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老河口中学高一英语(人教版)导学案:必修4 Unit 2 Language Points

必修 4 Unit 2 Language Points
【学习目标】 掌握单词和词组的用法,提高在语境中运用的能力。 通过学习,合作探究,掌握概括框架知识和正确运用的方法。 学会用英语表达思想,并全力以赴,激情投入 【使用说明及学法指导】 十分钟熟记,理解并总结基本用法。 三十分钟合作探究,建立每个词条的知识树 五分钟成果点评课内探究案,巩固落实。

导学案

课前预习案
【自主学习】------大胆试 1. struggle v.挣扎;努力;拼搏;斗争 n. (为争取自由、政治权利等而进行的)斗争,奋斗 常用结构: struggle with与……斗争 struggle for 为争取……而斗争 struggle against与……斗争;为反对……而斗争 struggle to do sth. (=make great efforts to do sth.) struggle to one’s feet 挣扎着站起来 She struggled to keep back the tears. 她努力忍住泪水。 It was a hard____________________________________________ on time. 为使工作按时完成, 我做了一番努力。 易混辨析 struggle/fight struggle指较长时间的、激烈的斗争,往往指肉体及精神上的战斗。 fight意为“搏斗,打斗,打架”,表示“斗争”时,包含体力和勇猛的因素。 (1)单项填空 The working people have never stopped their struggle A. against (2)完成句子 ①我们应当帮助那些仍在为独立而斗争的人们。 We should help those who are still ②他们得和各种各样的困难作斗争。 They had to all kinds of difficulties. . B. for C. from D. to unfair treatment. 努力做某事 struggle 常用结构:

2. In 1974, he became the first agricultural pioneer in the world to grow rice that has a high output . 1974年,他成为世界上第一位种植高产水稻的农业先锋。

不定式放在表示次序的词the first, the last, the best以及the only, the very, the right等词后面, 且这些词与动词不定式有逻辑上的主谓关系,结构为:the first/last/best/only/very/right ...+n. + to do sth.表示“第一个/最 后一个/最好的 一个/唯一的/恰好的/合适的……做某事的人/物”。 He is always ______________and the last to leave. 他总是第一个来并且最后一个离开。 The last man to leave the sinking ship was the captain. 最后一个离开正在下沉的船的那个人是船长。 单项填空 He is the last person A. to invite C. invited D. to Mary’s birthday party. being invited B. to be invited

3. This special strain of rice makes it possible to produce one-third more of the crop in the same fields. 这种特殊的稻种使得同样的田地多收获三分之一的产量。 make it + adj./n. +to do/其他 (it作形式宾语) 使做(某事)成为… I make it a rule to recite 10 words a day.我把一天记10个单词作为惯例。 I remember I _____________to you that you shouldn’t be late again. 我记得我向你明确表示过你不该再来晚了。 【链接】 除make外,以下动词也可以用于此结构: find, consider, think, believe, feel 等 I find it not difficult to learn a foreign language well. 4. expand v.扩大;扩展;增加;增长;(使)膨胀;阐述;使变大 常用结构: expand...into...将……扩展/发展成…… expand on 阐述;详谈 He is thinking of expanding his business. 他在正考虑扩大他的生意。 In ten years the city’s population expanded by 12%. 十年之中,该市人口增加了百分之十二。 联想拓展 expansion n. 展开;膨胀;扩展 expansive adj. 广阔的;易膨胀的 易混辨析 expand/extend/spread/stretch expand 意为“展开, 扩大”, 不仅指尺寸的增加, 还可指范围和体积的扩大。 extend 意为“伸出,延伸”,指空间范围的扩大,以及长度,宽度的向外延

