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高考英语二轮复习 第3部分 阅读理解 完形填空 语法填空 短文改错限时规范训练14


阅读理解+阅读填空+语法填空
(建议用时 30 分钟) Ⅰ.阅读理解 A Grandpa Nybakken loved life — especially when he could play a trick on somebody.At those times,his large Norwegian frame shook with laughter while he pretended innocent surprise,exclaiming, “Oh,forevermore!” But on a cold Saturday in downtown Chicago,Grandpa felt that God played a trick on him,and grandpa wasn't laughing. Grandpa worked as a carpenter.On this particular day,he was building some boxes for the clothes his church was sending to an orphanage abroad.On his way home, he reached into his shirt pocket to find his glasses, but they were gone.He remembered putting them there that morning,so he drove back to the church.His search proved fruitless. Suddenly,he realized what had happened.The glasses had slipped out of his pocket unnoticed and fallen into one of the boxes,which he had nailed shut.His brand new glasses were heading for China! The Great Depression was at its height,and Grandpa had six children.He had spent twenty dollars for those glasses that very morning. “It's not fair, ” he told God as he drove home in frustration.“I've been very faithful in giving of my time and money to your work,and now this.” Several months later,the director of the orphanage was on vacation in the United States.He wanted to visit all the churches that supported him,so he came to speak on Sunday night at my grandfather's small church in Chicago.Grandpa and his family sat in their usual seats among the small congregation (教堂会众). “But most of all, ” he said, “I must thank you for the glasses you sent last year.” “ Even if I had the money , there was simply no way of replacing those glasses.Along with not being able to see well,I experienced headaches every day, so my co?workers and I were much in prayer about this.Then your boxes arrived.When my staff removed the covers,they found a pair of glasses lying on the top.” After a long pause,he continued, “Folks,when I tried on the glasses,it was as though

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they had been custom?made just for me!I want to thank you for being a part of that!” The people listened,happy for the amazing glasses.But the director surely must have confused their church with another,they thought,there were no glasses on their list of items to be sent overseas. But sitting quietly in the back,with tears streaming down his face,an ordinary carpenter realized the Master Carpenter had used him in an extraordinary way. 1.Which of the following is NOT true about Grandpa Nybakken according to the passage? A.He was an outgoing man and held an active attitude towards life. B.He had a large family to support. C.He was a carpenter working in the church. D.He was a loyal Christian. 2.The people in the church but Grandpa felt confused at what the director said because .

