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2014高考英语短文改错、信息匹配一轮训练(22)及答案

2014 高考英语短文改错、信息匹配一轮训练(22)及答案

(201*· 保定调研) Last Sunday I went to the Bird's Nest Stadium. At gate1.________ I happened to meet some young America tourists.I greeted2.________ to them in English and then we began to chat. From the chat3.________ I learned that they were college students traveling in Beijing4.________ but most of them were fond of Chinese culture. They were5.________ busy taking pictures and they seem to be much impressed by6.________ the changes which had been taken place in the past few years.7.________ After come out of the Stadium, we went to the Water Cubic(水立方)8.________ and had a good time there. We exchanged our email address so that9.________ we could write to each other later. They thanked us again and again.10.________ I was very glad to have the chance to practise my oral English. 答案与解析: 1.gate 前加 the 此处表示特指,指的是鸟巢体育馆的大门。 2.America→American 应该用形容词来修饰名词。 3.去掉第一个 to greet 是及物动词,可直接加宾语,不必加 to。 4.√ 5.but→and 来北京和喜欢中国文化为并列关系而非转折,应用 and 表示并列。 6.seem→seemed 般过去时。 7.去掉 been take place 无被动语态。 介词 after 后要用动名词形式。 根据事情发生的时间 last Sunday 和全文的时态可知,此处也应用一

8.come→coming

9.address→addresses 交换的是双方的邮箱地址,故此处应用复数形式。 10.us→me 是“我”帮助了他们,因此用 me。

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补全对话试题是在情境应答和对话中,抽出其中五个句子,打乱顺序后与两个语法正确、语 言通顺而且内容也与对话有关的干扰项一起放在对话的后面,要求考生根据情景,选择备选 项中正确的选项来补全对话。它主要考查特定情景中某些口语的固定表达形式。对话中上下 文之间的关系较密切,理解上下文之间的逻辑关系是阅读理解能力测试中的一个重要方面, 同时也是解答补全对话的关键。补全对话试题主要考查学生的英语交际能力。所以在平时的 学习和复习中要注意归纳和总结各种情景中英语的习惯表达。例如: ①打电话常用语 ②提供帮助和应答 ③感谢和应答 ④祝愿、祝贺和应答 ⑤劝告和建议 ⑥道歉、遗憾、同情和应答 ⑦人们对某事物的看法,观点、愿望和评价等。

15—2 考点知识精讲
补全对话试题主要考查学生的英语交际能力。所以在乎时的学习和复习中要注意归纳和 总结各种情景中英语的习惯表达。在做题时,应跳过空行,快速把全篇对话通读一遍,对对 话的整体结构有所了解,把握对话的内容及语境。对语境的熟悉是十分重要的,熟悉语境的 重点应放在对话的具体时间、地点、人物以及它们之间的相互关系。因为在不同的场合,语 言的表达方式、谈话的态度、表达的内容就会有所不同。如在餐馆、图书馆、车站、商店等 不同的地点,都有各自特殊的语言表达方式。因而,在做题时,应在理解全篇对话内容的基 础上,准确地把握语言环境,把自己“置身”于语境之中,理解双方谈话的意图。选项选好 后,应将所选的选项带人对话的空行处去验证,凭语感和交际语言习惯进行验证。全篇对话 是否贯通流畅,内容是否清晰,前后意思是否矛盾,所选的选项是否符合对话的语言环境, 是否符合上下文的逻辑关系,是否符合英美人的习惯等。做到 1.通读全篇对话,掌握对话的主旨,大意。 2.注意对话的“链条”,承上启下。 3.准确理解每个句子的确切含义,即理解字面意思,也理解深层含义,包括谈话双方的 态度、意图、情感等,不可望文生义。 4.注意对话,验证答案

(201*· 重庆调研)

Today is Sunday. We had not lessons. After breakfast1.________ I wanted to do with my homework when Li Lei rang me.2.________ He asked me to go to the cinema with he. I agreed, but3.________ I have to finish my homework first. About an hour later,4.________ we went out. In the way we saw Kate; she was mending5.________ her bike. She looked very worry.“Let us help you.” Li Lei6.________ and I all said. “All right.” And we stopped to help her.7.________ There was nothing much wrong with the bike, so it cost8.________ us only several minutes time to finish it. Kate was very 9.________ thankful. When we hurried to the cinema, the film had10.________ been on for ten minutes. But we felt happy. 答案与解析: 1.not→no “没有课”应是 have no lessons 或 don't have any lessons。 2.去掉 with do 是及物动词,直接跟名词作宾语。

