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PET分类词汇表

PET 热门词汇分类
Sports: athlete (n) someone who is good at sports such as running, jumping or throwing things athletics (n) the sports which include running, jumping and throwing basket (n) the name for the net in basketball basketball (n) a game in which two teams try to win points by throwing a ball through a high net bat (n) a piece of wood used to hit the ball in some sports bike (n) bicycle board (n) a flat object or surface used for a particular purpose boot (n) a shoe that covers the whole foot and part of the leg champion (n) a person or animal that wins a competition changing room (n) a room where you change into clothes to do sport cycling (n) the activity of riding a bicycle cyclist (n) someone who rides a bicycle equipment (n) a tool or object used for an activity or purpose field (n) an area of grass where you can play a sport football (n) a game in which two teams of players kick a round ball and try to score goals; the ball used for this game footballer (n) someone who plays football, especially as their job goalkeeper (n) the player in a sport such as football who tries to stop the ball going into the goal gym (n) a building with equipment for doing exercises gymnast (n) someone who does gymnastics gymnastics (n) a sport in which you do physical exercises on the floor and on different pieces of equipment helmet (n) a hard hat that protects your head hockey (n) a game played by two teams in which a small ball is hit with a long stick horse riding (n) the sport or activity of riding a horse match (n) a sports competition in which two people or teams compete against each other net (n) kind of material often used in sports (in tennis the net separates the two halves of the court) outdoors (adv) not inside a building racing (n) the activity or sport in which people, animals or vehicles race against each other racket (n) a piece of equipment that you use to hit a ball in sports such as tennis rugby (n) a sport played by two teams with an oval ball and H-shaped goals sailing (n) a sport using boats with sails skiing (n) a sport in which you move across snow on skis sportsman/woman (n) a man/woman who is good at sport surfer (n) someone who surfs surfing (n) the sport of riding on a wave on a special board team (n) a group of people who play a sport or game together training (n) when you prepare for a sport or competition sail (v) to travel in a boat or a ship

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skis (n) a pair of long, thin pieces of wood or plastic that you wear on the bottom of boots to move over snow sports centre (n) a building with places where you can play different sports hockey stick (n) a long, thin piece of wood that you use when you are playing hockey swimming (n) moving through water using arms and legs swimming pool (n) an area of water made for people to swim in table tennis (n) a game in which four people hit a small ball over a low net on a large table tennis (n) a sport in which two or four people hit a small ball to each other over a net volleyball (n) a game in which two teams use their hands to hit a ball over a net windsurfing (n) a sport in which you sail across water by standing on a board and holding onto a large sail personality friendly (adj) behaving in a pleasant, kind way towards someone hard-working (adj) doing a job seriously and with a lot of effort independent (adj) not wanting or needing anyone else to help you intelligent (adj) able to learn and understand things easily kind (adj) This describes someone who does things to help others and shows that they care about them. self-confident (adj) feeling sure about yourself and your abilities serious (adj) This describes someone who is quiet and does not laugh often. shy (adj) not confident, especially about meeting new people tidy (adj) having everything in the right place and arranged in a good order Appearance average height (adj) not tall and not short blonde (adj) This describes hair which is pale yellow broad-shouldered (adj) with wide shoulders curly (adj) with many curls dark (adj) having black or brown hair fair hair (adj+n) light coloured hair hair (n) the thin, thread-like parts that grow on the head and body of people and animals height (n) how tall or high something or someone is long (hair) (adj) not short moustache (n) a line of hair that some men grow above their mouths short (adj) not as tall as most people shoulder-length (adj) If your hair is shoulder-length, it goes down as far as your shoulders. slim (adj) thin in an attractive way tall (adj) higher than most other people wavy (adj) not straight but with slight curves Free time activities computer games chess

(n) a game you play on a computer (n) a board game with a black and white board and different shaped pieces

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classical/pop/ rock music/jazz (n) different kinds of music (going) clubbing (n) spending the evening dancing in a club (going) dancing (n) going out to dance (going) shopping (n) going out to buy things Work Artist boss colleague disc jockey engineer bridges, etc. hairdresser housewife journalist mechanic model photographer receptionist and dealing with guests sales person shop assistant tourist work experience bank guard criminal police officer security officer shopping mall shoplifter thief Entertainment available ballet book (tickets) circus clown being silly comedy concert dance entertainment event

