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八上Unit 6I'm going to study computer science


Unit 6

I’m going to study computer science

Lead-in
? Let’s talk about jobs

? what’s you dream job

? Why

My dream jobs

What is his \ her job? What are you going to be?

an astronaut

a computer programmer

a professional basketball player

a doctor

a pianist

a teacher

a policewoman

a writer

an engineer

a singer

an actor\actress

a soldier

reporter

cook

bus driver

waitress

Pair work:
长大 What are you going to be when you grow up?

I am going to be 、、、

be going to 的用法

? be going to + 动词原形——表示将来的打算、计 划或安排。常与表示将来的tomorrow, next year 等时间状语或when 引导的时间状语从句连用。 各种句式变换都借助be 动词完成,be随主语有 am, is, are 的变换,going to 后接动词原形。

? 肯定句: 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他 。 eg: He is going to take the bus there. 否定句: 主语 + be not going to + 动词原形 + 其他 eg:I’m not going to see my friends this weekend.

be going to 的用法
? 一般疑问句: Be + 主语 + going to + 动 词原形 + 其他 肯定回答: Yes, 主语 + be. 否定回答: No, 主语 + be not. eg: Are you going to see your friends this weekend? Yes ,I am. / No, I’m not. 特殊疑问句: 疑问词 + be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他? eg: What is he going to do this weekend? When are you going to see your friends?

be going to 的用法
? 2) 如果表示计划去某地,可直接用 be going to + 地点 We are going to Beijing for a holiday.

? 3) 表示位置移动的动词,如go , come, leave 等常用进行时表示将来。 The bus is coming. My aunt is leaving for Beijing next week.

be going to 与 will 的区 别:
? ① 对未来事情的预测用“ will + 动词原形”表 达,will 没有人称和数的变化,变否定句要在 will 后面加not, 也可用will 后面加 not,或者缩 略式won’t, 变一般疑问句将will 提至 句首。 Will planes be large in the future? Yes, they will. / No, they won’t.

? ②will 常表示说话人相信或希望要发生的事情 ,而be going to 指某事肯定发生,常表示事 情很快就要发生。 I believe Lucy will be a great doctor.

be going to 与 will 的区别
? ③ 陈述将来的某个事实用will. I will ten years old next year. ? ④表示现在巨大将来要做的事情用 will. I’m tired I will go to bed. ? ⑤ 表示意愿用will. I’ll tell you the truth. ? ⑥ 表示计划、打算要做的事情用 be going to, 而不用 will.

Review the words.
athlete gymnast pilot astronaut computer programmer actor actress waiter waitress dentist nurse cook engineer carpenter servant farmer postman mailman diver soldier police officer dancer artist violinist musician

1a Do you think these jobs are interesting? Rank them [1-12].
___computer programmer ___ cook ___ doctor ___ engineer ___ teacher ___ violinist ___ bus driver ___ pilot ___ pianist ___ basketball player ___ scientist ___ actor

1b Listen and fill in the blanks. Then match the items.
acting lessons 1.computer programmer a. take _______ 2.basketball player b. study_________ computer science 3.engineer c. practicebasketball ______ every day

4.actor

math really hard d. study ______

1c Pair work

A: What are you going to be when you grow up B: I’m going to be a basketball player. A: How are going to do that? B: I’m going to practice basketball every day.

engineer study math hard

--What are you going to be when you grow up? --I’m going to be an engineer. -- How are you going to do that? -- I’m going to study math hard.

actor take acting lessons

--What are you going to be when you grow up? --I’m going to be an actor. --How are you going to do that? --I’m going to take acting lessons.

Pair work:
A: What are you going to be when you grow up? B: I’m going to be a/an… A:How are you going to do that? B:I’m going to.. A:Where are you going to work?

B:I’m going to work in…

My plan for life I’m going to be…

Where there is a will, there is a way.

Unit 6

I’m going to study computer science

Pair work:

长大

What are you going to be when you grow up?

engineer study math hard

--What are you going to be when you grow up? --I’m going to be an engineer. -- How are you going to do that? -- I’m going to study math hard.

actor take acting lessons

--What are you going to be when you grow up? --I’m going to be an actor. --How are you going to do that? --I’m going to take acting lessons.

an astronaut

a computer programmer

a professional basketball player

a doctor

a pianist

a teacher

a policewoman

a writer

an engineer

a singer

an actor\actress

a soldier

reporter

cook

bus driver

waitress

2a Listen. What is Cheng Han going to do? Check ( √ ) the correct boxes in the picture.