A.Grandpa didn't tell the director that he was the owner of the glasses B.the director wanted to return the glasses even though he liked it C.the director could not get such glasses in their own country D.the glasses were not included in the donation list 3.Who does “the Master Carpenter” in the last paragraph probably refer to? A.Grandpa's master. B.One of Grandpa's friends. C.God. D.Grandpa's co?worker. 4.Which can be the best title of the passage? A.Grandfather's Life B.The Helpful Donation C.The Perfect Mistake D.An Impressive Speech 【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文,属于故事类短文阅读。我的外公不小心把自己的眼 镜装入捐赠衣物的箱子里送了出去, 这副眼镜是外公新配的, 当时家境并不富裕的外公感到 很失落,希望把眼镜找回来。 1. 解析: 选 C。 细节辨析题。 根据第二段中的“Grandpa worked as a carpenter.On this particular day,he was building some boxes for the clothes his church was sending to an orphanage abroad.”可知,祖父是一名木匠。在这个特别的日子里,他为他的教堂
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送去海外孤儿院的衣服做了一些盒子。 文中只是说祖父是一名木匠, 并没有说祖父是教堂的 木匠。故选 C。 2.解析:选 D。细节理解题。根据第九段中的“But the director surely must have confused their church with another,they thought,there were no glasses on their list of items to be sent overseas.”可知,但主任一定感到很疑惑,他们想,在送往海 外的物品名单中并没有眼镜。故选 D。 3.解析:选 C。推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“an ordinary carpenter realized the Master Carpenter had used him in an extraordinary way”可知,一名普通木匠意识到 “木匠总管”以一种特别的方式用了他。 推理得知, 外公认为自己的眼镜是上帝给他开的一 个玩笑,所以 the Master Carpenter 指的是 god。 4.解析:选 C。主旨大意题。通读全文,本文主要讲述了外公不小心把自己的眼镜送 往了海外的孤儿院, 却阴差阳错地帮助了别人, 获得了感激的故事。 所以 C 选项 The Perfect Mistake“完美的错误”符合题意。 B As a parent you might never guess all the ways a good imagination benefits your child.It helps a preschooler: Develop social skills As children play pretend,they explore relationships between family members, friends and co?workers and learn more about how people interact.Playing doctor, they imagine how physicians care for their patients.Playing house,they learn more about how parents feel about their children.Imaginative play helps develop sympathy for others.If children can imagine how it feels to be left out of a game or to lose a pet,they are better able to help those in need.They become more willing to play fair,to share,and to cooperate. Build self?confidence Young children have very little control over their lives.Imagining oneself as a builder of skyscrapers or a superhero defending the planet is empowering to a child.It helps them develop confidence in their abilities and their potential. Boost intellectual growth Using the imagination is the beginning of abstract thought.Children who can see a king's castle in a mound of sand or a delicious dinner in a mud pie are learning to think symbolically.This skill is important in school where a child will have to learn that numerals symbolize groups of objects,letters symbolize sounds,and so on.
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Practice language skills Kids who play pretend with their friends do a lot of talking.This helps boost their vocabulary,improve sentence structure and enhance communication skills. Work out fears Playing pretend can help children work out their fears and worries.When children role?play about the big,bad monster under the bed,they gain a sense of control over him and he doesn't seem quite so big or so bad.Imaginative play also helps kids let out confusing feelings they might have,such as anger toward a parent or,rivalry (竞争) with a new sibling (兄弟姐妹). To encourage your youngster's imagination,read to him every day.Books offer children the opportunity to visit other worlds and create new ones of their own. For generations children have enjoyed reading the story of Peter Pan because Peter takes them on fascinating adventures.Reader's Digest Young Families offers a beautiful vintage Disney edition of Peter Pan,which is an iParenting Media Award winner.Click here to find out how you can get this classic story along with 2 free books—Bambi and Pinocchio. 5.Where can you probably find the article? A.Newspaper. C.Internet. B.Magazine. D.Book.

6.What's the meaning of the underlined word? A.Improve. C.Pull. B.Limit. D.Praise.

7.What's Not the advantage of children having a good imagination? A.Understanding the other people's feelings and problems. B.Expressing their feelings like anger. C.Having a strong faith in their own abilities and potential. D.Helping them form a good habit of reading stories. 【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文,属于教育类短文阅读。作为一个父母,你不会相信 好的想象力对你的孩子一生有益,它能帮助学龄前儿童发展社交才能,建立自信,促进智力 发展,练习语言技能,挑战失败。 5.解析:选 C。推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“Click here to find out how you can get this classic story along with 2 free books—Bambi and Pinocchio.”可知,点击 这里了解如何得到这个经典的故事连同两本免费图书——《小鹿斑比》和《匹诺曹》 。由此 推断出本文出自于互联网。故选 C。
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6. 解析: 选 A。 推理判断题。 根据题目定位到第五段 boost“推进, 促进”。 improve“改 善”;limit“限制”;pull“拉”;praise“夸奖”。故选 A。 7.解析:选 D。细节理解题。根据第二段中的“they learn more about how parents feel about their children”可知,他们可以学到更多关于家长如何体会孩子感情的知识, 故 A 错误;根据第六段中的“Imaginative play also helps kids let out confusing feelings they might have,such as anger toward a parent or rivalry (竞争) with a new sibling(兄弟姐妹).”可知,想象游戏还可以帮助孩子们发泄他们可能会产生的混乱 情绪, 比如向父母或是与一个新的兄弟姐妹竞争, 故 B 选项错误; 根据第三段中的“It helps them develop confidence in their abilities and their potential.”可知,帮助孩子 们对自己的能力和潜能发展自信,故 C 选项错误。因此答案为 D。 Ⅱ.阅读填空 The Internet is one of the most successful and useful tools mankind has ever created.It is,in fact,the largest library ever created,and is growing daily.The Internet is the modern source of information,delivered in multiple media:written words,visual graphics and images,video and audio.1. Many people use the Internet to enjoy themselves and to engage in personal interests.2. What's more,resources such as video and music are easy to

