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2020高中英语 Unit 24 Society Section Ⅳ Communication Workshop学案 北师大版选修8

2020
Section Ⅳ Communication Workshop

根据提示写出下列单词

1.________ n.

罚款

2.________ n.

判决

3.________ vt.

废除

4.________ adv.

再者,此外

5.________ adv.

所以,因此

6.________ vi.

摇动

7.________ adj.

信教的

8.________ n.

祈祷,祷告

9.________ n.

商人

10.________ vt.

含在嘴里吮食

【 答 案 】 1.fine 2.sentence 3.abolish 4 . moreover 5.consequently 6.swing 7.spiritual

8.prayer 9.merchant 10.suck

根据提示补全下列短语

1.break ________

闯入

2.lose faith ________

对……失去信心

3.bring ________

带回来;使恢复

4.pay ________

因……受罚,为……付出代价

5.be treated ________

被当作……对待

6.see...________

视……为……,把……看成是……

7.________ principle

原则上

8.take...________ account

把……考虑在内

【答案】 1.in 2.in 3.back 4.for 5.as 6.as 7.on 8.into

根据提示补全下列教材原句 1.What_is_even_more_unbelievable is the fact that_some_murderers_are_ let_out_of_prison after three or four years.

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更令人难以置信的是一些凶手三四年后从监狱里被释放出来这一事实。 2.That is the_only_way_of_protecting society and preventing young people from leading a life of crime. 那是保护社会和防止年轻人走上犯罪道路的唯一方法。
阅读 P40 课文,并从三个选项中选择最佳答案 1.What is the only way of protecting society RJ Butcher think? A.Criminals should be locked up for life. B.Criminals should be sentenced to death. C.Criminals should be let out of prison. 2.How does Paul Mason think of punishment? A.Take a revenge on criminals. B.Kill criminals. C.Help to reform criminals. 3.What occasion should life sentences be given? A.When a criminal is let out of prison. B.When a person is very dangerous to society when he or she is let out of prison. C.When a criminal kill a person. 【答案】 1.A 2.C 3.B
阅读 P40 课文,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式 Why people are having no 1.______(faithful) in the British system of justice.Because it was not long 2.______ drug dealers and robbers can be 3.______ on the streets and some 4.______(murder) are let out of prison after three or four years,5.______ is more unbelievable. Much 6.______(hard) sentences should be brought back.Criminals are made to pay for 7.____ they have done.After 8.______(commit) three crimes criminals are locked up for life in prison. Prisoners should be made to work.9.______ too much money is spent on prisons,they have become like hotels. We should bring the death penalty back.When a person has killed somebody she/he isn't worth 10.______(live).We also have to take into account the wishes of the families and friends of murder victims. 【 答 案 】 1.faith 2.before 3.out 4.murderers 5.which 6.harder 7.what 8.committing 9.Because 10.living

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break in 闯入;打断

break away from break down break out break up break into break through

离开;脱离 打破,毁掉;出毛病;(身体)垮了;恸哭;分解 突然爆发 拆散,打碎;分裂;崩溃 强行闯入;突然开始;顺利打入 突围;突破

①Our car broke down on the freeway. 我们的汽车在高速公路上抛锚了。 ②The band broke up after the performance. 那场演出之后乐队就解散了。
sentence n. 判决 (教材 P40)I think we should bring back much harder sentences 我认为我们应在这个国家内恢复更加严厉的刑罚……

in this country...

pass sentence on/upon sb.

判某人刑

sentence sb.to (do) sth.

