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河南省洛阳市2015届高三第二次统一考试英语试题 Word版含答案


2014——2015 学年高中三年级第二次统一考试

英 语 试 卷
第Ⅰ卷
注意事项: 1.本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。第Ⅰ卷 1 页至 10 页,第 Ⅱ卷 11 页至 12 页。 2.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在本试卷和答题卡上相应的位置。 3.全部答案在答题卡上完成,答在本试卷上无效。 4.结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 5.听力不计入总分,考试成绩录取时提供给学校作参考。 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What is the man? A. A patient. B. A doctor. C. A teacher. 2. When will the woman take the medicine? A. At about four o’clock. B. At about six o’clock. C. At about eight o’clock. 3. What is the man suffering? A. Hearing problems. B. Speech problems. C. Eyesight problems. 4. What do we know about Mr. Anderson? A. His schedule is full tomorrow. B. He won’t go to work tomorrow. C. He’s in another office now. 5. What does the woman mean? A. The man should start running daily. B. It’s important to warm up before exercising. C. The man should continue his exercise program. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小 题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What is the average life-span of those in that small village? A. 78. B. 88. C. 92. 7. What does the woman think is the reason for the long life there? A. The fresh air. B. The easy life. C. The water. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Teacher and student. B. Classmates. C. Father and daughter. 9. What does the woman worry about?
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A. Her term paper. B. The exam. C. Her health. 10. What does the man advise her to do? A. Hand in the paper. B. Change her major. C. Do something relaxing. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What’s wrong with the man? A. He has been coughing. B. He has a pain in his back. C. He has no appetite. 12. How long has the man been smoking? A. One and a half years. B. About ten years. C. Almost eight years. 13. Why does the woman mention chewing gum? A. It can cure the man’s illness. B. It is good for the man’s appetite. C. It can be used to replace cigarettes. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. How many Cokes has the man had today? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. 15. Why has the man never been to a doctor or tried to get help? A. Because he has never though of it. B. Because he doesn’t have time. C. Because he can’t afford it. 16. What do we know about the woman? A. She is a doctor. B. She prefers coffee to tea. C. She used to drink too much Coke. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Which of the following is true according to the talk? A, Water is the most necessary thing for life. B. A normal adult’s body contains 70% to 80% water. C. We can live without water for only a couple of days. 18. Why is water important for normal body functioning? A. It can lower blood pressure. B. It helps to cool body temperature. C. It prevents heart diseases. 19. At least how many glasses of water should one drink every day? A. Six. B. Eight. C. Ten. 20. Under what condition should one drink more? A. When you are gaining weight. B. When you work hard. C. When you do physical exercise a lot. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 60 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 45 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A One winter, my cousin and I were playing toy blocks in the yard. My mom was out for shopping to get groceries and my dad was asleep upstairs in his room. Suddenly, it started to snow. First it was just a little. But then it started to pour heavily. Then, we put the finishing touches to our blocks and headed back inside. Right when I opened the sliding glass door, my cousin fell down on the slippery wooden stairs. I let go of the door, my worst mistake, you see. The door locks automatically but I had put a rock, right next to the door so it
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wouldn’t close. But while I was running to my cousin’s aid I’d accidentally kicked the rock. Now, my cousin and I were locked outside. And unfortunately it started to get really windy. It was really freezing with the snow. First we started to call my dad, but he was sleeping soundly. I mean sleep-through-a-tornado-soundly. It was of no use. Then I tried to climb over the fence but it didn’t work because the fence was iced by snow and wind, and the fence is six feet high. So, I climbed up to my tree house and brainstormed some ideas on ways to get out. At one point, I was seriously considering jumping out of the tree house and use the trampoline(蹦床)to jump over the fence. So, we got to work. First, I took out the trampoline. Then I started to jump. First try—I almost cracked my head. Second try — this time I convinced my cousin to do it but at the last second, he thickened out. Third try—I jumped and missed but at the last second, my hand caught the fence, and with a lot of pushing I finally climbed over the fence and luckily, I fell on a big snow drift. Finally, my mom came back. Then I got inside and unlocked the door for my cousin to get in. Then we shared this story to my mom and dad. 21. When the author wanted to jump out, the main problem was that _______. A. the fence was icy B. the fence was slippery and high C. the trampoline couldn’t bear the weight D. the trampoline was too small 22. The attitude of the author’s cousin towards jumping on trampoline seems ________. A. passive B. positive C. indifferent D. objective 23. The words “chickened out” (Line 3, Paragraph 5)most probably means __________. A. fell down B. cried out C. jumped up D. backed out 24. Which would be the best title of the text? A. Climbing Fence in the Snow B. An Adventure in Yard C. Friendship Produces Pleasure D. We Are Independent B The world welcomes 2015! From New Zealand to New