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北师大版高中英语必修1 Unit 1 学习笔记 无答案

Lesson 1

一、重点单词

1 relaxing adj.放松的 轻松的 主语为物,令人放松

1)relaxed adj. 指人看起来或感到轻松

2) relax v .

relaxation n .

1) I spend a ____ afternoon in the garden. A relax B relaxing C relaxed D relaxation 2 suppose vt . 猜想 认为 1)~ + that 从句 2) 假定 假设 (相当于 if) 3) be ~ supposed to (do) 应该(做) 4) supposing + that 从句 “假定” Supposing you are wrong , what will you do then ? 5) 当主语为第一人称,谓语动词为 suppose , think, believe , imagine 等时,否定要前移,变成反意疑问句时,主谓要
与从句的主谓保持一致。

(1) I don’t suppose anyone will volunteer , ______ ? A do I B don’t I C will they D won’t they

(2) The message is very important , so it is supposed ______ as soon as possible .

A to be sent B to send C being sent D sending 3、complain vi . 抱怨 埋怨 投诉
~ to sb . about (of) sth . 向某人抱怨/投诉某事 ~ of 诉说 ~ that 从句 (1) They complained _____the boss ____the food , but he didn’t take notice it.

A for to

B to about

C about about D to for

(2) People often _____that they lack enough medical welfare (福利). A complain B pretend C regret D compare

4、remote adj. 偏远的 偏僻的 关系较远的 远亲的

1)~ from 远离....

﹡ The farmhouse is _____ from any other building. A stressful B peaceful C remote D social

prep. + n ./短语 “直到...为止”

5 until

conj.+句子

“直到....时”

1)not.....until .......用在强调句中,强调 until 时,要带上 not 一起。

﹡ It was _____the next day ____I learned the truth.

A until when B not until, when 二、重点短语

C not ,that D not until, that

1、switch on , switch off ,

switch over

switch to

(1) When he arrived home at 10 o’clock, he turned on the light at once.(同义句转换)

When he arrived home at 10 o’clock, he __________ the light at once

(2) At first ,the speaker was referring to the problem of pollution in the country, but halfway in her speech , she suddenly

____ to another subject.

A favoured

B switched

C agreed D came.

2 make one’s way through 从头到尾做某事

make one’s way college 勤工俭学

动词+ one’s way 短语

find one’s way (to)找到(去….的)路

make one’s way (to) 去,前往 go on one’s way 与…同路

fight one’s way 奋力前进

wind one’s way 蜿蜒前进

feel one’s way 摸索着前进

push one’s way( through) 挤过

3、go off 开火 爆炸 (枪)走火,离去 变质 (灯)熄灭 停(电)

about 到处走动 传开 从事 着手做

in for 追求 爱好

go by 遵照 凭....判断 (时间)逝去

go after 追求 设法得到

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for 冲向 进攻 抨击 责备 喜欢

against 反对 违背 不利于

ahead 走在面前 进行 用吧 做吧

(1) If you don’t keep the meat in the refrigerator on such a hot day , it will ____.

A go out

B go away C go off D go down

(2) It was very cold last night because the heater _____. A went off B gave off C put off D gave in

(3) – I wonder if I could possibly use your car for tonight ? - _____ . I’m not using it anyhow.

A Sure, go ahead. B I don’t know C Yes , indeed. D I don’t care.

4、take up 占据(时间或空间) 拿起 开始从事 继续 接受某事物

after (长相或举止)像

on 呈现 承担

apart 拆开 拆卸

over 接管 接任 接手

take back 收回 退(货)

take

out 拿出 取出

down 记下 拆开 拆散

to 开始喜欢 养成...习惯

in 包含 包括 收留 领会 理解 欺骗

part in 参加

off 脱去 (飞机)起飞

sb’s place = take the place of sb. 取代某人

(1) After he retired from office, Rogers ____painting for a while , but soon lost interest .

A took up

B saved up C kept up D drew up

(2) Not knowing much of the world yet. Simple-minded teenagers are easily _____.

A taken up B taken in C taken on D taken off

5、be filled with = be full of 充满 装满

Tom looked at Jenny , tears ____his eyes, and shouted out the words ___in his heart for years.

