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高考英语二轮复习 第3部分 阅读理解 完形填空 语法填空 短文改错限时规范训练5

(建议用时 60 分钟) Ⅰ.阅读理解 Foxes and farmers have never got on well.These small dog?like animals have long been accused of killing farm animals.They are officially classified as harmful and farmers try to keep their numbers down by shooting or poisoning them. Farmers can also call on the services of their local hunt to control the fox population.Hunting consists of running after a fox across the countryside,with a group of specially trained dogs,followed by men and women riding horses.When the dogs eventually catch the fox,they kill it or a hunter shoots it. People who take part in hunting think of it as a sport.They wear a special uniform of red coats and white trousers,and follow strict rules of behavior.But owning a horse and hunting regularly are expensive,so most hunters are wealthy. It is estimated that up to 100,000 people watch or take part in fox?hunting.But over the last couple of decades the number of people who are against fox?hunting, because they think it is brutal (残暴的),has risen sharply.Nowadays it is rare for a hunt to pass off without some kind of conflict between hunters and hunt opponents (阻止者). Sometimes these incidents lead to violence, but mostly opponents discourage the hunt by misleading riders and disturbing the trail of the fox’s smell,which the dogs follow. Noisy conflicts between hunters and opponents have become so common that they are almost as much a part of hunting as running after foxes itself.But this year supporters of fox?hunting face a much bigger threat to their sport.A Labour Party member of Parliament(英国议会),Mike Foster,is trying to get Parliament to approve a new law which will make the hunting of wild animals with dogs illegal.If the law is passed,wild animals like foxes will be protected under the ban in Britain. 1.Wealthy people in Britain have been hunting foxes to A.benefit the farmers B.get entertainment C.show off their wealth D.limit the fox population 2.The opponents of fox?hunting often discourage the game by . .


A.using violence B.taking legal action C.seeking help from farmers D.confusing the fox hunters 3.A new law may be passed by the British Parliament to A.protect wild animals like foxes B.control fox?hunting on a large scale C.prohibit farmers from hunting foxes D.standardize the behavior of fox?hunting 4.What can be inferred from this passage? A.Limiting the fox population is unnecessary at all. B.Killing foxes with poison is not allowed by the law. C.Hunting foxes with dogs is considered cruel and violent. D.Fox?hunting causes conflicts between hunters and farmers. 【解题导语】 文章主要讲述了英国人“猎狐”活动的起源和特点以及反猎狐运动的兴 起。 1.解析:选 B。推理判断题。根据第三段的内容可知“猎狐”对富人来说其实是一种 娱乐消遣。故选 B 项。 2.解析:选 D。细节理解题。根据倒数第二段最后一句话的内容可知答案为 D 项。 3.解析:选 A。细节理解题。根据文章最后一句“If the law is passed,wild animals like foxes will be protected under the ban in Britain.”可知答案选 A。 4.解析:选 C。推理判断题。根据倒数第二段第二句“But over the last couple of decades the number of people who are against fox?hunting,because they think it is brutal(残暴的),has risen sharply.”可知选 C。 Ⅱ.完形填空 Alexander the Great was the great Macedonian (马其顿) Emperor.As a young man he once wisdom. One day,his father,King Philip,received a horse as a(n) some of his men as well as the prince,the King 2 .Together with 1 himself a famous horse with his extraordinary power of observation and .

3 with him his new horse out 5 .It kicked 6 and gave

on a wide plain to

4 .But they soon found that the horse was very no one could get on its back.The King was

and shouted loudly so that orders for 7 8 this. to be taken

back at once.But the prince,Alexander,was sorry to


“It's a pity to


such a fine horse just because


man is brave

enough to get on it, ” said he. “Your 11 are brave, ” said the King,feeling that his son 12 without

thinking.“But are you brave enough to do that?” The young man went up to the nervous animal,took the bridle (缰绳) and turned its 13 to the sun.He did so because he had 15 14 that the horse was afraid of

its own shadow

kept moving upon the ground before his eyes.

With its face to the sun,the horse could no longer see the shadow.It soon became 16 .The young man patted it set 18 17 and by and by he jumped upon its back.Then it

at a great speed with the brave prince holding on.It ran farther and

farther into the plain till at last it became tired and Alexander rode it back. The horse was thus given to the brave man.For many years it fought battle after battle together with him.One day in a fierce battle,both of them got seriously 19 .The horse struggled to carry Alexander on its back and ran home.Then it died. 20 his horse,Alexander the name of his horse. 1.A.brought C.declared 2.A.honor C.present 3. A.rode C.took 4. A.ride C.feed 5. A.ridiculous C.strong 6. A.happy C.curious 7. A.it C.her 8. A.find C.hear 9. A.deliver C.release B.gave D.won B.prize D.reward B.pulled D.had B.drive D.run B.nervous D.wild B.angry D.satisfied B.him D.this B.do D.say B.kill D.lose

had a city built and named the city Bucephalus,which was

10. A.a C.such 11. A.actions C.comments 12. A.told C.chatted 13. A.head C.body 14. A.consulted C.observed 15. A.who C.which 16. A.curious C.quiet 17. A.fiercely C.tightly 18. A.off C.aside 19.A.harmed C.wounded 20.A.In favor of C.In face of

