left over. Ringo and Paul pool their marbles and place them into as many bags as possible, with 6 marbles per bag. How many marbles will be left over? Solution Problem 5

Anna enjoys dinner at a restaurant in Washington, D.C., where the sales tax on meals is 10%. She leaves a 15% tip on the price of her meal before the sales tax is added, and the tax is calculated on the pre-tip amount. She spends a total of 27.50 dollars for dinner. What is the cost of her dinner without tax or tip in dollars? Solution Problem 6 In order to estimate the value of x-y where x and y are real numbers with x &gt; y &gt; 0, Xiaoli rounded x up by a small amount, rounded y down by the same amount, and then subtracted her rounded values. Which of the following statements is necessarily correct? A) Her estimate is larger than x-y B) Her estimate is smaller than x-y C) Her estimate equals x-y D) Her estimate equals y - x E) Her estimate is 0 Solution Problem 7 For a science project, Sammy observed a chipmunk and a squirrel stashing acorns in holes. The chipmunk hid 3 acorns in each of the holes it dug. The squirrel hid 4 acorns in each of the holes it dug. They each hid the same number of acorns, although the squirrel needed 4 fewer holes. How many acorns did the chipmunk hide? Solution Problem 8 What is the sum of all integer solutions to Solution ?

Problem 9 Two integers have a sum of 26. When two more integers are added to the first two integers the sum is 41. Finally when two more integers are added to the sum of the previous four integers the sum is 57. What is the minimum number of even integers among the 6 integers? Solution Problem 10 How many ordered pairs of positive integers (M,N) satisfy the equation Solution = Problem 11 A dessert chef prepares the dessert for every day of a week starting with Sunday. The dessert each day is either cake, pie, ice cream, or pudding. The same dessert may not be served two days in a row. There must be cake on Friday because of a birthday. How many different dessert menus for the week are possible? Solution Problem 12 Point B is due east of point A. Point C is due north of point B. The distance between points A and C is , and = 45 degrees. Point D is 20 meters due North of point C. The distance AD is between which two integers?

Solution Problem 13 It takes Clea 60 seconds to walk down an escalator when it is not operating, and only 24 seconds to walk down the escalator when it is operating. How many seconds does it take Clea to ride down the operating escalator when she just stands on it? Solution Problem 14 Two equilateral triangles are contained in square whose side length is a rhombus. What is the area of the rhombus? . The bases of these triangles are the opposite side of the square, and their intersection is Solution

Problem 15 In a round-robin tournament with 6 teams, each team plays one game against each other team, and each game results in one team winning and one team losing. At the end of the tournament, the teams are ranked by the number of games won. What is the maximum number of teams that could be tied for the most wins at the end on the tournament? Solution Problem 16

Three circles with radius 2 are mutually tangent. What is the total area of the circles and the region bounded by them, as shown in the figure?

Solution Problem 17 Jesse cuts a circular paper disk of radius 12 along two radii to form two sectors, the smaller having a central angle of 120 degrees. He makes two circular cones, using each sector to form the lateral surface of a cone. What is the ratio of the volume of the smaller cone to that of the larger? Solution Problem 18 Suppose that one of every 500 people in a certain population has a particular disease, which displays no symptoms. A blood test is available for screening for this disease. For a person who has this disease, the test always turns out positive. For a person who does not have the disease, however, there is a other words, for such people, false positive rate--in of the time the test will turn out negative, but of the time the test will turn out positive and will incorrectly indicate that the person has the disease. Let be the probability that a person who is chosen at random from this population and gets a positive test result actually has the disease. Which of the following is closest to ? Solution Problem 19 In rectangle , , to point ? , and is the midpoint of . Segment and is extended 2 units beyond . What is the area of , and is the intersection of

