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2014高考英语短文改错、信息匹配一轮训练(17)及答案


2014 高考英语短文改错、信息匹配一轮训练(17)及答案 英语短文改错

【例题解析】
一.错词 1.动词错误: (1) 时态和语态、主谓一致的错误。 【1】整体时态: *Then I ask him “Grandma, how come you have so much lines on your hand” 全文为故事,故 ask 改为 asked。 *High over the water, they discover a hole in the balloon.The hole became bigger and bigger. 全篇使用过去时态,故改 discover- -discovered 【2】主谓一致 *Having fun with their friends make them happy. 动名词短语做主语,谓语动词用单数形式 makes。 *But the most wonderful thing about jack were his musical ability。 主语为 the most wonderful thing 故此,系词为 was *But not all information are good to society. 主语不可数,所以动词用 is。 (2.)动词错误: *In American big cities, thousands sell tickets to watch football or basketball games.(buy) 根据句子意思,数千人买票去看比赛。故 sell 改为 buy。 (3)非谓语动词 【1】动名词错误 *I am looking forward to see all of you again in the near future.(seeing) 解析:to 为介词,故此 see 改为 seeing * Not only play football makes us grow up tall and strong but also gives us a sense of fair play and team spirit. 解析:主语应为动名词,故 play football 改为 playing football 【2】现在分词 *The air keeps the balloon up was escaping quickly and the balloon was coming down.

解析:分词做定语,故 keeps 改为 keeping *I found a small house standing in a field with a light shone from the sitting room. 解析:with a light shone 改为 with a light shining。a light 和 shining 为主动关系。 【3】不定式 *I just want to thank you for helping me becoming a different person.(become) 解析:help sb do sth 故改 becoming 为 become *He did not want share things with others. 解析:want to share sth. want 后可跟不定式做宾语。 【4】过去分词 *I have some records giving to me as birthday gifts. 解析:have sth done, some records 和 give 是被动关系,故改为 given。 2.连词错误: *I came into the living room and saw one of them just go through the kitchen door but turn on the light. 解析:根据句意, “我看到他们中的一个人走进厨房,并且打开灯。 ”两个分句子之间是并列 关系。故改 but 为 and *We would return at night to hear that he`d picked up from the radio in the day. 解析:考查宾语从句,pick up 缺宾语,故改 that 为 what *The classes helped me understand what the world works 解析:根据句子意思, “这些课程有助于我了解世界是怎么运转的”故改 what 为 how。 *He was silent for a moment. So he answered slowly: “Each of these lines stands for a trouble” 解析:根据句子意思,So 改为 Then/And 3.形容词/副词错用: *You always gave me specially attention. 解析:名词应该被形容词 special 修饰。 *It is real a good chance to have met all of you here. 解析:副词 really 修饰系词,故改 real 为 really。 *My hometown has taken on a new look.How great it has changed ! 解析:great 修饰动词,故改为:greatly 4.冠词错误:

*This is my first visit to a American family.(an) 解析:American 第一个音标的音素是元音,故用 an. *Each player must obey captain, who is the leader of the team. 解析:有定语修饰,the 特指 captain. *Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd. 解析:固定搭配 catch sight of.故此去掉冠词 a。 5.代词错误: 【1】反身代词 *I just smiled to me and thought, … 解析:主语和宾语相同,故此 me—myself 。 【2】形容词性物主代词 *Besides, the foreign teachers here work hard and try his best to make the activities lively and interesting.(his --their) 解析:主语是第三人称复数,因此 try one`s best 【3】it/that/them /us *I thought that was dull to watch a game in which players kicked a ball to each other. 解析:that 不可以做形式主语,故改为 it。 *It was about noon when we arrived at the foot of the mountain.The three of them were very excited.前后人称错误。故此改 them 为 us. 6.名词单复数和名词的所有格的错误 *She marked strictly on student`s performance.(students`) 解析:根据句意,学生们的表演,故改为 students` performance *Physics is one of the most difficult subject for us (subjects ) 解析:one of 说明后面为复数形式。 *We practice three times every week and often watch football match on TV together. 解析:常常看比赛,故此 match 改为 matches. * I have no papers to write on. 解析:纸不可数,所以改为 paper 7.介词错误 *He left Shanghai at a cold night.