2b Listen again. What are Cheng Han’s plans for the future? Complete the chart.

What
Where

He is going to be a teacher. He is going to move to Beijing. He is going to learn how to teach children. He is going to finish high school and college first.

How
When

2c Ask and answer questions A: What does Cheng Han want to be?
B: He wants to be a teacher.

A : Where is Cheng Han going to move?
B: He is going to move to Beijing.

A: What is Cheng Han going to do?
B: He is going to learn how to teach children.

A: When is Cheng Han going to start?
B: He is going to finish high school and college first.

Ⅲ Match these questions and answers:
1. What are you going to be when you grow up? c 2. Are you going to sing country music? e 3. How are you going to become a singer? a 4. When are you going to start? b 5. Where are you going to take singing lessons? d a. I’m going to take singing lessons. b. I’m going to start next month. c. I’m going to be a singer. d. In New York City. e. No, I’m not.

My plan for life I’m going to be…

Where there is a will, there is a way.

Unit 6

I’m going to study computer science

Review the words.
athlete gymnast pilot astronaut computer programmer actor actress waiter waitress dentist nurse cook engineer carpenter servant farmer postman mailman diver soldier police officer dancer artist violinist musician

A: What are you going to be when you grow up? B: I’m going to be a teacher. A: How are you going to do that ? B: I’m going to study hard every day. A: Where are you going to work? B: I’m going to work in Tianmen.

engineer study math hard

--What are you going to be when you grow up? --I’m going to be an engineer. -- How are you going to do that? -- I’m going to study math hard.

actor take acting lessons

--What are you going to be when you grow up? --I’m going to be an actor. --How are you going to do that?

--I’m going to take acting lessons.

Ask and answer questions A: What is Cheng Han going to be?
B: He is going to be a teacher.

A : Where is Cheng Han going to move?
B: He is going to move to Beijing.

A: What is Cheng Han going to do?
B: He is going to learn how to teach children.

A: When is Cheng Han going to start?
B: He is going to finish high school and college first.

2d Role-play the conversation.
Andy: What are you reading, Ken? Ken: The Old Man and the Sea by Hemingway. Andy: Wow, now I know why you’re so good at writing stories. be good at… 擅长于干… Ken: Yes, I want to be a writer. Andy: Really? How are you going to become a writer? Ken: Well, I’m going to keep on writing stories, of course. What do you want to be?
keep on doing… 继续,坚持干…

be sure about… 对…有把握,确信…

Andy: My parents want me to be a doctor, but I’m
not sure about that.
try one’s best 尽最大努力

Ken: Well, don’t worry. Not everyone knows what
they want to be. Just make sure you try your best. Then you can be anything you want!

Andy: Yes, you’re right.

make sure 确信,证实

Language points
1. What are you going to be when you grow up? 1) 这是一个be going to用于特殊疑问句 的句子, be going to用于疑问句中将be 放在主语前。如: Are you going to hike to the top of the mountain?你们要徒步登上山顶吗?

How are you going to do that?
你打算怎么做?

be going to表示将要发生的动作,
含有“计划, 打算”的意思, 后跟动词

原形。常跟表将来的时间连用。
如: next Sunday下星期天, next month下个月, next year 明年等。

如: I am going to play football this afternoon.

我打算今天下午踢足球。
I’m not going to swim this

Sunday.
这个星期天我不打算去游泳。

2) grow up 指人或动物长大、成年、 成熟。

如: She’s growing up fast.
她长得很快。

A close friendship gradually grew
up between them.

他们之间的友谊日益亲密。

2. He is going to move to Beijing. 他将搬去北京住。 1) move v.

a. (使) 移动
Who has moved my book?

谁动我的书了?

Who Moved My Cheese is a popular book. 《谁动了我的奶酪》是一本很畅销的书。

b. 迅速移动
That car was really moving.

