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北京市东城区(南片)2013-2014学年高二下学期期末考试英语试题

北京市东城区(南片)2013-2014 学年下学期高二年级期末考试英语试卷
本试卷共 100 分,考试时问 120 分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 选择题(共五道大题,71 分) 二、单项填空。 (共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 13. So many people are running out of that building! I wish I _______ what is happening there. A. know A. was A. this A. that A. Attracting A. stay A. to tell B. known B. were B. that B. when B. Attracted B. staying B. to be told C. knew C. has been C. it C. on which C. To be attracted C. stayed C. telling D. should know D. had been D. its D. which D. Having attracted D. to stay D. told 14. He looked as if he ____________ill for a long time. 15. I don't think ___________possible to master a foreign language without much memory work. 16. It was 1969 ___________the American astronauts succeeded in landing on the moon. 17. ___________by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided to spend another two days on the farm. 18. Bird's singing is sometimes a warning to other birds ___________away. 19. He hurried to the booking office only ___________that all the tickets had been sold out. 20. —Where do you often see plants and animals that live under the sea? —___________TV nature programmes. A. On A. which A. which B. At B. that B. that C. With C. when C. where D. In D. where D. when 21. Sales director is a position___________ communication skill is just as important as sales skills. 22. When deeply absorbed in work, ___________he often was, he would forget all about eating and sleeping.

三、完形填空。 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 Setting Sail Many young people dream about travelling on Last year, the call went out for young people originally been 26 Amie Mayers had 28 27 25 23 around the world, but few actually get the 24 to do it. in joining the crew of the Gypsy Moth Ⅳ(GMIV). The boat had

by Sir Francis Chichester during his record-breaking 1966 voyage round the world. about the GMIV project at school and was doing work experience at the United 29 she applied to join the crew, and was

Kingdom Sailing Academy when the call for crew went out. She had enjoyed her week of work experience and was about the prospect of doing something she'd never done before, 30 32 31 accepted. Before setting sail Amie had to make sure she was sea survival, health and safety, and skipper. Amie says her experience at sea changed her life, and it seems it was because 34 35 36 33 after her voyage she was a scholarship by the UKSA. She is now training to become a professional watersports instructor. "I'm very, very of what I've done," says Amie. She now wants others to take any opportunities for challenging experiences that their way. "Grab the opportunity with both hands, because 23. A. oceans B. lands C. mountains 37 you're going to regret it," she says. D. deserts journey. Luckily, she always had another crew member to prepared for her time at sea. Her training included her company and was under the watchful eye of the

the ins and outs of sailing a yacht. Amie wasn't scared throughout the

24. A. possibility 25. A. willing 26. A. sailed 27. A. gathered 28. A. keen 29. A. that 30. A. properly 31. A. in fact 32. A. take 33. A. recently 34. A. rewarded 35. A. proud 36. A. get 37. A. else

B. chance B. attracted B. made B. heard B. fond B. as B. accurately B. with regard to B. keep B. soon B. assigned B. satisfied B. fall B. unless

C. moment C. eager C. created C. grasped C. excited C. so C. rightly C. no doubt C. provide C. quickly C. awarded C. delighted C. appear C. without A

D. occasion D. interested D. conquered D. found D. fascinated D. then D. precisely D. of course D. mind D. little D. donated D. pleased D. come D. otherwise

四、阅读理解。 (共 12 小题;每小题 2 分,共 24 分) It is well known that the building development company Cityspace wants to knock down the existing seafront sports club in Layton and replace it with a leisure centre that will consist of a multiscreen cinema, restaurants and an entertainment centre. But a local action group has promised to fight the ? 30 million redevelopment of the sports club, which has provided family facilities for over 25 years. The action group was set up three weeks after the project was announced. Members of the group argue that the new centre will be too big and will totally change the way the town looks. They also dislike the removal of sports facilities from the centre and the change to less healthy activities such as video games and films. Apart from the size of the project, they say that the 550 parking spaces provided will be too few and parking will become more difficult as a result. Local hotel owners have welcomed the project, but action group says that in general it will only have a bad effect on the neighborhood. According to one group member it will result in up to 4000 people being around Layton seafront late at night. "A lot of old people and families live nearby," he explained. A meeting is being held tonight to discuss the plans. 38. What is the writer trying to do in the article? A. Show why the new leisure centre is needed. B. Give her own opinion about the new leisure centre. C. Describe the arguments against the new leisure centre.D. Suggest where the new leisure centre should be built. 39. What does the action group think about the new leisure centre? A. It will not be right for the area. C. It will not attract enough people. A. People working in the hotel. C. People who come into Layton by car. A. Action Group Changes its Mind C. Seafront Invaded by Crowds Again B. It will cost too much to build. D. It will provide little entertainment. B. People who do a lot of sport. D. People living near the seafront. B. Good News for Cityspace D. Leisure Plans Under Attack B Each food we eat tastes different, and there are untold numbers of different tastes. Still, all flavors are based on just four basic tastes: sweet, bitter, salty, and sour. Some food experts argue there is a fifth basic taste called umami(a Japanese word that can be translated roughly as "tasty" or "savory") , but this theory remains controversial. Regardless of whether there are four or five basic tastes, the number is small. How can so few basic tastes give rise to the enormous number of flavors we experience? This is possible because

