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2014高考英语真题全国卷2 阅读理解 试题及答案详解:环境问题

-- 中国首家承诺学习效果的在线教育公司

2014 高考英语真题全国卷 2 阅读理解 试题及答案详解:环境问题

Since the first Earth Day in 1970, American have gotten a lot "greener" toward the environment. "We didn't know at that time there even was an environment, let alone that there was a problem with it," says Bruce Anderson, president of Earth Day USA. But what began as nothing important in public affairs has grown into a social movement. Business people, political leaders, university professors, and especially millions of grass-roots Americans are taking part in the movement. "The understanding has increased many, many times," says Gaylord Nelson, the former governor from Wisconsin, who thought up the first Earth Day. According to US government reports, emissions(排放) from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.3 million tons a year to 5.5 million tons. The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9. Although serious problems still remain and need to be dealt with, the world is a safer and healthier place. A kind of "Green thinking" has become part of practices. Great improvement has been achieved. In 1988 there were only 600 recycling programs; today in 1995 there are about 6,600. Advanced lights, motors, and building designs have helped save a lot of energy and therefore prevented pollution. Twenty-five years ago, there were hardly any education programs for environment. Today, it's hard to find a public school, university, or law school that does not have such a kind of program. "Until we do that, nothing else will change!" say Bruce Anderson. (249 words) 1. According to Anderson, before 1970, Americans had little idea about A. C. A. C. A. B. C. D. A. the social movement environmental problems The grass-roots level. Government officials. They have cut car emissions to the lowest. They have settled their environmental problems. They have lowered their CO levels in forty cities. They have reduced pollution through effective measures. Education. B. Planning. C. Green living. D. CO reduction. B. D. B. D. recycling techniques the importance of Earth Day The business circle. University professors. .

2. Where does the support for environmental protection mainly come from?

3. What have Americans achieved in environmental protection?

4. What is especially important for environmental protection according to the last paragraph?

答案与解析:

-- 中国首家承诺学习效果的在线教育公司

1. C.分析题干, 找到题干关键词 Anderson,可以迅速定位到文章的第一段,“We didn't know at that time there even was an environment, let alone that there was a problem with it”,由此可知,C 选项最合适。 2. A.分析题干,关键词是 support;文章的第二段,“Business people?are taking part in the movement”,意思是“商人??尤其是普通百姓都参与了 这一运动”,根据这句话前面内容可知,movement 指的就是环境保护;大家都 参与环境保护,就是对环境保护的支持,与题干中的 support 是一致的;而题目 问的是保护环境支持者 “主要(mainly)来自于??” 根据“especially millions of grass-roots Americans?”可知,环境保护支持者主要来自于普通老百姓, 所以本题答案选 A。 3. D.分析题干,找到关键词 achieved,可以定位到文章的第 4 段,“Great improvement has been achieved”;后面讲的是采取了一系列的措施来减少环 境污染,由此可知答案选 D。A 选项中提到了 car emission,可以定位到文中的 第三段第一句话,对比可知,选项与文章内容不符;B 选项意思是“美国人已经 解决了环境问题”,根据文章第三段中“Although serious problems still remain?”,由此可知,环境问题依然存在;C 选项中提到了 CO,可以定位到文 章的第三段,“The number of cities producing CO ? has been reduced from 40 to 9”,意思是“一氧化碳排放超标的城市由原来的 40 个减少到了 9 个”, 与选项中的“美国在 40 个城市较少了一氧化碳排放量”不符。 4. A.分析题干,可迅速定位到文章最后一段,分析文章可知,这一段主要讲的 是“education programs for environment”,由此可知,本题答案选 A。
重点单词: 基础词汇 especially beyond remain therefore 提高词汇 practice 重点短语: let alone deal with 长难句分析: 1. The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9. 更不必说 处理 take part in 参加 think up 想出 惯例 尤其 超出 残存 因此 former standard achieve prevent 前任的 标准 取得 防止 emission reduce advanced 排放 减少 先进的

-- 中国首家承诺学习效果的在线教育公司 解析:本句话的主干是“The number of cities has been reduced from 40 to 9”; “producing CO beyond the standard”是现在分词结构作定语,修饰前面的 cities。

翻译:一氧化碳排放超标的城市已经由 40 个减少到了 9 个。 拓展:reduce to 意思是减少到??;reduce by 意思是减少了??类似的用法 还有 increase to/by(增加到/了??);beyond 是高考常考介词,意思是“超 出??”,需要多加注意。
2. Today, it's hard to find a public school, university, or law school that does not have such a kind of program.

解析:本句话的主干是“it's hard to find a public school, university, or law school”;“that does not have such a kind of program”是由 that 引导的定语从句,修饰前面的 school。 翻译:今天,很难找到一所公立学校、大学或法律学校没有这样的项目。 拓展:It is +adj.+to do sth.是常见句型,在写作中应用广泛,同学们可以多 加使用。
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