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2016高考英语语法填空答题技巧


完成2014年及2015年语 法填空,核对答案,并找 出该类题型的设题特点。

形式分类 无提示词 有提示词

2015年
无提示词考点如下表:
内容 连词 介词 助动词 冠词 副词 (全国卷I)题号及答案 64. which / that 66. by(构成短语介词) (全国卷II)题号及答案 70. how(引导宾语从句) 67. at(构成介词短语) 62. the(定冠词在形容词 最高级前) 62. before / earlier

有提示词考点如下表:
内容 非 谓 动 语 词 动 词 -ing形式 -ed分词 不定式 (全国卷I)题号及答案 (全国卷II)题号及答案 70. living(作定语) 64. using(by doing结构) 66. to cool(enough to do结 构) 68. conducted(作表语) 61. built(作定语)

谓语动词形式 61. arrived(基本时态) 68. goes(主谓一致) 67. is 副词的功能(由形 69. regularly 容词派生) 形容词的功能 65. slowly 69. natural(由名词派生)

名词
代词

65. paintings
63. its

63. ability(作表语)

2014年
无提示词考点如下表:
内容 连词 (全国卷II)题号及答案 62. and(并列连词) (全国卷I)题号及答案 64. or 67. that /which(引导宾 语从句)

介词 助动词 冠词

64. to(构成短语介词) 68. Did(构成过去时态一 般疑问句) 63. the(定冠词在形容词 最高级前)

有提示词考点如下表:
内容 非 谓 动 语 词 动 词 -ing形式 (全国卷II)题号及答案 61. being(作介词宾语) 67. riding(作动词宾语) (全国卷I)题号及答案 68. amazing

-ed分词
不定式

63. disappointed(作表语)
66. to stop(作宾语) 65. to reduce 61. was

谓语动词形式 65. caught(基本时态)

副词
形容词 名词 代词

70. suddenly

62. actually
66. cleaner 70. patient 63. changes

69. me / mine(人称/名词 性物主代词)

完成2014年及2015年语 法填空,总结出该类题型 的做题技巧。

无提示词
it stay in the air for 1. Raise your leg and let ____ seconds. [2014 辽宁卷]

技巧1:缺主语或宾语,填代词 或名词(多考代词)。

无提示词
an electrical engineer, spent two 2. Peter Fox, who is ____ and a half years working on the project. [2014 上海卷] his right hand out 3.The little boy pulled _____ of the pocket …

技巧2:名词前面,若没有限定词, 很可能是填限定词。(冠词、 形容词性物主代词、不定代词)

无提示词
for a few 4. The new boy looked at the teacher ____ seconds. [2012 广东卷] at 5. Don’t laugh ____ me. [2014 辽宁卷]

技巧3:句子不缺主语、表语、动
词后不缺宾语的情况下,名词或代词 前面,一定是填介词。

无提示词
6. …but pay a fair price for it; neither too much ____ nor too little. [2013 广东卷]

技巧4:若两个或几个单词或短语 之间没有连词,可能是填连词。

无提示词
7. I _____climb to the top and admired its did

beautiful scenery. 【2014课标样题】

技巧6:若结构较完整,空格后的谓语 动词是原形,很可能是填情态动词或表 示强调或倒装的助动词(do, does, did 等 )。

有提示词
8. In 1969,the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River Cleveland, Ohio. It was ____(be) unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up. [2014 全国卷Ⅰ] is equipped (equip) with security 9. The machine ____________ cameras, and looks like a mini shop with a grey roof . [2014 上海卷]

技巧7:若句中没有别的谓语,那 么所给动词就是谓语动词,就要考 虑时态语态, 及主谓一致。

有提示词
to reduce 10. It took years of work ____________(reduce ) the industrial pollution and clean the water.[2014 全国卷] wearing(wear) 11. He suddenly appeared in class one day, ______ sun glasses. [2012 广东卷]

技巧8:若句中已有谓语动词,又 不是并列谓语时,所给动词就是非 谓语动词。

动词

非谓语

谓语

to do

doing

done

时态

语态

主谓一致

有提示词
amazing (amaze) conversation. [2011 12. We had an_________ 广东卷]

patient 13. Just be ________(patience). [2014 全国卷Ⅰ]

技巧9:若名词之前,系动词之后 缺词,填形容词。

有提示词
16. …the remains date from this period because of their ____________(similar) to those found similarities elsewhere. operation 17. With the large numbers of students, the ________ (operate) of the system does involve a certain amount of activity.

