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suppose用法详解

一、关于否定转移 表示“想”、“认为”、“料想”等,后接否定的宾语从句时通常将否定转移到主句上。如: I don’t suppose he is really ill. 我看他不是真病了。 I don’t suppose that he will come in time. 我看他不会及时来的。 注意以下简略答语的使用: A:Will he win? 他会赢吗? B:I suppose so. 我想他会赢吧。 B:I don’t suppose so. [I suppose not. ] 我想他不会赢。 二、关于词序 2. 注意以下正误句型的词序: 你认为他会去了哪里呢? 正:Where do you suppose he has gone? 误:Do you suppose where he has gone? 你认为是谁偷了这钱呢? 正:Who do you suppose has stolen the money? 误:Do you suppose who has stolen the money? 三、用于 be supposed to 用于 be supposed to, 意为“应该”、“理应”,其后接动词原形(有时为进行式或完成 式)。如: You are supposed to be there before dark. 你应该在天黑前赶到那儿。 He’s supposed to be doing his homework at home now. 他现在应该在家里做作业。 He is supposed to have written us a letter. 他本来应该给我们写封信的。 注:用于否定句,有时表示委婉地禁止,意为“不应当”、“不可”、“不许”。如: You’re not supposed to smoke in here. 此地不准吸烟 另外请比较: 他们本来应该在一小时以前赶到这儿的。 正:They were supposed to be here an hour ago. 正:They are supposed to have been here an hour ago. What makes you suppose him to be connected with them? 你怎么会认为他与他们有联系呢? suppose+名词/代词+不定式,如: I supposed her to have already left for home. 我认为她已经动身回家了。

四、用作连词

用来表示条件(相当于连词 if),意为“假设”,也可用 -ing 的形式,若语气不肯定, 有时还可用虚拟语气。试比较: 假若他不来,那我们怎么办? 正:Suppose [Supposing] he is absent, what shall we do? 正:Suppose [Supposing] he was absent, what should we do? 五、表示建议 用来表示建议,意为“……吧”、“……怎么样”,后接从句时可用现在时态或过去时态, 相比之下用过去时语气更委婉。如: Suppose we have [had] a rest. 我们休息一会儿吧。 Suppose we start [started] tomorrow. 我们明天动身吧。