给某人判……刑;

宣判某人做某事

sentence sb.to death/life imprisonment 判处某人死刑/终身监禁

serve a/one's sentence

服刑

①Former Cuban leader was sentenced to 44 years in prison on charges including bribery and corruption.
前古巴领导人因被控行贿和贪污被判入狱 44 年。 ②He has been sentenced (sentence) to pay a fine of £ 1,000. 他被判罚款 1 000 英镑。 ③The judge sentenced this man to death(die)for murdering. 法官宣判这个人因犯谋杀罪而被判处死刑。
(教材 P40)I am totally against harder sentences on_principle and really feel the death penalty should be abolished.
我原则上坚决反对较重的刑罚并且确实感到死刑应该被废除。 (1)on principle 原则上,按照原则

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against one's principles in principle on the principle of

违背某人的行为准则 理论上;原则上,大体上,基本上 根据……的原则,以……为原则

①In principle you are entitled to a financial grant,but it is difficult to claim. 原则上你有资格获得经济补助,但是很难获取。 ②We trade on the principle of equality and mutual benefit. 我们按照平等互利的原则进行贸易。 (2)abolish vt. 废除;废止(法律、制度、习俗等)

abolish old rules abolish a ban abolish slavery abolition n.

取消旧规则 取消禁令 废除奴隶制度 废除

③Their discussion centred around the abolition (abolish) of slavery.

他们的讨论是以废除奴隶制度为中心而进行的。

[明辨异同] abolish/cancel

abolish 为正式用词,指彻底废除某种制度、规章或习俗。

cancel

用法广泛,多指取消债务、合同、证书、比赛、旅行、计划或约 会等。

cancel,abolish

④This tax should be ________.

⑤I'm afraid I will have to ________our meeting tomorrow.

【答案】 ④abolished ⑤cancel

consequently adv. 因此;结果

(教材 P40)Consequently,in the USA,the death penalty is not as likely if the victim is black and

the murderer white as the other way around.

因此,在美国,当被害人是黑人而凶手是白人时,判决死刑的可能性不可能与在相反情况下(即被害人是白

人,而凶手是黑人)一样。

(1)consequent adj. (2)consequence n.

随之发生的;由……引起的 结果;后果

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as a consequence/in consequence 结果 as a consequence of/in consequence of ……的结果
①He narrowly lost his life as a consequence of/in consequence of careless driving. 由于粗心驾驶,他险些丢了性命。 ②His success was consequent (consequently) on his hard work.他的成功是勤奋工作的结果。
take...into account 把……考虑在内 (教材 P41)The wishes of victims' families and friends possibly need to be taken into account. 受害者的家人和朋友的愿望可能需要被考虑进去。

on sb.'s account on account of take account of on no account account for

为了某人的缘故 由于…… 考虑到…… 决不,无论如何都不(位于句首时,句子须倒装) 解释/说明……

①She can't work on account of her too young children. 她因为孩子太小而不能工作。 ②On no account should the soldiers be blamed for what happened.士兵们绝对不该为所发生的事情而 受到责难。

Ⅰ.语境填词 1.I regret to inform you he died as a consequence(consequently) of his injuries. 2.The slaves got freedom after the abolition(abolish) of slavery. 3.He was sentenced(sentence) to 140 hours community service. Ⅱ.选词填空
break in; on principle; take...into account; as a consequence; be sentenced to 1.She was still young, he said, and that would be taken_into_account when deciding her sentence. 2.The policemen broke_in and found the old man dead in his chair. 3.The criminal was_sentenced_to life imprisonment. 4.As a consequence of your laziness and rudeness, I am forced to dismiss you. 5.I would never deal with that company on_principle.

