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外研版必修一M1-6重点短语及句型

Book 1 Module1-6 重点短语及句型 M1 重点短语
1. far from 远离;远非; 2. write down 写下 3.have fun 玩 的 高 4. give instructions 给出指示 5. in a fun way 以一种有趣的方式 6. by oneself 独自 7. in other words 换句话说 8. take part in 参加 9. at first / the end of / the start of 起先/ 在……结束时/ 在……开始时 10. nothing like 与……不同; 没有……能比得上 11. introduce...to... 把……介绍…… 12. look forward to doing sth./ sth. 期望…… 13. be impressed with/ by 被……所吸引 14. have / make an impression on /upon sb. 给某人留下印象 15. be similar to 与……相似 16. be divided into 被分成



M1 重点句型
1. In other words, there are three times as many girls as boys. 倍数表达法: ① A + be / V. + 倍数 + as +adj./ adv.原级 + as + B ② A + be / V. + 倍数 + adj./ adv.比较级 +than + B ③ A+be / V. + 倍数 + the (size,weight,height,width,depth,lengh) + of + B 2. Would you mind if I did ...? Would you mind sb./one’s doing sth. 介意做......? 3.The teacher is a very enthusiastic woman called Ms.Shen. called Ms. Shen 是过去分词作短 语定语, 修饰 woman.与修饰词之间是被动关系。 相当与定语从句:who is called Ms. Shen. 通 常在分词修饰名词时,若是单个分词,则放在名词之前,若是分词短语则放在名词之后; 4. I don't think I will be bored in Ms. Shen's class. 当主句为 I / We think ( suppose, believe, expect, guess, imagine) + that 从句时,如果从句中带 有否定意义,通常把否定词 not 转移到主句的动词前。变反义疑问句时,主句的主语为第 一人称时,疑问句应与从句的主语和谓语相一致。否则就与主句的主语和谓语一致。 e.g. I don't think she will come, will she? You don't think she will come, do you? 5. Oh, really? So have I. ① so + 助动词 / 情态动词 / 系动词 be + 主语 表示“(另一事物)也……” ② neither/ nor + 助动词 / 情态动词 / 系动词 be + 主语 表示......也不...... ③ so +主语+助动词/情态动词/系动词 be 表示“的确如此” ④ so it is/was with ...或者 so it's /was the same with ... 表示当前面的句子是两个分句, 或前一句含有两个或两个以上不同类别的谓语动词, 或者既含有肯定句又含有否定句时,情况也适用于后者。

M2 重点短语:
1. on time 按时 2. make sure 确保,保证 3. fall a sleep 睡觉 4. make progress 取得进步 5. at present 目前 6. do well in 擅长 7. take a look 看一看 8. do one's best 尽力 9. make notes 做笔记 10. in fact 事实上

11. be true of 对……适用 12. as a result 结果 13. wave one's hands about / around 挥手 14. result in 导致,造成 15. result from 由于…… 16. first impression of 第一印象 17. avoid doing sth. 避免做某事 18. hate doing sth. 讨厌做某事 19. admit doing sth. 承认做某事 20. practise doing sth. 练习做某事 21. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 22. imagine doing 想像做某事 23. have problem / trouble / difficulty (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难 24. have problem / trouble / difficulty with sth. 在某事上有困难

25. appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事 26. I would appreciate it if ....如果……我将 不胜感激 27. be patient with sb.对某人有耐心 28. be patient of sth. 对 某 事 有 耐 心 29. consider doing sth. 考虑做某事 30. consider ... as / to be 把……看作…… 31. prefer sth. 喜欢某事 32. prefer to do sth.喜欢做某事 33. prefer A to B 喜欢 A 胜过 B 34. prefer to do A rather than do B 喜欢做……而不喜欢做…… 35. would rather do A rather do B 喜欢做……而不喜欢做…… 36. Would do A rather than do B 喜欢做……而不喜欢做……

M2 重点句型
1. Physics will never be my favourite lesson, but I think I'll do well in the exam with Mrs Chen teaching me. with Mrs Chen teaching me 通常被称为 with 的复合结构。 在句子中多做状语。 with 的复合结构: ① with + 宾语 + V-ing (宾语与动词是主动关系) With the old man leading the way, I can easily find his house. ② with + 宾语 + V-ed (宾语与动词是被动关系) With the work finished, I can now watch TV. ③ with + 宾语 + to do (动作还未发生) With a lot of work to do, I have to stay up tonight. 3. She is kind and patient, and she explains English grammar so clearly that even I can understand it. 表示 “如此……以致于” So+形容词+a / an + 名词(可数名词单数) So + many /few + 名词(可数名词复数) So+ much / little + 名词 (不可数名词) Such+ a / an + 形容词 + 名词 (可数名词单数) + that Such + 形容词 + 名词 (可数名词复数) Such+ 形容词 + 名词 (不可数名词) 4. V + doing: admit (容许,承认) appreciate (赏识,感激) avoid consider (考虑) delay (耽搁,推迟) enjoy escape (逃避) finish imagine (想象) keep on mind miss (错过) practise resist (抵制) risk (冒险) suggest (建议)

