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2013高考英语完形填空解题思路与能力训练讲义 2


2013 高考英语完形填空解题思路与能力训练
Part One:高考英语完形填空命题与解题思路 完形填空题是高考英语卷中的重要题型, 不仅侧重于考查学生的逻辑思维能力和对具体语境把握能 力, 更是对学生整体语篇意义理解的连贯性和运用语言的准确性考查。 它属于有一定难度的障碍性阅读 理解题,是学生感到最难把握的题型之一。 分析近几年高考题,完形填空所选短文的体裁多为记叙文、说明文和议论文。写人或记事,兼有个 别议论的句子。趣味性强并兼有教育意义。一般为 300 单词左右的一篇短文,其内容逻辑性强,文章结 构严谨,层次分明。文章首句不设空,但交待相关的背景材料,可挖掘的信息点很多,对整篇文章的理 解起着至关重要的作用。 近几年上海试题中尤为注重说明文和议论文。 说明文命题趋势: 说明型完形填空选材难度一般低于试卷中的阅读理解大题。 在设空与选项设计方 面充分体现了语言知识运用题的要求:以实词为主(名、动、形、副) ,绝大多数小题都要从全文角度 进行判断。这一命题思路体现了“语篇意识”。 议论文命题趋势:议论文是一种通过剖析事物,论述事理,提出主张,发表见解的文体。议论型完 形填空分为两种,一种是夹叙夹议型完形填空;另一种是纯议论型完形填空。第一种的基本模式是:叙 述事件,提出感悟,作出结论。第二种的基本模式是:提出论点,列举论据,提出看法。 那么如何做好完形填空呢?十大解题技巧对学生会有很大帮助。 解题思路一:通读全文,了解大意,先易后难。 通常在答题之前, 要花 1—2 分钟把文章略读一遍,以便对文章有个大概的了解。在详读的过程中, 可以边读边选择一些容易的选项, 对个别不理解的单词、短语,可以先不管它们。等读完文章后, 大部分 的空格已填完, 全文的意思基本已掌握, 剩下的难题也就比较容易解决了。 解题思路二:依据首句线索,紧扣主题选择。 首句通常是文章的主题句,通常不设空,便于考生对短文主题、内容或背景有个大概了解。它的目 的是向考生提供时间、地点、人物、事件、论点等有用的信息。把握了主题句, 对于理解全文和解题很 有帮助。 例 1:Why is a space left between the rails of a railway line where one piece joins the next﹖ 解析:这句话从铁轨之间的缝隙引出了问题。根据常识,文中内容应与热涨冷缩的物理现象有关。 例 2: On a hot summer day in last August, I sought shade and a cool drink at a waterfront caféon a Greek island. Over a hundred degrees in ______ air. A. fresh B. cool C. still D. thin 解析: C。 故事发生在一个炎热的夏天, 温度高, 自然没风。 still 在此处为形容词, 意思是“静止的, 不动的”, 即没风。 解题思路三:瞻前顾后, 谨慎选择。 有些选择项根据上下句就能比较容易地做出正确判断, 有些则必须根据整篇文章的大意才能推出。 通过上下文, 寻找隐含的各种信息和紧抓语境暗示是解答完形填空题的主要手段和策略。 例 1:The man stepped ___1___ for the two chairs. He politely ___2___ his lady in the knee - deep water and then sat down himself. 1. A. outside B. forward C. down D. back 2. A. led B. seated C. watched D. received

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解析: 1. D。根据上下文, 不难看出, 那两口子搬完桌子后, 又回来搬椅子, 即: step back for sth. 2. B。 本空后有宾语 his lady , 根据后半句 “and then sat down himself”, 答案应为 seated his lady “让他夫人就坐”。 例 2:It was one of the most ______ any tiring games I've ever had. A. encouraging B. hopeless C. surprising D. regular 解析:C。看完全文,即可得出“它是一场我曾打过的比赛中最令人意外又最使人疲劳的比赛”。 解题思路四:借助语法知识, 选择正确的答案。 例 1:When Ed first phoned and ______ we play, I laughed quietly … A. declared B. mentioned C. persuaded D. suggested 解析:D。 根据学过的语法知识,我们知道主句的谓语动词表示建议的意思时, 宾语从句的谓语要 用虚拟语气,即用“( should )+ 动词原形”。题干句中“play”的形式是关键信息。 例 2:Moreover, inaccurate or indefinite words may make _______ difficult for the listener to understand the message which is being transmitted to him. A. that B. it C. so D. this 解析:B。 例 3:Finally Peter decided to go to the USA and,as his father had told him,______ to be a doctor. A. studies B. studying C. study D. studied 解析:C。分析句子结构可知,空白处与前面的动词 go 为并列动词不定式,均作谓语 decided 的宾 语,故选 C。此题若忽略分析句子结构,很容易误选 D。此题的难点在于句中有一个插入性质的 as 引 导的从句,将两个不定式分隔开了。从而造成辨认第二个动词不定式的困难。 解题思路五:利用生活常识,文化背景。 例 1:One day, the girl ___1___ into the plane, started it and soon left the ___2___. 1. A. climbed B. looked C. reached D. fell 2. A. house B. floor C. water D. ground 解析:1. A。2. D。根据生活常识,这女孩应是先爬进机舱,才能起动飞机,最后使飞机飞离地面。 例 2:Immediately the officers jumped into their cars and rushed to the ______ hospital. A. animal B. biggest C. plant D. nearest 解析:D。在这样的紧急情况下,人们的第一个反应是到最近的医院就医,因此答案为 D。 例 3:Every morning she would give him breakfast in bed and bring him the paper to ______. A. check B. read C. keep D. sign 解析:B。外国人早上有读报的习惯, 其中 paper 即为报纸,这是理解本文细节的关键, 有了这些文 化背景知识, 可迅速推断出正确答案为 B。 解题思路六:采取排除法。 解答完形填空题的过程中,有时我们会遇到这样的情况:对某一题的正确选项的含义、用法不甚明 白,但发现其他选项有显而易见的谬误。这时我们可以尝试排除法, 剔除错误的选项。随着选择范围的 缩小, 选中正确选项的机会就会增大。 例 1:Finally I was ______ by his lively sense of humor. A. disturbed B. moved C. attracted D. defeated 解析:C。首先根据句子及选项的意义, 可马上排除选项 A 和 D。再根据句子的意思判断, “我被他 的幽默感吸引”, 而不是“被感动”。

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例 2:However, the typical teenage lifestyle is already filled with so much competition that it would be ___1___ to plan activities in which there are more winners than losers, ___2___, publishing newsletters with many student-written book reviews, ___3___ student artwork, and sponsoring book discussion clubs. 3. A. displaying B. describing C. creating D. exchanging 解析:A。第 3 题的解题步骤为:首先从动宾搭配上看,C 选项(创造学生艺术品)可以排除,再 从该句的上文看。上文说应该设计竞争性小的活动,所以答案应该是“展示学生艺术作品”。 解题思路七: 找寻固定词组、常用句型或习惯用法。 例 1: waiter appeared. He paused for just a second , walked into the water to ______ the table and …… A A. set B. wash C. remove D. check 解析:A。set the table 在饭桌上摆好刀叉等餐具准备开饭。这是一种固定说法。 例 2:I started surfing about five years ago and ______ in love with the sport on the very first day. A. stayed B. came C. dropped D. fell 解析:D。因为 fall in love with 是习惯搭配,意为“爱上”、“喜欢上”。 例 3. With it, astronauts will acquire a workhouse vehicle ______ of flying into space and returning many times. A. capable B. suitable C. efficient D. fit 解析:A。be capable of 是习惯搭配,意为“能够”。 例 4. ……During the summer holidays,they usually ______ much time playing football on the play ground.…… A. use B. need C. take D. spend 解析:D。四个选项从语法角度看似乎都正确。但从习惯搭配来看,spend … (in) doing sth.表示“花 时间做某事”,使固定句式,正确答案为 D。 建议: 1)注意词语的搭配:动词的搭配(do 和 make 的搭配能力较强,要记牢、记熟)。 do(a job, work, shopping, cooking, reading, typing, sewing, good, wrong, damage, harm, a favor, an injury, etc.) make(a study, an appointment, arrangements, a breakthrough, a call, a comparison, contribution, a deal, a decision, a discovery, distinction, a guess, preparations, a start, a start, a survey, an attempt, an error, a profit, a fortune, a living, one?s way, sense, point, peace, bed, coffee, a fuss, etc.) 2)形容词与名词的搭配有的具有一定的文化背景,学生要注意“貌合神离”的词语。如: lucky dog 幸运儿、 right hand 得力助手、 narrow escape 死里逃生、 dark horse 出人意料的获胜者 3) 有些形容词可以加一个形容词修饰, 表示强调, 使表达更加生动。 如: pitch dark (漆黑的) brand new 、 (崭新的) 、crystal clear(水晶般的) 、wide open(张得大大的) 、fast asleep(睡得很熟的) 、wide awake (完全醒着的) 、icy cold(冰冷的), etc. 4)有些形容词可以和不同的介词搭配,学生应注意比较、归纳。如:sick for 渴望、tired from 因…而 疲劳、engaged in 忙于、 sick of 厌倦、tired of 对…厌倦、engaged to 与某人订婚。 解题思路八: 利用原词复现或同现, 选择最佳选项。 1.在完形填空中, 某一词语通常重复出现, 使得语篇中的句子相互衔接和连贯, 从而构成一个完整的意 义整体。 例 1:When the waiter brought my ______ , the man was clearly puzzled by the …… A. menu B. bill C. paper D. food 解析:D。上文中有 waiting for the food I had ordered to arrive , 所以应为:服务员为我端来食物。

