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新人教必修三 Unit 3 The million pound bank note-Language points[课件]_图文

1. This unit is a play based on a short story by Mark twain. 以…为基础/基于… be based on e.g. The novel is based on his own experiences. ______ on his own experiences, his novel attracts many young people. A. Being based B. Basing C. Based D. To base

2. He is best known for his novels set in his boyhood world on the river. 以…为背景 be set in e.g. The novel is set in London in the 1960s. 相关短语: set …free set about (doing) sth set aside 放在一边/省出,保留/不理

set down 写下/制定/让某人下车 set off 出发/引爆/激起 set up资助/设置, 竖起/建立/(体育) 创 纪录/造成 set out (for sp) / set out (to do sth)

3. scene n. 现场, 场面,景色,(戏剧)一 场 ①Firefighters were on the scene immediately. ②The rocking boats along the river bank make a beautiful scene. ③The boy led his mother to the scene of the accident. ④The scene in the hospital is very moving. ⑤The last scene of the play was very

behind the scenes 在后台, 在幕后, 暗中 on the scene 在/到现场 come on the scene 登场

scenery/scene/view/sight
①scenery 是总称, 指大范围的自然风光,是由 多个scene构成的景色, 常译为 “景色”, “风 景” . 指展现在眼前的情景, 也可经指scenery ②scene 的一部分, 指某处小范围的景色, 大多包括景物 中的人及活动, 可译为 “情景”, “景色”, “场 面”, “(戏剧)一场” ③view是指人以一定的角度(或从远处或从高处 等)所看到的景色,还有 “观点”, “看法”的意思. ④sight 是眼睛所看到的景象, 可以指美丽的 风景,也可以指悲惨的景象, 用其复数sights表 示名胜古迹, 人文景观等. sights表示名胜古

迹, 人文景观等

4. … they see a penniless young man wandering on the pavement outside their house. wander v. & n. v. (1) 游荡/闲逛;漫步/游sp 在小城闲逛 wander ______________________ in the small town 漫游世界 wander _________________ the world He told us that we could wander around _____________ at will. (随便逛逛)

(2) 迷路,走失 The traveler wandered for some time in the fog. (3) 走神 My attention/mind wandered.

n. 漫游,闲逛
go for /take a wander 去溜达

5、fault n.
根据语境猜词义

(1) Don't scold yourself too much, you know, nobody lives without any fault.

(2) It's my fault to have you waiting for so
long a time.

短语
find fault with 挑……的毛病; 找……茬;对……挑剔;对……吹 毛求疵 in/at fault 有错;有责任 be one's fault 是……的过错

句型
It's one's fault to do sth. 做某事是某人的过错。

辨析
fault/ mistake/ wrong/ error

fault n. 强调行为上的过失以及过失的责任 或品质方面的缺点。 Many people live in poverty through no fault of their own.

辨析
mistake n. 多指缺乏正确理解造成行动上或认识 上的错误或因粗心而导致的。固定搭配by mistake。 Sorry, here is your umbrella. I took it by mistake. wrong adj. 错误的; n. 毛病;冤屈 Don't do wrong to anybody, otherwise you will answer for it. error 强调的是道德上的过失或行为、信仰上的错 误。固定搭配in error。 The accident was caused by human error.

用fault/mistake/wrong/error的正确形式填空 (1)是你的过错导致了这样的错误。 It's your fault to make such a mistake. (2)他的话使我们误入歧途。

What he said led us into errors.
(3)他就是这样的一个人,总是找别人的茬。 He is such a man who is always finding fault with other people.

单项填空 ( )(4) “I don't think it's my______ that the TV blew up. I just turned it on, that's all,” said the boy. A. error B. mistake C. fault D. duty
本题考查的是同义词辨析。 error, mistake侧重于 “错误”,即做得不对、不妥;而fault侧重于造成错误的 个人责任;duty则是指义务、该做的事。这个男孩说: “我认为电视机爆炸不是我的责任。我只是把它打开,仅 此而已。”说明不是我的过错而造成的,所以答案是C。
C

5. As a matter of fact, I landed Britain by accident. matter n.&v (1) n. affair, topic or situation being considered 事情;问题;情况 我不和同事谈私事。 I don’t discuss private matters with my colleagues. 下次会议我们有几件重要的事情要处理。 We have several important matters to deal with at our next meeting.

