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现在完成时中瞬间动词的变化规则


现在完成时中瞬间动词的变化规则

基本变化规则 a)用延续性动词代替终止性动词 1、用 have 代替 buy My brother has had(不能用 has bought) this bike for almost four years. 2、用 keep 或 have 代替 borrow I have kept(不能用 have borrowed) the book for quite a few days. 3、用 be 替代 become How long has your sister been a teacher? 4、用 have a cold 代替 catch a cold Tom has had a cold since the day before yesterday. 5、用 wear 代替 put on b)用“be+形容词”代终止性动词 1、be+married 代 marry 2、be+ill 代 fall (get) ill 3、be+dead 代 die 4、be+asleep 代 fall (get) asleep 5、be+awake 代 wake/wake up 6、be+gone 代 lose, die, sell, leave 7、be+open 代 open 8、be closed 代 close/shut 9、be+missing(gone, lost)代 lose c)用“be+副词”代终止性动词 1“be+on”代 start, begin 2“be+up”代 get up 3“be+back(to)”代 return to, come back to, go back to 4“be here (there)”代 come(arrive, reach, get) here 或 go (arrive, reach, get) there 等等 d)用“be+介词短语”代终止性动词 1.“be in/at +地点”代替 go to /come to 2.用 be in the army 代替 join the army 3.“be in/at +地点”代替 move to 1. have arrived at/in sw. got to/reached sw. come/gone/moved to sw. →have been in sw./at…相应的介词 2. have come/gone back/returned → have been back 3. have come/gone out →have been out 4. have become → have been 5. have closed / opened→ have been closed/opened 6. have got up → have been up; 7. have died → have been dead;

8. have left sw. → have been away from sw. 9. have fallen asleep/got to sleep → have been asleep; 10. have finished/ended/completed → have been over; 11. have married → have been married; 12. have started/begun to do sth. → have done sth. ; 13. have begun → have been on 14. have borrowed/bought →have kept/had 15. have lost → haven’t had 16. have put on →have worn 17. have caught /get a cold → have had a cold; 18. have got to know → have known 19. have/has gone to → have been in 20. have joined/have taken part in the league/the Party/the army the Party’s member/the league member/the

→have been a member of/ have been in/have been soldier…


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