B.one D.no B.words D.conclusions B.spoke D.talked B.side D.tail B.expected D.predicted B.as D.it B.exhausted D.excited B.firmly D.gently B.up D.about B.burned D.damaged B.In memory of D.In terms of

【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文,属于故事类短文阅读。文章讲述了亚历山大大帝年 轻时用他敏锐的观察力和他的智慧驯服了一匹良马。他骑着它打仗无数。在一次战争中,亚 历山大和他的马都伤得很严重,但是马拼尽全力把他带回了家,而马却死了。为了纪念它, 亚历山大大帝建立了一座城并用马的名字来命名。 1.解析:选 D。考查动词。buy“买”;give“给”;declare“声明”;win“赢得”。 他用非凡的观察力和智慧为自己赢得了一匹名马。故选 D。 2. 解析: 选 C。 考查名词。 honor“荣誉”; prize“奖品”; present“礼物”; reward“报 酬”。他的父亲菲利普国王收到了作为礼物的一匹马。故选 C。 3.解析:选 C。考查动词。ride“骑乘”;pull“牵拉”;take“带着”;have“有”。 根据下文 It kicked and shouted loudly so that no one could get on its back.(马又 踢又叫以至于没有人能骑。)可知,这里的意思是带着马去骑。故选 C。 4.解析:选 A。考查动词。ride“骑马”;drive“开车”;feed“饲养”;run“跑”。

参见上题解析。故选 A。 5. 解析: 选 D。考查形容词。ridiculous“可笑的”; nervous“紧张的”;strong“强 壮的”;wild“狂野的”。根据 It kicked and shouted loudly so that no one could get on its back.(马又踢又叫以至于没有人能骑。)可知,马性情狂野。故选 D。 6. 解析: 选 B。 考查形容词。 happy“高兴的”; angry“生气的”; curious“好奇的”; satisfied“满意的”。国王带着随从和王子出来骑马,没有做到,应该是生气。故选 B。 7.解析:选 A。考查代词。it“它”,指马;him“他”;her“她”;this“这”。 国王下命令要把马立刻带回去。故选 A。 8.解析:选 C。考查动词。find“发现”;do“做”;hear“听到”;say“说”。王 子听到要把马牵回去感到很遗憾。根据 It's a pity to 子的心情。故选 C。 9.解析:选 D。考查动词。deliver“发表,递送”;kill“杀死”;release“释放”; lose“失去”。国王要把马带走,因为没人能骑得了。就是说国王要失去这匹马了。故选 D。 10.解析:选 D。考查代词。a“一个”;one“一个”;such“这样的”;no“没有” 。 根据前面可知,没人能骑上马背。故选 D。 11 .解析:选 B 。考查名词。action“行动”;word“话”;comment“评价”; conclusion“结论”。这里是对刚才说的话的评价。故选 B。 12.解析:选 B。考查动词。tell“告诉”;speak“说话”;chat“聊天”;talk“谈 话”。国王觉得儿子说话不经思考就说了。故选 B。 13. 解析: 选 A。 考查名词。 head“头”; side“侧面, 旁边”; body“身体”; tail“尾 巴”。通过观察亚历山大看到马看到地上自己的影子才害怕,所以把马的头照着太阳,马看 不到自己的影子就不紧张了。故选 A。 14.解析:选 C。考查动词。consult“咨询”;expect“期待”;observe“观察”; predict“预测”。因为王子的细心观察才能发现问题所在。故选 C。 15.解析:选 C。考查定语从句的关系词。定语从句的关系词 who 代先行词人;as“正 如”定语从句的关系词;which 定语从句的关系词,代先行词物,或整个句子的意思;这里 说马的影子一直在它的眼睛前晃动;it“它”,用 which 引导定语从句。根据下文 With its face to the sun,the horse could no longer see the shadow.可知答案为 C。 16.解析:选 C。考查形容词。curious“好奇的”;exhausted“疲惫的”;quiet“安 静的”;excited“激动的”。脸朝着太阳,看不到自己的影子,马就慢慢地安静下来了。 故选 C。 17.解析:选 D。考查副词。fiercely“猛烈地”;firmly“坚定地”;tightly“紧 紧地”;gently“轻轻地,温柔地”。安抚马,当然要轻拍。故选 D。 18.解析:选 A。考查动词短语。set off“出发”;set up“建立”;set aside“放