Solution Problem 20 Bernardo and Silvia play the following game. An integer between 0 and 999, inclusive, is selected and given to Bernardo. Whenever Bernardo receives a number, he doubles it and passes the result to Silvia. Whenever Silvia receives a number, she adds 50 to it and passes the result to Bernardo. The winner is the last person who produces a number less than 1000. Let be the smallest initial number that results ? in a win for Bernardo. What is the sum of the digits of Solution Problem 21 Four distinct points are arranged on a plane so that the segments connecting them have lengths , , , , , and . What is the ratio of to ? Solution Problem 22 Let

either be a list of the first 10 positive integers such that for each or or both appear somewhere before in the list. How many such lists are there? Solution Problem 23 A solid tetrahedron is sliced off a wooden unit cube by a plane passing through two nonadjacent vertices on one face and one vertex on the opposite face not adjacent to either of the first two vertices. The tetrahedron is discarded and the remaining portion of the cube is placed on a table with the cut surface face down. What is the height of this object?

Solution Problem 23 A solid tetrahedron is sliced off a wooden unit cube by a plane passing through two nonadjacent vertices on one face and one vertex on the opposite face not adjacent to either of the first two vertices. The tetrahedron is discarded and the remaining portion of the cube is placed on a table with the cut surface face down. What is the height of this object? Solution

Problem 24 Amy, Beth, and Jo listen to four different songs and discuss which ones they like. No song is liked by all three. Furthermore, for each of the three pairs of the girls, there is at least one song liked by those girls but disliked by the third. In how many different ways is this possible? Solution Problem 25 A bug travels from to along the segments in the hexagonal lattice pictured below. The segments marked with an arrow can be traveled only in the direction of the arrow, and the bug never travels the same segment more than once. How many different paths are there?

AMC10美国数学竞赛真题2002A卷
AMC10美国数学竞赛真题2002A卷_学科竞赛_初中教育_教育专区。Problem 1 The ...Solution Problem 2 Given that a, b, and c are non-zero real numbers, ...
AMC10美国数学竞赛真题2003A卷
AMC10美国数学竞赛真题2003A卷_学科竞赛_初中教育_教育专区。Problem 1 What is...高中一年级美国数学竞赛... 9页 1下载券 2010AMC10美国数学竞赛B... 6页...

_学科竞赛_高中教育_教育专区。官方网址:www.mzsat.cn 明志教育:AMC10/12 ...这两次考试的 试卷即 A 卷与 B 卷 两次考试的时间相差一周,美国的考生可以...
AMC10美国数学竞赛真题2006B卷
AMC10美国数学竞赛真题2006B卷_学科竞赛_初中教育_教育专区。Problem 1 What is ? Solution Problem 2 For real numbers ? and , define . What is Solution ...
2014美国数学竞赛AMC10A、10B试题及答案
2014美国数学竞赛AMC10A、10B试题及答案_学科竞赛_初中教育_教育专区。 答案:1...高中一年级美国数学竞赛... 9页 1下载券 2010AMC10美国数学竞赛B... 6页...
2011年-AMC10数学竞赛A卷-附中文翻译和答案
2011年美国AMC数学竞赛A卷真题,后面富有中文翻译和...-7- 2011AMC10 美国数学竞赛 A 卷 (A) 11 (B...在某小学三年级,四年级及五年级的学生,每天分别平均...
2009 AMC10美国数学竞赛B卷
2009 AMC10美国数学竞赛B卷_理学_高等教育_教育专区。2009AMC10 美国数学竞赛 B 卷 2009 AMC10 美国数学竞赛 B 卷 1. Each morning of her five-day work...
2010-2015年AMC 10A和B竞赛真题及答案(英文版)_图...
2010-2015年AMC 10A和B竞赛真题及答案(英文版)_学科竞赛_高中教育_教育专区。...2011年AMC8竞赛真题(英文... 7页 1下载券 AMC 美国数学竞赛 2002 ... 16...
AMC10美国数学竞赛讲义
AMC10美国数学竞赛讲义_学科竞赛_初中教育_教育专区...有五大部分的详细简绍,还有相关真题的练习 ...(A) 10 (B) 12 (C) 15 (D) 19 (E) 5 ...
2012年-AMC10-A卷 中文翻译及答案
2012年-AMC10-A卷 中文翻译及答案_学科竞赛_高中...(B) 星期六 (C) 星期日 (D) 星期一 (E) ...2011AMC10美国数学竞赛A... 13页 1下载券 2012...