(n) someone who makes paintings, sculptures, drawings, etc. (n) someone who is responsible for employees and tells them what to do (n) someone that you work with (n) someone who plays music on the radio or at discos (n) someone whose job is to design, build or repair machines, engines, roads, (n) someone whose job is to cut people’s hair (n) a woman who stays at home to cook, clean and take care of her family (n) someone whose job is to write for newspapers (n) someone whose job is to repair cars (n) someone whose job is wearing clothes for photographs or fashion shows (n) someone whose job is to take photographs (n) someone who works in a hotel or office building, answering the telephone (n) someone who sells things (like cars) (n) someone whose job is selling things in a shop (n) someone who visits a place for pleasure and does not live there (n) doing a temporary unpaid job to find out what it is like (n) someone whose job is to protect a bank (n) someone who has done a crime (n) someone whose job is to protect people from crime (n) someone whose job is to protect people and things in a place such as a (n) someone who steals from shops (n) someone who steals things

(adj) If something is available, you can use it or get it. (n) a type of dancing that is done in a theatre and tells a story, usually with music (v) to arrange to go to a show at a time in the future (n) a show in which a group of people such as clowns perform in a large tent (n) someone with funny clothes and a painted face, who makes people laugh by (n) a funny film or play (n) a performance of music and singing (n) a set of movements that you do to music (n) shows, films, television, or other performances or activities that people enjoy (n) something that happens

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excitement (n) when people feel very happy and interested (music) festival (n) a series of performances, usually over a few days film (n) a story shown at the cinema or on television fun (n) enjoyment or pleasure, or something that gives you enjoyment or pleasure funny (adj) making you smile or laugh interval (n) a period of time between two parts of a performance in the theatre or at a concert laugh (v) to smile and make sounds with your voice because something is funny magic (n) clever things that a person does while other people watch, such as making things disappear musical (n) a show or film with songs and dancing musician (n) someone who plays a musical instrument, often as a job nightclub (n) a place where you can dance at night performance (n) acting, singing, dancing or playing music for other people to enjoy play (n) a story that is written for actors to perform, usually in a theatre refreshments (n) food and drinks that are given at a meeting, on a journey, etc. show (n) a television or radio programme or a theatre performance Transport airport (n) a place where planes take off and land backpack (n) a bag that you carry on your back bicycle (n) a vehicle with two wheels and no engine boarding pass (n) a piece of paper you must show to get on an aircraft bus (n) a large vehicle that carries passengers by road, usually along a fixed route car (n) a vehicle with an engine, four wheels, and seats for a few people carriage (n) one of the separate parts of a train where the people sit check-in (n) the place at an airport where you go to say that you have arrived for your flight coach (n) a comfortable bus used to take people on long journeys (re)confirm (v) to tell an airline that you plan to use your ticket customs (n) the place where your bags are examined when you are going into a country departure lounge (n) the place where you wait for your flight ferry (n) a boat that regularly carries people and vehicles across an area of water flight (n) a journey in an aircraft helicopter (n) an aeroplane which flies using long, thin parts on top of it that turn round and round very fast lorry (n) a large road vehicle for carrying things from place to place luggage (n) bags that you carry with you when you travel motorbike (n) a vehicle with two wheels and an engine motorway (n) a long, wide road, usually used by traffic travelling fast