(2) n.<U>physical substance or things of a specified kind物质,材料,物品 宇宙是由物质构成的。 The universe is composed of matter. (3) v. be important关系重大,要紧 他来也好去也好,那有什么关系呢? 你做什么我都无所谓。 It doesn’t matter to me what you do.

What does it matter whether he comes or goes?

6. His eyes stare at what is left of the brother’s dinner on table. stare v. (1) look at sb./sth. with the eyes wide open in a fixed gaze瞪着眼睛凝视 盯着人看是没有礼貌的 It’s rude to stare. 他们都惊讶得瞪大了眼睛。 They all stared in amazement.

(2) be wide open with a fixed gaze 睁大 眼睛注视 他瞪着眼睛注视着这场面。 He gazed at the scene with staring eyes. (3) bring sb. into a specified condition瞪
着某人使其做出某种反应 她把他瞪得不吭声了。 She stared him into silence.

她凝视着远方。 She is staring into the distance. 我看了可是看不清楚。 I looked but couldn’t see it clear.

7. I didn’t know whether I could survive until morning. [考点] 宾语从句。 [考例1] You can only be sure of _____ you have at present;you cannot be sure of something _____ you might get in the future. (安徽2007) B . what; / A. that; what C. which;that D. /;that

[点拨] 做好本题要先弄清句子结构。第 一个空是由what引导的宾语从句作of的 宾语, 并且what在从句中作have的宾语。 第二空格为关系代词引导定语从句, 修 饰限制something。在这个定语从句中,

关系代词that作get的宾语, 也可以省略。

[考例2] Having checked the doors were closed, and _____ all the lights were off, the boy opened the door to

his bedroom. (湖南2007)
A. why B. that B

C. when

D. where

[点拨] Having checked之后带了并列 的两个以that引导的宾语从句, 即:the doors were closed, and that all the lights were off。这时可以省略第一个 that, 第二个that一般不能省。Having 短语在句中作状语。

12. I was spotted by a ship. spot n.&v. (1) n. small mark different in color, texture 斑点 豹和虎哪一个身上有斑点?Which has spots, the leopard or the tiger?

spotless adj. 没有污点的, 纯洁的 spotted adj. 有斑点的, 玷污的

(2) drop 滴 下了几滴雨, 你感觉到了吗? Did you feel a few spots of rain? (3) v. pick out, catch sight of, recognize, discover 找出, 认出, 发觉 杰克最终找到了他想要的衬衫。 Jack finally spotted just the shirt he wanted. 我看不出两者的区别。 I can’t spot the difference between them.

13. I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand, which account for my appearance. passage n. 船费(包括食宿) 她的祖父一路在船上打工支付船费 来到美国。 Her grandfather had worked his passage to America. ?通道/通路,走廊 ?章节,段落 a passage from the Bible

account for: be the explanation of sth. ; explain the cause of sth. 做某事的解 释;解释某事物的原因。 他因病缺席。 His illness accounts for his absence.

请你对自己的行为作出解释。
Please account for your own conduct.

on account of
因为, 由于

take into account=take account
of 考虑, 重视 on all accounts 无论如何 on no account 绝不

I’d ____ A his reputation with other farmers
and business people in the community,

and then make a decision about whether
or not to approve a loan. A. take into account C. make up for B. account for D. make out

take into account考虑 account for说明……的原因 make up for 弥补 make out理解,辨认出

appearance n. 1) arrival 出现,来到 警察突然出现, 小偷就逃跑了。 The sudden appearance of a policeman caused the thief to run away. 2) 外貌,外表 勿以貌取人——外貌不可靠。 Don’t judge by appearances----

14. If this is your idea of some kind of

joke, I don’t think it’s very funny.
如果你们认为这是一个笑话,我可不觉

得很可笑。
[点拨] 此句是一个主从复合句。主句为I don’t think ...;

从句是if引导的条件状语从句,即If this is your idea of some kind of joke;另外 I don’t think称之为否定前移或否定转移, 即:当主句中含有 think, believe, suppose, expect, imagine等谓语动词时, 后面宾语从句中的否定词not往往转移 到主句谓语动词之前。

如:
I don’t believe they will win the game. 我相信他们不会赢得这场比赛。 I don’t think it is fair. 我认为那不合理。 She doesn’t suppose that we have finished the job.