那汽车跑得可真快。 c. 搬家 We’re going to move next week. 我们打算下周搬家。

3.be sure about 确信; be sure about sth /doing sth 确定某事或者确定干某事 如:You can be sure about their interest in it. 你可以肯定他们对这个很感兴趣。 4.make sure 确保;查明 如: I make sure he will come here. 5. try one’s best 尽最大努力 尽力干某事用: try one's best to do sth 如: I'll try my best to pass the exam.

summary
Sentences pattern: --What are you going to be when you grow up? --I am going to be a/an… -- How are you going to do that ? -- I am going to … be going to +v原形表示“打算做某事”

Ⅲ Match these questions and answers:
1. What are you going to be when you grow up? c e 2. Are you going to sing country music? a 3. How are you going to become a singer? 4. When are you going to start?b d 5. Where are you going to take singing lessons?

a. I’m going to take singing lessons. b. I’m going to start next month. c. I’m going to be a singer. d. In New York City. e. No, I’m not.

明星讲述

I’m a usual boy. But I have a dream. I’m going to be a famous actor when I grow up. 我只是一个普通男孩, 但我有
自己的梦想: 长大后做一名演员。

So I learn Chinese Kungfu very hard.
所以我刻苦的学习功夫。

I never give up.
我从不放弃。

At last, I become a very famous actor.
我终于成为了一位著名演员。

Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者,事竟成。 Work hard, You can make your dream come true! 努力吧, 你可以梦想成真!

Wang Baoqiang

My plan for life I’m going to be…

Where there is a will, there is a way.

Unit 6

I’m going to study computer science

Key words
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 重点单词 cook n.&v. doctor n. engineer n. Violinist n. driver n. pilot n. pianist n.

words
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? scientist n. college n. education n. medicine n. university n. London n. article n. send v.

重要短语
? ? ? ? ? ? grow up computer programmer be going to do sth be sure about make sure keep on doing sth

? ? ? ? ?

try one’s best at a university study hard take singing /acting lessons move to a place send sth to…

Grammar Focus: be going to+动词原形结 构

重要句型 ? --What do you want to be when you grow up? ? --I want to be an engineer.

重要句型 ? --How are you going to do that? ? --I’m going to study math very hard.

重要句型 ? --Where are you going to work? ? --I’m going to move to Shanghai.

重要句型 ? --When are you going to start? ? --I’m going to start when I finish high school and college.

A: What are you going to be when you grow up? B: I’m going to be a singer. A: How are you going to do that ? B: I’m going to practice singing every day. A: Where are you going to work? B: I’m going to work in Taiwan.

What are you going to be when you grow up? a singer ---I’m going to be … (practice singing every day) How are you going to do that ? ---I’m going to … Taiwan Where are you going to work? ---I’m going to work in …

Read the sentences carefully.
want to be… 想成为,想要成为

What do you want to be when you grow up? I want to be an engineer. How are you going to do that? I’m going to study math really hard.

Where are you going to work? I’m going to move to Shanghai.
When are you going to start? I’m going to start when I finish high school and college.

Grammar Focus:
be going to+动词原形结构 1、be going to 句型的用法
注意:句型中有be动 词, 用is还是am还是 are,取决于主语.

对于将要发生的事,或打算、计划、决定要做的 事,皆以“be going to +动词原形”的句型来表 示。 如:I’m going to be a teacher when I grow up. They’re going to play volleyball next week.

2、肯定句的构成和用法 句型: 主语+be going to+动词原形+…… 如:
I am going to play football next Sunday. He is going to teach in Beijing next year. They’re going to meet outside the school gate. It is going to rain. We’re going home tomorrow.

3、否定句的构成和用法 句型:主语+be not going to +动词原形 如:
We’re not going to have any class next week. It’s not going to rain this afternoon. I’m not going to be a teacher. He isn’t going to see his brother tomorrow. They aren’t going to watch TV this evening.

4、一般疑问句的构成和用法 句型:be+主语+going to +动词原形…? 如:
Are you going to be a doctor in the future? Yes ,I am.(肯定回答)/No, I’m not.(否定回答)。 Is your sister going to bring you lunch? Yes,she is./No,she isn’t.

5、特殊疑问句的构成和用法:

句型:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句
How are they going to school tomorrow? By bike.

What is he going to do next Sunday? He is going to read books.
When are you going to buy a new bike? Tomorrow. Where is the little girl going ? She is going to her grandma’s home.

Exercises
一、用所给词的适当形式填空。
are going to (go) play soccer this afternoon. 1.The boys __________ going to play 2. Are _____ you _____________(play) basketball with me next week? is going to ________(move) move to 3.The actor ___ New York. 4. He admires actors very much. He’s going to take _____ acting (act) lessons every day. 5. Lucy ________________(not stay) at home next is not going to stay weekend.