40. Which group of people is keen on having the new leisure centre?

41. What would be a good headline for the article?

the basic tastes combine in different proportions. Compare this to colors. There are only three basic colors—yellow, red, and blue—but when mixed in different ways and proportions, these three basic colors are sufficient to create the vast array of colors that we see every day. Apart from being influenced by different combinations of the basic tastes, the experience of taste is also enriched by other sensations, such as odor and temperature. These functions together produce what we recognize as unique tastes. In fact, what we perceive as taste often involves smell more than the taste experienced through the tongue. This is why foods with strong tastes often seem bland to people who, due to a stuffy nose, cannot smell them. For example, cinnamon tastes quite mild to people who cannot enjoy its fragrant smell. The same is true of drinks, like hot coffee or tea, which taste best when they can be smelled as well as tasted. What can also contribute to the sensation of taste is our ability to feel pain. The reason why hot, spicy foods like chili peppers are tasty is that they affect the lingual nociceptors. Nociceptors are small areas on the surface of the body that help protect us against injury. Nociceptors on the skin warn us of potential damage to the body. When we are pricked with a needle, for example, nociceptors represent that sensation as pain. A special kind of nociceptor called a lingual nociceptor is found on the tongue and, along with the other senses, helps us enjoy certain foods. 42. Which sentence best summarizes the main idea of the passage? A. New tastes can be created in laboratories. B. Taste is a combination of different factors. C. Solid foods have a stronger taste than drinks. D. Taste is more important than smell for food. 43. Which word has the closest meaning to the phrase "give rise to" in Paragraph 2? A. lift B. count C. remove B. It can have a very strong taste. D. produce 44. What does the author imply about cinnamon? A. It can relieve a stuffy nose. 45. What are "lingual nociceptors"? A. Foods that tastes hot and spicy like chili peppers. C. Areas on the tongue that sense spicy foods. C Not being the greatest fan in the world of live performance, I took a deep breath before I entered the building, the castle theatre, and prepared myself to be bored, expecting to find it more interesting to watch the audience than the show. Then I got the shock of my life. Wadaiko Inchiro are a group of ten young Japanese men and women using traditional drums with a history going back more than 1500 years. The drums were once used for festivals and religious ceremonies and also as a means of communication during wars. Today they give an ear-blasting performance which punches out rhythms with the power to wind you. They're a welcome relief from the Scottish pipers. Unlike other performances, the best seats are at the back of the house. Not only will your ears be protected from full blast, but you will get a fantastic view of the whole set. On stage are some of the biggest drums you will ever see and a cast wearing red, white and black headscarf. There had been almost no publicity for the show, but the house was full of people desperate, one could only assume, for something a bit different from the unrelenting performances appearing at this world-famous festival. The solid 60-minutes show starts as it means to go on. The drums rumble into fever-pitch action as the ten-strong company strike their sticks with startling control. Their rhythmic frenzy almost immediately drugs you into submission. Trapped inside the beating of the drums, you carried swiftly through warrior war cries to emotional rhapsodies(狂想曲). Not only is this display musically impressive, but the dance is strikingly beautiful. Moving between the enormity (巨大) of the drums, the slight Japanese characters have complete synchronicity(同步性)with the flying of their sticks, which they ceremonially cross and use to command. The biggest drum is played only by Inchiro, the leader of the group. When I ask why this is so, he refuses to admit B. Substances in a food that improve its flavor. D. Small connections between the nose and the mouth. C. It should be kept in a cool place. D. It tastes better in a large quantities.

that he is being precious about this monster of an instrument and says: "When someone else can play it as I do, I will happily move aside." Dressed all in red, he stands before it as thought he is worshipping at an altar; as he raises his sticks to the drum, he touches it sometimes tenderly and sometimes murderously. Inchiro and his drum produce a range of sounds from thunder to the trickle of rain. 46. The writer took a deep breath before entering the building because she A. was excited C. was nervous B. knew it would be hot in the theatre D. was preparing herself to be bored . B. they wanted to see something unusual D. the show had been well advertised . .

47. According to the writer, there were many people watching the performance because A. the drummers are dressed in different colors C. the people in the group are famous 48. We can learn from the passage that

A. the drums have been linked with religion for a long time B. the show was more exciting at the beginning than at the end C. the drummers make controlled movements with their drums D. the best place to see the show is the seats nearest to the drummers 49. Inchiro feels that . B. he must always make loud noises on his biggest drum A. no one else should ever play the biggest drum