伸,也可指时间的延长。 spread 意为“传播;蔓延;铺开”。一般指向四面八方扩大传播的范围,如 传播(疾病),散布(信息)等。 stretch 意为“伸展(身体等),拉长;连绵”,一般指由曲变直,由短变长的 伸展,不是加长。 ①The fire soon ②The tourist season ③A balloon ④The cat 5. thanks to 由于;多亏;因为(多用于表达正面意思,有时用作反语) _____________________, we were successful. 由于你的帮助,我们成功了。 Thanks to you, I was saved from drowning. 多亏你,我才没被淹死。 Thanks to the bad weather, the match had been cancelled. 由于这倒霉的天气,比赛被取消了。 联想拓展 表示“因为,由于”的短语还有: because of,owing to,on account of,due to,as a result of。 温馨提示 以上这些都是介词短语,因此后面可以跟名词或动名词而不可以跟从句。 单项填空 ①It was A. Because ② A. Thanks to 6. rid ...of 摆脱;除去 You should rid yourself of that bad habit. 你应该改掉那个坏习惯。 联想拓展 be rid of get rid of rid one self of debt break away from 摆脱 摆脱;除掉;去掉 还清债务 摆脱;放弃 rid 常用 短语: your timely help that we accomplished the task on time. B. thank B. Because C. thanks to C. For D. as D. Thanks for the new policy, we are now having a happy life.
[来源:学|科|网]

to the nearby houses. from May till October. when it is blown up. out in front of the fire.

You must break away from such a bad habit. 你必须改掉这样的坏习惯。 It won’t be long before we can be/get rid of the pest altogether. 不用太久,我们就能把这种害虫消除干净。 高手过招

同义句转换 Could you rid yourself of the bad habit of smoking? Could you the bad habit of smoking?

7. Using his hybrid rice, farmers are producing harvests twice as large as before. 用他的杂交水稻种子,农民们种出的粮食比以前多了一倍。 倍数表达法: A+be+倍数+as+adj.+as+B A+be+倍数+比较级+than+B A+be+倍数+the +(由某些形容词变化而来的)n.+of+B I’m not going out with a man who’s twice as old as me. 我不愿意和一个年纪比我大一倍的男人一起参加社交活动。 We got three times as many people as expected. 来的人超过我们预料人数的两倍。 You’re not half as clever as you think you are. 你可不像自己想象的一半那么聪明。 单项填空 What a table! I’ve never seen such a thing before. It is A. half not as wide as C. not half as wide as B. wide not as half as D. as wide as not half it is long.
[来源:学科网]

8. would rather 宁愿,宁可 ①would (not) do sth. 宁可(不)做某事 ②would rather do …than do…= would do…rather than do… =prefer to do …rather than do ... 宁愿做...而不做 ③would rather(that)…did …(与现在或将来事实相反) would rather(that)…had done…(与过去事实相反) I’d rather you didn’t. (常用来委婉拒绝别人) 我希望你不要。 He ___________________________watching TV. 他宁愿待在家里看电视。 I’d rather not go there. 我宁愿不去那里。 I’d rather ______________tomorrow than today. 我宁愿你明天来而不是今天来。 I would rather___________________ at home last night. 我宁愿你昨晚待在家里。 I’d rather have made a telephone call to him yesterday. 我昨天本想给他打个电话的。 联想拓展 would rather...than...是常用句式,意为“宁可(愿)……(而) 不要(愿)……” would rather+从句时从句要用虚拟语气, 用动词的过去时或过去完成时表示。 would rather have done 本想做……(而实际上未做) 单项填空

①—Shall we go skating or stay at home? —Which A. do you rather C. will you rather ②I’d rather A. not have watched C. had n’t watch 9.equip (vt. & vi.) 配备;装备… equipped----equipped 常用结构: equip sb./sth. with 用……武装某人;用……装备某物 equip sb./sth. for 为……而武装某人;为……而 装备某物 a piece of office equipment 一件办公设备 They equipped themselves for the expedition. 他们为远征准备装备。 A good education should equip you for life. 良好的教育能使你受用终生。 高手过招 (1)单项填空 All classes of this school are A. equipped; equipment C. equipping; equipments (2)完成句子 ①The soldiers were well ②This library ③Our classroom and a tape recorder. 10. with the hope of 带着某种希望 He went to see his boss with the hope of getting a rise in his salary. 他去见老板,希望能提高他的工资。 He decided to talk to his teacher with the hope of persuading her to give him a higher grade. 他决定去和老师谈谈,希望说服她给自己提高分数。 11. regret (vt.& vi. )后悔;遗憾 常用结构: regret doing= regret having done=regret to have done 后悔做了某事 regret to do遗憾将要做某事 regret to say/tell/inform 遗憾地说/告诉/通知 n. 遗憾;懊悔 ( regretted ---- regretted )
[来源:学.科.网] [来源:学.科.网Z.X.X.K]