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passport control (n) a place where passports are checked (aero)plane (n) a vehicle that flies and has an engine and wings reservation (n) an arrangement that you make to have a seat on an aeroplane, a room in a hotel, etc. scooter (n) a small motorbike ship (n) a large boat that carries people or things by sea suitcase (n) a rectangular case with a handle that you use for carrying clothes when you are travelling tax (n) money that you have to pay to the government taxi (n) a car with a driver who you pay to take you somewhere train (n) a long, thin vehicle which travels along metal tracks and carries people or goods tram (n) an electric vehicle for carrying passengers, mostly in cities, which moves along metal lines in the road visa (n) an official mark in your passport book that allows you to enter or leave a particular country wing (n) one of the two long, flat parts at the sides of an aeroplane that help it stay in the sky School attend (v) to go to an event or a place classroom (n) a room in a school where students have lessons department (n) a part of a school where you study certain subjects education (n) teaching and learning in a school or college evening class (n) a series of lessons which take place in the evening, usually for adults exam (n) an official test of how much you know about something hall (n) a large room or building where meetings and concerts, etc. happen history (n) the study of events in the past laboratory (n) a room used for scientific work lesson (n) a period of time when a teacher teaches people maths (n) the study or science of numbers and shapes playground (n) an area of land where children can play, especially at a school primary school (n) a school for children aged 5 to 11 science (n) the study of the structure of natural things and the way that they behave single-sex school (n) a school for either boys or girls, but not both sports ground (n) an area within a school or town where sports are played study (v) to learn about a subject, usually at school or university subject (n) an area of knowledge studied in school or university surname (n) the name that you and people in your family all have teenager (n) someone who is between 13 and 19 years old timetable (n) a list of times for lessons uniform (n) a special set of clothes that are worn by all the children at a school

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Feelings amused angry something bad bored care about confident excited feeling frightened miserable nervous proud tired worried

(adj) how you feel when something is funny (adj) how you feel when you want to shout at someone who has done (adj) how you feel when something is uninteresting (v) to feel that something is important (adj) certain about your ability to do things well (adj) happy and interested (n) an emotion (adj) afraid (adj) sad (adj) worried and anxious (adj) very pleased about something of yours or something you have done (adj) how you feel when you need to rest (adj) uncertain and unhappy about something that might happen

Describing things, situations or people amusing (adj) funny boring (adj) uninteresting exciting (adj) making people feel happy and interested frightening (adj) making people feel afraid interesting (adj) keeping your attention tiring (adj) making you feel you need to rest worrying (adj) making you feel uncertain and unhappy about something that might happenSchool attend (v) to go to an event or a place classroom (n) a room in a school where students have lessons department (n) a part of a school where you study certain subjects education (n) teaching and learning in a school or college evening class (n) a series of lessons which take place in the evening, usually for adults exam (n) an official test of how much you know about something hall (n) a large room or building where meetings and concerts, etc. happen history (n) the study of events in the past laboratory (n) a room used for scientific work lesson (n) a period of time when a teacher teaches people maths (n) the study or science of numbers and shapes playground (n) an area of land where children can play, especially at a school primary school (n) a school for children aged 5 to 11 science (n) the study of the structure of natural things and the way that they behave single-sex school (n) a school for either boys or girls, but not both sports ground (n) an area within a school or town where sports are played study (v) to learn about a subject, usually at school or university subject (n) an area of knowledge studied in school or university

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surname teenager timetable uniform

(n) the name that you and people in your family all have (n) someone who is between 13 and 19 years old (n) a list of times for lessons (n) a special set of clothes that are worn by all the children at a school

Towns and buildings bus/railway station (n) a place where you catch a bus or train car park (n) a place where vehicles can be parked castle (n) a large, strong building that was built in the past to protect the people inside from being attacked cathedral (n) the largest and most important church in an area city centre (n) the middle of a city shopping centre (n) a place with lots of shops within one building (a mall) corner (n) the point or area where two roads meet crossroads (n) a place where two roads cross each other entrance (n) a door or other opening which you use to go in somewhere gardens (n pl) a park or large public area where plants or flowers are grown gate (n) a door in a fence or outside wall greengrocer (n) a shop where you buy fruit and vegetables hospital (n) a place where ill or injured people go to be treated by doctors and nurses library (n) a place with a lot of books that you can read or borrow market square (n) an area where a market is held outdoors museum (n) a building where you can look at important objects connected with art, history or science newspaper kiosk (n) a small building where newspapers are sold one-way street (n) a street where traffic travels in one direction only pavement (n) a path by the side of a road that people walk on pedestrian area (n) part of a town where people can walk but not drive pedestrian crossing (n) a special place on a road where traffic must stop if people want to cross petrol station (n) a place where you can buy petrol river (n) a long, natural area of water that flows across the land roundabout (n) a circular place where roads meet skateboard park (n) an outdoor area where people can go skateboarding sports stadium (n) a large, open area with seats around it, used for playing and watching sports supermarket (n) a large shop that sells food, drink, things for the home, etc. taxi rank (n) a place where you can go to get a taxi town hall (n) a large building where local government is based traffic lights (n pl) a set of red, green and yellow lights that is used to stop and start traffic tunnel (n) a long passage under the ground or through a mountain turning (n) a corner where one road meets another