such a fine horse 可知王

一边”;set about“着手”。勇敢的王子一坐到马背上马就立刻以极快的速度跑了出去。 后面说马跑累了才停下来。故选 A。 19.解析:选 C。考查动词。harm“损害”,指功能受损;burn“烧伤”;wound“使 受伤”;damage“破损”。战争中受伤用 wound。故选 C。 20.解析:选 B。考查介词短语。in favor of“有利于”;in memory of“记住”; in face of“面对”;in terms of“按照”。马因为救亚历山大而死,为了纪念它,建了 一座城,用这匹马的名字命名。故选 B。 Ⅲ.语法填空 Red envelopes 1. myself have had plenty of 2. (relate) to the Chinese Lunar New Year for long.I (experience) both receiving and giving out

red envelopes in the past,and generally speaking,it's been fun.I mean,who doesn't love free money? I'm truly surprised by the extent of people's obsession with virtual red envelopes this year.In fact , everyone I know spent at least a day or two 3. (crazy)shaking their smart phones , mostly trying to get as much lucky money as possible.Thanks to messaging app giant WeChat's new feature 4. allows

users to send money electronically,grabbing virtual red envelopes has never seemed so easy. Just in case you are one of the very few people still not on the bandwagon, here's 5. it works.Givers link their WeChat to their bank accounts,

and then they can send specified amounts of money to their WeChat contacts through a personal message.They can also put the cash up 6. full of friends,and anyone who acts fast enough will get 7. grabs in chat groups share.Later,

receivers can transfer the funds from their WeChat back into their own bank accounts. In theory,this sounds like a fun game.I'm always for some harmless fun in life, so my natural response would be: Why not? Moreover,I've always believed that it's human nature to want free stuff , regardless of whether you actually need it or not.This may not be a good quality,8. won't get all judgmental here.9. it's not against the law,so I (consider) these reasons, I really can't

fault anyone for their enthusiasm in grabbing virtual red envelopes.I would have done it too,10. too much trouble. 【解题导语】 作者对春节期间所出现的通过手机抢红包这一现象发表了自己的看法。 1.解析:have been related。考查时态。be related to 为固定短语,意为:与??

I not thought linking WeChat to my bank accounts was

有关联。根据时间状语 for long 可知,应用现在完成时。 2.解析:experiences。考查名词。experience 作“经历”讲,为可数名词。此处表 示复数概念,故用复数形式。 3.解析:crazily。考查副词。设空处需用副词作 shaking 的状语,故答案为 crazily。 4.解析:that/which。考查定语从句。先行词为 new feature,将先行词代入定语从 句后为:The new feature allows users to send money electronically,grabbing virtual red envelopes ... 由此可见关系词在定语从句中作主语且指“事物”,故用关系代词 that/which 引导。 5.解析:how。考查表语从句。根据下文有关微信抢红包程序的介绍可推知本空答案为 how。 6.解析:for。考查介词。句意:你也可以将现金放在微信朋友圈中,让网友去抢。根 据句意可知设空处表示目的,故答案为 for(为了)。 7.解析:a。考查冠词。句意:动作快的人将会抢到一份。share 名词,意为“一份”, share 在本句中表示泛指,故与不定冠词连用。 8.解析:but。考查并列连词。前后两句为转折关系,故用并列连词 but。 9.解析:Considering。考查非谓语动词作状语。Considering ...为独立成分,意为: 考虑到??。 10.解析:had。考查虚拟语气。根据本句中主句谓语动词 would have done 可知,从 句为与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,其谓语动词形式为 had+过去分词。had I not thought linking WeChat to my bank accounts was too much trouble=if I had not thought linking WeChat to my bank accounts was too much trouble. Ⅳ.写作 假设你叫李华,现就读于北京大学,你高中母校的英语校报现面向优秀毕业生征稿,请 你用英语给母校写一封信。内容包括: 1.感谢母校的栽培; 2.分享自己的学习经验; 3.介绍北京大学的基本情况以及新生录取的一些新的要求。 注意:1.词数 100 左右。 2.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 Dear Alma Mater, I was a student in this school only one year ago.

Yours, Li Hua

【范文佳作】 Dear Alma Mater, I was a student in this school only one year ago. I'm writing to convey my genuine gratitude to you and all the teachers who taught me during the three years.Without your guidance and help,I couldn't have obtained such a good result in gaokao. My talk to the schoolmates will focus on my experience in this school and I am going to share with them some scientific and practical methods of study.Besides, I hope to tell them something I know about Peking University,where I'm studying now.It is reported that some new policies have been issued about admission for the next year.I think it very necessary for the students to know,which can help them make a wise choice when they decide on their dream university. I wish you all a bright future. Yours, Li Hua


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