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例 2: First of all he was a window-cleaner and in his first week he managed to ______ six windows. A. rub B. drop C. break D. clean 解析:D。同源词复现,由 window-cleaner 可知为 clean the window。 2.同现指意义上相互联系的单词同时出现在同一语篇中。一个语篇,一个话题,要求有与之相连的词 汇。 1)名词同现:与一个话题或一个名词出现在同一个语境的另一个名词。如: school---primary school—middle school—college—university students—pupils—graduates—postgraduates 2)动词同现:与一个话题或一个名词出现在同一个语境的另一个动词。如: school—teach—learn—attend—found—drop out—graduate—be dismissed 3)形容词同现; 就某一语境而言所能出现的形容词也是有规律的。如: 在学校这个语境中: (key)school—(optional)course—(compulsory)course 4) 结构同现: 结构同现批搭配之类的句型和成对出现的短语。如: some…,others; on one hand…,on the other hand; former…,latter; so…that; not only…but also; hardly/scarcely…when…; no sooner…than…; be about to do /be doing /had done /be on the point of doing/be to do/be ready to do/be on the way … when…; 例 3: I put my head in, expecting the worst. But to my surprise, the room wasn?t empty at all. It had furniture, curtains, a TV, and even paintings on the wall. And then on the well-made bed sat Amy, my new ______, dressed neatly. A. roommate B. classmate C. neighbor D. companion 解析:A。名词同现,从 room, furniture,等同现信息可知。 例4: We were ______ to go back for class again when the headmaster called us together and said, … A. about B. able C. sorry D. sure 解析:A。结构同现,be about to do …when… 。 解题思路九:顺应文意, 定位选词。 做题时, 要充分利用上下文, 找到有提示作用的词。这些词可以是同义词、近义词或反义词, 也可 以是并列连词或转折连词等等。 例1:At the table next to mine sat an attractive ______couple, waiting for …. A. lonely B. curious C. well - dressed D. bad - tempered 解析: C。 根据上文的 attractive (吸引人的) 和下文的叙述, 只能选择 well - dressed “穿着漂亮的”, 这样才能是一对浪漫夫妻。 例 2: Geese are known to take the first living thing they see as their mother. ______, to these young geese, the girl was their mother. A. But B. Also C. Thus D. Still 解析:C。 A. But “但是” B. Also“也” C. Thus“因而” D.Still “仍然”。 例 3: After you have learned to think of several words in English,then move on to the next step—thinking in ______. A. sentences B. passages C.1essons D. classes 解析:A。需注意上下文逻辑推理以及名词的含义。第一步是考虑单词,接下来应该是考虑句子。 故选 A。 例 4: Some parts of the water are very shallow. But in some places it is very ______. A. deep B. high C. cold D. dangerous 解析:A。根据转折连词 but 的提示,所填入的词应与 shallow 相反,因此答案为 A。

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例 5: Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries. Yet much had happened __1__. As was discussed before, it was not __2__ the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant pre-electronic __3__. 1. A. between B. before C. since D. later 2. A. after B. by C. during D. until 3. A. means B. method C. medium D. measure 解析:1. A. 2. D. 3. C。我们注意到文章讲了两个时间:20 世纪和 15、16 世纪,而 19 世纪显然是 处在两者之间,故第 1 题填 between。第 2 题是一语法结构题,固定结构:It was not until---that---。第 3 题属于前面介绍的"信息词"题。上文中出现的:television, printing, newspaper 均说明该题应填 medium。 解题思路十:仔细推敲, 注重逻辑。 做完完形填空题后,要根据所选答案迅速地把文章完整地读一遍, 看语法、惯用法对不对;看是否符 合上下文的逻辑; 看是否符合故事情节的发展,以便更正可能的错误选择。 一个完整的语篇应该是符合逻辑的, 文章逻辑关系的取得主要靠过渡词的使用。 作者利用转承语保证文 章的逻辑,学生在做完形填空时应通过自己对上下文的理解,找到适当的逻辑关系,然后选择正确的过 渡词。学生必掌握常见的过渡词: 1. 递进 in addition, furthermore, again, also, besides, moreover, what?s more, what?s worse, to make matters worse , to make things worse , worse still 2.比较 in the same way, as with, similarly, equally, in comparison, just as 3.对照 in contrast, on the other hand, instead, however, nevertheless, unlike, on the contrary, while 4.因果 because, because of, for, since, due to, owing to, thanks to, as a result (of), so, thus 5.强调 certainly, above all, indeed, of course, surely, actually, as a matter of fact, especially,in particular, absolutely, 6.让步 although, though, after all, in spite of 7.举例 for example, for instance, that is, namely, such as, in other words, in this case, by way of illustration. 8. 时间和空间 afterward, after, first, later, then, soon, finally, at last outside, near, beyond, above, below, on the right(left), in the middle, opposite, in front of 9. 总结 to sum up, to conclude, in a word, in short, in brief, all in all, in all, in summary 例 1: It has been many years since I was last in London ______ I still remember something that happened during that visit. A. and B. for C. but D. as 解析:C。根据句前的 many years 和句后的 still remember,答案应选表示转折的连词 but。 例 2: Getting enough vitamins is essential to life, although the body has no nutritional use for excess vitamins. Many people ______ believe in being on the "safe side" and thus take extra vitamins. A. nevertheless B. therefore C. moreover D. meanwhile

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解析:A。从句意可知,尽管服用额外的维生素是没用的,但很多人还是会服用。Nevertheless 的 意思是“尽管如此,然而”,符合句意。

2013 阅读吴军猜题秘术: 备选项高频答案特征(10 条秘诀)
秘诀一:被动结构是备选项高频答案特征!

【2010 辽宁卷 B 篇】 hated dinner parties. But I decided to give them another shot because I'm in London. I And my friend Mallery invited me. And because dinner parties in London are very different from those back in New York. There, '“I?m having a dinner party' means: "I'm booking a table for 12 at a restaurant you can't afford and we'll be sharing the checque evenly, no matter what you eat." Worse, in Manhattan there is always someone who leaves before the bill arrives. They'll throw down cash, half of what they owe, and then people like me, who don?t drink, end up paying even more. But if I try to use the same trick, the hostess will shout: "Where are you going?" And it's not like I can say I have somewhere to go: everyone know I have nowhere to go. But in London, dinner parties are in people's homes.(转折对比,说明前面 New Yorkers 评价是 Self-centred.) Not only that, the guests are an interesting mix. The last time I went to one, the guests were from France, India. Denmark and Nigeria; it was like a gathering at the United Nations in New York. The mix is less striking. It's like a gathering at Bloomingdale's, a well-known department store. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------61. What does the writer dislike most about dinner parties in New York? A There is a strange mix of people. C. The bill is not fairly shared. B. The restaurants are expensive. D. People have to pay cash

63. What is the author's opinion of some New Yorkers from her experience? A. Easy-going. B. Self-centred. C. Generous. D. Conservative.

【2012 四川卷 E 篇】 far, efforts to cut emissions So (排放) planet-warming greenhouse gases are not of seen as enough to prevent the Earth heating up beyond 2℃ this century — a point scientists say will bring the danger of a changeable climate in which weather extremes are common, leading to drought, floods, crop failures and rising sea levels. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60. What can be inferred from the last two paragraphs about the world’s temperature? A. It has risen nearly 0.2℃ since 1979. B. Its change will lead to weather extremes. C. It is 0.8℃ higher in 1979 than that of 1990. D. It needs to be controlled within 2℃ in this century.

【2012 四川卷 A 篇】 seasons change just outside the door. We watch the maples turn every shade of The

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yellow and red in the fall and note the poplars? (杨树) putting out the first green leaves of spring. The rainbow smelt fills the local steam as the ice gradually disappears, and the wood frogs start to sing in pools after being frozen for the winter. A family of birds rules our skies and flies over the lake. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------43. What does the underlined sentence in the last paragraph mean? A. The change of seasons is easily felt. B. The seasons make the scenes change. C. The weather often changes in the forest. D. The door is a good position to enjoy changing seasons.

【2012 陕西卷 C 篇】The authors of both studies stress that these risks are relatively small for healthy people and certainly modest compared with other risk factors such as smoking and high blood pressure. However, it is important to be aware of these dangers because everyone is exposed to air pollution regardless of lifestyle choices. So stricter regulation by the EPA of pollutants may not only improve environmental air quality but could also become necessary to protect public health. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55. What can we learn from the text? A. Eating fatty food has immediate effects on your heart. B. The EPA conducted many studies on air quality. C. Moderate air quality is more harmful than smoking, D. Stricter regulations on pollutants should be made.

【2012 江西卷 D 篇】For those who make journeys across the world, the speed of travel today has turned the countries into a series of villages.Distances between them appear no greater to a modern traveler than those which once faced men as they walked from village to village. Jet plane fly people from one end of the earth to the other, allowing them a freedom of movement undreamt of a hundred years ago. Yet some people wonder if the revolution in travel has gone too far. A price has been paid, they say, for the conquest (征服) of time and distance. Travel is something to be enjoyed, not endured (忍受). The boat offers leisure and time enough to appreciate the ever-changing sights and sounds of a journey. A journey by train also has a special charm about it. Lakes and forests and wild, open plains sweeping past your carriage window create a grand view in which time and distance mean nothing. On board a plane, however, there is just the blank blue of the sky filling the narrow window of the airplane. The soft lighting, in-flight films and gentle music make up the only world you know, and the hours progress slowly. Then there is the time spent being “processed” at a modern airport. People are conveyed like robots along walkways; baggage is weighed, tickets produced, examined and produced yet again before the passenger move again to another waiting area. Journeys by rail and sea take longer, yes, but the hours devoted to being

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“processed” at departure and arrival in airports are luckily absent. No wonder, then, that the modern high-speed trains are winning back passengers from the airlines. Man, however, is now a world traveler and can not turn his back on the airplane. The working lives of too many people depend upon it; whole new industries have been built around its design and operation. The holiday maker, too, with limited time to spend, patiently endures the busy airports and limited space of the flight to gain those extra hours and even days, relaxing in the sun. speed controls people?s lives; time saved, in work or play, is the important thing—or so we are told. Perhaps those first horsemen, riding free across the wild, open plains, were enjoying a better world than the one we know today. They could travel at will, and the clock was not their master. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------73.According to Paragraph3, passengers are turning back to modern high-speed trains because_____. A.they pay less for the tickets B.they feel safer during the travel C.they can enjoy higher speed of travel D.they don?t have to waste time being “processed” 75.What is the main idea of the passage? A.Air travel benefits people and industries. B.Train Travel has some advantages over air travel. C.Great changes have taken place in modern travel. D.The high speed of air travel is gained at a cost.

2013 阅读吴军暗示点秒杀: 备选项高频答案词(17 项不到 90 个单词)
秘诀 9:lead to

(result in, bring about, cause)是选项中答案高频暗示词!

【2012 浙江卷 C 篇】 First of all, students need to realize that conflict is unavoidable. A report on violence among middle school and high school students indicates that most violent incidents between students begin with a relatively minor insult (侮辱). For example, a fight could start over the fact that one student eats a peanut butter sandwich each lunchtime. Laughter over the sandwich can lead to insults, which in turn can lead to violence. The problem isn't in the sandwich, but in the way students deal with the conflict. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------51. From Paragraph 2 we can learn that________ . A. violence is more likely to occur at lunchtime B. a small conflict can lead to violence C. students tend to lose their temper easily D. the eating habit of a student is often the cause of a fight 具体! 具体!