她认为我们还没有完成工作。

[即学即用] 翻译下列句子。 1) 我认为玛丽的父亲将不允许她熬夜。 I don’t think that Mary’s father will permit her to stay up late. 2) 我不相信史密斯先生是一个画街景的 画家,对吗? I don’t believe that Mr. Smith is a painter of street scenes, is he? 3) 我猜想我永远不会再见到她。 I don’t suppose I’ll ever see her again.

15. We know you’re hard-working.

That’s why we’ve given you the letter.
[考点] 表语从句。

[考例1] The traditional view is __ we
sleep because our brain is

“programmed” to make us do so. (上海
2007)

A. when
C. whether

B. why D
D. that

[点拨] 通读题目后可以知道表语从句中不
缺少句子成分, 所以用that引导, 这时that 不可以省略。

[考例2] Why not try your luck downtown,

Bob? That’s _____ the best jobs are.
(浙江2007) A. where A C. when B. what D. why

[点拨] 考查where引导表语从句。句意: 为什么不在闹市区碰碰运气呢?那里是 找好工作的地方。

Summary of the Million Pound BankNote Henry, a San Francisco businessman is rescued at sea by a British ship that takes him to London where he finds himself without money, friends or the hope of finding a good job. Hungry and alone, he walks the streets of the city when unexpectedly he is asked to a large and grand house.

Two rich brothers, Roderick and Oliver, have made a secret bet, Roderick believes that a man cannot survive in the city for a month with only a million Pound bank-note in his possession but Oliver believes he can. The play takes us along on Henry’s misadventures with humor and surprise to discover who will win the bet.

I. 根据下列各句句意及所给单词的首字 母或汉语提示, 写出该单词的正确形式。 1. You should not park your car on the pavement __________ (人行道).

2. Photography will not be permitted _________
(允许) inside the courtroom.

3. The secret of a good relationship is to accept other persons ’ _____ (过 faults 错), and not to try to make them

seek 4. You should _____ (寻求) advice from your lawyer on this matter. spot 5. Spain is our favorite holiday s_____ and we all like traveling there.

change.

6. He wandered w________ around the mall for half

an hour as if he had nothing else to
do. patience

7. Her _________ (耐性) made her the
best nurse in the hospital. embassy 8. We met the officials of the __________ (大使馆) at dinner that same evening.

II.用所给单词的适当形式填空。 1. Do you permit your children to ________ smoke

(smoke)?
2. Would you mind washing _________ (wash) the

dishes tonight? I am so tired.
3. When I woke up, I found myselfpulled _____

(pull) into another room.
4. To _______ tell (tell) you the truth, I fell asleep in the middle of the speech.

III. 用适当的介词填空。 1. He should have finished his homework ___ at this moment. 2. The beautiful house on ___ your left is

Tom’s.
3. As a matter of ___ fact, he is a cheat,

so don’t believe him.

4. I only found my lost pen by ___

accident.
5. He was standing there until the ship sailed out ___ the bay. of 6. The little girl stared ___ at the little cats in their basket. 7. I didn’t wake up __________ until / till eight o’clock this morning.

8. He could not accountfor ____ the time

he spent away from his work.
9. The boss once earned his living by as a nurse in a hospital. working ____ 10. I never smile at ___ those who are rude to me.

for such 11. He is unwilling to work ____

little money.
12. Luckily, I met an old friend of

mine ____ on my way home.
13. I don’t care _______ about the price, so long as the car is in good condition.

IV. 用括号中所给词或短语的适当形 式完成下列句子。

make a bet; go ahead; by accident; stare at; account for; on the contrary
1. Don’t _________ staring at me like that. It’s not
my fault anyway. 2. He could not account __________ for his absence from school.

3. He made __________ a bet that he would win the

game.
4. It doesn’t seem ugly to me; ______________, on the contrary I think it’s rather beautiful. 5. I don’t know whether he did it __________ by accident or by design. 6. If you want to take a shower, just ________ go ahead and take one.

根据括号内的提示翻译下列句子。 1. 假如时间允许,我们就去购物。 (permit) If time permits, we’ll go shopping. 2. 你对待他人要有耐心。(be patient

with)
You should be patient with the others.

3. 迟到并不是我们的错。(It is not ...
Itfault) was not our fault (that) we were late / for being late. 4. 老实说,因为我太累了所以没有给你 回信。 (to be honest) To be honest, I didn’t reply to your letter because I was so tired.

Homework
Review the new words and the key
sentences in this part.

Preview the words in the second
period.


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