C. he is now the only one who can play the biggest drum well enough D. it is very important for him to teach someone else to play the biggest drum 五、阅读还原。 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Erica Wills admits an addiction left her poor and almost ruined her life. But it wasn't drink or drugs. The 21-year-old former model was addicted to exercise. 50 . Erica only realized she had become a gym addict when 51 . "I thought we'd see more of she decided to take a night off to celebrate her 21st birthday. "I wasted a whole year of my life doing nothing but exercise," she says. in tip-top condition. "Every evening, I left the insurance company where I worked and dashed off to the club," says Erica. " 52 But not me. All I would do is rushing off to the gym for five-hour sessions. I went through the lot each night—aerobics, a weights circuit in the gym, then a swim. I would get home after 11 pm, have something to eat and fall into bed. It was the same every weekday. On Saturdays, I might spend even longer in the gym. " "I just poured all my money into the gym. Membership and classes came to around ?100 a month, plus I had to buy clothing and equipment. out with them. 54 53 "I didn't realize I had lost all my friends until my 21st birthday came round. I decided to take one evening off to go Then someone told me I hadn't been a very good friend for a year, so why should anyone bother turning up? In fact, just one girlfriend came with me for a drink on my 21st birthday. That was the turning point for me. I cut right down on the gym and tried to pick up where I had left off with people." A. I didn't buy anything else all year—I couldn't afford to. B. I first went to a health club when I dated a bodybuilder. C. I only went out with my friends two or three times a week. D. Anyone else aged 20 would be out with friends, having a laugh. E. But when I started calling people, everyone said they couldn't make it. F. My old girlfriends were beauty queens and dancers, and I am naturally competitive. G. Her hobby turned into a year of aerobic hell as she spent all her spare time in the gym. each other if we worked out together." When that relationship ended, she fell in love with the thrill of keeping her body

第Ⅱ卷 非选择题(共三道大题,29 分) 七、选词填空。 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,共 10 分) 根据句子的意思,从方框中选择恰当的词并用正确的形式填空,使句子的意思通顺完整。 get, predict, amazed, tend, run, suitable, flee, relevant, divorce, occupy 59. They collect data, analyze them and 61. He up. 63. I am still 65. The couple decided to 67. I don't think his remarks are 68. Jane is 八、写作(15 分) 假设你是某国际学校学生会主席。 你要写一封倡议信, 号召同学们为一位得重病的高二学生 Lucy 提供帮助。 你的倡议信需要覆盖以下要点且词数不少于 60。可以适当增加细节。 ●病人情况的简介:个人信息及病情(cancer of the liver) ●病人的家庭困难:无法继续承担医疗费用(can't afford) ●倡议内容:希望提供捐助并鼓励病人等 Dear fellow students, I am writing this letter to call on all the students in our school to do something for Lucy. ____ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ If you are willing to give her a hand, please contact us at the number 23356889. Join us in the action, please! Thank you ! Sincerely yours, The Students' Union at the beauty of the volcano. for the job. due to the problem of communication. to another country. to our discussion. 64. Employers usually decide within five minutes whether someone is 66. He spent six months in prison before the weather the coming day. out of water. 60. By the time they got back to the camp, they had nearly into the habit of smoking when he was very young. to be trapped in the atmosphere causing the global temperature to go 62. It means that more heat energy

with work and has no time for social activities.

参考答案 第Ⅰ卷 选择题(共五道大题,71 分) 一、听力理解。 (共 12 小题;每小题 1 分,共 12 分) 1. B 2. A 3. A 4.C 5. C 6. B 7. B 8. C 9. C 10. B 11. C 12. A

二、单项填空。 (共 10 小题,每小题 1 分。满分 10 分) 13. C 14. D 15. C 16. B 17. B 18. D 19. B 20. A 21. D 22. A

三、完形填空。 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 23. A 24. B 25. D 26. A 27. B 28. C 29. C 30. A 31. D 32. B 33. B 34. C 35. A 36. D 37. D 四、阅读理解。 (共 12 小题;每小题 2 分,共 24 分) 38. C 39. A 40. A 41. D 42. B 43. D 44. B 45. C 46. D 47. B 48. A 49. C

五、阅读还原。 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 50. G 51. B 52. D 53. A 54. E 第Ⅱ卷 非选择题(共三道大题,29 分) 六、听并记录信息。 (共 4 小题;每小题 1 分,共 4 分) 55. 9.5 56. rainy 57. drinks 58. films

七、选词填空。 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分。共 10 分) 59. predict 64. suitable 60. run 65. divorce 61. got 66. fleeing 62. tends 67. relevant 63. amazed 68. occupied

八、写作(15 分) One possible version: Dear fellow students, I am writing this letter to call on all the students in our school to do something for Lucy. As some of you may know, Lucy, a lovely girl student from Class Two, Grade Two, is seriously ill. In fact, she has been suffering from cancer of the liver, which is very dangerous. It's necessary for us to show our love and help to her now. On the one hand, Lucy is in great need of care and money to have her liver transplanted. On the other hand, it has been beyond the power of Lucy's parents to afford her medical expenses. So, it is high time that we helped Lucy out of danger and did what we can to save our fellow student. We can raise money. And also, we can encourage her to bravely face the reality. If you are willing to give her a hand, please contact us at the number 23356889. Join us in the action, please ! Thank you ! Sincerely yours, The Students' Union


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