York, the world eagerly celebrated the New Year, hoping for a better future after a year of diseases, struggles and disasters. The islands of Samoa mid Tokelau in the Pacific Ocean and places located near the International Date Line mark the dawn of the New Year. As celebrations spread westward, fireworks lit up the night sky in towns and cities around the world, as celebrators partied on the streets. In some parts of the world, the New Year’s celebrations were, lets say, rather unusual. In many European countries as well as in Coney Island, New York, swimmers braved freezing water temperatures for a dip in the ocean or lake on January 1. In Rome, Italy, divers jumped off the 59-foot-high Cavour bridge into the Tiber River. Londoners rang in the New Year with a massive fireworks display with dozens of rockets lighting up the night sky. The Scots’ celebration of New Year is also called “Hogmanay”. A torchlight procession led by men dressed as Vikings kicks off four days of Hogmanay celebrations in Edinburgh, Scotland. The procession ends With the burning of a Viking long ship. Hogmanay is the Scottish word for the last day of the year. Street festivals are held on each day culminating in a fireworks display. In New York, hundreds of thousands gathered to witness a huge ball with more than 30,000 lights descend at midnight. This tradition was adopted by the New York Times(after whom the square is named)in 1908 to attract crowds to celebrate the paper’s new headquarters. The ball has dropped every year since then except during the wartime years of 1942 and 1943. The first ball was made of iron, but now 2,688 crystal(水晶)triangles decorate this lighted ball.
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25. We can learn that people in the capital of Great Britain will celebrate the New Year by _______. A. watching fireworks B. jumping into water C. jumping off bridges D. partying on streets 26. The author mentioned the celebration called “Hogmanay” to clarify further that _________. A. the Scots are Vikings B. the Scottish words are traditional C. the display ends with a ship D. the celebrations are varied 27. From the last paragraph, we learn that the hall __________. A. stopped dropping since 1942 B. started to drop in the 19th centuries C. is made of iron D. is made of crystal 28. Where does this text probably come from? A. A news story. B. A travel advertisement. C. A book review. D. A TV interview. C It is 7 am and the alarm is going off. You know you have to be out of bed to catch the bus. But the urge to bury yourself in the bed is ever so strong. Sounds familiar? Why is it that teens find it difficult to get themselves out of bed in time every morning or stay sharp and focused during the first couple of hours of school? During adolescence, the body goes through many changes and this includes a shift in sleep patterns. Researchers from MIT have been tracking the body’s need for sleep in teenagers. They found that though adolescents need as much as 9.5 hours of sleep a day, they get to bed later and later with each passing year. In fact, the sleep cycle shifts later by as much as 12 to 18 minutes each year between the ages of 10 and 20! So by the time a 10-year-old who sleeps at 8 pm grows to be 17 or 18, their body naturally wants to stay up till 10:30 or 11 pm. According to researchers, this is because of a hormone called melatonin(褪黑激素)that is secreted(分泌)by the pineal gland - a tiny structure deep inside the brain. Melatonin regulates the body’s natural day-night rhythms. It causes a person to become sleepy by lowering their body’s core temperature. In teens, melatonin is secreted much later in the evening and continues to increase throughout the night. This makes it difficult for teens to fall asleep earlier as they did in their younger years. Likewise, the effect of melatonin continues until much later in the morning, making it hard for them to wake up early. A study found that at least one in four teens is tired and falls asleep in school at least once a week. During sleep, important body functions and brain activities happen. So how can teenagers get their sleep enough? The American Association of Pediatrics(AAP)recommends that middle and high schools should start later - not before 8:30 am. This should give teens some more time to sleep at night. 29. From paragraph 2, we can learn that if you sleep late, the next day you should ________. A. stay sharp B. skip breakfast C. get up late D. stay up late 30. What does the underlined word “this” in paragraph 3 refer to? A. The students want to stay up. B. The shifts of sleeping cycle. C. The pineal gland secrets melatonin. D. The adolescents sleep late. 31. The teens go to sleep later than before because ________. A. melatonin is secreted much later B. melatonin regulates the sleep time C. they sleep a lot in the daytime D. they need to finish their homework 32. According to AAP’s recommendation, middle and high schools should _________. A. let teens sleep in the day B. let the students be active C. delay the start time D. start later at 8:00 am