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【2011 湖北卷 D 篇】our own generation has access to more nutritious food .more convenient transport .bigger houses, better ears .and of course, more pounds and dollars than any who lived before us .This will continue as long as we there things to make other things, This more we specialize and exchange, the better off we?ll be. 2) Brilliant advances One reason we are richer, healthier, taller, cleverer, longer-lived and freer than ener before is that the four most basie human needs -food, clothing, fuel and shelter- have grown a lot cheaper. Take one example. In 1800 a candle providing one hour?s light cost six hours? work. In the 1880s the same light from an oil lamp took 15 minutes? work to pay for. In 1950 it was eight seconds. Today it?s half second. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65. The candle and lamp example is used to show that A. oil lamps give off more light than candles B. shortening working time brings about a happier life. C. advanced technology helps to produce better candles. D. increased production rate leads to lower cost of goods. .

秘诀 10:

Control (handle, deal with )是选项中答案高频暗示词!

【2012 天津卷 D 篇】 Those who choose to be creators look at life quite differently. They know there are individuals who might like to control their lives, but they don?t let this get in the way. They know they have their weaknesses, yet they don?t blame themselves when they fail. Whatever happens, they have choice in the matter. They believe their dance with each sacred(神圣的)moment of life is a gift and that storms are a natural part of life which can bring the rain needed for emotional and spiritual growth. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------52. According to Paragraph 2, creators __________. A. seem willing to experience failures in life C. handle ups and downs of life wisely B. possess the ability to predict future life D. have potential to create something new

【2012 山东卷 D 篇】 Last year, it was a refrigerator that tweeted. This year, it?s Wi-Fi-enabled laundry machines and fridges that can tell you when your groceries are going bad. The washers and dryers, available starting in the spring, connect to any smartphone through a downloadable application. The phone can then be used as a remote control, so the machines can be turned on and off while their owners is at work or on the bus.

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Samsung says it?s not just something new — the app connection actually has some practical uses. “If you started to dry clothes in the morning and forgot to take them out, you can go to your phone and restart your dryer for the time when come home, so your clothes are refreshed and ready to go,” said spokesperson Amy Schmidt. The company also says that with electricity rate(电价)varying depending on the time of day, more control over when the machines are used can help save money. Perhaps, but what they will probably really accomplish is what all good technologies do —enable laziness. Rather than getting up to check on whether the laundry is done, users will instead monitor it on their phones while watching TV. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------73. What can we learn about the new laundry machines? A. They can tell you when your clothes need washing B. They can be controlled with a smartphone C. They are difficult to operate D. They are sold at a low price

秘诀 12:miss

(missing) ; lose (lost)是选项中答案高频暗示词!

【2011 全国新课标卷 A 篇】 There is sadly no home milk delivery today. Big companies allowed the production of cheaper milk thus making it difficult for milkmen to compete (竞争). Besides, milk is for sale everywhere, and it may just not have been practiced to have a delivery service. Recently, an old milk box in the countryside I saw brought back my childhood memories. 1 took it home and planted it on the back porch (门廊). Every so often my son's friends will ask what it is. So I start telling stories of my boyhood, and of the milkman who brought us friendship along with his milk. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------59. Why did the author bring back home an old milk box? A. He missed the good old days. C. He needed it for his milk bottles. B. He wanted to tell interesting stories. D. He planted flowers in it.

【2010 江西卷 A 篇】 Andy rode slowly on his way to school, day-dreaming about the fishing trip that his father had promised him. He was so busy dreaming about all the fish he would catch that he was unaware of everything else around him. He rode along until a strange sound drew him to the present. He came to a stop and looked curiously up to

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the heavens. What he saw shocked and terrified him. A huge swarm of bees filled the sky like a black cloud and the buzzing mass seemed to be heading angrily towards him. With no time to waste, Andy sped off in the opposite direction, riding furiously—but without knowing how to escape the swarm. With a rapidly beating heart and his legs pumping furiously, he sped down the rough road. As the bees came closer, his panic increased. Andy knew that he was sensitive to bee stings(蜇). The last sting had landed him in hospital—and that was only one bee sting! He had been forced to stay in bed for two whole days. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------56. Why did Andy fail to notice the swarm of bees earlier? A. He was riding to school. B. He was listening to a strange sound. C. He was going fishing with his father. D. He was lost in the thought of the fishing trip.

擒贼先擒王:主旨题、写作目的题吴军答题密码
方法一:找中心句 第一段首、末句(一段末出现转折) 二段一句、二句(二段对一段进行总结或否定) 尾段首末句, 90%在末句

有汉语标注的地方!

【2012 全国新课标卷 B 篇】 Honey(蜂蜜)from the African forest is not only a kind of natural sugar, it is also delicious. Most people, and many animals, like eating it. However, the only way for them to get that honey is to find a wild bees' nest(巢)and take the honey from it. Often, these nests are high up in trees, and it is difficult to find them. In parts of Africa, though, people and animals looking for honey have a strange and unexpected helper 一 a little bird called a honey guide. The honey guide does not actually like honey, but it does like the wax (蜂蜡) in the beehives (蜂房). The little bird cannot reach this wax, which is deep inside the bees? nest. So, when it finds a suitable nest, it looks

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for someone to help it. The honey guide gives a loud cry that attracts the attention of both passing animals and people. Once it has their attention, it flies through the forest, waiting from time to time for the curious animal or person as it leads them to the nest. When they finally arrive at the nest, the follower reaches in to get at the delicious honey as the bird patiently waits and watches. Some of the honey, and the wax, always falls to the ground, and this is when the honey guide takes its share. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------63. What can be the best title for the text? A. Wild Bees C. Beekeeping in Africa B. Wax and Honey D. Honey-Lover's Helper

表转折和因果处:but,

yet, however, instead,today,now,Although,so, therefore,

thus, as a result, because(since,as,for), one of the reasons was……, The results are……
It was a village in India. The people were poor. However, they were not unhappy. After all , their forefathers had lived in the same way for centuries. Then one day, some visitors from the city arrived . They told the villagers there were some people elsewhere who liked to eat frog?s legs. However, they did not have enough frogs of their own, and so they wanted to buy frogs from other places. This seemed like money for nothing . There were millions of frogs in the fields around, and they were no use to the villagers. All they had to do was catch them . Agreement was reached, and the children were sent into the fields to catch frogs. Every week a truck arrived to collect the catch and hand over the money. For the first time ,the people were able to dream of a better future. But the dream didn?t last long. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------From Paragragh 1 we learn that the villagers A.worked very hard for centuries C.were poor but somewhat content 【2012 全国新课标 D 篇】 Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practiced still swim as well as ever since. A man when he gets back who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away. He can play .

B.dreamed of having a better life D.lived a different life from their forefathers

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catch and hit a ball as well as his son. A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins "Twinkle, twinkle, little star"。remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and the Three Bears. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------67. What is the main idea of paragraph 1? A. People remember well what they learned in childhood. B. Children have a better memory than grown-ups. C. Poem reading is a good way to learn words. D. Stories for children are easy to remember.

【2012 重庆卷 E 篇】 In his 1930 essay “Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren “, John Keynes, economist, rewrote that human needs fall into two classes: absolute needs ,which are indeed what other have , and relative needs ,which make us feel superior to our fellows. He thought although relative needs may indeed be insatiable (无止境的) this is not true of absolute. Keynes was surely correct that only a small part of total spending id decided by the super- iority He was greatly mistaken, however, in seeing this derive as the only source of demands Decisions to spend are also driven by ideas of quality which can influence the den almost all goods, including even basic goods like food. When a couple goes out for an dinner, for example, the thought of feeling superior to others probably never comes to them. The goal is to share a special meal that stands out from other meals. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75.The author of the passage argues that ______. A. absolute needs have no limits B. demands for quality are not insatiable C. human desires influence ideas of quality D. relative needs decide most of our spending 【2012 陕西卷 C 篇】 Eating too much fatty food, exercising too little and smoking can raise your future risk of heart disease. But there is another factor that can cause your heart problems more immediately: the air you breathe. Previous studies have linked high exposure (暴露) environmental pollution to an increased risk of heart to problem, but two analyses now show that poor air quality can lead to heart attack or stroke (中风)within as

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little as a few hours after exposure. In one review of the research, scientists found that people exposed to high levels of pollutants (污染物)were up to 5% more likely to suffer a heart attack within days of exposure than those with lower exposure. A separate study of stroke patients showed that even air that the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) considers to be of “moderate” (良好)quality and relatively safe for our health can raise the risk of stroke as much as 34% within 12 to 14 hours of exposure. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------53. The text mainly discusses the relationship between A. heart problems and air quality C. heart problems and smoking .

B. heart problems and exercising D. heart problems and fatty food

写作目的题秘诀 13:广告文体写作目的题一般用 advertise!
【2012 重庆卷 B 篇】 lists are lecturing people on everything from"100 books to read ". Aren't you just Top tired of being told what to do with your time? Now you have a list to end all lists! Take a look at the following two examples from the list of "101 things not to do": …… Go to See the Mona Lisa? There must be something about the mysterious(神秘的)smile. The 6 million people who the lady in the Louvre every year can?t all be wrong after all. But they can be quite and standing in front of you, holding up their cameras to prevent you from seeing anything. In fact hard for you to see the painting clearly because you have to stay away from it for security read. After queuing for hours, many tourists can remain in front of the painting only for 15 seconds most. So, still long to see the Mona Lisa? If you want to find out more about the list, read 101 Tings NOT to Do Before You Die. Visit www.not2dobeforeidie.co.uk and buy the book at a 20% discount. 63. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To advertise a book C. To comment on popular lists B. To introduce a website D. To recommend tourist activities.

写作目的题秘诀 17:一般说明文写作目的题常用 inform!
【2012 浙江卷 C 篇】 There will always be conflict in schools, but that doesn't mean there needs to be violence. After students in Atlanta started a conflict resolution program, according to Educators for Social Responsibility, "64 percent of the teachers reported less physical violence in the classroom; 75 percent of the teachers reported an increase in student cooperation; and 92 percent of the students felt better about themselves". Learning to resolve

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conflicts can help students deal with friends,. teachers. parents, bosses, and coworkers. In that way, conflict resolution is a basic life skill that should be taught in schools across the country. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------54. The writer?s purpose for writing this article is to_______. A. complain about problems in school education B. teach students different strategies for school life C. advocate teaching conflict management in schools D. inform teachers of the latest studies on school violence But 后面 violence 是重心!

