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江西省吉安市第一中学2015届高三下学期第八次周考英语试题 Word版含答案

吉安一中 2014—2015 学年度下学期周考(八) 高三英语试卷
命题人 王 锋、陈燕萍 审题人 王 锋、陈燕萍 第I卷 备课组长 王 锋

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

1. What does the woman want to know? A. Where the museum is. B. Where the No.9 bus stop is. C. Which bus she should take. 2. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Co-workers. B. Former classmates. C. Strangers.

3. Why does the man suggest looking at a map? A. He is new in town. B. He isn’t sure about the address.

C. He doesn’t know the Johnsons’ address. 4. What are the speakers talking about? A. Their favorite color. C. A present the man has bought. 5. What is the woman doing? A. Looking at an apartment. B. Taking a trip. C. Looking for a job. 第二节 (共 15 题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. Where does the conversation take place? A. In the street. B. On the beach. C. At the man’s house. B. The clothes the man is wearing.

7. What is true about the woman? A. She doesn’t want to eat anything. B. She wants to have some water

.

C. She just had a baby.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9、10 题。 8. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Husband and wife. B. Boss and secretary. C. Business partners.

9. When will the man meet with Mr. Capella? A. At 2:00. B. At 2:30. C. At 3:00.

10. What will the woman do next? A. Call Mrs. Garner. B. Pick up Samantha. C. File some papers. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. How long has the woman been at the party? A. For one hour. B. For two hours. C. For three hours. 12. What will the woman drink? A. A beer. B. An orange juice. C. A Coke.

13. What is special about the canyon? A. It is very narrow. B. There is a waterfall there.

C. There is a small stream beyond it. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. What is the weather like this morning? A. Sunny. B. Windy. C. Rainy.

15. What’s wrong with the man? A. He feels very tired. B. He has a fever. C. He made a mistake at work. 16. Who is the woman? A. The man’s colleague. B. The man’s doctor.

C. The man’s wife. 17. What does the woman suggest the man do? A. Go to hospital. B. Go home. C. Call Mr.Thomas.

听第 l0 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. When were factories asked to stop their work to ease pollution? A. On January 12. B. On January 13. C. On January 14.

19. What did the government official say? A. People should be patient. B. Factories should be shut down. C. More health clubs will be built. 20. What is the main cause of the pollution? A. The use of private cars. B. The coal burning C. The large population. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Persuasion is the art of convincing someone to agree with your point of view. According to the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, there are three basic tools of persuasion: ethos, pathos, and logos. Ethos is a speaker’s way of convincing people that she is an honest source. For example, a speaker can develop ethos by explaining how much experience or education she has in the field. After all, you would be more likely to listen to advice about how to take care of your teeth from a dentist than a firefighter. A speaker can also create ethos by convincing people that she is a good person who has their best interests at heart. Pathos is a speaker’s way of connecting with a listener’s emotions. For example, a speaker trying to convince people to vote for him might say that he alone can save the country from a terrible war. These words are intended to fill them with fear, thus making them want to vote for

him. Similarly, a charity organization that helps animals might show pictures of injured dogs and cats, intended to fill the viewers with pity. If they feel bad for the animals, they will be more likely to donate money. Logos is the use of facts, statistics, or other information to make your argument more convincing. An audience will be more likely to believe you if you have data to support your claims. For example, a commercial for soap might tell you that lab tests have shown that their soap kills all 7,000, 000 of the bacteria living on your hands right now. it is more convincing than simply saying “our soap is the best!” Use of logos can also increase a speaker’s ethos. Although ethos, pathos, and logos all have their strengths, they are often most effective when they are used together. The next time you listen to a speech, watch a commercial, or listen to a friend trying to convince you to lend him some money, be on the lookout for these ancient Greek tools of persuasion. 21. When a speaker tries to move people to tears, the tool of persuasion used by him is A. ethos B. pathos C. logos D. strengths .

22. What method is used by the writer in developing the three tools of persuasion? A. Argument-comparisons. C. Argument-example. B. Detail-example. D. General-detail.

23. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 mean? A. A listener is likely to trust a speaker who uses evidence to support his argument. B. A speaker can use misleading information to convince you to trust his argument. C. Logos is believed to be a better tool of persuasion compared with that of ethos. D. A person is more easily persuaded by facts than simple moving words said. 24. Doing persuasion, the author probably favors the most effective tool of A. ethos because he is experienced and knowledgeable B. pathos because people are emotionally persuaded C. logos because use of logos can also increase ethos D. a good combination of ethos, pathos and logos B Volunteering can make the difference in people, especially teenagers. It teaches many important aspects and can benefit others and ourselves at the same time. Teens can especially learn .

from this experience. There are many negative reasons why teens usually do community service. Many volunteers do community services to look vital to their community for advantages of getting accepted to college. It is also a way with a better chance to join in National Honour Society. Some must complete community service as a “punishment” for illegal behavior or trouble in school. Teens have confusing situations and it’s hard to get recognized for the positives in our lives. We are often criticized (批评) on the destruction of the innocence of youth. The differences we can make in this world are outstanding. Many teenagers have started their own non-profit organizations. Sometimes it can be hard to start helping. Many people think it’s all about raising and donating money. It is so much more. It can be helping hand out food at a homeless shelter, being a peer counselor, or babysitting for a struggling family. I define (下定义) volunteering as doing something good for people, animals and humanity, without pay or expectations of anything in return. It also helps to relieve some of the greed all people can have. There are times when we all want so many material things, yet we must know that we need to give back to those who have more necessary needs. Volunteering can provide job skills. Teens will be more productive after the work they have done for others. Working as a volunteer equips the teens with necessary skills and experiences as effectively as most part-time jobs. So get out and help the world heal itself and remember the New Redical’s song “You Get What You Give”. It really may seem true someday and you would want the same in return. 25. How many reasons why teens do community service are mentioned in the passage? A. Five. B. Four. C. Three. D. Two. . D. deposit

26. The underlined word “destruction” in Paragraph 3 most probably means A. damage B. devotion C. desire .

27. The author believes that volunteering is A. raising and donating money to someone B. joining in some non-profit organizations C. giving other people some practical suggestions

D. helping others with expecting nothing in return 28. Why does the author introduce the song “You Get What You Give” at last? A. To show the importance of volunteering. B. To prove volunteering will pay off. C. To present an example of volunteering. D. To state volunteering helps people a lot. C Eighty children were among the victims killed after Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 was shot down over rebel-held (叛军劫持的) Ukraine on July 17, 2014. Also on board the doomed flight were around 100 aids experts on their way to an international conference, a Catholic nun (修女) from Australia and a British university student. The nationalities of more victims were confirmed, including 189 Dutch, 44 Malaysians, 27 Australians, 12 Indonesians and nine Britons. Four passengers are yet to be confirmed. No victims are thought to be U. S. citizens. The Boeing 777 aircraft was travelling from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur when it was hit by a surface-to-air missile over territory near Donetsk held by pro-Russian rebels who the Ukrainian government says are backed by the Kremlin. Russian President Vladimir Putin has blamed Ukraine for the attack. Security forces from Ukraine claim to have held up two phone conversations in which pro-Russian separatists (分裂分子) seem to celebrate hitting the plane. The tragedy has aroused public anger across the globe, with Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk leading calls on world powers to support his government in bringing to justice “those bastards who committed this international crime” after a passenger plane was shot down over his country. Air accident investigators are planning to inspect the proposed flight plan made by pilots on board Malaysia Airlines flight MH17. The 17-year-old jet was shot down over Donetsk in Eastern Ukraine despite commercial aircraft being warned against using the airspace because of the ongoing conflict. One of the major questions is whether the Malaysian flight crew received the warning from flight safety officials about the risk to safety. It is believed that the Malaysia Airlines pilots ignored several warnings to avoid the airspace over Ukraine. It is understood that the Malaysia Airline jet used the Ukrainian route to save fuel as diverting north or south would have taken longer.

29. The second paragraph mainly tells us that

.

A. the Boeing 777 aircraft was hit by a surface-to-air missile B. pro-Russian rebels are not supported by Russian government C. security forces from Ukraine seem to celebrate hitting the plane D. Ukrainian and Russian government both escaped the responsibility. 30. In order to save fuel, the pilots used the Ukrainian route but A. didn’t receive the warning C. understood the risk 31. What is the best title for this passage? A. The conflict between Russia and the Ukraine B. The doomed flight— MH17 C. The victims killed in a tragic air crash D. The investigation of the tragedy D The Chinese A-lister plays the CEO of a technology company in Transformers: Age of Extinction, which has grossed $300.4 million at the box office on the Chinese mainland in just four weeks, and $886 million worldwide. Li, 41, has received international attention for her head-turning role as a sexy, powerful company executive in the blockbuster film. Those praises helped her land contracts worth 80 million yuan ($12.9 million) to be the spokeswoman for two international companies and one domestic business. Li, a native of Harbin, Heilongjiang province, may be best known overseas for her role in Transformers: Age of Extinction, but it wasn't her first appearance on the international stage. She played a leading role in Snow Flower and the Secret Fan, which was produced by Wendi Deng in 2011, and starred in the 2012 science-fiction action movie Resident Evil: Retribution. She landed the role in Transformers while vacationing and studying English in the United States in 2012, when her agent in the country invited her to audition for the film. Li was initially unsure how it would look for an Asian woman to play a leading role in the action series. However, she was drawn to the project after she saw the exquisite models of Optimus Prime and Bumblebee-two of the Transformers-in director Michael Bay's studio. "Bay is very nice, with an active mind. He talked about the Transformers with an expressive face," Li was quoted by the Beijing News as saying. 32. How many films has Li Bingbing starred on the international stage? A. 1. B. 2. C. 3. D. 4. .