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D Common Sense Media is a non-profit group in the United States that studies children’s use of media and technology. The group has done a survey asking teachers about the effects of their students’ use of entertainment media. Entertainment media was defined as the TV shows, music, video games that students use for fun. Many teachers said they believe media use has hurt academic performance, which in some cases was already not very strong. Vicky Rideout wrote the report for Common Sense Media. “We have merely four at tenth in students feel poor at reading, at oral communication and more than that thing the students wrongly fear report writing. So we need to make sure that everything kids are doing is helping to accelerate progress and not preventing it.” The survey involved 685 teachers around the country. 71% of the teachers said they believe entertainment media has reduced students’ ability to pay attention in class. And almost 60% said it has hurt their writing skills. Many teachers think it has negatively affected students’ ideas about boys and girls’ relationship. Many also think it encourages aggression and anti-social behavior. Teachers who describe themselves-as uncomfortable with new technologies were more likely than other teachers to see destructive effects of media use on social development. But not all effects of media use were seen as bad. Almost two thirds of teachers said it also helped the students’ ability to find information quickly and efficiently. And one third said using entertainment media has helped their students to multitask (执行多任务) effectively. Only 25% said it just has hurt them. Teachers who consider themselves as tech savvy(懂行的人)were more likely than others to see an advantage to students’ creativity from the use of entertainment media. Vicky Rideout says teachers accept that the way students spend their time and how they like to learn has changed. 33. Vicky Rideout holds the view that entertainment media ________. A. declined students’ grades badly B. influenced students’ performance C. accelerated learning progress D. made all students poor at writing 34. Teachers who describe themselves as technology knower were more likely than others to ________. A. see negative effects of media use B. make students aggressive C. teach students the use of media D. see the benefit of media use 35. It can be inferred from the passage that entertainment media ________. A. only affects students negatively B. may be beneficial to parents C. is a double-edged sword D. will guide public opinion 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 If you feel depressed, it’s best to do something about it—depression doesn’t just go away on its own. In addition to getting help from a doctor or counselor, here are four things you can do to feel better. Exercise. Take a 15-to-30-minute walk every day — or dance, jog, or bike if you prefer. People who are depressed may not feel much like being active. 36 Once you get in the exercise habit, it won’t take long to notice a difference in your mood. Cherish yourself with good nutrition. Depression can affect appetite. One person may not feel like eating at all, but another might overeat. If depression has affected your eating, you’ll need to be extra mindful of getting the right food. 37 So eat plenty of fruits arid vegetables and get regular meals (even if you don’ t feel hungry, try to eat something light, like a piece of fruit, to keep
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you going). Identify troubles. 38 When you know what’s got you feeling blue and why, talk about it with a caring friend. Talking is a way to release the feelings and to receive some understanding. If there’s no one to tell, pouring your heart out to a journal works just as well. 39 Depression affects a person’s thoughts, making everything seem dark, negative, and hopeless. If depression has you noticing only the negative, make an effort to notice the good things in life. Try to notice one thing, and then try to think of one more. Consider your strengths, gifts, or blessings. Most of all, don’t forget to be patient with yourself. 40 _ A. Look on the bright side. B. Take action to solve problems. C. But make yourself do it anyway. D. Depression takes time to heal. E. Proper nutrition can influence a person’s mood and energy. F. With depression, a person’s creativity and sense of fun may seem blocked. G. Try to make out any situations that have contributed to your depression. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 55 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In a food store I heard a woman say her foot was hurting and that she was going to call a cab. When walking back home I saw her outside the store, probably 41 for a cab. I asked her where she was going. She told me a place which was actually on the 42 to the craft store I’d be 43 to. So I asked her to 44 the cab and I’d give her a ride. To my __45 , she said okay without 46 . I wonder if I’d have been so 47 if a stranger made me the same offer! Where she was going was 48 on the way to where I was going. It was such a 49__ interaction. But there was more! When I had 50 what I went for and was waiting at the checkout, the woman behind me said she had a coupon (优惠券) for 50% off any 51 in the store. She gave it to me because she had a(n) 52 one! I thanked and gave her a 53 card. They say “what goes around comes around”, but sometimes it is hard to see how that 54__ as there is often a “manifestation(显现)delay”. Each action 55 a ripple (涟漪)that eventually 56 back to us, but sometimes it is much 57 so we forget their connection. Today the causes and effects have appeared in a linkable manner where in 58 I’m also opening myself to receiving gifts, now or in the future. I can learn so much from others as to how __59 they are to receive in a way I might not have been if 60 the same gift. 41. A. caring B. waiting C. applying D. ordering 42. A. left B. right C. carriage D. way 43. A. driving B. leading C. walking D. pulling 44. A. take B. postphone C. cancel D. charge 45. A. sadness B. amazement C. respect D. disappointment 46. A. hesitation B. aim C. doubt D. delay 47. A. enthusiastic B. inviting C. trusting D. puzzled 48. A. very B. universally C. surely D. right 49. A. shameful B. beautiful C. careful D. frightful 50. A. picked up B. put up C. gave up D. went up
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51. A. load 52. A. familiar 53. A. post 54. A. shares 55. A. creates 56. A. puts 57. A. easier 58. A. giving 59. A. close 60. A. brought