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wall

(n) one of the sides of a room or building

Love and marriage anniversary (n) a day on which you remember or celebrate something that happened on that day in the past church (n) a building where Christians go to pray couple (n) two people who are married or having a romantic relationship get engaged (v) to promise each other that you will marry soon get married (v) to begin a legal relationship with someone as their husband or wife honeymoon (n) a holiday for two people who have just got married be in love (v) to love someone in a romantic way present (n) something that you give to someone, usually on a special day promise (v) to say that you will certainly do something or that something will certainly happen registry office (n) in Britain, a place where births, deaths and marriages are officially recorded and where you can get married relation (n) someone who belongs to the same family as you ring (n) a round piece of jewellery that you wear on your finger romantic (adj) relating to feelings of love wedding (n) an official ceremony at which two people get married Parties accept (v) to agree to take something that is offered to you barbecue (n) a party at which you cook food over a fire outdoors fireworks (n pl) a show of small exploding objects that make a loud noise and light up fizzy (adj) This describes a drink with lots of bubbles of gas in it. hire (v) to pay money in order to use something for a short time invitation (n) when someone asks you if you would like to do something invite (v) to ask someone to come to your house, to a party, etc. juice (n) the liquid that comes from fruit or vegetables mess (n) an untidy or dirty place or thing organise (v) to plan or arrange something plan (v) to decide what you are going to do or how you are going to do something refuse (v) to say that you will not do or accept something rubbish (n) things that you throw away because you do not want them secret (n) something that you tell no one about or only a few people throw away (v) to put something in the rubbish Parts of the body ankle brain movements

(n) the part of your leg that is just above your foot (n) the part inside your head that controls your thoughts, feelings and

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cheek chest chin ear elbow eye eyebrow finger forehead heart knee lip lung neck nose shoulder stomach throat thumb toe wrist Health antibiotic aspirin backache break complain contact lens clearly cough cough mixture earache feel sick glasses headache healthy hurt move position pain paracetamol sneeze sound

(n) one of the two soft parts of your face below your eyes (n) the front of your body between your neck and your stomach (n) the bottom part of your face, below your mouth (n) one of the two things on your head that you hear with (n) the part in the middle of your arm where it bends (n) one of the two things in your face, which you use to see with (n) the thin line of hair that is above each eye (n) one of the five long parts at the end of your hand (n) the part of your face between your eyes and your hair (n) the thing inside your chest that sends blood around your body (n) the middle part of your leg where it bends (n) one of the two soft, red edges of the mouth (n) one of the two parts inside your chest that are used for breathing (n) the part of the body between your head and your shoulders (n) the part of your face that you breathe through and smell with (n) where your arm joins your body next to your neck (n) the part of your body where food is digested (n) the back part of your mouth and the part inside your neck (n) the short, thick finger on the side of your hand (n) one of the five separate parts at the end of your foot (n) the part of your body between your hand and your arm

(n) medicine you take for an infection (n) a common drug used to stop pain and fever (n) a pain in your back (v) to damage a bone in your body (v) to say that something is wrong or that you are angry about something (n) a small piece of plastic you put on your eye to make you see more (n) when you make air come out of your throat with a short sound (n) medicine for a cough (n) pain in your ear (v) feel that food in your stomach will come up (n) a piece of equipment that you wear to help you see better (n) pain inside your head (adj) good for your health (v) If a part of your body hurts, it is painful. (v) to change place or position, or to make something change place or (n) a bad feeling in a part of your body when you are ill or hurt (n) a common drug used to reduce pain and fever (v) when air suddenly comes out through your nose and mouth with a loud