find and download,and the medium encourages feedback (反馈)! 3. Software has made it possible to stream voice and video across

the world without delay, and email has become the main means of communicating.Without the Internet,it would be both more expensive and slower to maintain personal and professional relationships. The Internet provides an alternative to the normal 9?to?5 workday,as more and more people can work from home.4. They are becoming experts in how people

search the Internet,providing IT or web development services,or specializing in Internet marketing. 5. And in doing so , people are able to express themselves

politically,artistically,vocally,socially and give voice to what is important to them.The Internet is an open forum where you can discuss anything or give your personal opinions. A.Some people use the Internet to ask for help. B.They can find whatever they are fond of online. C.People use the Internet to communicate with one another. D.But do you know the reasons why people use the Internet?
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E.People not only consume information on the Internet,but they create it. F.The Internet has become the best way to get everything needed in daily life. G.Besides,a growing number of people are making a living from the Internet. 【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文,主要讲的是人们使用互联网的原因。 1.解析:选 D。空前说明了互联网的重要性和作用,下文列举了人们使用互联网的原 因,故本空起承上启下的作用,应选 D 项。 2.解析:选 B。根据空前的“use the Internet to enjoy themselves ...interests” 及下文的内容可知 B 项符合语境。 3.解析:选 C。本段主要说明了互联网的交际功能,所以选 C 项。下文中的“the main means of communicating”是提示。 4.解析:选 G。选项 G 中的“making a living from the Internet”与空前的“more and more people can work from home”相呼应,符合语境。 5.解析:选 E。由下文中的“express themselves ...give your personal opinions” 可知选项 E“人们不仅是互联网信息的消费者,也是互联网信息的创造者”符合语境。 Ⅲ.语法填空 Observers say Americans want more choices and fresh food when 1.

(choose) where and what to eat.This trend is one reason why the fast food restaurant McDonald's has struggled financially. McDonald's is one of the best?known 2. even around the world,3. (restaurant) in the US and

these days the company leaders are seeing

numbers they probably do not like.In the last quarter of 2014,McDonald's income dropped by about $300 million.The January earnings report brought more bad news.Worldwide sales dropped for the 4. more than expected. McDonald's is working hard 5. (get) their customers back.In January, (eight) month in a row and even

the company ran an advertisement during the Super Bowl.The football game is the most watched TV event every year in the US McDonald's has wanted to reach those viewers. Shake Shack is 6. new kind of restaurant 7. (become)

popular in the US.The restaurants are not “fast food.” They are known as “fast casual”. 8. McDonald's is struggling to get their customers back,Shake

Shack is doing well financially.The New York ? based burger chain had a very 9. (success) IPO , or initial public offering , of shares at the end of January.10. its first day of trading,Shake Shack went from $21 a share to just under $46 a share. Shake Shack's a quality hamburger.It's fast food, but not“fast food”food.Being
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part of the “fast casual” trend has helped Shake Shack. 1.解析:choosing。考查非谓语动词。当前后主语一致时,由 when 引导的状语从句经 常省略主语及助动词,形成 when/while doing sth.结构。 2.解析:restaurants。考查名词。根据前面 one of,且 restaurant 是可数名词,所 以用其复数形式。 3.解析:but。考查连词,根据上下文的逻辑关系,此处表示转折关系,用 but。 4.解析:eighth。考查数词。根据句意“这是第八个月”以及上文的 the,下文 month 用了单数形式,此处用序数词。 5.解析:to get。考查非谓语动词,不定式表目的。 6.解析:a。考查冠词。此处泛指“一种”,用 a。 7.解析:becoming。考查非谓语动词,饭店与 become 之间是主谓关系,故用 v.?ing 形式作定语。 8.解析:As/When/While。考查状语从句。此处根据上下文的意思和句子结构,不难看 出缺少连词“当??时”。 9.解析:successful。考查形容词。根据结构,此处应用形容词,故用 successful。 10.解析:On。考查介词。在“具体某一天”用介词 on。

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