解析:一天的部分被修饰时,介词用 on, *I am a new comer of a small town. 解析:根据句子意思,来自一个小镇 come from a small town. * I was caught by the rain last night 解析:固定短语 be caught in the rain 遇上雨。 8.语意错误 *Thousands sell tickets to watch football or basketball games. 解析:句子意思:数千人卖掉票去看足球或者篮球比赛。故此错误,sell—buy *Not all people like to work and everyone like to play. 解析:句子意思:并非所有的人都喜欢工作,并且所有的人喜欢玩。语意错误,应该为转折 关系,and—but 。 ****************************************************************结束

第**节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Shoppers who carefully plan their visit to the grocery store can save money on their grocery bills. __51__ Shoppers should visit the grocery store on a full stomach by scheduling their trip immediately after a large meal. If that's not possible, they should find something healthy to eat while preparing a grocery list. __52__ Although having a list and sticking to it is the most important factor in saving money, shoppers must prepare lists wisely in order to save. __53__. Many special buys are announced through the local newspapers, so buying the “grocery issue”is worth the investment (投资). However, it's important to remember that many newer, more expensive products first offered through coupons may not yield enough savings for shoppers to give up the product they usually buy. __54__ Once at the store, the shopper who wants to save money should follow a few more rules. The shopper should not stay longer than necessary,because bills go up each minute the shopper is in the store. So, setting a time limit and a cost limit can hold down the bill. __55__ If the grocery list is a short one,some shoppers choose to use the small handheld basket instead of the roomy grocery cart.

A. A carefully planned list should include in season produce and any items on sale or discounted through coupons (优惠券). B. Of course, the shopper should stick strictly to the shopping list and resist the temptation to buy additional items. C. People who are full are less tired and more likely to buy what they want. D. Now that the shopper has completed the grocery list, it's time to leave for the store. E. You should keep your shopping list carefully in case you can exchange it for coupons. F. Most shoppers are less persuaded to buy extra goods when they are not hungry. G. Shopping when not hungry, sticking to a grocery list,and following a few simple rules will cut down the grocery bill.

参考答案-----------51-55 .G F A D B
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【英语短文改错】二、多余词 多词一般为:冠词/连词/介词/系词 be 助词等。 【1】连词多余: *They did not want breakfast because that they were going out early in the morning. 解析:连词多余,故此去掉 (that),原句是状语从句。 【2】介词多余: *The crowd waiting for to greet them in England was very surprised.(for) 解析:没有宾语,所以去掉 for。 【3】冠词多余: *Suddenly I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd. 解析:固定短语,catch sight of :偶然看见。 【4】系词/助词多余: *My mother was asked : “Have you taken medicine ?” 解析:根据句意,是妈妈问:故为主动语态。