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(教材 P40)What_is_even_more_unbelievable is the fact that some murderers are let out of prison after three or four years.
更令人难以置信的是一些凶手三四年后从监狱里被释放出来这一事实。 【要点提炼】 What is even more unbelievable 是本句的主语部分,称为主语从句,what 又是这个从句 的主语。
what 还可以引导其他名词性从句,如宾语从句、表语从句等。但是 what 一般不引导状语从句、定语从句或 同位语从句等。
①What caused the accident was a broken bottle. 事件的发生源于一个摔坏的瓶子。 ②The Earth of today is not what it was millions of years ago. 现在的地球与几百万年之前的地球不一样了。
完成句子 1.使学校骄傲的是 90%的学生被重点大学录取。 ________________________ was that more than 90% of the students had been admitted to key universities. 2.1492 年哥伦布到达了现在所称的美洲大陆。 In 1492, Columbus reached ________________________. 【答案】 1.What made the school proud 2.what is now called America
如何写议论文
本单元的写作项目属于新课标中的议论文写作。这种写作要求我们就有关问题进行分析并针对这些问题提出 自己的观点、看法和解决建议。
议论文是一种剖析事物、论述事理、发表意见、提出主张的文体。作者通过摆事实、讲道理、辨是非,以确 定其观点的正确或错误,树立或否定某种主张,议论文应该观点明确,论据充分,语言精练,论证合理,有严密 的逻辑性。议论文在高考中常以图表、提纲或图画的形式出现。写此类作文时可采用三段式,即:
1.第一段根据图表、提纲或图画提出问题。 2.第二段阐明正、反方观点。 3.第三段阐明个人观点。 [亮点句式]

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1.As is known to all, it is important to be/do ... 2.I think there are at least two reasons for... 3.From what I have mentioned above, we can see that without...we cannot... 4.Different people, however, have different opinions on this matter. 5.Some people think that... 6.Others argue that... 7.In their opinion, nobody can...without... 8.Compared with..., ...has a lot of advantages over... 9.There is no doubt that... 10.In short, I firmly support the view that ... 11.People take/have/adopt different views about... 12.It is generally considered that... 13.There's a widespread concern about...

[写作任务]

最近,某机构针对 2 384 名青少年使用手机上网的情况进行了一次调查。结果如下:

调查内容

使用手机上网的情况

59%

偶尔浏览不健康的信息

67.3%

依赖手机或手机网络

90.9%

正在或曾经使用社交软件

请你根据以上素材,为某英语报纸写一篇稿件,陈述这项调查的结果,并对这个现象进行简短的评论。

注意:词数 100 左右。

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

[审题谋篇]

体裁

议论文

话题

青少年使用手机

时态

以一般现在时为主

人称

以第三人称为主

[遣词造句]

Ⅰ.词汇

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1.浏览__________________ 2.依赖__________________ 3.而且,并且__________________ 4.社交软件__________________ 5.优点和缺点__________________ 6.采取措施__________________ 7.限制__________________ 8.集中精力__________________ 【答案】 1.glance through 2.rely on 3.what's more 4.social networking software 5.advantages and disadvantages 6.take measures 7.limit 8.focus one's attention on Ⅱ.句式 1.67.3%的人承认他们太依赖手机或网络以致没有手机就不能活。 67.3% of them admit they rely on their mobile phones or the Internet and they couldn't live without them.(用 so...that 改写上面句子) 67.3%_of_them_admit_they_rely_on_their_mobile_phones_or_the_Internet_so_much_that_they_could n't_live_without_them. 2.政府应采取措施保证网络安全。 The government should take measures to make sure the Internet is safe for teenagers.(使用 It's important that...改写上面句子) It_is_important_that_the_government_should_take_measures_to_make_sure_the_Internet_is_safe_fo r_teenagers. 3.只有这样青少年才能集中精力学习。 The teenagers can focus their attention on their lessons in this way.(使用 only+状语...的倒 装句改写句子) Only_in_this_way_can_the_teenagers_focus_their_attention_on_their_lessons. [妙笔成篇] ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

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________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 【参考范文】 A survey conducted recently shows that 59% of the 2,384 teenagers glance through the unhealthy information on the Internet now and then.67.3% of them admit they rely on their mobile phones or the Internet so much that they couldn't live without them.What's worse,90.9% say they are using or have used social networking software. Every coin has two sides.Surfing the Internet brings disadvantages and advantages.I think the government should take measures to ensure the Internet safe for teenagers.Besides, parents should limit the time that their children spend playing with mobile phones or surfing the Internet.Only in this way can teenagers focus their attention on their lessons.