写作目的题秘诀 18:新闻报道写作目的题常用 report!
【2012 全国 II 卷 D 篇】 ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia - One of the world's most famous fossils (化石) - the 3.2 million-year-old Lucy skeleton ( 骨骼 ) unearthed in Ethiopia in 1974 - will go on an exhibition tour abroad for the first time in the United States, officials said Tuesday. Even the Ethiopian public has only seen Lucy twice. The Lucy on exhibition at the Ethiopian National Museum in the capital. Addis Ababa is a replica while the real remains are usually locked in a secret storeroom. A team from the Museum of National Service in to U.S. tour. Texas spent four years disscusing with the Ethiopians for the U.S. tour. Which will start in Houston next September. "Ethiopia's rich culture of both the past and today, is one of the best kept secrets in the world,"said Joel Bartsch, director of the Houston museum. The six-year tour will also go to Washington, New York. Denver and Chicago. Officials said six other U.S. cities may be on the tour. But they said plans had not yet been worked out. Traveling with Lucy will be 190 other fossils. Lucy, her name taken from a Beatles song that played in a camp the night of her discovery, is part of the skeleton of what was once a 3?-foot-ball ape-man (猿人). ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------53. The author writes this text mainly to _ A. introduce a few U.S. museums C. discuss the value of an ape-man _. B. describe some research work D. report a coming event

阅读出题点与细节题吴军答题法则
秘诀 9:找到信息点后核对选项,发现照抄原文的不是答案,同义替换的通常是答案, 有时结合答案特征,发现的更快!
Tanni?s enduring success had been part motivation(动机), part preparation, “The training I do that enables me to be a good sprinter(短跑运动员) enables me to be good at a marathon too. I train 50 weeks of the year

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and that keeps me prepared for whatever distance I want to race…. I am still competing at a very high lever, but as I get older things get harder and I want to retire before I fall apart.” ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------58. The underlined word “that” in the 5th paragraph refers to _______. (此题容易错选 A ,但正确答案是 C ,怎样避开陷阱?) A. fifty weeks? training C. training almost every day B. being a good sprinter D. part motivation and part preparation

阅读文章结构、题材与推论题吴军突破秘诀
推论题秘诀 3: 没有中心句(中心词四选项都有) ,尾段也没有核对点,则找出题点核对!
【2012 福建卷 B 篇】 At exactly eleven Sir Percival knocked and entered, with anxiety and worry in every line of his face. This meeting would decide his future life,and he obviously knew it. "You may wonder, Sir Percival,?? said Laura calmly, “if I am going to ask to be released (免除)from my promise to marry you. I am not going to ask this. I respect my father's wishes too much.“ 汉语标注处是出 题核对点! His face relaxed a little, but one of his feet kept beating the carpet. "No, if we are going to withdraw.(退出)from our planned marriage, it will be because of your wish, not mine. “Mine?” he said in great surprise. “What reason could I have for withdrawing?? "A reason that is very hard to tell you," she answered. "There is a change in me. ” His face went so pale that even his lips lost their color. He turned his head to one side. "What change?" he asked, trying to appear calm. “ When the promise was made two years ago, ” she said, my love did not belong to anyone. Will you forgive me, Sir Percival, if I tell you that it now belongs to another person?” “I wish you to understand, “ Laura continued, “that I will never see this person again, and that if you leave me, you only allow mc to remain a single woman for the rest of my life. All I ask is that you forgive mc and keep my secret." ?I will do both those things, “ he said. Then he looked at Laura, as if he was waiting to hear more. "I think I have said enough to give you reason to withdraw from our marriage, “ she added quietly. “ No. You have said enough to make it the dearest wish of my life to marry you, “ he said.

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--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------61. We can learn from the passage that .

A. Laura had once promised to marry Percival B. Laura's father wished to end her marriage C. Percival had been married to Laura for two years D. Percival asked to be released from the marriage

文章取材题秘诀 5:若首段有小括号,里面有新华,搜狐,网易,新浪,路透,BBC 等提示, 如(XINHUA NET),或每段首句有具体时间信息点,则选项一定与 news 有关!
【2012 辽宁卷 C 篇】 If Confucius(孔子)were still alive today and could celebrate his September 28 birthday with a big cake, there would be a lot of candles.He?d need a fan or a strong wind to help him put them out. While many people in China will remember Confucius on his special day, few people in the United States will give him a passing thought. It?s nothing personal. Most Americans don?t even remember the birthdays of their own national heroes. But this doesn?t mean that Americans don?t care about Confucius. In many ways he has become a bridge that foreigners must cross if they want to reach a deeper understanding of China. In the past two decades, the Chinese studies programs have gained huge popularity in Western universities. More recently, the Chinese government has set up Confucius Institutes in more than 80 countries. These schools teach both Chinese language and culture. The main courses of Chinese culture usually included Chinese art, history and philosophy(哲学).Some social scientists suggest that Westerners should take advantages of the ancient Chinese wisdom to make up for the drawbacks of Westerners philosophy. Students in the United States, at the same time, are racing to learn Chinese. So they will be ready for life in a world where China is an equal power with the United States. Businessmen who hope to make money in China are reading books about Confucius to understand their Chinese customers. So the old thinker?s ideas are still alive and well. Today China attracts the West more than ever, and it will need more teachers to introduce Confucius and Chinese culture to the West. As for the old thinker, he will not soon be forgotten by people in the West, even if his birthday is. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------67. The passage is likely to appear in ___________. A. a biography B. a history paper

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C.a newspaper

D. a philosophy textbook

文章取材题秘诀 6:文章首尾句看是否有关键信息点,比如 book,可能是书的前言或 简介,若有价格,与钱有关或访问某网站,则可能是广告(advertisement)!
【2010 湖北卷 C 篇】This brief book is aimed at high school students , but speaks to anyone learning at any stage of life. Its formal ,serious style closely matches its content ,a school-masterly book on schooling .The author , W .H . Armstrong ,starts with the basics : reading and writing . In his opinion , reading doesn?t just mean recognizing each word on the page ; it means taking in the information,digesting it and incorporating it into oneself just as one digests a sandwich and makes it a part of himself .The goal is to bring the information back to life , not just to treat it as dead facts on paper from dead trees . Reading and writing cannot be completely separated from each other ; in fact ,the aim of reading is to express the information you have got from the text .I?ve seen it again and again : some-one who can?t express an idea after reading a text is just as ineffective as someone who hasn?t read it at all. Only a third of the book remains after that discussion ,which Armstrong devotes to specific tips for studying languages ,math , science and history . He generally handles these topics thoroughly(透彻地) and equally ,except for some weakness in the science and math sections and a bit too much passion(激情) regarding history to his students , that was a hundred times more than my history teachers ever got across .To my disappointment , in this part of the book he ignores the arts .As a matter of fact ,they demand all the concentration and study that math and science do,though the study differs slightly in kind .Although it?s commonly believed that the arts can only be naturally acquired ,actually ,learning the arts is no more natural than learning French or mathematics. My other comment is that the text aged. The first edition apparently dates to the 1960s—none of the references(参考文献)seem newer than the late 1950s. As a result, the discussion misses the entire computer age. These are small points, though, and don?t affect the main discussion. I recommend it to any student and any teacher, including the self-taught student. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------66. This passage can be classified as________. A. an advertisement C. a feature story B. a book review D. A news report

【2012 北京卷 A 篇】 The Basics of Math—Made Clear

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Basic Math introduces students to the basic concepts of mathematics, as well as the fundamentals of more tricky areas. These 30 fantastic lectures are designed to provide students with an understanding of arithmetic and to prepare them for Algebra(代数) and beyond. The lessons in Basic Math cover every basic aspect of arithmetic. They also look into exponents(指数), the order of operations, and square roots. In addition to learning how to perform various mathematical operations, students discover why these operations work, how a particular mathematical topic relates to other branches of mathematics, and how these operations can be used practically. Basic Math starts from the relatively easier concepts and gradually moves on to the more troublesome ones, so as to allow for steady and sure understanding of the material by students. The lectures offer students the chance to “make sense” of mathematical knowledge that may have seemed so frightening. They also help students prepare for college mathematics and overcome their anxiety about this amazing—and completely understandable—field of study. By the conclusion of the course, students will have improved their understanding of basic math. They will be able to clear away the mystery(神秘性) of mathematics and face their studies with more confidence than they ever imagined. In addition, they will strengthen their ability to accept new and exciting mathematical challenges. Professor H. Siegel, honored by Kentucky Educational Television as “the best math teacher in America,” is a devoted teacher and has a gift for explaining mathematical concepts in ways that make them seem clear and obvious. From the basic concrete ideas to the more abstract problems, he is master in making math lectures learner-friendlier and less scary. With a PhD in Mathematics Education from Georgia State University, Dr. Siegel teaches mathematics at Central Arizona College. His courses include various make-up classes and a number of lectures for future primary school teachers. If the course fails to provide complete satisfaction to you, you can easily exchange it for any other course that we offer. Or you can get your money back. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------59. Where is the passage most likely to have been taken from? A. A news report. C. A lesson plan. B. A book review D. An advertisement

文体结构题秘诀 4:指定段落有 a man, one man, such as 等信号词时, 结构为举 例(examples).

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【2012 江西卷 D 篇】 Yet some people wonder if the revolution in travel has gone too far. A price has been paid, they say, for the conquest (征服) of time and distance. Travel is something to be enjoyed, not endured (忍受). The boat offers leisure and time enough to appreciate the ever-changing sights and sounds of a journey. A journey by train also has a special charm about it. Lakes and forests and wild, open plains sweeping past your carriage window create a grand view in which time and distance mean nothing. On board a plane, however, there is just the blank blue of the sky filling the narrow window of the airplane. The soft lighting, in-flight films and gentle music make up the only world you know, and the hours progress slowly. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------72.How does the writer support the underlined statement in Paragraph2? A.By giving instructions. C.By following the order of time. B.By analyzing cause and effect. D.By giving examples.

【2012 全国新课标 D 篇】 One explanation is the law of overlearning , which can be stated as follows: Once we have learned something, additional learning trials(尝试)increase the length of time we will remember it. In childhood we usually continue to practice such skills as swimming, bicycle riding, and playing baseball long after we have learned them. We continue to listen to and remind ourselves of words such as "Twinkle, twinkle, little star" and childhood tales such as Cinderella and Goldilocks. We not only learn but overlearn. The multiplication tables(乘法口诀表)are an exception to the eeneral rule that we forget rather quickly the things that we learn in school, because they are another of the things we overlearn in childhood. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------68.The author explains the law of overlearning by_________. A. presenting research findings C. making a comparison B. setting down general rules D. using examples

阅读词汇、文章及作者态度题吴军破解规律
词汇答题秘诀 12:模凌两可处如何处理?向该词就近信息点靠拢!向高频答案词特征靠 拢!选择范围大的!