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sore stomach ache temperature toothache

(adj) painful, especially when touched (n) pain in your stomach (n) when you have this, you are hotter than usual because you are ill (n) a pain in one of your teeth

Communication address (n) the number of a building and the name of the street, city, etc. where it is application form (n) a form that you use to officially ask for something, for example a job birthday card (n) a card with a picture and greetings which you send to someone on the day they were born best wishes (n) a way of ending a letter or email brochure (n) a thin book with pictures and information, usually advertising something email (n) a way of sending messages electronically, from one computer to another (business/love) letter (n)some writing that you send to someone, usually by post look forward to (v) to feel happy about something that is going to happen price list (n) information about how much things cost postcard (n) a card with a picture on one side that you send without an envelope Post-it (note) (n) a sticky piece of paper you usually use for very short notes text (n) a short written message sent by phone signature (n) your name written in your own way which is difficult for someone else to copy yours sincerely (adv) a way to end a business letter Geography border (n) the line that separates two countries or states coast (n) the land next to the sea continent (n) one of the seven main areas of land on the Earth, such as Asia, Africa or Europe country (n) an area of land that has its own government, army, etc. desert (n) a large, hot, dry area of land with very few plants Earth (n) the planet that we live on east (n) the direction from which the sun rises equator (n) the imaginary line around the Earth that divides it into equal north and south parts flag (n) a piece of cloth with a special design and colours, that is the symbol of country island (n) an area of land that has water around it lake (n) a large area of water which has land all around it language (n) the words used by the people of a country moon (n) the round object that shines in the sky at night and moves around the Earth mountain (range) (n) (a line of) very high hill(s)

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nationality (n) If you have American/British/Swiss, etc. nationality, you are legally a member of that country. North Pole (n) the place that is further north than anywhere else ocean (n) one of the five main areas of sea planet (n) a large, round object in space that moves around the sun or another star south (adj) opposite of north valley (n) an area of low land between hills or mountains weather (n) the temperature or conditions outside, for example if it is hot, cold, sunny, etc. west (adj) the direction in which the sun sets world (n) the Earth and all the people, places, and things on it Books beginning (n) the start of something biography (n) the story of a person’s life written by another person character (n) a person in a book, film, etc. cover (n) the outer part of a book, magazine, etc. that protects the pages description (n) words that tell you what someone or something is like diagram (n) a simple picture showing what something looks like or explaining how something works ending (n) the last part of a story fiction (n) literature and stories about imaginary people or events hero/{MOD} (n) the main person in a story horror story (n) a kind of story which shocks or frightens people non-fiction (n) books containing facts or true stories novel (n) a book that tells a story about people and things that are not real original (adj) interesting and different from others poem (n) a piece of writing, especially one that has short lines and uses words that sound the same review (n) a piece of writing in a newspaper that gives an opinion about a new book, film, etc. science fiction (n) stories about life in the future or in other parts of the universe series (n) a group of books or TV programmes that have the same main characters or are about the same subject spy story (n) a story about people who try to get information secretly thriller (n) a book or film with an exciting story, often about crime traditional story (n) a story which has been told by people for many years translation Furniture and houses accommodation antique armchair basin (n) something changed from one language to another (n) a place where you live or stay (n) an object that is old, and rare or beautiful (n) a comfortable chair with sides that support your arms (n) the bowl that is fixed to the wall in a bathroom, where you can wash