B. demand B. devoted B. smile B. compromises B. freezes B. holds B. funnier B. appreciating B. open B. learned

C. limit C. extra C. note C. recognizes C. ships C. comes C. later C. persuading C. confident C. booked

D. item D. important D. paper D. works D. affects D. keeps D. swifter D. demanding D. anxious D. offered

第Ⅱ卷
注意事项:用 0.5 毫米的黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 55 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(每空一个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 How do learning habits influence learning results? It’s useful and necessary to discuss learning habits. There is a famous 61 (say) “Good habits lead to good endings”, which shows the importance of habits. “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” also 62 (show) a healthy everyday habit helps to build up our body. Thus, good learning habits can help us gain great learning results, high scores and abundant knowledge 63 (include). At first, learning habits form our ways of thinking and 64 (attitude) to the content of our learning. 65 (obvious), a good habit can help us to speed up to reach our destinations. As we can see, developing a good habit is so important that I would like to introduce one kind of good learning habits — keeping 66__ learning diary every day. We can start the habit by 67 (write) a learning summary and remember to record something impressive and meaningful. Keep it in mind, 68 gradually we can gain this good learning habit and benefit from it. What’s 69 (much), I find out that I still have some bad learning habit’s 70 well. I can only concentrate on reading for a short time, and I will conquer this problem by spending more efforts on concentration practice. I believe that through my efforts, I can gain good learning results by having good habits. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 During the travel back to my hometown, in the plane, I sat next to an old lady who looked very scary. She closed her eyes tight and grasped her red bag on her lap, I thought I might be nervous, so I planned to chat with her to make her to feel relaxed. We talk a lot about our families and experiences. When the flight over, I also helped her carry her luggages. She was so grateful about my help that
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she gave me the big hug When we were going to leave. On our way out, we waved good-bye. She kept on turning back to see me unless we couldn’t see each other any long. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,下个月你将去英国学习。请给你的笔友 Peter 写信,告诉他你想利用周末 时间参加社区志愿活动,以便亲身体验生活。要点如下: 1.表达心情; 2.询问信息; 3.表达愿望。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头语和结束语已为你写好。 Dear Peter, How is everything going? ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ I’d appreciate your reply soon and I can’t wait to see you next month. Yours, Li Hua

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