B. overlooked some warnings D. didn’t ensure safety

33. Why did Li decide to join in the movie Transformers? A. Because the director Michael Bay was very nice to her. B. Because she was attracted by the delicate models of Transformers. C. Because the movie would help her career to a new level. D. Because the movie Transformers was a successful blockbuster film. 34. What can we know about Li Bingbing? A. Li Bingbing was not a successful actress before starring Transformers. B. Li Bingbing was a brand new face on the international stage. C. The movie Transformers has brought to Li Bingbing great benefits. D. Li was invited by the director of the movie when she was in the USA. 35. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. A new science-fiction movie to the audience. B. A Chinese movie star who became successful. C. A Chinese star benefited from a blockbuster. D. A successful movie that helped Li Bingbing. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 People need homes: children assume their parents' place as home; boarders call school "home" on weekdays; married couples work together to build new homes; and travelers... have no place to call "home", at least for a few nights. 36. Don't they have the right to a home? Of course they do.

Some regular travelers take their own belongings: like bed sheets, pillowcases and family photos to make them feel like home no matter where they are. Some stay for long periods in the same hotel and as a result become very familiar with service and attendants. 37.

Furthermore, driving a camping car during one's travels and sleeping in the vehicle at night is just like home-only mobile! 38. Some keep contact with their friends via Internet; some send letters and postcards,

or even photos; others may just call and say hi, just to let their friends know that they're still alive and well. People find ways to keep in touch. 39. Backpackers in youth hostels may

become very good friends, even closer than siblings(兄弟姐妹). Nowadays, fewer people are working in their local towns, so how do they develop a sense of belonging? 40. wherever we are ,with just a little bit of effort and imagination, we can

make the place we stay "home". A. East or west, home is the best. B. And how about maintaining relationships while in traveling? C. Traveling itself is the best education so people love traveling. D. Making friends on the way helps travelers feel more or less at home. E. So how about people who have to travel for extended periods of time? F. Others may simply put some flowers by the hotel window to make things more homely. G. Whenever we step out of our local boundaries, there is always another "home" waiting to be found. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Jungle country is not friendly to man, but it is possible to survive there. You must have the right 41 and you must know a few important things about woodcraft(森林知识). Then your 42 43 are very good. the jungle without the right equipment. You need lightweight 44 , fishhooks and a line, matches in a waterproof container and a too. So is a mosquito net(蚊帐) to 46 the head. 47 leaving a knowing

choices of staying No one should

clothing, a good knife, a poncho(斗篷) are 45

In the jungle you can get hopelessly lost within five minutes landmark. That is why you should always you can tell which way to go by 49 48

a compass. In open country, during the day, 50 .

the sun. At night the stars are sure of guides to 51

But in most places the jungle rooftop is so stars. Again and again you must check the you 52

that it is impossible to see the sun or the

by the compass. Watch the ground in front of 54

53 . Stop and listen now and again. Avoid haste, and rest often. In a place where is 55 .

and wet, the person who sets a fast pace will soon become If you lose your way, don’t panic. Try to decide 56

it has been since you were sure of 57 them on four sides of

your position. Mark the spot where you are with marks on a tree. the tree, so that you will be able to 58

them from any direction. Then you can begin going 59 which you started. Except in an 60 ,

back, knowing that you can always find the spot

never try to travel through the jungle at night. 41. A. basement 42. A. alive 43. A. jump into 44. A. composition 45. A. native 46. A. protect 47. A. before 48. A. depend 49. A. practicing 50. A. direction 51. A. tall 52. A. post 53. A. carefully 54. A. cold 55. A. excited 56. A. how often 57. A. Plus 58. A. watch 59. A. from 60. A. organization B. apartment B. energetic B. go into B. company B. normal B. prevent B. after B. recommend B. drilling B. reaction B. short B. position B. blindly B. hot B. annoyed B. how soon B. Put B. get B. in B. operation 第Ⅱ卷 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容 (不多于 3 个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。 Presenter: Welcome to our programme. Today we have invited Fread Wocson, a driving instructor of over 20 years experience to talk to us about you think 62 61 (learn) to drive. Well, Fread, do C. equipment C. calm C. fly into C. compass C. natural C. promote C. when C. carry C. learning C. instruction C. thick C. occupation C. helpfully C. desert C. bored C. how long C. Plant C. ignore C. for C. ambition D. arrangement D. active D. run into D. companion D. necessary D. pretend D. once D. turn D. studying D. introduction D. thin D. profession D. hopefully D. crowded D. tired D. how much D. Push D. see D. by D. emergency

is getting expensive to learn to drive these days? 63 you come for a private instructor like me, it’s going to be a

