# 《国际经济学》教师手册及课后习题答案(克鲁格曼,第六版)imch02

HAPTER 2 LABOR PRODUCTIVITY AND COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE: THE RICARDIAN MODEL Chapter Organization

7

8

this model. The common argument that foreign productivity advances worsen the welfare of the domestic economy is shown to be fallacious in the context of this model. ANSWERS TO TEXTBOOK PROBLEMS 1. a. The production possibility curve is a straight line that intercepts the apple axis at 400 (1200/3) and the banana axis at 600 (1200/2). b. The opportunity cost of apples in terms of bananas is 3/2. It takes three units of labor to harvest an apple but only two units of labor to harvest a banana. If one foregoes harvesting an apple, this frees up three units of labor. These 3 units of labor could then be used to harvest 1.5 bananas. c. Labor mobility ensures a common wage in each sector and competition ensures the price of goods equals their cost of production. Thus, the relative price equals the relative costs, which equals the wage times the unit labor requirement for apples divided by the wage times the unit labor requirement for bananas. Since wages are equal across sectors, the price ratio equals the ratio of the unit labor requirement, which is 3 apples per 2 bananas. 2. a. The production possibility curve is linear, with the intercept on the apple axis equal to 160 (800/5) and the intercept on the banana axis equal to 800 (800/1). b. The world relative supply curve is constructed by determining the supply of apples relative to the supply of bananas at each relative price. The lowest relative price at which apples are harvested is 3 apples per 2 bananas. The relative supply curve is flat at this price. The maximum number of apples supplied at the price of 3/2 is 400 supplied by Home while, at this price, Foreign harvests 800 bananas and no apples, giving a maximum relative supply at this price of 1/2. This relative supply holds for any price between 3/2 and 5. At the price of 5, both countries would harvest apples. The relative supply curve is again flat at 5. Thus, the relative supply curve is step shaped, flat at the price 3/2 from the relative supply of 0 to 1/2, vertical at the relative quantity 1/2 rising from 3/2 to 5, and then flat again from 1/2 to infinity. 3. a. The relative demand curve includes the points (1/5, 5), (1/2, 2), (1,1), (2,1/2). b. The equilibrium relative price of apples is found at the intersection of the relative demand and relative supply curves. This is the point (1/2, 2), where the relative demand curve intersects the vertical section of the relative supply curve. Thus the equilibrium relative price is 2. 9

11

Giovanni Dosi, Keith Pavitt, and Luc Soete. The Economics of Technical Change and International Trade. Brighton: Wheatsheaf, 1988. G.D.A. MacDougall. "British and American Exports: A Study Suggested by the Theory of Comparative Costs." Economic Journal 61 (September 1952) pp.487-521. John Stuart Mill. Principles of Political Economy. London: Longmans Green, 1917. David Ricardo. The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. Homewood Illinois: Irwin, 1963.

12

》课后答案(英文版,第六版) [word 格式]《国际经济学》教师手册及课后习题答案(克鲁格曼, 第六版) [word 格式]《金融市场学》课后习题答案(张亦春,郑振龙,第二...

《微观经济学》课后答案(高鸿业版) [Word格式]《公司理财》课后答案(英文版,第六版) [Word格式]《国际经济学》教师手册及课后习题答案(克鲁格曼,第六版) [Word...

《微观经济学》课后答案(高鸿业版) [word 格式]《公司理财》课后答案(英文版,第六版) [word 格式]《国际经济学》教师手册及课后习题答案(克鲁格曼, 第六版) [...

(英文版,第六版) [word 格式]《国际经济学》教师手册及课后习题答案(克鲁格曼, 第六版) [word 格式]《金融市场学》课后习题答案(张亦春,郑振龙,第二 版) [...

[word 格式]《国际经济学》教师手册及课后习题答案(克鲁格曼, 第六版) [

[word 格式]《国际经济学》教师手册及课后习题答案(克鲁格曼, 第六版) [

[Word 格式]《国际经济学》教师手册及课后习题答案(克鲁格曼,第六版) [W

tid=1429fromuid=191597 《国际经济学》教师 手册及课后习题答案(克鲁格曼,第六版) /viewthread.php?tid=281fromuid=191597 《教育技术》课后习题 答案参考(北师大...

[word 格式]《国际经济学》教师手册及课后习题答案(克鲁格曼, 第六版) [