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2014届高考英语(大纲版)第一轮三关复习测试:Unit 8 Sports 单词冲关


Unit_8

Sports

1.The issue of the South China Sea dispute has caused wide public concern. 2.It can't be denied that the advance of science and technology is of vital importance to China's modernization. 3.The number of the students who have been admitted to university has nearly doubled this year,compared to last year. 4.On one hand,they encourage us to get fully developed,but on the other hand,they wish us to devote all our time to studying our lessons. 5. Different from others, he always tries to find the keys to the problems instead of finding excuses for the possible failures. 1.南海争端问题已经引起了广泛关注。

2.不可否认,科学技术的发展对中国的现代化是至关重要的。

3.与去年相比,今年大学录取的学生的数量增加了接近一倍。

4.他们一方面鼓励我们全面发展,可另一方面却又希望我们将时间全都用在学习功课 上。

5.与其他人不同的是,他总是努力寻找解决问题的关键而不是寻找可能失败的借口。

Ⅰ.高频单词必记 一、考纲词汇识记 1.continent n. 2.medal n. 3.torch n. 4.tie vt. 5.rank vi. 6.position n. 大陆;陆地 奖章;勋章;纪念章 火炬 与??打成平局;系;扎 分等级;排名 位置;职位

7.point n. 8.gesture n.

得分;点;尖端 手势;姿态

9.athlete n.运动员;运动选手→athletic adj.运动的 10.effect n.结果;后果→effective adj.有效的 11.weight n.重力;重量→weigh vi.重(若干) vt.称(??的重量) 12.professional adj.专业的;职业的 n.专业人员;职业运动员→profession n.职业, 专业 13.title n.题目;标题;称号;头衔→entitle vt.授权;给??题名;给??称号 二、高频词汇活用 一言辨异 14.He is always ________ for any unforeseen event of emergency.At present he wants to improve his language skills in ________ for further study overseas.(prepare) 答案:prepared;preparation 15.In the ________,a great many ________ from all over the world ________ for the gold medal.(compete) 答案:competition;competitors;competed Ⅱ.重点短语必背 1.stand_for 2.because_of 3.take_part 4.compete_for 5.in_preparation_for 6.join_in 7.by_hand 8.live_one's_dream 9.more_than Ⅲ.经典句型必会 1.I'd rather watch it than play it. 我宁愿观看而不愿去参加。 解读:would rather do than do sth.宁愿??而不愿??。 仿写: 现在, 许多大学毕业生宁可在城市里寻找那很少的就业机会也不愿去迫切需要他 们的贫困地区工作。 Nowadays , lots of college graduates ____________________________ the little job opportunity in cities ______________ in the poor areas,where they are in great need. 代表;代替;象征;支持 因为;由于 参加 为??竞争 为??准备 参加 用手 实现某人的梦想 多于,不仅仅

答案:would rather hunt for;than work 2.Every four years athletes from all over the world take part in the Olympic Games. 每四年,世界各地的运动员参加一次奥运会。 解读:“every+基数词+复数名词”表示“每??”。 仿写:每隔几天,汤姆就去看看他生病的爷爷。 Tom went to see his sick grandpa __________________. 答案:every few days 3.In Sydney the Chinese team got 28 gold medals,ranking third of all the competing countries. 在悉尼奥运会上,中国队共获 28 枚金牌,在所有的参赛国中金牌总数名列第三。 解读:ranking ...为现在分词短语,在句中作结果状语。 仿写:一架小型飞机在城市以东 5 英里的山坡上坠毁,致使机上 4 人全部丧生。 A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, __________________________________________. 答案:killing all four people on board 4.Yao Ming has more than just size:he also has great skill and speed and he is a team player. 姚明不仅仅人高马大,他也具有良好的技术和速度,而且善于与他人打配合。 解读:more than 在此意为“远不止,不仅仅”。 仿写:他不仅仅是我们的老师,他也是我们最好的朋友。 He __________________________________.He is also our best friend. 答案:is more than our teacher 5.To make it the best ever Games,the capital city will make several big changes. 为了使它成为有史以来最好的奥运会,首都北京将会有一些大的变化。 解读:To make it the best ever Games 为动词不定式短语作目的状语。 仿写:为了按时完成工程,全体员工周末都在上班。 ______________________________ on time,the staff were working at weekends. 答案:To complete the project

1.prepare vt.准备;预备 [教材 P53 原句]The people of Beijing,and of the whole country,will be preparing to light the Olympic torch to welcome athletes and sports fans from all over the world. 北京人和全国人民正准备点燃奥运火炬来欢迎来自世界各地的运动员和运动爱好者。

(1)prepare sth. 接承受者)

把??准备好(宾语为动词的直

prepare for sth. 为??做准备(介词 for 表示动 作的目的) prepare sb.for sth.使某人为??做准备(表动作) (2)be (fully/well) prepared to do/for sth. 为??做好(充分)准备(表状态) (3)preparation n. make preparations for sth. in preparation for be in preparation 准备;预备 为??做准备 为??做准备 在准备中

①We were preparing a report for the company when he called in. 当他打电话时,我们正为公司准备一份报告。 ②We_prepare_children for school success through highquality early education. 通过高质量的早期教育,我们帮助孩子们为学业成功做好准备。 ③Philipine's former president, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo has been prepared for her being imprisoned. 菲律宾前总统格洛丽亚· 马卡帕加尔· 阿罗约已做好被囚禁的准备。 ④They are busy making_preparations_for the wedding. 他们正忙着筹备婚礼。 2.effect n.结果;后果;效果;作用;影响 [教材 P54 原句]Being the host of the Olympic Games will have good and bad effects on the host city. 成为奥运会的举办城市对该城市既有好的也有不好的影响。

(1)have an effect on/upon put/bring/ ... into effect take effect come/go into effect be of no effect side effect (2)effective adj.