3.he→him 介词后跟代词时要用宾格。 4.have→had 本文是叙述过去发生的事情。 5.In→On “在??途中”是 on the way。 6.worry→worried “她看上去很着急”,应该用形容词作表语。

7.all→both 因为只有我和李蕾两人。 8.cost→took “花费时间做什么”要用 It takes some time to do something。 9.去掉 time 有具体的时间名词 minutes,无须再用 time。 10.√

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根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有一项 为多余选项。

Maybe you are an average student. You probably think you will never be a top student. This is not necessarily so, however. Anyone can become a better student if he or she wants to. Here’s how: Plan your time carefully. When planning your work, you should make a list of things that you have to do. After making this list, you should make a schedule of your time. First your time for eating , sleeping, dressing, etc. Then decide a good, regular time for studying.(62)____ A weekly schedule may not solve all your problems, but it will force you realize what is happening to your time. Find a good place to study. Look around the house for a good study area. Keep this space, which may be a desk or simply a corner of your room, free of everything but study materials. No games, radios, or television. When you sit down to study, concentrate on the subject. Make good use of your time in class. (63)____Listening carefully in class means less work later. Taking notes will help you remember what the teacher says. Study regularly. When you get home from school, go over your notes, review the important points that your teacher is going to discuss the next day, read that material. (64)_____If you do these things regularly, the material will become more meaningful, and you’ll remember it longer. Develop a good attitude towards tests. The purpose of a test is to show what you have learned about a subject. They help you remember your new knowledge. The world won’t end if you don’t pass a test, so don’t be over worried. (65)_____ You will probably discover many others after you have tried these. A. There are other methods that might help you with your studying. B. Don’t forget to set aside enough time for entertainment. C. Take advantage of class time to listen to everything the teacher says. D. No one can become a top student unless he or she works hard. E. This will help you understand the next class.

参考答案-----------62---65 BCEA
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请阅读下列应用文和相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。
以下是一些书目介绍的信息: A. 20 Years Younger The book details easy and effective steps we can all take to rebuild the foundation of youth and enjoy better health, improved energy, and a positive outlook on life. The four basic programs are: an exercise system for fighting muscle and bone loss, a longevity-focused diet, sleep rejuvenation, and wrinkle-fighting skin care. Woven throughout the text is practical advice on changing appearances, controlling stress, staying mentally sharp, navigating medical tests, and much more. B. Born To Run Full of incredible characters, amazing athletic

achievements, cutting-edge science, and, most of all, pure inspiration, Born to Run is an epic adventure that began with one simple question: Why does my foot hurt? In search of an answer, Christopher McDougall sets off to find a tribe of the world’s greatest distance runners and learn their secrets, and in the process shows us that everything we thought we knew about running is wrong. C. Natural Running In Natural Running, Abshire explains how modern running shoes distort the efficient running technique that

humans evolved over thousands of years. He reviews the history of running shoes and injuries, making the case for barefoot running but also warning about its dangers.

D. Woodworking This book includes excellent instruction from a best-selling woodworking author on all aspects of woodworking with hand tools. He approaches setting up the all-hand tool shop, explains how the tools work in wood, addresses the joinery, and finishes with instructions on building a workshop accessory to use with hand tools. Also included are other sample projects and information on finishing hand-worked projects. the

E. Whittling Little Folk: 20 Delightful Characters to

Carve and

Paint

At the beginning of the book, readers will find step-by-step carving and painting instructions for a Scandinavian inspired man and woman. Once they have learned to carve these two projects, readers will find an additional 18 patterns that can also be created with the same technique and some subtle changes.

F. Quick and Easy Meals The book offers healthy, low-carb Primal-approved recipes that can all be completed in under half and hour and, in many cases, in just a few minutes. Sisson and Meier show you how to delight your family or guests every time with quick, delicious meals using local produce, CSA meats, healthy fats (yes, and real butter) and common herbs and spices.

请阅读以下购书者的信息,然后匹配相关的书籍。 1. Carina is fond of art and likes carving very much. In order to make something for the coming Mothers Day, she is searching a new idea. 2. Daisy is a busy salesgirl, who is difficult to find time to cook. She likes home meals. 3. Alexander is a college student. He likes running. He wants to know more about the secret of shoes and running. 4. Sammy majors in PE. He will do a research on how to train long distance runners. 5. Nancy is looking for a book about advice on controlling stress, changing appearances, and enjoying a better health

参考答案

EFCBA

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