三:缺词

缺词一般为:冠词/连词/介词/系词 be 助词/ 【1】缺介词 *He was looking for a glass ^the cupboard (in) 解析:根据句意,in the cupboard 做状语。 【2】缺冠词 *However, the popular teacher is at^ same time the one who should be strict with students.(the) 解析:形容词 same 和 the 搭配使用,故给 same 前加 the。 【3】缺连接词 *In one class, I learned^ it rained (why) 解析:根据句子意思可知,缺连接词,句意为: “在一节课上,我知道了下雨的原因” 。 【4】缺系词 *What ^your favorite sport ? (is) 解析:句子中缺系词,在 What 加 is. ***************************************************************结束 (3) ― Well, Bob, what a surprise! It's nice to see you again! ― Hello, Ann! 11 Wasn't it a year ago Christmas, the last time we saw you? ― You know, I think you're right.How are your wife and the children? ― Oh, they're fine.Billy fell down and broke his leg a few months ago. 12 ― Wasn't Joey learning to play the violin? Seems to me I remember something about that. ― 13 He's all excited about sports now. ― And you wife, what is she doing these days? ― She's going to a night school on Mondays and Thursdays.She's studying French now.But last year she studied typing and sewing. 14 Next it’ll probably be cooking. ― How nice for her! 15 But say hello to Mrs James for me, will you? ― Sure I will, and remember me to your husband.Goodbye. A.Oh, he's given that up. B.Oh, I'm sorry.I've got to rush. C.She's made great progress in that. D.How long has it been? E.I think she just enjoys going to school. F.Joey's getting on well with her. G. But other than that, there's been nothing special. 参考答案-------------(3)11-15 D G A E B

***************************************************************结束 (4) ―___16 ---Isn`t it terrible ? ―The rain…____17. ―I don`t like it at all.Do you ? ―Strange such a day in July.___18 ―_____19 ―Yes, I remember, too. ―___20 ―Yes, it was. A. When did it rain a lot in July ? B. Or was it in 1928 ? C. Rain in the morning, then bits of sunshine, and then rain, rain, all day long D. Bad day, isn`t it ? E I remember exactly the same July day in 1936. F. I hate the rain G.What a day it is ! 参考答案---------------(4)15-20 D F C E B *************************************************************结束

请阅读下列应用文和相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。
A. Pasta House – new Italian restaurant located in the heart of the city. Simple but delicious inexpensive meals. Also has a good range of vegetable-only meals. It’s always crowded so be ready to order take -away or share a table. Open 11 a.m. to midnight. B. A Taste of India – famous for its spicy curries and many southern Indian dishes using chilli. You will usually be able to find a table during the week but if you’re planning to go on the weekend make sure you book a table in advance. Open noon to midnight.

C. Paris Match – this is the finest French restaurant in the city. Wonderful food you can enjoy in luxurious surroundings. The perfect place to have a romantic meal or impress a business partner, but be prepared for a large bill. Open noon to 2 a.m. Booking essential. D. Mountain Diner – not fancy but tasty. Excellent Asian and European dishes. Countryside location surrounded by forest. It’s at least an hour’s drive from the city so you might want to stay at the nearby Mountain Hotel overnight. Open 7 a.m. to 10 p.m. E. Owl Café – open 24 hours a day the café has a large selection of set breakfast, lunch and dinner meals for you to choose from, or you can enjoy one of their many delicious snacks and desserts over a cup of freshly made coffee. F. Greek Bistro – a lively restaurant that serves great-value Greek food and has live Greek music played by a local band. Customers are encouraged to take part in the entertainment so be ready for a night of loud fun and laughter. Open 6 p.m. to 2 a.m. 以下是五个人的选择要求,请匹配每个人拟选择的地方: 1. Bill – was late getting up today so hasn’t had time to make breakfast. He wants to pick up something to eat before he goes to work so he has enough energy to last through to lunch time. 2. Julie – works in the city and wants to get some lunch. She doesn’t want anything too special so long as it is tasty and not too expensive. Julie likes

all kinds of food but because she is on a diet she wants to avoid anything containing meat. 3. Sally – has friends visiting her from out-of-town and wants to take them to dinner. She wants to take them somewhere they can enjoy the atmosphere and have fun. She is a university student so doesn’t have a lot of money and doesn’t like her food too hot. 4. Albert – is a businessman who will meet an important European client for a business dinner next week. Want to book a table at a quiet restaurant that will impress his guest with both its food and its surroundings. 5. Robert – is meeting his friend Ben for lunch today (Tuesday) and wants to take him to a nice restaurant. Both Robert and Ben enjoy good quality spicy food. Robert doesn’t like arranging things in advance so he hasn’t booked a table.

参考答案

EAFCB

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