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【2011 重庆卷 A 篇】There was a gardener who looked after his garden with great care. To water his flowers, he used two buckers. One was a shiny and new bucket. The other was a very old and dilapidated one, which had seen many years of service, but was now past its best. 56. What does the underlined word “dilapidated” probably mean? A. Dirty C. Worn-out 被动答案特征! B. Dark D. Plain-looking.

作者态度题秘诀 11:高频答案词 caring(关心的; 有同情心的)
【2012 天津卷 B 篇】 45. Which of the following can best describe Ms. Yates? A. Reliable and devoted. C. Proud but patient. 【2012 辽宁卷 B 篇】 61. Which of the following best describes the families of the astronauts on the ISS ? A. The are caring and thoughtful B. The are impatient and annoyed C. The are impatient and annoyed. D. The are excited and curious. B. Tough and generous. D. Strict but caring.

【2010 全国Ⅱ卷 A 篇】 45.Which of the following best describes Brownie? A. Shy B. Polite C. Brave D. Caring

更多阅读高分秘术和高频答案词尽在 2013 高考英语阅读 3 天提分秘术教案中.艺考生 和体考生只要记住阅读高频答案词,就有可能 70%正确,再结合吴老师的 2013 高考英语阅 读高分秘术(技巧密籍:www.sypeterwu.com),一本,二本不再是梦!同时也为考重点大学满分 攻略带来了答案原理依据!

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现在可以开始预定吴军 2013 高考英语高分秘诀系统教案啦!
单买: 2013 高考英语阅读 3 天提分秘术教案 2013 高考英语完形 3 天提分秘术教案 2013 高考英语语法词汇 3 天提分秘术 2012 高考英语阅读矩阵法则教案 2012 高考英语完形易经法则教案 2012 高考英语语法词汇高频考点 2012 高考英语高频答案词一本通 2011 高考英语阅读高分密码 2011 高考英语完形高分密码 原价 5000 元 原价 5000 元 原价 3000 元 原价 3200 元 原价 3200 元 原价 2000 元 原价 2500 元 原价 3000 元 原价 2500 元 现6折 现5折 现5折 现3折 现3折 现3折 现2折 现2折 现2折 3000 元 2500 元 1500 元 960 元 960 元 600 元 500 元 600 元 500 元

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请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳高分英语家教吴军"查询!

您孩子或许接受过一对一的大型品牌英语家教服务,甚至一线在职教师的辅导, 但绝大多数的情况是,您孩子的英语分数纹丝不动甚至下降了!为什么? 花言巧语的广告轰炸和信誓旦旦的保分承诺是让很多家长经不起的诱惑! 其实很多品牌家教派给您 孩子的家教不过是以前在马路上举牌仅值 30-50 元/小时的应往届毕业生而已!最终,拿回承诺的退费 比登山还难,即使退了,也换不来孩子的分数和本应美好的未来! 在职教师有着令人信服的耀眼光环,但该好的当然是好,但该坏的照样是坏的!重点高中的孩子并 不是你在职教师教出来的,因为学苗好,都 125-130 分了,谁教都会一样的好!把普通学校的学生拿给 在职教师教,再用在职教师滚瓜烂熟的知识点串讲辅导和拿个五三套题让学生去做,其结果,很难短期 内事半功倍!

什么北京 XX 高分突破,60 分钟高考英语提分秘诀,2012 高分核按纽,选择 题高分模板等层出不穷,到底哪个才有效啊?与吴军高分密码有什么区别? 有的用名头砸人(比如用北京或上海英语学科带头人,参加过高考出题,享受国务院特殊津贴等作 为卖点) ;有的用卖成功学陈 XX 那样的文字广告框人;有的干脆模仿或照抄相关广告文案去骗人,甄 别起来,还真是有点困难!

真想区别开来,其实是可以找到答案的: 骗子是很好鉴别的,一是可以让您的孩子问一些高考英语中阅读和完型很具体的问题,看他或她 回答的如何?另外,骗子一般都不留自己的联络地址和电话号码,只留邮箱,QQ 号码和银行卡号,让

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你被骗之后无从寻找。另外,他们还会承诺,不满意,可以退回资料,马上退款,还负责汇款手续费, 让你觉得深信不已!其实,仔细想一想,资料都暴漏了,谁拿到后都可以马上复印,若可以退的话, 岂不是所有人都可以免费拿到资料了吗?

比如,2011 年高考的时候就有人假借吴军老师的名义实施骗局!他在网上贴吧和博客上出卖的教 案根本不是吴军的核心授课教案,是免费公益版的;另外淘宝网上卖的也是假的,是武汉某某在沈阳吴军 高分英语家教网站上或百度文库,英语周报英语教师网及新浪爱问共享资料上免费下载的,是可以免费得 到的,然而他却卖你 3000 元,但其并非吴军本人核心授课教案!声明:没有与沈阳吴军本人联络,且未将款 项打入沈阳吴军个人银行帐号的交易与吴军无任何关系,其后果自负!已经上当的家长,请看一下你得到 的是类似如下吴军高分教案吗? 不要图便宜,还是与吴军本人亲自交易吧!

辨别有没有效,好不好使,其实方法也很简单:一要看你教的学生是不是真实的? 广告中提分的学 员是否留有学校,班级和学生真实姓名及提分幅度?这样一来,知道了班级和姓名就很容易核实了,不符则 可称为诈骗,可追究法律责任! 不敢留学生真实姓名,只是写上张某某(或从别处粘贴了外地高考状元的 照片)并随意说提了 50 分是不可信的,目的也是可想而知!吴军英语的广告中声称的提分效果,都写明了 学校班级和学生姓名及提分幅度,是可信的,也是敢于让公众监督的! 比如,吴军英语关于提分在其官网 上是这么写的:

2012 吴军高考英语成绩公告
2012 年高考已经结束,吴军老师今年承接了一对一或一对二,共计 87 位考生。其中刨出一个最高 分 136 分(本身来时就 130 分左右)及考前半个月左右才来学的 2 位考生,平均提分 36.7,再创辉煌! 其中值得一提的是,吴老师所授的一名学员英语单科成绩竟然提了 90 多分,再次刷新了吴老师 2009 年创造的提 73 分的最高记录!令人兴奋!

最高提 90 分,刷新 2009 年最高提 73 分记录!
方美乔,鲁美附中高三 3 班(考前 2 个月内在翰林补课班上学),考生号:12210104130592,考场在 50 中学,高二下学期来吴军老师处学习时,成绩最高时仅 36 分,通过在 1 年多每周一次课的学习,2012 年高考成绩为 126 分,提分 90 多分,刷新了 2009 年吴老师创造的最高提 73 分的记录。作为沈阳隆方 房地产公司老板的女儿,家庭条件相当优越,但其从不缺乏刻苦专研精神,最后即将以艺考 482 分的优 异成绩考取鲁迅美术学院!

重点高中在职教师不行,不妨再找吴老师试试!
刘赫绅,22 中高三 9 班,考生号:12210106150716,考场在 53 中学,通过某位重点高中参加过高考英语

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出题的在职教师近 1 年的一对一补课,成绩始终徘徊在 70 分左右,但考中国民航大学飞行员的英语小分必 须达到 90 分.后来其母亲沈阳雏鹰小学马老师通过 2011 年考取一本 B 段涉外高护专业的沈阳 4 中胡兢 元的母亲鼎立推荐,找到了吴军老师,此时距离 2012 年高考还有不到 2 个半月的时间,通过每周一、三、 五下午 17:30-19:00 近 30 课的学习,最终将以 2012 年高考英语 101 分的成绩如愿以偿!

短期火箭式提分有秘方!
高考前 3 个月,词汇量能达到初三下学期水平,本身有强烈的提分欲望,能刻苦专研,没有心理障碍的 学员,基本上,或者说 2005-2012 历年 99%提分。 徐可,沈阳 4 中高三 0 班,考生号:12210106110515,考场在 15 中学, 总分 605(过理科一本线) 。 2012 年高考英语为 125 分。来时 100 多分,通过短期 10 课的学习,分数提了近 20 分; 王天池,沈阳 120 中,考生号:12210105150840,考场在省实验中学,总分 478(过理科二本线) 。 2012 年高考英语为 89 分。来时接近 40 分,通过短期集中 20 多课的学习,分数提了近 50 分; 袁小力,鲁美附中高三 1 班艺考生,考生号:12210104130667,考场在 50 中学, 总分 436。按其成 绩排名基本上可以考取鲁美。通过短期集中 20 课的学习,其由来时的 30 多分,上升到本次高考 66 分, 分数翻倍,险过小分! 蒋同学,沈阳 31 中高三艺考生,考生号:12210102170004,考场在 38 中学,通过 8 次课的集中学习, 成绩由原来的 80 分左右提到 2012 年高考英语 109 分!

更多提分详细资料, 请亲临咨询! 对于携带记者证或预交 1 课学费者, 可以全部查询相关提分信息, 并任意抽查 3-5 位同学父母的联络方式核实!也可根据其所在学校班级,二次核实! (链接 2011 年吴军老师亲授学员成绩公告) 吴军亲授考生共 83 人参加了 2011 年高考,去掉一个最高分东北育才本部 137 分,去掉一个艺考最低 分(临时只学了 7 次课,来时 33 分,2011 年高考 61 分),平均提分 31.5 分! 2011 年沈阳高分英语家教吴军一对一亲授中考生学员共计 39 人,140 分以上占 97.17%;130-140 之间为 0%; 120-130 之间占 2.73%, 没有 120 分以下的。 其中 21 人达到了 145 分或以上, 有“两匹黑马” 值得一提, 他们一个是辽宁省实验中学北校区初三 8 班的杨淇, 另一位是沈阳 7 中初三 21 班的童俊豪, 他们来吴军老师这儿学习时均为 120 分或以下,本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩均达到了 146 分。
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------许译 鲁美附中高三 1 班,考生号:11210104130303; 宁莹莹 鲁美附中高三 3 班 2011 届高三文科艺考生,考生 号:11210702130017; 黄钰乔 沈阳 27 中高三 13 班,考生号:11210105130331,2011 年高考英语分别提高了 30-55 分不等, 已被一批本科鲁迅美术学院和中央美术学院录取! 卢涵 沈阳铁路中学高三 11 班 2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:11210105130901, 李奕宣 沈阳同泽女中学高三 3 班 2011

届高三艺考生,考生号:112101053130422, 2011 年高考英语成绩分别提高了 30-35 分不等,已被中国传媒大学文编专业和 天津师范大学播音专业录取!