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your hands bathroom (n) a room with a bath, basin, and often a toilet and shower bookshelf (n) a shelf for holding books carpet (n) thick material for covering floors, often made of wool central heating (n) a system of heating a building chest of drawers (n) a piece of furniture with drawers for keeping clothes in clock (n) a piece of equipment that shows you what time it is cooker (n) a piece of equipment used to cook food cupboard (n) a piece of furniture with a door on the front and shelves inside, used for keping things curtain (n) a piece of material which you can pull across a window cushion (n) a cloth bag filled with something soft which you put on a chair desk (n) a table that you sit at to write or work dishwasher (n) a machine that washes plates, glasses, etc. drawer (n) a container like a box that is part of a piece of furniture and can be moved in and out flat (n) a set of rooms to live in, with all the rooms on one floor fridge (n) a large cupboard that uses electricity to keep food cold furniture (n) things such as chairs, tables and beds that you put into a room hi-fi (n) equipment for playing music, consisting of a CD player, radio, etc. hook (n) a curved piece of metal or plastic used for hanging something on light (n) an object that we switch on when it is dark living room (n) the main room in a house mirror (n) a piece of special glass in which you can see yourself nail (n) a thin piece of metal with a sharp end, used to join pieces of wood together old-fashioned (adj) not modern pillow (n) a soft object which you put your head on when you are in bed plastic (n) a light substance that can be made into different shapes; many everyday objects are made of it poster (n) a large, printed picture or notice that you put on a wall roof (n) the surface that covers the top of a building shower (n) a piece of bathroom equipment that you stand under to wash your whole body sink (n) a bowl that is fixed to the wall in a kitchen that you wash dishes in sofa (n) a large, comfortable seat for more than one person solar power (n) electricity produced by using the sun’s energy stair(s) (n) one step / a set of indoor steps step (n) a flat surface between two areas at different levels toilet (n) a bowl that you sit on or stand near when you get rid of waste substances from your body towel (n) a soft piece of cloth that you use for drying yourself tower (n) a very tall, narrow building, or part of a building wall (n) one of the sides of a room or building

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wastepaper basket (n) a container that is used indoors, where we put rubbish such as paper wooden (adj) made of wood Clothes (baseball)cap (n) a hat with a flat part at the front beads (n) small pieces of glass, stone, etc. with holes through, on a necklace or bracelet belt (n) a thin piece of leather or plastic that you wear around the middle of your body collar (n) the part of a shirt or coat that goes round your neck dress (n) a piece of clothing for women which covers the top of the body and hangs down over the legs glove (n) a piece of clothing which covers your fingers and hand hat (n) something that you wear to cover your head jeans (n pl) trousers made from denim (a strong, usually blue, material) jewellery (n) objects made from gold, silver, etc. and stones that you wear for decoration jogging bottoms (n pl) loose, comfortable trousers you wear for sports or to relax material (n) cloth for making clothes, curtains, etc. pattern (n) a design of lines, shapes, colours, etc. scarf (n) a piece of cloth that you wear around your neck or head to keep warm or for decoration shirt (n) a piece of clothing worn on the top part of the body, fastened with buttons down the front skirt (n) a piece of women’s clothing that hangs from the waist and has no legs sleeve (n) the part of a jacket, shirt, etc. that covers your arm sock (n) something that you wear on your foot inside your shoe suit (n) a jacket and trousers or a jacket and skirt that are made from the same material suit (v) to make someone look more attractive sunglasses (n pl) dark glasses that you wear to protect your eyes from the sun sweater (n) a warm piece of clothing which covers the top of your body and is pulled on over your head sweatshirt (n) a piece of clothing made of soft cotton which covers the top of your body tie (n) a long, thin piece of cloth that a man wears around his neck with a shirt trainers (n pl) comfortable shoes for sport, often white trousers (n pl) a piece of clothing that covers the legs and has a separate part for each leg Describing clothes black blue bright

(adj) the colour of the sky on a dark night (adj) the same colour as the sky when there are no clouds (adj) having a strong, light colour

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brown (adj) the colour of chocolate colourful (adj) having bright colours cool (adj) slightly cold cotton (adj) (n) (made of) cloth or thread that is made from the cotton plant dark (adj) nearer to black than white in colour dull (adj) not bright fashionable (adj) popular at a particular time flat (adj) in a horizontal or level position green (adj) the colour of grass grey (adj) the colour that is a mixture of black and white leather (adj) (n) (made of) the skin of animals that is used to make shoes and bags light (adj) nearer to white than black in colour loose (adj) not tight narrow (adj) not wide orange (adj) the colour that is a mixture of red and yellow patterned (adj) with a design made from repeated lines, shapes or colours plain (adj) all the same colour plastic (adj) (n) a light substance that can be made into different shapes when it is soft and has many uses pointed (adj) with a thin, sharp end purple (adj) the colour that is a mixture of red and blue red (adj) the colour of blood shiny (adj) bright because it reflects light silk (adj) made of a type of cloth which is light and smooth sleeveless (adj) describes a piece of clothing with no sleeves striped (adj) with a pattern of lines thick (adj) (of material) heavy and warm tight (adj) fitting your body very closely white (adj) the colour of snow or milk yellow (adj) the colour of a lemon Adventures camp cave chance something competition etc. competitor dangerous dive float funfair play games

