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黄冈市2014高考英语阅读理解暑假训练(5)及答案


黄冈市 2014 高考英语阅读理解暑假训练(5)及答案

One of the most fascinating things about television is the size of the audience. A novel can be on the “best seller” lists with a sale of up to 100,000 copies, but a popular TV show might have 70 million TV viewers. TV can make anything or anyone well-known overnight. This is the principle behind “quiz” or “game” shows, which put ordinary people on TV to play a game for prizes and money. A quiz show can make anyone a star, and it can give away thousands of dollars. Charles Van Doren, an English instructor, became rich and famous after winning money on several shows. He even had a career as a television personality. But one of the losers proved that Charles Van Doren was cheating . It turned out that the show’s producers, who were pulling the strings, gave the answers to the most popular contestants befo rehand. Why? Because if the audience didn’t like the person who won the game, they turned the show off. The result of this chea ting was a huge scandal(丑闻). Based on the show off, a movie titled “Quiz Show” is on 40 years later. Charles Van Doren is no longer involved with TV. But game shows are still here, though they aren’t taken seriously. In fact, some of them try to be as ridiculous as possible. There are shows that send strangers on vac ation trips together, or that try to cause newly-married couples to fight on TV, or that punish losers by humiliating(羞辱) them. The entertainment now is to see what people will do just to be on TV. People still win money, but the real prize is to be in front of an audience of millions.
[来源:学科网]

45. What is the most important thing as to television? A. How many viewers they can attract C. How much money can be given away B. Becoming the best seller on the list D. The number of people attending shows

46. What does the underlined part “pulling the strings” probably mean? A. Planning the shows with effort C. Controlling the result secretly B. Drawing the curtain on the stage D. Playing “quiz” or “game” openly

47. Charles Van Doren stopped his career as a television personality because ________. A. he had earned enough wealth and fame. B. one of the participants had told the truth

C. the film “Quiz Show” was being shown D. his frequent appearance had bored the audience 48. It can be inferred from the passage that _______. A. TV Game Shows are more popular than before. B. the scandal was not made known until 40 years later C. getting money is the only purpose of people taking part in shows D. people can make themselves famous by taking part in shows

45--A

46--48 C B D

********************************************************结束

Heading off to college this year? Here are some fashion tips from our experts you should keep in mind: Dress to impress: Stylist and business consultant Daniela Smith says, “Girls should keep in mind that your college professors will often be the bridge that connects you to your future career and your classmates will become your professional network.You don’t need to dress like you’re going to the office, but you should display an ability to properly present yourself with appropriate maturity and confidence, and look put together.” Logo mania (品牌狂热症): Wearing the logos of brands aimed at younger customers physically identifies you as part of that age group, so consider the targeted age group of the stores you shop at.It’s tempting (诱人的) to load up on logos, especially well-known logos that signify high-end brands.But consider this: college is a time of self-discovery, a chance to develop your own personal style.Instead of wearing logos head to toe, “walking advertisement”-style, why not express who you really are ? Wear real pants! The combination of leggings and baggy shirts is all too common on college campuses.Smith points out that leggings, yoga pants, and sweatpants are entirely unacceptable in public unless you’re exercising. Although leggings worn as pants are a common trend among high school and college girls, they are not an appropriate choice for daywear.As a young woman, your style choice should begin to reflect your maturity level.So, get rid of leggings and wear real pants! Keep the cute factor to a minimum: Stay away from sweaters and T-shirts with smiling

animals, cartoon characters, or Hello Kitty on them.Sure, kit tens might be cute, but they’re not doing you any favors in the style department.Dressing too cutesy can take years off your look, and not necessarily in a good way! 52.The second paragraph indicates the importance of ________. A.impressing professors B.getting on well with classmates D.dressing appropriately

C.creating a professional image

53.The author recommends wearing real pants because ________. A.leggings and baggy shirts are too common B.yoga pants and sweatpants are not as comfortable C.real pants can present you with appropriate maturity D.people like real pants better than the other pants 54.What’s the writer’s attitude towards sweaters with animals on them? A.They make people look lovely. B.They are very fashionable these days. C.They will show you’re an animal lover. D.They are not suitable for college-aged students. 55.In which magazine would you most likely find this passage? A.Business Week. C.In style. B.Parents.

D.Travel & Leisure.

参考答案----------52-55DCDC **************************************************************结束

E Driving to a friend's house on a recent evening, I was attracted by the sight of the full moon rising just above my friend’s rooftops. I stopped to watch it for a few moments, thinking about what a pity it was that most city people? Myself included? Usually miss sights like this because we spend most of our lives indoors. My friend had also seen it. He grew up living in a forest in Europe, and the moon meant a lot to him then. It had touched much of his life.