A filling, having hidden B filled , hidden C filling, hidden D filled , hiding

三 重点句型

1、I couldn’t live this lifestyle without a good wife.中 without a good wife 含有含蓄的虚拟,与现在事实相反,

Without + n. 若表示虚拟

主语 + would/could + 动词原形

表示与现在或将来事实相反

主语+ would/could + 完成时态

表示与过去事实相反

Without your help , I couldn’t have made such progress then 那时没有你得帮助,我不可能取得如此大的进步。

Without electricity, human life would be quite different today.

(1) It _____ impossible for us to meet again without the help of the policemen.

A should be B would be C must have been D would have been

2、It takes sb . time to do sth. “某人花费多少时间做某事”

3、get done (例如 get changed 换衣服) 一表被动 ,二表偶然发生的事或意想不到的事

注意:go 作系动词 “变得” 一般指向不好的方向变化,get 作系动词 “渐渐....起来” 强调逐渐变化。

(1)- How are the team playing ? - They are playing well. but one of them ____hurt

A got B gets C are D were

(2) On hearing the news of the accident in the coal mine ,she ___pale. A got B changed C went D appeared

3、 the first person to do sth. 不定式作定语。

当中心词被序数词、最高级、或 no all any 等限定时,其后可跟不定式作定语,不可跟现在分词。

(1) Mary is always the first person ____ at school and the last _____.

A to arrive, to leave. B arriving, leaving C arrived , left D arrives , leaves

(2) – The last one ____pays the meal. –Agreed! A arrived B arrives C to arrive D arriving.

Lesson 2

一、重点单词

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1、stress n. 压力 紧张 心里负担 精神压力 重要性 强调 重音

1) lay (put) stress on ....把重点放在....上

2) under stress 在压力下

(1) I ____ great stress on a good education .

A give B send

v. 强调 C lay

adj. stressful D offer

adv . stressfully

(2) He is ___ great stress because of his new job. A in B under C on D with

(3) I ____the important of coming early, but you didn’t pay attention to it.

A stressed B put C carried D switched

2、suffer vi . 遭受 经历 受苦 患病 from (cancer/headache/cough......) 患....

for 为...而受苦 ~ a great loss 遭受重大损失

a lot/a great deal 受很多苦

He ____ a great deal during these years, but he never told about his _______.

A suffered, suffer B suffered, sufferings. C suffered from, suffering 2、pressure n. (不可数) 压力 紧张 心理压力 blood ~ 高血压 1) put/bring ~ on sb. 给某人施压

D suffered from, sufferings

2) be / come under ~ to do sth. 处在压力之下做某事 3) under ~ from (of) sb. 在某人的压力之下

4) stand the ~ 承受压力 3、reduce vt. & vi. 减少 缩小

1) ~ sth. to 减少到

2) ~ sth. by 减少了

4、organise vt. 组织 安排 筹划 筹办 organisation n. 组织 organised adj. 有组织的 有条理的 ~er n.组织者 5、diet n. 饮食 go on a balanced diet “保持一种均衡的饮食”

Many people have come to realize that they should go on ____ balanced diet and make _____ room in the their day for

exercise . A a, / B the , a C the ,the D /. a

6、stand vt. 容忍 忍受

sb. / sth 忍受某人或某事 doing sth.忍受做某事

off 远离 避开 against 靠着...站立

stand

back 后退 靠后站 for 代表 象征 支持

stand

by 袖手傍观 支持 站在...一边 out 突出 显眼

away 不接近 离开

7、prefer v. 更喜欢 宁愿 preference n. 偏爱 更喜欢的人或物

+ n./ pron. 更喜欢

to do

更愿意做(具体的动作)

doing 更愿意做 (普遍行为)

prefer sb. to do sth. 更愿意某人做某事

preferable adj. 更合适的 更好的

to do A rather than do B 宁愿做 A 也不愿意做 B doing A to doing B 宁愿做 A 也不愿意做 B

二、重点短语

1、take place “ 发生 举行 ” 指非偶然事件的发生 有原因或视线安排的。而 happen “碰巧发生” 偶然事件或

突发性的。 break out “爆发 发生” 常指战争、疾病、灾难等发生。 三、重点句型

1 、find +宾语+宾语补足语 1)~ + 宾语 + adj. / adv/ 介词短语 Come and join in the game, You will find it interesting.