Fread: Well, it depends. bit 64

expensive than going to a big school. The thing is, people have usually heard of the

big school and trust them, so they’d rather spend more money on big schools. Well, I get customers through personal connections. Presenter: Does that mean you have to try hard to get customers? Fread: Not now, when I started I had to. But at the moment I am my prices are quite competitive. Presenter: Learning to drive is usually a nervous experience for think? Fread: Well, it 67 be. But I try to get them to sit quietly in the driver ’s seat for 68 66 (begin). What do you 65 (full) booked and

few moments. With their eyes

69 (close), you will be surprised how it changed some people. 70 (have) a few quiet moments.

They felt much more ready for driving if they

Presenter: Yes, I suppose some people are much more nervous than others. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 In the evening of June 21, 2014, a man with brown hair but blue eyes entered the hall of the Bell Tower Hotel in Xi’an with his bicycle. The hotel workers received from him and telephoned the manager, for they never seen such a bicycle in the hotel hall before. Robert Friedlander, who is an American, arriving in Xi’an on his bicycle trip across Asia where started last December in New Delhi, India. When he was 11, he reads the book Marco Polo and made out his mind to visit the Silk Road. Now, after 44 years, he is on the Silk Road in Xi’an and his early dreams is coming true. His next destinations are Lanzhou, Dunhuang, Urumqi, etc. He will complete their trip in Pakistan. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 前一段时间,央视曾推出专栏节目《中国梦我的梦——你的梦想是什么》 ,该节目引发

网友的热议。请你结合该节目,根据自己高三的学情以及以下提示,完成一篇短文。 1. 简要描述你的梦想 2. 你对“梦想”的看法 例如:我的梦想是?? 例如: “梦想”不仅包含物质层面,也指?? 例如:勤奋努力,付出就有回报 3. 如何实现你的梦想 相信自我,迎接挑战 把握机遇,不畏困难 注意:1. 词数 120 词左右; 2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

吉安一中 2014—2015 学年度下学期周考(八) 高三英语答题卷

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,共 15 分) 61. 63. 65. 答 67. 69. 要 62. 64. 66. 68. 70.

姓名

.

第四部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)



In the evening of June 21, 2014, a man with brown hair but blue eyes entered the hall of the Bell Tower Hotel in Xi’an with his bicycle. The hotel workers received from him and telephoned 题



the manager, for they never seen such a bicycle in the hotel hall before. Robert Friedlander, who is an American, arriving in Xi’an on his bicycle trip across Asia

班级 线

where started last December in New Delhi, India. When he was 11, he reads the book Marco Polo 封 密

and made out his mind to visit the Silk Road. Now, after 44 years, he is on the Silk Road in Xi’an and his early dreams is coming true. His next destinations are Lanzhou, Dunhuang, Urumqi, etc. He will complete their trip in Pakistan. 第二节 书面表达 (满分 25 分)

高三英语周考(八)参考答案

听力: 1-5 CCBBA 6-10 CABAC 11-15 BCAAB 16-20 ABBAB

阅读理解: 21-24 BCAD 25-28 CADB 七选五: 36-40 EFBDG 29-31 DBB 32-35 CBCC

完形填空: 41-45 CABCD 46-50 ABCDA 51-55 CBABD 56-60 CBDAD

语法填空: 61.learning 62.it 63.If 64.less 65.fully 66.beginners 67.can/night 68.a 69.closed 70.had

短文改错 第一句:In 改为 On; but 改为 and。 第二句:去掉 from;在 never 前加 had。 第三句:arriving 改为 arrived;where 改为 which 或 that。 第四句:reads 改为 read;out 改为 up。 第五句:dreams 改为 dream。 第七句:their 改为 his。 书面表达: Almost everyone has many beautiful dreams. Some may want to improve their living conditions. Some may want to receive good education. And some may want to become wealthy and successful. As for me, being admitted into a famous university in China is my dream of this year. In my opinion, in addition to material basis, dream also enables us to have a solid foundation for anything significant. Our dream cannot be realized without constant effort. In order to make our dream a reality, we need to work hard until we succeed. Besi8des, it is important to believe in ourselves and believe that we can do it under any circumstances. When we are faced with challenges, self-confidence is the key to realizing our dreams. What’s more important, we should learn to take chances and risk failure in spite of the difficulties that we might come across. Only in this way can we live a meaningful life with a definite goal.


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