二、句型转换。 1.They have a basketball match every Sunday. (用next Sunday 替换 every Sunday ) They____ ____ ___ ____ a basketball match next Sunday. are going to have 2.We are going to have a school trip next week. (就划线部分提问) ____ What ____ are you ____ going ____ to ___next do week?

3.I’m going to see my teacher on Teachers’ Day. (改为一般疑问句,并做肯定回答) --____ Are ____ you going to see _____ your teacher on Teachers’ Day? --Yes, I am.

3a Match what these people want to do with what they are going to do.
____1. e My friend wants to be an engineer. ____2. h My brother wants to be an actor.

____3. f I want to be a scientist.
____4. d My sister wants to be a school teacher. ____5. a Those boys want to be soccer players. ____6. c My friend and I want to be singers.

g My cousin wants to be a cook. ____7.
____8. b I want to be a race car driver.

a. They’re going to practice every day. b. I’m going to buy a fast car c. We’re going to take singing lessons. d. She’s going to study education. e. She’s going to study math. f. I’m going to study science. g. He’s going to a cooking school. h. He’s going to take acting lessons.

3b Fill in the blanks. Then practice the conversation. A: Kelly, what do you want to be when you grow up? B: I wantto be a doctor. A: Wow! How are you going to do that? B: I’m goingto study medicine at a university. Where A: Hmm…sounds difficult. _______are you going to study? B: I’m going to studyin London. A:When are you going to start? B: I’m going to start next September.

[考点链接]
B a talk show on CCTV-4 at 1. There ____ nine this evening. (2007 河北邢台)

A. will have B. is going to be C. is going to have D. is having

2. There ________ B a football game between Italy and Germany tomorrow morning. A. has B. is going to be C. will have D. has been (2005年武汉) 3. ---Why are you in such a hurry, Mike? C an NBA basketball game ---There _________ in ten minutes. A. will have B. will be C. is going to be D. are going to be (09福州)

A a football 4. Attention, please. There____ game between China and Korea this evening. A. is going to be B. has been C. has D. will have (09淄博)

Exercise
I .按要求改写下列各句。 1.We are going to play ping-pong on Saturday. (改为一般疑问句并作否定回答) Are _______ we —______ going to play ping-pong on Saturday? —__________ ,we __________ . No aren’t 2.He's going to tell me all about it.(改为否定句) He _____ ______ going to tell me all about it. is not 3.She is going to work hard at English this term. (对划线部分提问) ______ she ______ _______ What ______ is going ______ to do this term?

4.They're going to the Sun Island by bus. (对划线部分提问) How are going to __________ _________ they __________ __________ the Sun Island? 5.The students of Class Three have a field trip on Sunday.(用next Sunday改写) The students of Class Three ___ __ have _____ are ______ going to a field trip next Sunday. 6.Linda has lunch at school on Tuesdays. (用next Tuesday改写) is ______ going ______ to have Linda ______ _________lunch at school next Tuesday.

II.把下列各句译成英语。 1.我叔叔今晚要来。 My uncle ______ will _______ come _______ tonight . 2.他没有打算住那座小屋 isn’t _______ going _______ to live He ____ _______ in the small house. 3.我们要读这本书。 are going to ______ read We ______ __________ _____ this book. 4.—你爸爸要去钓鱼吗? —不,他要去游泳。 —__________ your father __________ __________ Is going fishing ? —No,he is __________ __________ going swimming .

Homework
1.Make sentences with"be going to" 2.Make a survey of your friends, relatives,or classmates,write a report about their dream jobs.(50words)

Unit 6

I’m going to study computer science

1a Match the pictures with the New Year’s resolutions. resolution
n. 决心

1

1. Learn to play an instrument(乐器) 2. make the soccer team 3. get good grades 4. eat healthier food 3

2

5

4

5. get lots of exercise

1b Pair work
A: What are you going to do next year? B: Well, I’m going to take guitar lessons. I really love music. A: Sounds interesting. I’m going to learn a foreign language. B : Are you? Great! But foreign languages are not for me.

foreign adj. 外国的 foreigner n.外国人

1c Listen and circle the resolutions you hear in 1a
1. learn to play an instrument 2. make the soccer team 3. get good grades

4. eat healthier food
5. get lots of exercise

1d Listen again and fill in the chart.

resolution
Lucy
Kim

How are they going to do it?
I’m going to take piano lessons.

learn to play the piano

I’m going to study hard and do get good grades my homework every day.