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2) ~ +宾语 + 现在分词

They found the lost child hiding in the cave.

3) ~ + 宾语+ 过去分词

We found the place much changed.

4) ~ +宾语+ 名词

I find her an easy woman to work with.

另外:find it + adj. to do sth.

it 为形式宾语 I find it difficult to learn Chinese.

﹡Not until then did I find _____ easier to do the job that way. A this B it C that D which

2、take turns to do sth. 轮流做某事 in turn 轮流地 依次地 反过来

by turns

轮流地 依次

Lesson 3

一、重点单词

1、volunteer n 志愿者 v . 自愿做 义务做

1)~ to do sth. 自愿做某事 2) ~ for sth. 自愿(做)某事

3) ~ sb . for sth.( 未经当事人同意)举荐某人(做)某事

2、graduate v. 大学毕业 ~ from 从....毕业 n. (大学)毕业生 研究生

3、challenge n. 挑战 v. 对....怀疑(质疑) 向....挑战

1)~ sb. to do sth. 激发某人做某事 2)~ sb. to sth. 向某人挑战某事

3) accept/ respond to /take up a challenge 接受挑战

(1) The new position ___ him to study still hard during his spare time.

A had B made C challenged D let

(2) Finding information in today’s world is easy. The ____ is how you can tell if the information you get is useful or not.

A ability

B competition

C challenge D knowledge

4 support vt. 支持 拥护 证明 供养 维持 支撑 n . 支持 支助 n. ~er 支持者 拥护者

1) in support of sb./sth. 支持......

2) support sb. (in) doing sth 支持某人(做)某事

(1) The old man entering the room ____by his grandson. A supporting B was supported C to support D support

5、design v.设计 构思 n 设计 图案 布局

by design “故意地 有意地” be designed for 为....而设计 have designs on 企图占有

二、重点句型

1 、How does she feel about her work in Inner Mongolia ? 中 How does ......feel about ......? “觉得....怎么样”

用于征求对方对某事或某人的看法。

1)What do you think of .......? 2) How do you like/ find .........? 3) What is /are +主语+like ? (某人的外表特征)

Lesson 4

一、重点单词

1、crowded adj . 拥挤的 crowd n. 人群 一伙人

a crowd of 一大 be ~ with 挤满的

2、 otherwise adv. 用别的方法 不同地 conj. 否则 要不然(if not)

(1) Shut the window , ____ it’ll get too cold here. A but B so C however D otherwise

(2) He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball, otherwise he _____ a goal.(虚拟语气)

A had scored B scored C would score D would have scored

3 distance n . 距离

distant adj. 远处的 远方的 远亲的

1)in the distance 在远处 2) at a distance (of) 相隔..... 在....远的地方

(1) Place the rod (棒) at a ____ of 40mm from the light source. A distance B pace C rate D price

二、重点句型

1、so......that .....如此....以致于 such.....that...... 如此.....以致于

1)such 修饰名词

a/an + adj.+ n.

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such +

+that 从句

adj.+ 不可数名词/可数名词复数

2)so 修饰形容词或副词

so +adj. /adv. +a + n.(可数单数) +that 从句

3)当名词由 many , much, few, 或 little 修饰时不用 such 而用 so,即:so +

many/few +复数名词 +that 从句
much/little +不可数名词

He is such a clever boy that we all like him. = He is so clever a boy that we all like him.

(1) It was ___ weather that everyone wanted to go outing. A so fine B such fine C so a fine D such a fine

(2) _____homework did we have to do that we had no time to take a rest.

A So much B Too much C Too little D So little

CW

一、重点短语

1、at the moment 此刻 目前 现在 for a moment 片刻 一会儿(强调动作延续) in a moment 过一会儿 for the moment 暂且 目前

(1) I’m sorry I can’t see you immediately, but if you’d like to take a seat ,I’ll be with you ______.