第 25 页

李晨晖 沈阳 2 中 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210103151002,总分:651 分,理科,一本线重点大学,来吴军高分英语前 110-120 分,本次高考英语成绩为 127 分; 杨嘉睿 东北育才双语 2011 届高三 4 班考生,考生号:11210102111097,总分:559 分, 理科,预估一本线,来吴军高分英语 前 120 分,本次高考英语成绩为 130 分; 鲁菲 沈阳 120 中 7 班 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210105110762,总分:544 分, 理科,一本线,来吴军高分英语前 110 分, 考前共学 5 课,本次高考英语成绩为 119 分。 姜萧栩 沈阳雨田中学初三 2 班 考号:061020116 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 145 分; 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分; 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分; 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 144 分; 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分; 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 144 分。

杨淇 辽宁省实验中学北校区初三 8 班 考号:051008906 王一乾 沈阳雨田中学初三 2 班 袁若琳 沈阳雨田中学初三 1 班 考号:061020406 考号:061021102

童俊豪 沈阳 7 中初三 21 班 考号:031009521 张天爱 沈阳雨田中学初三 1 班 考号:061019414

2012 吴军高考英语 3 天提分秘诀辽宁卷效果示例
一、知识点和词汇全部押对!
举几个 2012 高考英语辽宁卷单选的例子: 吴军老师帮您筛选的 30 多个形容词和副词,大家看一看,是不是都在下列备选项中? 22. We used to see each other A. especially , but I haven?t head from him since last year. C. particularly D. approximately

B. regularly

有些连知识点都不用,只是通过吴军老师教你的正负 / 过程和结果解题法就所向披靡了!通过正 负,可知 A 和 D 可选!再通过过程和结果,可知 A. with pleasure 强调的是结果,说明借过后,表示荣 幸,所以不符!电话还没借呢,故只有 D 符合。 23. — I?m terribly sorry to interrupt, but may I use your phone? It?s rather urgent. — Yes, . B. no burry C. it doesn?t matter D. of course

A. with pleasure

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-1 第 25 页,Shall 用于第二、第三人称,表 示说话人给对方命令、警告、允诺或威胁。这儿是说根据学校规定学生在校时都必须要穿校服。 24. One of our rules is that every student A. might B. could wear school uniform while at school. C. shall D. will

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-2 第 25 页,有宾语主动,无宾语被动!follow

第 26 页

后面有宾语, with 的宾语后面可加形容词、 副词、 分词、 不定式、 名词等作宾补, 这儿 pet dog 与 follow 构成主谓关系,所以用 following. 25. The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog A. to follow B. following C. followed D. follows them.

2012 吴军高考英语高频答案词一本通第 108 页,Rod 喜欢拆卸钟表,然而,他从来都不能再重新 装好。 所以选 B 项。 另外 However 两边句子相反, 看到 put…… together, 当然相反的就是 taking apart 啦! 26. Rod loves A. taking apart clocks. However, he never manages to put them together again. B. giving away C. making up D. turning off

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-1 第 6 页,one 作“一个”,“一本”,“一件” 等解,用来代替上文提到过的 paper。相当于 a copy of paper. 28. If you?re buying today?s paper from the stand, could you get A. one B. such C. this D. that for me?

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-2 第 13 页,把你的钥匙留给你的邻居,以防 你把自己锁在外面了。所以选 C 项。 30. Leave your key with your neighbor A. as long as B. even though you lock yourself out one day. C. in case D. as if

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-3 第 4 页, until 位于句首时句子要倒装, Not consider having a holiday abroad 这个动作发生在 retire 之后,所以用一般过去时。 32. Not until he retired from teaching three years ago A. he had considered C. he considered B. had he considered D. did he consider having a holiday abroad.

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-1 第 26 页,在句型 “It’s high/ very time that…”中, 从句中的谓语动词用 did 或 should do.所以选 D 项。 33. Jack is a great talker. It?s high time that he A. will do B. has done C. do something instead of just talking. D. did

2012 吴军高考语法与词汇单项选择题 3 天提分密码 B-2 第 18 页,名词性从句 4 个高频答案词,介 词 for 后面加的是宾语从句,且从句中 find 缺少宾语,故用 whatever,选 C。

第 27 页

34. The newcomer went to the library the other day and scarched for Twain. A. wherever B. however C. whatever D. whichever

he could find about Mark

二、完形技巧+高频答案词,挑战高分!
举几个 2012 高考英语辽宁卷完形填空的例子来回忆一下吴军老师的完形易经,骄傲一下自己当时 精明的选择! 首尾或上下段落呼应,复现解决问题! When Glen Kruger picked a small cat from an animal shelter, he did not expect much. Yet right from the start, eight years ago, there was an uncommon connection between him and the small black cat. He her Inky. “ I grew up on a hundred-acre farm and had only cats man,says. “My hearing was damaged by the 39 . 39. A. animals B. friends C. farmers D. neghbors 38 37 playmates,”Kruger,The seventy-year-old 36

of farm epuipment , so I learned to connect with

46

in a pool of blood on the basement floor, Kruger felt 48

47 going into shock (休克) He shouted . 49

for help ,

his wife, Brenda , was asleep in their bedroom at the opposite end of the house.

Kruger noticed Inky watching from the top of the stairs. “Go get Brenda, ” Krugger said to Inky. Inky 50 to the bedroom door and scratched 52 Brenda found her husband 52. A. bedroom 53 51 until Brenda opened it. Then Inky led her to the

the stairs and called 911. C yard D. house

B. basement

通过同现解决问题! 看到 rushed 后就知道很匆忙, 50 空纠结时, 故 通过同现校正答案, 就不能误选 C 了, 与 rushed ran 同现;51 空是 C 还是 D 呢?Inky 是猫,madly 更贴切;53 空,叫 911 送医院了,说明掉楼梯底下了。 Inky 50 to the bedroom door and scratched 52 Brenda found her husband 53 50. A. walked B. ran 51 until Brenda opened it. Then Inky led her to the

the stairs and called 911. Kruger was rushed to the hospital. C. returned D. withdrew

第 28 页

51. A. rapidly

B. suddenly

C. madly C. at the top of

D . urgently D. in the front of

53. A. at the bottom of B. in the middle of

通过正负解决问题! “My hearing was damaged by the 38 of farm epuipment , so I learned to connect with 39 .

They react to what they see and what you do. ” 38. A. sound B. alarm C. noise D. voice

三、吴军英语阅读迅捷技巧+矩阵法则,挑战满分!
找不到主旨句或四个选项都带中心词时,看出题点,即每段首尾句和有汉语标注的地方等,然后 通过复现和同现就解决了! Astronauts on shorter shuttle missions(使命)often work very long days. Tasks are scheduled so tightly that break times are often used to finish the day?s work. This type of schedute is far too demanding for long missions on the Internaitional Space Sttation(ISS). ISS crewmembers usually live in space for at least a quarter of a year. They work five days on and two days off to mimic the normal way they do things on Earth as much as possible. Weekends give the crew valuable. Weekends give the crew valuable time to rest and do a few hours of housework. They can communicate with family and friends by email, isternet phone and throhgh Private video conferenes. While astronauts cannot go to a baseball game or a movie in orbit, there are many familiar activetics that they can still enjoy. Before a mission. The family and friends of each ISS crewmember put together a collection of family photos, messages, videos and reading material for The astromauts to look at when they will be floating 370 kilometers above the Earth. During their missiom, the crew also receives care packages with CDs, books, magazines, photos and letters . And as from early 2010, the internet became available on the ISS , giving astronaouts the chance to do some “web surfing (冲浪)”in their personal time. Besides relaxing with these more commom entertainments, astromauts can simply enjoy the experience of living in space. Many astronauts say that one of the most relaxing things to do in space is to look out the window and stare at the universe and the Earth?s vast land mass and oceans. 63. The passage mainly discusses how astronauts A. work for longer missions in space C. observe the Earth from space . (2012 辽宁卷阅读 B 篇)

B. connect with people on the Earth D. spend their free time in space

词汇 13 大解题思路使您茅塞顿开!本题仅用代入法就解决了问题! Astronauts on shorter shuttle missions(使命)often work very long days. Tasks are scheduled so tightly that break times are often used to finish the day?s work. This type of schedute is far too demanding for long missions on the Internaitional Space Sttation(ISS). ISS crewmembers usually live in space for at least a quarter of a year. They work five days on and two days off to mimic the normal way they do things on Earth as much as possible. Weekends give the crew valuable. Weekends give the crew valuable time to rest and do a

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few hours of housework. 60. What does the word “minic”in Paragraph 1 probably mean?(2012 辽宁卷阅读 B 篇) A. Find B. Copy C. Change D. Lose

找到 minic 这个动词的宾语 way, way they do things 做事的方式, Find 发现?; Copy 模仿?Change 改变?Lose 失去?way they do things 做事的方式,当然是模仿做事的方式喽! A 大于 B,则选 A。 In the past two decades, the Chinese studies programs have gained huge popularity in Western universities. More recently, the Chinese government has set up Confucius Institutes in more than 80 countries. These schools teach both Chinese language and culture. The main courses of Chinese culture usually included Chinese art, history and philosophy(哲学). Some social scientists suggest that Westerners should take advantages of the ancient Chinese wisdom to make up for the drawbacks of Westerners philosophy. Students in the United States, at the same time, are racing to learn Chinese. So they will be ready for life in a world where China is an equal power with the United States. Businessmen who hope to make money in China are reading books about Confucius to understand their Chinese customers. 65. We can learn from Paragraph 4 that American students______。 (2012 辽宁卷阅读 C 篇) A. have a great interest in studying Chinese B. take an active part in Chinese competitions C. try to get high scores in Chinese exams D. fight for a chance to learn Chinese 65 题根据题干关键字 American students 文章定位,就近原则参考点为 racing to learn Chinese. 有 些同学在 A 和 D 之间纠结。如果确实区分有困难的话,可以根据“A 大于 D,则选 A。”原则,则选 A。

矩阵法则解题:出题点;与中心词沾边;答案特征;答题步骤;核对规则. 69. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? (2012 辽宁卷阅读 D 篇) A.The customers who cannot pay can word as volunteers instead. B.More volunteers will go to new Orleans for the hurricane cleanup. C.Many new cafes will be opened to offer free lunches in the town. D.The lunch menu has remained the same since the caféwas started.

69 题出题点在尾句,更有出题信号词 instead ;选项中 A 是前后矛盾的句子,符合答案特征; 选项 A 中 含有的 volunteers 是文章反复出现的中心词,所以答案就可以选 A 了.