I’m going to practice really hard. make the soccer (I’m going to go to a summer camp Mike team and play soccer every day there.)

Pair works: What other resolutions can you make?
A: I want to be a teacher. B: How are you going to do that? A: Well, I’m going to study hard and get good grades. B: Sounds like a good plan. I want to get a lot of exercise.

Exercises
Ⅰ. 请根据汉语提示完成下列句子 每空词数不限
1. Alice and Ben made their New Year’s resolutions (新年决心) ______________________ yesterday. write down (写下)your name! 2. Please__________

get good grades (取得 5. Tony is going to _______________ 好成绩) next year.

have to do with

Homework
Write a passage about how you
are going to make your city cleaner.

Unit 6

I’m going to study computer science

resolution
Lucy
Kim

How are they going to do it?
I’m going to take piano lessons.

learn to play the piano

I’m going to study hard and do get good grades my homework every day.

I’m going to practice really hard. make the soccer (I’m going to go to a summer camp Mike team and play soccer every day there.)

Pair works: What other resolutions can you make?
A: I want to be a teacher. B: How are you going to do that? A: Well, I’m going to study hard and get good grades. B: Sounds like a good plan. I want to get a lot of exercise.

2a Discuss the questions with your partner.
Did you make any resolution last year? No , I didn’t. Were you able to keep them? Why or why not? No , I wasn’t. Because I forgot them.
be able to… 会;能够

2b Write the letters [A-D] in the correct places in the passage.
A: There are about making yourself a better person. B: For example, a student may have to find more time to study. C: There are good reasons for this. D: The start of the year is often a time for making resolutions.

1

make promise 做承诺

1. Do you know what a resolution is? It’s a kind of promise. Most of the time, we make promises to other people. (“Mom, I promise I’m going to tidy my room when I get back from school.”) However, promises you make to yourself are resolutions, and the most common kind is New Year’s resolutions. D When we make resolutions at the beginning of the year, we hope that we are going to improve our lives. Some people write down their resolutions and plans for the coming year. This helps them to remember their resolutions. Others tell their family and friends about their wish and plans. write down
V. improve 改进;提升 写下,记下

3

physical adj. 身体的 physical health 身体健康

2. There are different kinds of resolutions. Some are about physical health. For example, some people promise themselves they are going to start an exercise program or eat less fast food. Many resolutions have to do with selfA Some people might improvement. ______ say they are going to take up a hobby like painting or taking photos, or learn to play the guitar. Some resolutions have to do with better planning, like making a weekly plan for schoolwork.______ B

take up 开始从事;拿起

have to do with… 与…相关

2

have sth in common(with) 有共同之处

too…to… 太…而不能…

3. Although there are differences, most resolutions have one thing in common. People hardly ever keep them! ________Sometimes the resolutions may be C too difficult to keep. Sometimes people just forget about them. For this reason, some people say the best resolution is to have no resolutions! How about you— will you make any next year?

2c Read the passage and match each paragraph with its main purpose.

1. To question the idea of making resolutions 2. To give the meaning of resolution 3. To discuss the different kinds of resolutions

2d Answer the questions with short sentences.
1.What is a resolution?
It is a kind of promise.

2. When do people usually make resolutions? The start of the year. 3.Why do people usually make resolutions?
They want to improve their lives.

4. How do people remember their resolutions?
They write down them or tell their family and friends.

5.How many kinds of resolutions does the writer talk about? Three .
6.Why do you think resolutions may be difficult to keep? Because people just forget about them. 7.Do you agree with the writer? Why or why not? Yes , I think so. Because doing is better than saying.

Explanation
1. at the beginning of this year 在今年的年初
beginning n. 开头, 反义词为 end,结束。

at the beginning of 在……开始 at the end of 在……末尾 from the beginning to end 从头到尾 如:He will come here at the beginning of this month. 我们在月初来到这里。

2. They are going to start an exercise program or eat less fast food. eat与have这两个动词都可以表示“吃”。 1) eat可用作及物或不及物动词, 是日常用语, 但用在日常口语中不够礼貌。让别人“吃”, 通常用have。

如: Where shall we have our dinner?
我们在哪儿吃饭?

2) 在美国, eat既作“吃”, 又作“喝”解。 如: We eat our soup first.