do yourself? B. would you rather D. should you rather the basketball match last night. Otherwise, I would B. not watch D. haven’t watch
[来源:学科网ZXXK]

have finished my paperwork by now.

equipping

equipment(n.)

equip 常用结构:

with modern B. equipped; equipments D. equipping; equipment

.

(装备)

weapons. (为……而装备) atomic research. (装备有) a computer

regrettable (adj.)令人痛惜的,令人遗憾的,可悲的,不幸的

much to one’s regret 深感遗憾 with regret 遗憾地 Tom ________________his parents the thing. 汤姆后悔告诉了父母那件事。 I______________________ that you hadn’t passed the driving test. 我很遗憾地告诉你你没有通过驾驶考试。 He told me with regret that he couldn’t come to the party. 他很抱歉地对我说他不能参加这个聚会了。 He gave up teaching in 1998, much to his students’ regret. 他于1998年放弃了教学,这使他的学生很遗憾。 (1)单项填空 They failed to pass the exam last time. I regretted A. to be not able to help C. being not able to help D. not be able to help them. B. not being able to help

(2)用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空 ①I now regret ②I regret (3)完成句子 (我非常抱歉), I am unable to accept your invitation. (leav e) school so young. ___ (inform) you that your contract will not be renewed.

课堂探究案
合作探究一:对学、互学,小组里学习对子互相探讨以上语言知识,完成右栏 里的知识总结和归纳。 合作探究二: 群学, 全体起立, 组内探讨疑问, 展示收获, 完善右栏探究任务。

【展示点评】------ 我自信
具体要求:①看规范(书写、格式)②看对错。找出关键词,补充、完善。③点评内容, 讲方法规律。④面带微笑,全面展示自我。

【达标检测】------ 一定行 一.单项选择.
1—Robert is indeed a wise man. —Oh,yes. How often I have regretted ______ his advice! A.to take B.taking C.not to take D.not taking C.hearing D.being heard 2The children talked so loudly at dinner table that I had to struggle ______. A.to be heard B.to have been heard —______. A.I received much more presents than others B.Because my parents promised me a new car 3.—What made you so delighted at Christmas?

C.My uncle's coming back from abroad D.As there was an unusual celebration

4. ______,they set out to break the record for crosschannel swimming.
A.Well equipped C.Well equips B.Well equipping D.To equip

5.Generous public funding of basic science would ______a good m any benefits for the country's health,wealth and security. A.result from B.lead to effects. A.troubled B.confused anything else. A.guided B.aimed C.directed D.focused (不得不与大风搏斗) all the way.(struggle) 二.完成句子. 1. We __________________ C.disturbed D.puzzled C.lie in D.settle down 6.At times the balance in nature is ______,resulting in a number of possibly unforeseen

7. All her energies are ______upon children and she seems to have little time for

2.I regret__________________.(我说过的话)(say) 3.We__________________(很遗憾地告诉你)that the job has been filled.( regret) 4.He would rather _______________________(待在家也不愿外出) (stay) 5.___________________( 他 们 的 共 同 点 ) is that they are devoted fans of Mich ael Jackson.(common) 6.The factory’s output of cars this year is____________________(大约是……的三倍) of last year. (great)

当堂小测验: 形式:比比谁词组记得又准又快(一组提问一组背诵) 要求:小组为单位竞赛 评价体系:背诵流利正确者加 5 分


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