(v) to stay in a tent or temporary home (n) a large hole in the ground or in the side of a mountain (n) the possibility that something will happen; the opportunity to do (n) an event in which people try to win something by being the best, fastest, (n) someone who is trying to win a competition (adj) This describes something which could harm you. (v) to jump into water with your head and arms going in first (v) to move gently through air or on water (n) a place outdoors where you can ride on big machines for pleasure and

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instructor (n) someone who teaches a particular sport or activity lottery (n) a competition in which people buy numbered tickets and then win money if their ticket has the winning number marathon (n) a race in which people run for about 26 miles / 42 km parachute (n) a large piece of cloth which is fixed to your body by strings and helps you to drop safely from an aeroplane race (n) a competition in which people run, ride, drive, etc. against each other in order to see who is the fastest ride (n) going on one of the machines at a funfair risk (n) the possibility of something bad happening risky (adj) dangerous because something bad might happen sensible (adj) showing the ability to make good decisions and do things which will not make problems set off (v) to start (a journey) sky-diving (n) the sport of jumping out of an aeroplane with a parachute strength (n) when someone or something is strong tent (n) a structure for sleeping in made of cloth fixed to poles Making plans and organizing alphabetical order (n) the same order as the letters of the alphabet careless (adj) not giving enough attention to what you are doing file (n) a collection of information stored electronically; a box or folded piece of thick paper used to put papers in go on a diet (v) to have rules about what you eat, usually to lose weight (in a) hurry (n) needing to do something quickly lose your temper (v) to become angry manage (v) to be in control of mess (n) an untidy or dirty place or thing organised (adj) This describes someone who plans things carefully. prepare (v) to get ready for something in the future relax (v) to become happy and comfortable because nothing is worrying you run out of (v) to use all of something so that there is none left throw away (v) to put something in the rubbish tidy (v) to put everything in its correct place waste time (v) to use your time badly Radio and television act channel dialogue costume drama police drama documentary episode

(v) to perform in a play or film (n) a number on a television that you choose in order to watch a programme (n) the talking in a book, play, or film (n) a play, film or series on television where people wear historical costume (n) a play, film or series on television about crime (n) a film or television programme that gives facts about a real situation (n) one programme of a series shown on television or radio

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game show (n) a programme on television with competitions in which people try to win prizes news (n) information about important things that have just happened in the world presenter (n) someone who introduces a radio or television programme children’s programme (n) a show for children on television or radio sports programme (n) a show on television or radio showing or talking about sports script (n) the words in a film, play, etc. serial (n) a story that is told in separate parts over a period of time series (n) a number of programmes about the same subject, with a new story each time soap (n) a television programme about the lives of a group of people that is shown every week/day summary (n) a short description that gives the main facts or ideas about something theme music (n) the music that is always played at the beginning and end of a television or radio programme TV guide (n) a magazine or part of a newspaper that tells you the times of radio and TV programmes weather forecast (n) a description of what the weather will be like Cinema action film (n) a film with lots of adventures and exciting events and activities actor (n) someone who performs in plays and films box office (n) the place in a theatre or cinema where you buy tickets camera crew (n) the group of people who operate a television or film camera as their job caravan (n) a vehicle people can live in which is pulled by a car cartoon (n) a film made using characters that are drawn and not real comedy (n) a funny film or play costume (n) the clothes that an actor wears when acting director (n) someone who tells the actors in a film or play what to do dressing room (n) a room where actors put on their costumes before a performance film crew (n) the people (not the actors or director) who work together to make a film film star (n) a famous cinema actor or actress historical film (n) a film about the past horror film (n) a film about strange and frightening events science fiction film (n) a film about imagined worlds make-up (n) the colours, etc. actors wear on their faces microphone (n) a piece of electrical equipment for recording sounds movie (n) American English word for film musical (n) a film with lots of music and dancing scene (n) a short part of a film screen (n) a large, flat surface where a film is shown shoot (a film) (v) to use a camera to make a film (lighting/sound) technician (n) someone whose job involves practical work with light or sound equipment