我们先喝汤。
3) have是普通用语, 同样可以表示“吃”,

也可以表示“喝”。用在非正式的文体中。
如: What time do you have supper? 你们什么时候吃晚饭? I do not have coffee in the evening. 晚上我不喝咖啡。

注意: “吃药”, 习惯上说have/take

medicine, 不说eat/drink medicine。
如: Your son catches a bad cold. He should have some medicine.

你儿子得了重感冒,他应该吃药。

3. Some resolutions have to do with better panning… 有些决定与合理的时间规划有关…
1) 句中planning 为名词,表示“计划、规划”如: city planning(城市规划)。better plan 意为:合理 规划,指通过制定计划来更加充分地利用时间、 空间、精力。
2) Have to do with 表示“与…相关;与…有关联 或有关系”如: What dose this problem have to do with what we ’re learning today? 这道题跟我们今天所学的内容有什么关系?

4. Sometimes the resolutions may be too difficult to keep. 有些时候这些决定可能会太难而无法实现 1) 句中情态动词 may 表示推测,相当于汉语的 “可能;也许;大概”的意思。如: You may be right this time, but I’ m not sure. 这一次或许你是对的,但是我无法确定。 2) 英语中too…to…是一个固定结构,表示“太…而 不能… ’’如: The kid is too young to play this game. 这个小孩太小,不能玩这个游戏。

3) 句中的动词keep表示“履行(诺言等);遵守(惯 例等)”如: People hardly ever keep them! 人们很少履行它们(指计划)。 还有类似的用法: keep a promise(信守承诺) keep one’s promise (遵守承诺;说话算数)等。如: We always keep our word.我们说话是算数的。

练习:用下列短语造句
have to do with (与…有关) make promises(做出承诺) have something in common (有共同之处) write down (写下;记下) for this reason(为此;由于这个原因) take up(开始从事)

Homework
Write a passage about how you
are going to make your city cleaner.

Unit 6

I’m going to study computer science

resolution
Lucy
Kim

How are they going to do it?
I’m going to take piano lessons.

learn to play the piano

I’m going to study hard and do get good grades my homework every day.

I’m going to practice really hard. make the soccer (I’m going to go to a summer camp Mike team and play soccer every day there.)

Pair works: What other resolutions can you make?
A: I want to be a teacher. B: How are you going to do that? A: Well, I’m going to study hard and get good grades. B: Sounds like a good plan. I want to get a lot of exercise.

2a Discuss the questions with your partner.
Did you make any resolution last year? No , I didn’t. Were you able to keep them? Why or why not? No , I wasn’t. Because I forgot them.
be able to… 会;能够

2b Write the letters [A-D] in the correct places in the passage.
A: There are about making yourself a better person. B: For example, a student may have to find more time to study. C: There are good reasons for this. D: The start of the year is often a time for making resolutions.

1

make promise 做承诺

1. Do you know what a resolution is? It’s a kind of promise. Most of the time, we make promises to other people. (“Mom, I promise I’m going to tidy my room when I get back from school.”) However, promises you make to yourself are resolutions, and the most common kind is New Year’s resolutions. D When we make resolutions at the beginning of the year, we hope that we are going to improve our lives. Some people write down their resolutions and plans for the coming year. This helps them to remember their resolutions. Others tell their family and friends about their wish and plans. write down
V. improve 改进;提升 写下,记下

3

physical adj. 身体的 physical health 身体健康

2. There are different kinds of resolutions. Some are about physical health. For example, some people promise themselves they are going to start an exercise program or eat less fast food. Many resolutions have to do with selfA Some people might improvement. ______ say they are going to take up a hobby like painting or taking photos, or learn to play the guitar. Some resolutions have to do with better planning, like making a weekly plan for schoolwork.______ B

take up 开始从事;拿起

have to do with… 与…相关

2

have sth in common(with) 有共同之处

too…to… 太…而不能…

3. Although there are differences, most resolutions have one thing in common. People hardly ever keep them! ________Sometimes the resolutions may be C too difficult to keep. Sometimes people just forget about them. For this reason, some people say the best resolution is to have no resolutions! How about you— will you make any next year?

2c Read the passage and match each paragraph with its main purpose.

1. To question the idea of making resolutions 2. To give the meaning of resolution 3. To discuss the different kinds of resolutions

2d Answer the questions with short sentences.
1.What is a resolution?
It is a kind of promise.

2. When do people usually make resolutions? The start of the year. 3.Why do people usually make resolutions?
They want to improve their lives.