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四、洞穿 7 选 5 秘诀, 吴军高考英语运筹帷幄!
答题步骤:首句定位;排比;逻辑关系;指代+同现或复现;连接词+同现或复现;先易后难,缩小范围,从而 高分突破! How to Make Friends Friendship is a very important human relationship and everyone needs good friends. Good friendship has many benefits. It offers companionship, improves self-worth and promotes good health. There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leaves us without a friend 71 . But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends. 1. Associate with others. The first step to making friends is associating with other people. You can go to public places to meet new people. Besides, you will need to make yourself known by becoming an active member of such places. 2.Start a conversation Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends. 72 You can always start the conversation. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people. 3. 73 Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friend together, Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience. 4.Let it grow. It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend. 74 . The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally. 5.Enjoy your friendship The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. 75 Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you. A. Be cheerful. B. Do things together. C. Do not wait to be spoken to. D. Try not to find fault with your friends. E. Making new friends comes easy for some people. F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch. G. So you will need to give your friend time to react to you.
71 空发现复现词 friend,根据吴军高考英语 7 选 5 法则转折关系(形容词或副词相反,转折),选 E; 法则同现原则, spoken to 与 conversation 关联,所以选 C; together,所以选 B; 72 空根据吴军 7 选 5

73 空看到每段都是祁使句,而只有 B 项中有与原文中的复现词 75 空后面有 them,说明前面有复数名

74 空就近原则指代一致 you,复现一致 your friend,所以选 G;

词,再加上否定句结构排比 Try not to,所以 75 空选 D.

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五、改错探秘, 吴军教案看 7 遍,错点全部找到!

Dear Diana, Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so kind for you to let us bring Anne's had of

friend. Gina. Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home. There had been a terrible Unfortunately accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six mile. In as miles

the end, we drove to a service station and waited there unless the road was clear. In the car park until here,Gina nearly got knocked over as ∧car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry. They there a We

finally dropped Gina off at her parents' and made our own way to home.

请购买 2012 高考英语 3 天提分秘诀教案(增购 7 选 5 和改错版)的顾客仔细核对:
1. 第 1 句 have→had, 参考吴军改错教案一 23 页,由后面的 was 可知,这儿应该用过去时态。 2. 第 2 句 for→of, 参考吴军改错教案二 3 页押中原题,It?s kind of you 为固定用法。 3. 第 3 句 Unfortunate→Unfortunately, 参考吴军改错教案一 18 页押中原题,用副词作状语。 4. 第 4 句 for→as, 考吴军改错教案二 2 页,as a result 固定搭配。 5. 第 4 句 mile→miles, 参考吴军改错教案一 4-5 页,mile 是可数名词,并且前面是 six. 6. 第 5 句 unless→until, 考吴军改错教案二 4-5 页,这儿后面一句是一个时间状语从句,意思是我们一直等到路通了。 7. 第 6 句 here→there, 参考吴军改错教案一 16-19 页,叙述的是别的地方发生的事,所以用 there. 8. 第 6 句 car 前加 a, 参考吴军改错教案一 1 页,car 不是特指,并且是可数名词,所以前面要加 a. 9. 第 7 句 they→we, 参考吴军改错教案一 9 页押中原题,叙述的是我们做的事,所以用 we. 10. 第 7 句去掉 to, 参考吴军改错教案二 2 页押中原题,make one?s way home 中 home 为副词,所以前面不用介词 to。

2013 吴军高考英语迅捷提分秘术! 版权所有,侵权必究! 同行抄袭可耻,转载注明出处!

Part Two 高考英语完形填空能力训练 Passage 1

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To be a good teacher, you need some of the gifts of a good actor; you must be able to hold the attention and interest of your students, you must be __1__-speaking, with a good, strong, __2__ voice which is fully under your control; and you must be able to __3__what you are teaching, in order to make its meaning clear. __4__ a good teacher, and you will see that he does not sit still before his class; he __5__the whole time he is teaching; he walks about, using his __6__, hands and fingers to help him in his explanations, and his face to express his __7__. Listen to him, and you will __8__the loudness, the quality and the musical note of his voice always __9__according to what he is talking about. The fact that a good teacher has some of the gifts of a good actor doesn't __10__that he will indeed be able to act well on the stage, for there are very important __11__between the teacher's work and the actor's. The __12__has to speak words which he has learnt by heart; he has to repeat exactly the __13__words each time he plays a certain part, even his movements and the ways in which he uses his voice are usually __14__beforehand. What he has to do is to make all these carefully learnt words and actions seem __15__on the stage. 1. A. clear B. slow C. small D. low 2. A. frightening B. fearing C. exciting D. pleasing 3. A. act out B. talk C. say D. repeat 4. A. Listen B. Look C. Watch D. Learn 5. A. stands B. sits C. lies D. talks 6. A. tongue B. words C. legs D. arms 7. A. attention B. thanks C. feelings D. sentences 8. A. hear B. see C. think D. guess 9. A. making B. changing C. expressing D. giving 10. A. tell B. express C. show D. mean 11. A. things B. differences C. points D. jobs 12. A. actor B. teacher C. boy D. student 13. A. different B. same C. above D. following 14. A. read B. known C. fixed D. written 15. A. natural B. bad C. false D. clear Passage 2 The word “plastic” comes from the Greek word “Platicos” and is used to describe __1__which can be easily shaped.? The history of plastics is longer than you might __2__.In fact __3__ manmade plastics ever to appear on the market was made over a hundred years ago. It was called “celluloid(赛璐璐)”. It was discovered by both an Englishman and an American in the same year. __4__ it was the Americans who first produced it on a large scale during the year 1860. Everybody was __5__ by this new material which could be moulded into shapes and __6__ so cheap to buy. Poor young men __7__ in cities with lots of smoke and dirt were __8__ to buy white celluloid collars. The collars were hard and uncomfortable. But they did not have to be sent to wash. The poor young men __9__ rub them clean every evening with soap and water! Poor mothers, __10__ had not been able to afford playthings __11__ their children, were now able to buy them playthings __12__ of celluloid. But celluloid had one very serious fault. It caught fire very easily. In fact it burned even more quickly than wood or cloth. There were many terrible accidents, particularly __13__ children. For years scientists worked hard to find a better plastic material than celluloid. They had __14__ success. Then in 1932 an American scientist called Baekeland produced a hard plastic material which did

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not burn. __15__ became known as bakelite(酚醛塑料).Other plastic materials like bakelite were also produced. They were used to make electrical fittings and plates and cups. Poor people liked them because they were both cheap and safe, but rich people disliked them because they were cheap, and because they could only be made in dark colours. 1. A. something B. everything C. thing D. anything 2. A. wish B. think C. want D. hope 3. A. first B. at first C. for the first D. the first 4. A. So B. But C. And D. As 5. A. surprised B. excited C. told D. frightened 6. A. be B. were C. was D. is 7. A. waiting B. running C. walking D. working 8. A. going B. sure C. about D. able 9. A. could B. ought to C. must D. should 10. A. which B. who C. whom D. that 11. A. for B. like C. in D. of 12. A. done B. produced C. worked D. made 13. A. between B. on C. among D. about 14. A. much B. great. C. never D. little 15. A. The man B. He C. It D. The scientist Passage 3 In Britain, people have different attitudes to the police. Most people generally __1__ them and the job they do—although there are certain people who do not believe that the police __2__ have the power that they do. What does a policeman actually do? It is not __3__ job to describe. After all, a policeman has a number of jobs in __4__. A policeman often has to control traffic, either __5__ foot in the centre of a town, or in a police car on the roads. Indeed, in Britain, he might be in the Traffic Police and spend all, or a lot of, his time __6__ up and down main roads and motorways. A traffic policeman has to help keep the traffic moving, stop __7__ motorists and help when there is an accident.? A policeman has to help keep the __8__, too. If there is a fight or some other disturbance, we __9__ the police to come and restore order. And they often have to __10__ situation at great risk to their own __11__. We expect the police to solve crimes, of course, so an ordinary policeman, __12__ he is not a detective, will often have to help_13_and arrest criminals. And __14__ do we call when there is an emergency—an air crash, a __15__, a road accident, or a robbery? We call the police. So a policeman has to be prepared to face any unpleasant emergency that may happen in the modern world. 1. A. dislike B. join C. appreciate D. admire 2. A. should B. would C. could D. must 3. A. a funny B. a pleasant C. an interesting D. an easy 4. A. it B. one C. his D. them 5. A. on B. by C. under D. with 6. A. walking B. driving C. wandering D. searching 7. A. resting B. tired C. speeding D. drunken 8. A. peace B. silence C. situation D. condition

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9. A. wait for 10. A. turn to 11. A. safety 12. A. although 13. A. get rid of 14. A. how 15. A. power failure

B. call B. avoid B. families B. as if B. question B. where B. fire

C. think of C. deal with C. future C. however C. look for C. what C. thunder storm

D. expect D. treat D. friends D. even if D. sentence D. who D. thief

Passage 4 Marriage is still a popular institution in the United States, but divorce is becoming __1__ as “popular”. Most American people get married, __2__, at the present time, and fifty percent of American marriages end __3__ divorce. However, four out of five divorced people do not __4__ single. They get married a second time to __5__ partners. Sociologists tell us that in the next century, __6__ American people will marry three __7__ four times in one lifetime. Alvin Toffler, an American sociologist, __8__ this new social form serial marriages. In his book Future Shock, Toffler gives many __9__ for this change in American marriage. In modern society, __10__ lives don't stay the same for very long. Americans __11__ change their jobs, their homes, and their circles of __12__. So, the person who was a __13__ husband or wife ten years ago is sometimes not as good ten years __14__. After some years of marriage, a husband and wife can __15 __ that their lives have become very different, and they don't share the same interests anymore. 1. A. already B. almost C. ever D. even 2. A. anyway B. then C. but D. therefore 3. A. with B. from C. in D. for 4. A. live B. take C. make D. stay 5. A .new B. old C. young D. pretty 6. A. most B. main C. few D. mostly 7. A. and B. by C. or D. to 8. A. asks B. calls C. tells D. lets 9. A. causes B. chances C. problems D. reasons 10. A. human's B. people's C. person's D. man's 11. A. frequently B. quickly C. rapidly D. fast 12. A. parents B. classmates C. neighbors D. friends 13. A. polite B. strict C. good D. unfriendly 14. A. late B. latter C. lately D. later 15. A. imagine B. feel C. believe D. suppose Passage 5 The word “sharp” can be __1__ to describe many different things in your home, classroom, and places of work. In this chapter, the writer __2__ sharp pencils, meaning pencils with a very fine __3__. The writer does not like dull pencils. We can also use “sharp” to describe the blades of knives. Knives also have points. We can use “sharp” to describe a __4__ kind of point, __5__ as the sharp points of kitchen and steak knives. Scissors have blades, too, and we can describe these blades as sharp or dull. Furthermore, the points of scissors are __6__ sharp or rounded __7__ on the kind of scissors. Some tools, such as saws, scrapers, and garden tools, also