I know the feeling. Last December I took my seven-year-old daughter to the mountainous jungle of northern India with some friends. We stayed in a forest rest-house with no electricity or running hot water. Our group had campfires outside every night, and indoors when it was too cold outside. The moon grew to its fullest during our trip. Between me and the high mountains lay three or four valleys. Not a light shone in them and not a sound could be heard. It was one of the quietest places I have ever known, a bottomless well of silence. And above me was the full moon, which struck me deeply. Today our lives are filled with glass, metal, plastic and fibre-glass. We have televisions, cell phones, pagers, elect ricity, heaters and ovens and air-conditioners, cars, computers.
[来源:学,科,网 Z,X,X,K]

Struggling through traffic that evening at the end of a tiring day, most of it spent indoors, I thought: before long, I would like to live in a small cottage. There I will grow vegetables and read books and walk in the mountains and perhaps write, but not in anger. I may become an ol d man there, and wear the bottoms of my trousers rolled and measure out my life in coffee spoons. But I will be able to walk outside on a cold silent night and touch the moon. 56. The best title for the passage would be______. A. Touched by the moon C. A bottomless well of silence B. The pleasures of modern life D. Break away from modern life

57. The writer felt sorry for himself because________. A. there was too much pollution B. he failed to see the fullest moon C. he didn’t adapt to modern inventions D. there were too accidents on the road 58. What impressed the writer most in the mountainous jungle of northern India? A. No modern equipment C. The nice moonlight B. Complete silence. D. The high mountains
[来源:学科网]

59. Modern things (Paragraph 4) are mentioned mainly to______. A. show that the writer likes city life very much B. tell us that people greatly benefit from modern life C. explain that people have fewer chances to enjoy nature D. show that we can also enjoy nature at home through them

60. The author wrote the passage to_______. A. express the feeling of returning to nature B. show the love for the moonlight C. advise modern people to learn to live D. want to communicate longing for modern life

参考答案
56-60 ABCCA *********************************************************结束

(1) Mr. Peter Johnson, aged twenty-three, battled for half an hour to escape from his trapped car yesterday when it landed upside down in three feet of water. Mr. Johnson took the only escape route—through the boot(行李箱). Mr. Johnson’s car had finished up in a ditch(沟渠) at Romney Marsin, Kent after skidding on ice and hitting a bank. “Fortunately, the water began to come in only slowly,” Mr. Johnson said. “I couldn’t force the doors because they were jammed against the walls of the ditch and dared not open the windows because I knew water would come flooding in.” Mr. Johnson, a sweet salesman of Sitting Home, Kent, first tried to attract the attention of other motorists by sounding the horn and hammering on the roof and boot. Then he began his struggle to escape. Later he said, “It was really a half penny that saved my life. It was the only coin I had in my pocket and I used it to unscrew the back seat to get into the bo ot. I hammered desperately with a hammer trying to make someone hear, but no help came.” It took ten minutes to unscrew the seat, and a further five minutes to clear the sweet samples from the boot. Then Mr. Johnson found a wrench and began to work on the boot lock. Fifteen minutes passed by. “It was the only chance I had. Finally it gave, but as soon as I moved the boot lid, the water and mud poured in. I forced the lid down into the mud and scrambled clear as the car

filled up.” His hands and arms cut and bruised(擦伤), Mr. Johnson got to Beckett Farm nearby, where he was looked after by the farmer’s wife, Mrs. Lucy Bates. Huddled in a blanket, he said, “That thirty minutes seemed like hours.” Only the tips of the car wheels were visible, police said last night. The vehicle had sunk into two feet of mud at the bottom of the ditch. 1. What is the best title for this newspaper article? A. Th e Story of Mr. Johnson, A Sweet Salesman B. Car Boot Can Serve As The Best Escape Route C. Driver Escapes Through Car Boot D. The Driver Survived A Terrible Car Accident 2. Which of the following objects is the most important to Mr. Johnson? A. The hammer. C. The screw. B. The coin. D. The horn.

3. Which statement is true according to the passage? A. Mr. Johnson’s car stood on its boot as it fell down. B. Mr. Johnson could not escape from the door because it was full of sweet jam. C. Mr. Johnson’s car accident was partly due to the slippery road.
[来源:学|科|网]

D. Mr. Johnson struggled in the pouring mud as he unscrewed the back seat. 4. “Finally it gave” (Paragraph 5) means that _______. A. Luckily the door was torn away in the end B. At last the wrench went broken C. The lock came open after all his efforts D. The chance was lost at the last minute 5. It may be inferred from the passage that _______. A. the ditch was along a quiet country road B. the accident happened on a clear warm day C. the police helped Mr. Johnson get out of the ditch D. Mr. Johnson had a tender wife and was well attended

【答案解析】

本文记述了 Mr. Johnson 由于车祸被困于水下车内半个小时,最后死里逃生的故事。 1. C。主旨题。根据第 1 段 Mr. Peter Johnson…escape from his trapped car…through the boot 可归纳出文章的标题为答案 C。 2. B。细节题。根据第 4 段 Mr. Johnson 所说的话及他后面所做的事情可推知此题答案 为 B。 3. C。细节题。根据第 2 段第一句…skidding on ice and hitting a bank 可推知答案为 C。 4. C。词句理解题。根据其上文 …work on the boot lock 及下文 but as soon as I moved the boot lid, the water and mud poured in 可推知此题答案为 C。 5. A。 推断题。 根据第 4 段最后一句 but no help came 及最后一段的第一句 Mr. Johnson got to Beckett Farm nearby 可推知地点是在寂静的农村,此题答案为 A。


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