技巧11:形容词性物主代词及冠 词之后,为名词。

有提示词
seriously 14.There must be something __________(serious) wrong with our society. 15. The river was so polluted that it__________ actually ( actual) caught fire and burned. [2014 全国卷Ⅰ] 16. Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet mainly ______ (main) because their busy lifestyles leave them little

技巧10:副词修饰形容词, 动词或 整个句子

time…

词性转换

形容词或副词

名词

名词的复数 名词

形容词

副词 反义词

比较级或最高级

Designing blanks by yourselves.
设答案特点: (1)纯空格题:一个小题或者说一个空格只能填1 个英语单词; (2)提示词题(用括号中所给的词的正确形式填 空):近几年高考的答案是填1个或者2个英语单词。

I thought that I had great skills in dealing with kids, so I applied for a job to teach kids. The day of my interview was also my first day of work. My first mistake led to my first lesson. Don’t try to make friends with managers, but be respectful. After going through some work with a couple of kids I learned I was not as good as I thought I was, and it was better to ask for help than do what you thought was right. A few days after work, feeling pressured to do a good job, I found repetition made it more comfortable. It wasn’t long before I learned how to develop respectful relationships with my bosses and what tone of voice to use with kids. I started sounding more confident and realized that the more confident you sound, the more it seems that you know what you are doing. What surprised me most after a few months was how little money I had spent. Money from working long hours seemed to be more valuable to me than money given by my parents. I kept it firmly in my hands and suddenly shopping was a totally different experience, The cost of items translated into how many hours I needed to work to pay for it.

I thought that I had great skills in dealing with kids, so I applied for a job to teach kids. The day of my interview was also my first day of work. My first mistake led to my first lesson. Don’t try to make friends with managers, but be respectful. After going through some work with a couple of kids I learned I was not as good as I thought I was, and it was better to ask for help than do what you thought was right. A few days after work, feeling pressured to do a good job, I found repetition made it more comfortable. It wasn’t long before I learned how to develop respectful relationships with my bosses and what tone of voice to use with kids. I started sounding more confident and realized that the more confident you sound, the more it seems that you know what you are doing. What surprised me most after a few months was how little money I had spent. Money from working long hours seemed to be more valuable to me than money given by my parents. I kept it firmly in my hands and suddenly shopping was a totally different experience, The cost of items translated into how many hours I needed to work to pay for it.

I thought that I had great skills in 1 (deal) with kids, so I applied for a job to teach kids. The day of my interview was also my first day of work. My first mistake led to my first lesson. Don’t try to make 2 (friend) with managers, but be respectful. After going through some work with 3 couple of kids I learned I was not as good as I thought I was, and it was 4 (good) to ask for help than do what you thought was right. A few days after work, feeling pressured to do a good job, I found repetition 5 (make) it more comfortable. It wasn’t long 6 I learned how to develop respectful relationships with my bosses and what tone of voice 7 (use) with kids. I started sounding more confident and realized that the more confident you sound, the more 8 seems that you know what you are doing. What surprised me most after a few months was how little money I had spent. Money from working long hours seemed to be more valuable to me than money 9 (give) by my parents. I kept it firmly in my hands and suddenly shopping was a 10 (total) different experience, The cost of items translated into how many hours I needed to work to pay for it.

考点分布
考点 数量 动词(谓语/非谓语) 名词 连词(从属连词/并列连词) 介词 代词 冠词 形容词 副词

Summary:
What have we learned today?

冠词

定冠词,不定冠词, 物主代词的用法 并列句及复合句 介词的常用用法及词组搭配 谓语动词的时态及语态, 及主谓一致 非谓语动词 to do, doing, done 及变形 词汇, 构词法

连词
介词 谓语动词 非谓语 词性变化

检查搭配, 前后连贯

语法 + 语境 分析句子,确定词性
通读全文,理解大意

根据语义, 确定词形

Homework
? Finish the passage on your papersheet. ? Summarize what we have learned in a table.


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