A for a moment B in a moment C for the moment D at the moment

注意:the moment +句子 引导时间状语从句 相当于 as soon as “一....就.....” 2、over the years 中 over “在....期间” 相当于 during

3、as a result 结果 因此 (独立作状语) 1) as a result of ..... 由于..... ,因为......的结果

2) result from 因....引起 起因于..... 3) result in 导致 致使 造成....的结果

4、come up with 产生 发现 想出(办法 、答案)

across 偶遇 偶然发现

about 出现 发生

come out

显露 出版 (花)开了 宣布

round/around 苏醒 改变主意

keep up with 跟上 put up with 容忍

into being

形成 产生

5、play an important role / part in.......在.....中发挥重要作用

catch up with 赶上

(1) I don’t know what role he ___ in the activity. A put B made C played 6、as well as 和 也 并 as well 和 也

D used

(1)Miss Han ,______Mrs Howe, speaks good English. They often talk in English.

A as well as B as good as C so well as D so good as

(2) Tom did it ______, if not better than, John. A as good as B as well as C so well as D as well 7、when , as , while 引导时间状语从句 1)when “在...时刻或时期” 兼指时间段与时间点, 从句动词终止性和延续性都可以。另外,when 有“就在这时/

那时”之意

2)as “一边...一边” 强调动作同时发生或伴随

3)while 指时间 从句动作用延续性。 另外,while 也表示“而,却” 体现前后的对比。 while 还可以引导让步 状语从句= although

(1) ____I really don’t like art, I find his work impressive.

A As B Since C If D While

(2) Nancy enjoyed herself so much _____ she visited her friends in Sydney last year.

A that B which C when D where

(3) I do every single bit of housework _____my husband Bob just does the dishes now and then.

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(4)She has just finished her homework ______ her mother asked her to practice playing the piano yesterday.

A when

B while

C after D since

(5) He was about to tell me the secret ______ someone patted him on the shoulder.

A as

B until

C while D when

本单元语法总结

1、一般现在时的定义、结构以及动词原形变成三单形式的规则

2、现在进行时的定义、结构以及动词原形变成现在分词的规则

注意:不用现在进行时的动词:

1)表示心理状态、情感的动词:like , love, hate, remember, believe, mind, wish, agree 等

2)表示存在状态的动词或短语:appear, remain, depend on 等

3)非延续性动词 :allow, accept, permit, promise,等

4)感官动词:see, hear, notice 等

5)系动词: feel, smell, sound, taste 等。

3、用一般现在时和现在进行时表示将来

1)一般现在时表将来,指官方事件或时间表预计要发生的事情,不可更改。 The plane takes off at 7:30 tonight.

2)现在进行表将来,按计划安排好将要发生的动作或事情,常见的动词有:come, go, start, leave, arrive, stay 等。

4、一般将来时

1)be going to / will +动词原形 2) be about + do

3) be to + do

4) 有些一般现在时表示将来

注:固定句型

1)This / That / It is the first( second/ third….)time + that 从句 (现在完成时)

2)This / That / It was the first time + that 从句 ( 过去完成时)

3)It is/has been + 一段时间+ since 从句 (一般过去式)

4)Hardly / scarcely had sb. done + when ….(一般过去式)

5)No sooner had sb. done than 从句 (一般过去式)

6)It will be + 一段时间 + before 从句 (一般现在时)

7)It was + 一段时间 + before 从句 (一般过去时)

8)It’s time + that 从句 (一般过去时或 should do )

9) 主句 (现在完成时)+ since 从句 (一般过去时)

10)祈使句 + and / or +陈述句 (一般将来时)

11)Sb. was doing sth. + when …..( 一般过去时)

常见的 if …型省略结构

if + so : 如果这样的话

if + not :可视为一个否定的条件状语从句的省略形式

if + ever : 通常与 seldom 连用,表示“极少,难得”

if + 代词 :如 if any, if anyone , if anything 等, “即便有的话”

if + 形容词 :如 if necessary, if possible ( 如果可能的话)

if + 过去分词 :if 与分词之间省略了主语和 be

as….as 结构的常见句型

as + adj. + a (an) + 可数名词的单数 + as

as + many + 可数复数 + as

as + much + 不可数 + as

I.重点单词

1.____________adj.平静的,和平的→________和平;平静→__________adv.和平地,平静地

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2. ___________adj.令人轻松的,令人放松的→_____________adj.轻松的,放松的→_________放松,松弛

