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高中英语 Book4 Module2 Traffic Jam Grammar学案 牛津版必修4


山西省原平市第一中学 高一英语 Book4 Module2 Traffic Jam Grammar 学案 牛津版必修 4

编写:马美云 审核:张建芳 一.1.祈使句定义:________________________________的句子叫做祈使句。 2.祈使句可分为_________祈使句和_____________祈使句。 3.祈使句的主语为_______ , 通常省略, 谓语动词使用_________, 句末用感叹号或句号。 4.祈使句的主语为第一, 三人称句子结构为: _______________________或_________________________。 Eg: 主语为第二人称 Switch off the motor. /Follow the rules of the road. /Don’t leave the light on. 主语为第一, 三人称 Let me see./Let her come here at eight o’clock./Let us help you tidy your room. 二.需要注意的用法: 1. 祈使句的否定式: Don’t +动词原形 eg. Don’t be nervous! 译:不要在阅览室说话。____________________________________ 2. 加强祈使句的语气:在动词原形前+do/you/人名 Eg.Do be patient! Tom, you clean the room. 译:收到信后一定要回信。________________________________________ 3. 祈使句表祝愿的方式: Wish you a good journey. /May you have a happy marriage. 译:祝你成功!______________________或_____________________________ 4. 含 let 的祈使句:Let somebody v/adv. Let me have a try, will you?/Let him in, please. 5. 不用动词开头的祈使句。 Down with the pens!___________________No smoking!_________________ /No parking!___________No spitting!_____________No litter!__ ___________ 三.【拓展】:祈使句的反义疑问句: 1.否定祈使句+will you; 肯定祈使句+will/won’t you Eg. Don’t talk,___________? Come here on time,_______________________? 2. Let’s 开头+shall we/shan’t we? Let us 开头+will you/won’t you? Eg Let ‘s have a break,__________________? Let us hurry up,_______________________? 【Have a Try】 1. Stand over there, ___ you’ll be able to see it better. A. or B. while C. but D. and 2. I’ve never seen anyone run so fast ---- ______ David go. A. just watch B. just to watch C. just wat ching D. just having watched 3. Let us pass, _______?
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A. shan’t we B. shall we C. won’t we D. will you 4. Wait a minute, ______? A. shall you B. will you C. do you D. don’t you 5. – Alice, you feed the bird today, ____? – But I fed it yesterday. A. do you B. will you C. didn’t you D. don’t you 6. ___ down the radio—the baby’s asleep in the next room. A. Turning B. Turned C. Turn D. To turn 7. – How about a film tonight? – ____ I haven’t been to the cinema for a long time. A. Yes, thank B. Why not? C. No, go away D. It’s a pity. Language points: 1 .switch off/on____________=switch sth. off/on 同义词组_______________ follow:(v)________________________________________________等意思。 【Exercises】What’s the meaning of the underlined words? ⑴ He followed her out of the room.( ) ⑵ You can follow this route.( ) ⑶ I don’t quite follow you.( ) ⑷ I was only following orders.( ) 2.keep cool_________________ 3.Leave the motor on.__________________ “leave+n+adv” “leave+宾语+宾补”的复合结构:Leave+n/pron+n/adj/adv/prep phrase/doing/done/to do Eg.⑴ Her parents ________________________(让她自己选择朋友) ⑵ _____________________________(不要让他等)outside in the rain. ⑶ Don’t ____________________(让孩子呆在家里 ) alone. 4.blow(v)__________ 过去式___________过去分词____________. blow……down/off/over_________________________ blow out________________ blow up________________ blow your horn______________ 5.react(v)______ _________(n)_____________,__________ _____ 搭配:react to___ ____________ react with _______________________ react on ______________________reaction to _____________________ Eg.她对这个消息反应如何?How did she _____ _____the news?

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