M 3 重点短语
1. be short for 是……的缩写 2. be short of 缺乏…… 3. in the 1990s/ 1990's 在 20 世纪 90 年代 4. more than + 数词: 超过 5. more than + 名词: 不仅仅 6. out of date 过时的,不流行的 7. up to date 时尚的,流行的 8. at a speed of 以……的速度 9. all the time 一直,总是 10. allow sb. to do 同 意 某 人 做 某 事 11. allow doing sth.同意做某事 12. refer to 查阅,涉及到 13. be used to do 被 用 来 做 某 事 14. be / get used to doing/ n. 习惯于 15. used to do 过 去 常 常 16. be used as 被用作 be used to for 被用来 做某事

M 3 重点句型
1. And what a ride! 一次多么美妙的旅行啊! 感叹句的基本结构 What 引导的感叹句① What a/an + 形容词 + 名词(单数可数名词)+ 主语 + 谓语! ② What + 形容词 + 名词(复数可数名词)+ 主语 + 谓语! ③ What + 形容词 + 名词(不可数名词)+ 主语 + 谓语! How 引导的感叹句① How + 形容词 / 副词 + a/an 名词 (单数可数名词) + 主语 + 谓语! ② How + 形容词 / 副词 + 主语 + 谓语! ③ How +主语 + 谓语!

M4

重点短语
10. bother to do sth. 特意做,不怕麻烦做 11. stay in contact with 与……保持联系 12. make contact with 与……取得联系 13. lost contact with 与……失去联系 14. remain to be done 有待于被…… 15. exchange sth. with sb. for sth. 拿某物和某人换某物 16. can't afford sth. / to do sth. 买不起……, 17. get away from 摆脱……,离开……

1. by the seaside 在海滨 2. on the coast 在海边 3. put up 举 起 ; 张 贴 ; 搭 建 ; 留 宿 4. walk around 四处走走 5. go up (价格等)上涨 6. make money 挣钱 7. pay back 偿还 8. feel / be fortunate (in) doing sth / to do sth. 感到幸运做某事 9. bother sb.with/ about sth. 因某事烦扰某人

M 4 重点句型
1. It’s been six years since we last saw each other. It is /has been +一段时间+since +过去式( 短暂性动词 ) 自从…至今已经多久了. It is /has been +一段时间+since +过去式 (延续性动词) 自从不做..至今已经多久了. 若主句为 was,则 since 从句中用过去完成时。 2. This is the first time I’ve visited your hometown. 表示“这是某人第几次做某事”, 常用 This /It is the first /second…/last time that …这个句型。 that 常省略. 主句用 is ,从句使用现在完成时.主句用 was , 从句用过去完成时. 3. for the first time & the first time for the first time:一般用作时间状语, e.g: I was invited to the party for the first time.

the first time 可作为连词用法,引导状语从句,意“第一次…的时候”, e.g:The first time I saw her, I liked her at once.

M 5 重点短语
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. think of 想到,想起, put sth.in order 按顺序整理 / 摆放 at the top 在顶部 at the bottom 在底部 keep... out of 使……不进入 do / make an experiment 做实验 make discovery 作出发现 be proud of 以 …… 自 豪 / 骄 傲 take pride in 感到自豪 9. be supposed to do 理应,应当 10. at least 至少 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. aim at 目标是 aim to 目的在于 in turns 轮流 follow one's instructions 听从某人指示 react with 和……反应 react to 对……有反应 add to 增添,增加 add ... to... 把……加到……里 add up 加起来 add up to 合计为,总数为

M 5 重点句型
1. Here is a table with the metals that react most on the top, and the metals react least at the bottom. 句子是以 here, there, out, in, up, down, away, now, then 等副词开头,如果主语是名词,常用全 部倒装结构, 即把谓语动词提到主语之前。 若主语为代词, 则只把副词提前, 主谓语序不变。 E.g. Here comes a car. Here he comes. 2. Two-thirds of the earth's surface is water. 当分数(百分数)+ of + 名词(代词)作主语时,谓语动词的单复数取决于 of 后的名词或 代词的单复数。若名词或代词是单数,则动词用单数。反之则用复数。

M 6 重点短语
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. click on 点击 log on /off 登录/退出 consist of 由……组成 consist in 在于 as well 也 be/ become known as 作为……而出名 in one's opinion 在某人看来 go down 下降 come up with 提出 in that case 如果那样 communicate with 与……交流 c concentrate on 聚精会神…… 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. compared with 与……相比 from that moment on 从那一刻起 point out 指出 take out 去掉,省略 instead of 代替,而不是 agree with 同意; 适合 at the moment 此时此刻 for the moment 暂时 the moment + 从句 一……就 have access to ...... 有使用或见到……的 机会或权利

M6 重点句型
1. It is + adj./n +(for sb.)to do sth. it 做形式主语句型 2. feel / think / make/ find/ consider it + adj./n + (for sb.) to do sth. it 做形式宾语句型


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