Explanation
1. at the beginning of this year 在今年的年初
beginning n. 开头, 反义词为 end,结束。

at the beginning of 在……开始 at the end of 在……末尾 from the beginning to end 从头到尾 如:He will come here at the beginning of this month. 我们在月初来到这里。

2. They are going to start an exercise program or eat less fast food. eat与have这两个动词都可以表示“吃”。 1) eat可用作及物或不及物动词, 是日常用语, 但用在日常口语中不够礼貌。让别人“吃”, 通常用have。

如: Where shall we have our dinner?
我们在哪儿吃饭?

2) 在美国, eat既作“吃”, 又作“喝”解。 如: We eat our soup first.

我们先喝汤。
3) have是普通用语, 同样可以表示“吃”,

也可以表示“喝”。用在非正式的文体中。
如: What time do you have supper? 你们什么时候吃晚饭? I do not have coffee in the evening. 晚上我不喝咖啡。

注意: “吃药”, 习惯上说have/take

medicine, 不说eat/drink medicine。
如: Your son catches a bad cold. He should have some medicine.

你儿子得了重感冒,他应该吃药。

3. Some resolutions have to do with better panning… 有些决定与合理的时间规划有关…
1) 句中planning 为名词,表示“计划、规划”如: city planning(城市规划)。better plan 意为:合理 规划,指通过制定计划来更加充分地利用时间、 空间、精力。
2) Have to do with 表示“与…相关;与…有关联 或有关系”如: What dose this problem have to do with what we ’re learning today? 这道题跟我们今天所学的内容有什么关系?

4. Sometimes the resolutions may be too difficult to keep. 有些时候这些决定可能会太难而无法实现 1) 句中情态动词 may 表示推测,相当于汉语的 “可能;也许;大概”的意思。如: You may be right this time, but I’ m not sure. 这一次或许你是对的,但是我无法确定。 2) 英语中too…to…是一个固定结构,表示“太…而 不能… ’’如: The kid is too young to play this game. 这个小孩太小,不能玩这个游戏。

3) 句中的动词keep表示“履行(诺言等);遵守(惯 例等)”如: People hardly ever keep them! 人们很少履行它们(指计划)。 还有类似的用法: keep a promise(信守承诺) keep one’s promise (遵守承诺;说话算数)等。如: We always keep our word.我们说话是算数的。

练习:用下列短语造句
have to do with (与…有关) make promises(做出承诺) have something in common (有共同之处) write down (写下;记下) for this reason(为此;由于这个原因) take up(开始从事)

Homework
Write a passage about how you
are going to make your city cleaner.

Unit 6

I’m going to study computer science

练习:用下列短语造句
have to do with (与…有关) make promises(做出承诺) have something in common (有共同之处) write down (写下;记下) for this reason(为此;由于这个原因) take up(开始从事)

3a Complete the first two paragraphs about resolutions with the words in the box.
take listen make is help learn are Resolutions______ are promises to yourself. They may______ help to make you a better person and to make your life easier. I’m going to ______ make four resolutions. The first resolution has to do with my own personal improvement. Next year, or maybe sooner, I am going take up a new hobby. I think singing ______ to ______ is a great activity so I am going to ______ learn to sing. I think this will make my family happy because they love to listen to music and sing together. ______

3b/3c Write about your resolutions:
(In each paragraph, write what you are going to do and why.) The second resolution is about improving my physical health.________________________________________ _____________________________________________ The third resolution is about improving my relationships with my family and friends. _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ The last resolution is about how to do better at school. _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________

4 Pair work
Xiamen is a beautiful modern city. It’s called International“Garden city” (A City in Bloom)What are you going to do to make it more beautiful?

We’re going to build a new highway(flyover)

We’re going to build more buildings

We’re going to build a new subway.

We are going to protect the animals.

We’re going to plant more trees and flowers.

We are going to build a new shopping mall.

Groupwork. City designers.
Imagine you work for our city. It’s your job to make it better( cleaner, more beautiful, richer, etc.) What are you going to do? Discuss and write your plans.

We’re going to plant more trees and flowers.

We are going to build a new shopping mall.

Groupwork. City designers.
Imagine you work for our city. It’s your job to make it better( cleaner, more beautiful, richer, etc.) What are you going to do? Discuss and write your plans.

Homework
Write a passage about how you
are going to make your city cleaner.


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