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have blades. We can use the words “sharp” and “dull” to describe the blades of these tools, __8__.Sharp knives, scissors, and tools are __9__ to use. They cut things easily and quickly, without effort.? “Sharp” can be used to describe the edges of furniture and __10__ some containers. For example, the edge of a table or desk can be __11__. In addition; we can describe the edge of __12__ open can as sharp. The top of a can is sometimes sharp __13__ to cut your hand. A piece of __14__ from a broken jar or bottle is __15__ very sharp. 1. A. written B. used C. seen D. taken 2. A. talks about B. takes care of C. doesn't like to mention D. makes up his mind to 3. A. sharp B. color C. point D. edge 4. A. some B. any C. only D. certain 5. A. so B. as soon C. such D. or 6. A. either B. neither C. too D. very 7. A. working B. which are C. is D. spending 8. A. too B. even C. either D. ever 9. A. difficult B. easy C. interesting D. clean 10. A. for B. with C. of D. at 11. A. seen B. sharp C. smooth D. hard 12. A. an B. a C. the D.\ 13. A. so as B. in order C. so that D. enough 14. A. news B. glass C. information D. advice 15. A. again B. quite C. rather D. ordinarily 答案与解析 Passage 1 1. A 2. D。clear, good, strong 和 pleasing 都是用来说明一位优秀的教师必备的条件。 3. A。为了使意义表达得更清楚,教师必须能够把所教的东西表演出来。 4. C 5. A 6. D 7. C。观察一位优秀的教师上课,你就会发现他不是一动不动地坐在全班学生面前,在整个教学过程中,他 一直站着,他四处走动,借助双臂、双手和手指来解释,面部表情表达着自己的思想感情。 8. A 9. B。听他讲课,你会听到他那抑扬顿挫、悦耳动听的声音总是随着他所讲的内容变化着。 10. D 11. B。一位优秀的教师具有好演员的天赋这一事实并不意味着他在舞台上确实能演好戏,因为教师的工 作和演员的工作有着重要的区别。 12. A 13. B 14. C 15. A。 演员必须背台词,每次他扮演某个角色时,他都得准确地重复同样的台词,甚至是他的舞台动作和说 话方式都是事先固定下来的,他需要做的就是使这些认真背下来的台词在舞台上表演得自然些。 Passage 2

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1.这句话表示“plastic”这个单词最早来源于希腊语“platicos”而且被用来描述那些容易成形的东西。答 案为 A。? 2.塑料的历史要比你所想到的历史长。答案为 B。? 3.这里表示最早的、最先的。答案为 D。? 4.这里表示虽然英美两国同年发现,但是美国人率先生产。答案为 B。? 5. be excited by“因为……而激动”。答案为 B。? 6.它的主语是“which”,而“which”指的是 this new material,所以用单数。答案为 C。? 7. working in cities 是现在分词短语做后置定语。 这里指的是在城市里工作的贫穷的年轻人。 答案为 D。 8. be able to 表示“能够”。答案为 D。 9.could 表示“能够”。答案为 A。? 10.这是一个非限定性定语从句,who 指的是前边提到的 poor mothers,在非限定性定语从句中作主语。 答案为 who。答案为 B。? 11. A 表示“为”,在这里指的是那些贫穷的母亲不能给孩子们买起玩具。答案为 A。 12. “made of”表示“由……制成”。答案为 D。 13.“among children”表示“在孩子们当中”。答案为 C。? 14.“little success”表示“没有成功”。答案为 D。? 15. It 指的是前面所提到“a hard plastic material”。答案为 C。 Passage 3 1. 由下文观点排除 A、B,作者是欣赏警察行事的态度与精神,而不是羡慕。答案为 C。 2. should 指应该,此处译为“一些人认为警察不应该有他们有的权力”。答案为 A。? 3. 由下文可知,警察工作很繁忙,所以是不容易的。答案为 D。? 4. 由下文可知,一个警察要做很多工作,所以“a number of jobs in one”。答案为 B。? 5. 固定短语“on foot”。答案为 A。? 6. 在 motorway 上不能步行,只能行车,所以选 driving。答案为 B。? 7. speeding motorists 是超速的机动车辆。答案为 C。? 8. 下文说“there is a fight”可知上文要警察维护和平。答案为 A。? 9. “wait for”是等待某人, 是打电话召某人, call think of 是想起, expect sb to do sth 是期待某人做某事。 答案为 D。? 10. 警察面对情况是要处理的,所以要用 deal with; treat 是对待、治疗的意思。答案为 C。 11. 警察处理情况也有危险威胁他们安全,所以应选 safety, their own safety。答案为 A。? 12. although 与 even if 都有“虽然……但是”之意,但 even if 有强调之意,此处强调警察的作用。答案 为 D。? 13. “look for”是寻找之意,“get rid of”摆脱,question 质问,sentence 判处,此处是警察寻找并追捕犯 罪分子。答案为 C。? 14. 此处问“我们将召唤谁,当一个紧急情况发生时”,选疑问代词 who。答案为 D。? 15. 前文说“emergency”是紧急情况,A、B、C、D 中只有 a fire 是紧急情况。答案为 B。 Passage 4 1. almost“几乎”,这里表示在美国结婚和离婚都很普通。答案为 B。? 2.多数美国人结婚,但是,美国又有一半的人最终离婚。答案为 C。 3. end in divorce 表示“以离婚结束”。答案为 C。 4. stay single 表示“保持单身”,五分之四离婚的人都不愿意保持单身。答案为 D。? 5. get married to 是一个固定搭配,表示“跟某人结婚”,这里指跟新的、另外的人结婚。答案为 A。?

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6. A 表示“多数”。答案为 A。? 7. C 表示“三到四次”,多数美国人一辈子结婚三到四次。答案为 C。? 8. call 表“称作,称为”。答案为 B。? 9. reasons 表示“原因,说明……的原因”。答案为 D。? 10. people's lives 表示人们的生活,不会保持很长。答案为 B。? 11. frequently 表示“经常地,不断地”,在这里指美国人不断地改变自己的工作。答案为 A。 12. 他们的朋友圈子也在改变。答案为 D。 13. 人们的审美标准在不断地发生变化。答案为 C。 14. 十年前的标准和十年后的标准有很大区别。答案为 D。 15. B 表示“感觉到”,答案为 B。 Passage 5 1. be used to 表示“被用来”。答案为 B。 2. A 表示“讨论,谈论”。答案为 A。 3. 根据意思,要有一个好的笔头。答案为 C。 4. a certain kind of 表示“某一种”。答案为 D。 5. such as 表示“比如,像”。答案为 C。 6. either …or 是一个固定结构,表示“要么……要么”。答案为 A。 7. 固定结构。答案为 D。 8. too,用在肯定句中,表示“也”。答案为 A。 9. be easy to use 表示“很容易用”。答案为 B。 10. of furniture and of some containers 是并列结构。答案为 C。 11. 整篇文章就是关于“sharp”。答案为 B。 12. open 是以元音开头,所以用 an。答案为 A。 13. sharp enough to do 表示“锋利得足够……”。答案为 D。 14. 一个玻璃碎片……。答案为 B。 15. 根据意思来填。答案为 D。 完形填空设空以实词为主、虚词为辅,单词为主、短语为辅。动词、名词、形容词、副词、代词等实 词通常要占全部小题数的 80%以上。而介词、连词、冠词等虚词则相对考得较少。 完形填空解题步骤: 通览------试填-----复核 1.通览----速度全文,把握大意: 快速阅读一下全文,通过通览全文、领会大意,概略地了解文章的体裁、背景、内容、结构层次、 情节、写作风格等等。 2.试填----紧扣文意,瞻前顾后: 先易后难,逐层深入。紧扣全文内容,联系上下文和语境,展开逻辑推理,注意从上下文中寻找线 索,注意词汇的意义、搭配,惯用法,语法,常识等多个角度进行综合考虑。

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3.复核----全面检查,确保语意连贯,用词准确: 试填后,要把全文再通读一遍 ,注意看所选答案填入空白处后能否做到文章意思通顺、前后连贯、 逻辑严谨、结构完整、首尾呼应。 解题技巧: 1.充分利用文章的上下文和前后句,找到对选择有提示作用的词或句。这些词有可能是同义词或反 义词。 Some parts of the water are very shallow. But in some places it is very, very______. A.deep B.high C. cold D.dangerous 根据转折连词 but 的提示,所选的词应与 shallow 相反,因此选 A 2.注意固定搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等,同时要 根据内容选择正确的短语。 3.注意同义词的辨义 “Give me a hand,”he shouted_____ he got near the boat. A. while B. till C. for D. as 四个选项都可以表示时间。while 强调一段时间内进行的动作,常与进行时连用;till 表示的是动作 持续到某时或到某时才开始;for 表示的是动作持续了一段时间;as 连接的是一个与谓语动作几乎同时发 生的动词。答案应选 D,表示他一边向船靠近一边大声喊。 4.根据动作的发出者确定所选的词 Japan is an island country and its_①__ go all over the Pacific looking for fish to _②__. ① A. fishing boats B. lifeboats C. planes D. trains ② A.buy B. catch C.hold D.weigh 只有 fishing boats 能够到太平洋捕鱼,因此第一个空答案 A 为。捕鱼用动词 catch,第二个空答案 为 B。 5.根据上下文的逻辑关系确定选项 有时,选项中所给的四个词为表示上下文逻辑关系的连接性词语,它涉及到文章的起承转合、上下 连贯。这类题主要考查考生对上下文逻辑关系的理解,如转折关系、让步关系、因果关系、递进关系、 增补关系、比较关系以及对比关系等。

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常见的承接语有 and,but,however,so,therefore,等。其中 for one thing…for another…等连接词表示列 举;First…and then,First…Next…Then…Finally…用来按次序描述时间发生的过 程;anyhow,still,though,although…表示让步关系;therefore,so 表结果;because,since,due to,owing to…表原 因,等等。 6.根据生活常识以及相关知识确定选项 …,you __①__the international dateline.By agreement, this is the point where a new day__②__. ① A. see B. cross C. are D. are stopped by ②A.is coming B is discovered C.is invented D. begins the international dateline 是国际日期变更线,是人们所规定的,看不见,摸不着,但是可以越过。 它是新的一天开始的地方。答案分别为 B 和 D

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