对……有影响/起作用 实施;使??生效 开始实行;开始生效 开始生效;开始实施 无效;没有作用;不中用 副作用 有效的

①However,they have side effects,which will damage your health. 然而它们有副作用,对你的健康有害。 ②Global warming is_having_a_great_effect_on hundreds of plant and animal species around the world, changing some living patterns, scientists say.(2012· 四川高考阅读 E) 科学家说, 全球变暖正对世界各地成百上千的动植物产生巨大的影响, 改变了它们的生 活方式。 3.compete vi.竞争;比赛;对抗 [教材 P53 原句]Some of the games in which the young men competed were:running, jumping and wrestling. 年轻人竞争的一些比赛项目是:跑步、跳跃以及摔跤。 (1)compete with/against sb. compete in compete for (2)competition n. in competition with sb.for sth. put sb.into competition with (3)competitor n. competitive adj. 与某人竞争或比赛 参加??的比赛 为??而比赛或竞争 竞赛,比赛 为??和某人竞争 使某人与??竞争 比赛者,竞争对手 竞争的,有竞争力的

①In modern society, a person should not only learn how to compete with others but also how to cooperate with others. 在现代社会中一个人不仅要学会与人竞争,同时也要学会与人合作。 ② As a longdistance swimmer, she would compete_against herself and the obstacles presented by distance, danger, cold, and exhaustion.(2012· 天津高考阅读表达) 作为一个长距离的游泳者, 她将与自己和由距离、 危险、 寒冷和疲劳所引发的障碍抗争。 ③They found themselves in competition with the people much more experienced than they were. 他们发现自己是在和比他们更有经验的人比赛。

4.point n.点;要点;分数;尖端;特定的时刻 vt.指向;指出;对准 [教材 P55 原句]In his last season with the Shanghai Sharks,Chinese superstar basketball player Yao Ming scored 32.4 points per game. 在为上海大鲨鱼队服务的最后一个赛季中,中国篮球超级明星姚明每场得分 32.4 分。 ①In reality, all of us play the victim or the creator at various points in our lives.(2012· 天津 高考阅读 D) 在现实中,我们在生活中的各个层面扮演着受害者或创造者的角色。 (1)to the point off the point 离题 a point of view 观点 There is no point (in) doing sth. (2)point out 指出 point at point to 指着 指向;表明 做某事没有意义 中肯;扼要;切题

②You don't take advice so there is no point in asking for it. 你不听劝说,因此征求别人的意见也就没有什么意义了。 ③He pointed_out that the project lacked one important thing. 他指出,那项计划有个严重缺陷。

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.We need to ________(权衡) the advantages against its potential risk of the operation. 答案:weigh 2.What worries us most is the possible negative ________(影响) on teenagers by unhealthy net information. 答案:effect 3.The famous ________(运动员) had no advantage to win the game. 答案:athlete 4.The commanding officer put Sergeant Williams in for a ________(勋章) for bravery. 答案:medal 5.Don't wear those clothes to work;try to look more ________(职业的)! 答案:professional 6.A speaker often makes ________(手势) with his hands or arms to stress something he is saying. 答案:gestures

7.Using gestures and ________(脸部的) expressions can help us better communicate with each other. 答案:facial 8.The ________(座右铭) of the Olympic Games is “Faster,Higher,Stronger”. 答案:motto Ⅱ.单项填空 1.I like Mr.Miner's speech; it was clear and ________ the point. A.at C.to B.on D.of

解析:句意:我喜欢 Miner 先生的演讲,他的演讲比较清楚、中肯。to the point“中肯, 切题”,符合句意。 答案:C 2 . Every four years , Chinese athletes compete ________ those from other countries ________ medals in Olympic Games. A.with;for C.against;in B.against;with D.with;in

解析: 句意: 每过四年, 中国运动员和那些来自其他国家的运动员在奥运会上竞争金牌。 compete with ...“与??竞争”;compete for ...“为??而竞争”。 答案:A 3.As we all know, the present world financial crisis still has a negative ________ on the development of the economy of every country. A.contribution C.effort B.effect D.stress

解析:句意:正如我们所知道的,目前世界的经济危机对每个国家的经济发展都有消极 影响。 have an effect on“对??有影响”, 符合句意和用法。 contribution“贡献”; effort“努 力”;stress“压力”。 答案:B 4.Finding information in today's world is easy. The ________is how you can tell if the information you get is useful or not. A.ability C.challenge B.competition D.knowledge

解析:句意:在当今世界,发现信息是很容易的事,所面临的挑战是你如何分辨出你所 得到的信息是否有用。ability“能力”;competition“竞争;比赛”;challenge“挑战”; knowledge“知识”。

答案:C


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