3 _________vi.抱怨,投诉→_________n.抱怨,抗议→___________n.发牢骚的人,抱怨的人

4._________adj.急迫的,紧急的→_______adv 急迫地,紧急地→________n.急迫,急事→_________vt &vi 催促,

强烈要求

5._________adj.私人的,个人的→__________adv.就个人而言,亲自→ ________n.人格.性格

6._________adj.厌烦的,不感兴趣的→ ________adj.令人厌烦的,乏味的→_________n. 无聊,厌倦

7. _________n.压力→ ______adj.感到紧张的,感到有压力的→_________adj. 紧张的,压力重的

8 ________n.压力→_________adj. 感受压力的;紧迫的→_________ vt. 按;压

9 ______n. 人群; 一伙人→________ adj. 拥挤的

10 _________n. 距离;远方;不介入;与…..疏远→____________adj. 遥远的; 远亲的→ __________adv. 遥远地;

疏远地

I.用动词的正确时态填空

1.He seldom __________(eat) meat.

2. Contradictions__________( exist) everywhere

3. Pride__________( go) before a fall

4 It ________(snow) outside now

5. The students__________ ( make) progress constantly

6. He_________( graduate) from Harvard University next year.

Ⅱ 单项填空

1.(2019.大纲全国卷 I)Planning so far ahead ________no sense --- so many things will have changed by next year

A. made C. makes B. is making D. has made

2. (20l1 重庆) That piece of music sounds quite familiar. Who ______ the piano upstairs?

A. has played

B. played

C. plays

D. is playing

3. (2019 辽宁 ) I'll go to the library as soon as I finish what I _______

A. was doing B. am doing C. have done D. had been doing

4. (2009 重庆) Professor Williams keeps telling his students that the future __________to the well-educated

A. belongs . B. is belonged

C. is belonging

D. will be belonged

5. (2019 上海) Every few years, the coal workers_________ their lungs X-rayed to ensure their health.

A. are having B. have

C. have had D. had had

6. (2019 北京) - I'm not finished with my dinner yet. -But our friends_______ for us .

A. will wait B. wait C. have waited D are waiting

7(2009.江苏)-Ann is in hospital. -Oh, really? I _____ know. I ______ go and visit her.

A. didn't; am going to B. don't; would C. don't; will D. didn't; will

8 (2019 山东) Up to now, the program_______ thousands of children who would otherwise have died

A. would save B. saves C. had saved D. has saved

9 I _______in London for many years, but I've never regretted my final decision to move back to China.

A. lived B. was living C.have lived D. had lived

10 Sales of CDs have greatly increased since the early 1990s, when people_______ to enjoy the advantages of this new

technology.

A. begin B. began C. have begun D. had begun

11. As you can see, the number of cars on our road ______rising these days.

A. was keeping B. keep C. keeps D. were keeping

12. He______ of how he can do more for others.

A. will always think B. is always thinking C. has always been thought D. does think always

13.(2019.辽宁)I_____ all the cooking for my family. but recently I' ve been too busy to do it.

A. will do

B. do

C. am doing

D. had done

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14 The wet weather will continue tomorrow, when a cold front _____ to arrive.

A is expected B is expecting C expects D has expected

15 (2009 全国卷) Edward , you play so well. But I ______ you played the piano.

A didn’t know B hadn’t known C don’t know D haven’t known

16 (2009 福建) According to the literary review, Shakespeare ______ his characters live through their language in his plays.

A will make B had made C was making D makes

17(2009 湖南) Would you please keep silent? The weather report ______ and I want to listen.

A is broadcast B is being broadcast C has been broadcast

D had been broadcast

18 ( 2009 江西) At present , one of the arguments in favor of the new airport _____that it will bring a lot of jobs to the area.

A is B are C will be D was

19 Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts. The plane ______.

A takes off B is taking off C has taken off D took off

20 (2019 重庆) Teenagers ____ their health because they play computer games too much.

A have damaged B are damaged C damaged D will damage

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