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\

Families aunt (n) the sister of your mother or father, or the wife of your uncle brother (n) a boy or man who has the same parents as you brother-in-law (n) the man married to your sister, or the brother of your husband or wife cousin (n) the child of your aunt or uncle daughter (n) your female child ex-husband (n) the man that a woman was married to before a divorce ex-wife (n) the woman that a man was married to before a divorce family tree (n) a drawing that shows the relationships between the different members of a family get divorced (v) to officially stop being married father (n) your male parent grandfather/granddad (n) the father of your mother or father grandmother/grandma (n) the mother of your mother or father grow up (v) to become older or an adult half-brother (n) a brother who is the son of only one of your parents half-sister (n) a sister who is the daughter of only one of your parents husband (n) the man that a woman is married to jealous (adj) not happy because you want something that someone else has look after (v) to take care of someone or something mother (n) your female parent nephew (n) the son of your brother or sister niece (n) the daughter of your brother or sister only child (n) someone who has no brothers or sisters parent (n) your mother or father relative (n) someone in your family remarry (v) to get married again after a divorce or the death of a husband or wife sister (n) a girl or woman who has the same parents as you sister-in-law (n) the woman married to your brother, or the sister of your husband or wife son (n) your male child spoilt (adj) badly behaved because you are always given what you want or allowed to do what you want stepfather (n) the man who has married your mother but is not your father stepmother (n) the woman who has married your father but is not your mother uncle (n) the brother of your mother or father, or the husband of your aunt wife (n) the woman that a man is married to Music band classical

(n) a group of musicians who play modern music together (adj) serious music by people like Mozart and Stravinsky

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drum (n) a round, hollow, musical instrument that you hit with your hands or with sticks drummer (n) someone who plays a drum flute (n) a musical instrument that you hold out to the side and play by blowing hit (n) a very successful song, film, book, etc. (musical) instrument (n) an object that is used for playing music, for example a piano jazz (n) music with a strong beat that people often play without looking at written music keyboard (n) an electronic musical instrument similar to a piano keyboard player (n) someone who plays a keyboard or piano lead/bass guitar (n) the main guitar in a band or the deep-sounding one guitarist (n) someone who plays the guitar, especially as their job musician (n) someone who plays a musical instrument, often as a job pianist (n) someone who plays the piano piano (n) a big wooden musical instrument with black and white keys that make sounds when you press them play (v) to make music with a musical instrument pop (n) modern music popular with young people rock (n) loud, modern music often played with electric guitars and drums singer (n) someone who sings song (n) words that go with a short piece of music sound (v) to seem good/interesting/strange, etc., from what you have heard talent (n) a natural ability to do something trumpet (n) a metal musical instrument that you play by blowing into it in tune (expression) singing or playing the right notes violin (n) a wooden musical instrument that you hold against your neck and play by moving a stick violinist (n) someone who plays the violin voice (n) the sounds that you make when you speak or sing Competitions Congratulations! (exclamation) something that you say to someone when they have been successful or lucky decision (n) a choice that you make about something after thinking final (n) the last part of a competition to decide who will win judge (n) someone who decides which person or thing wins a competition judge (v) to decide the winner or results of a competition lose (v) not to win a game or competition loser (n) someone who does not win a game or competition (good/bad) luck (n) good and bad things caused by chance and not by your own actions Well done! (exclamation) something you say to someone who has won a competition or passed an exam, for example win (v) to get the most points or succeed in a competition winner (n) someone who wins a game, competition or election

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Adjectives and adverbs confidently (adv) in a way that shows you are certain about your ability to do something well fast (adj) quick loudly (adv) making a lot of noise perfectly (adv) without fault, or as well as possible professionally (adv) in a way that shows high standards or skill quietly (adv) making little or no noise slowly (adv) moving, happening or doing something without much speed Telephoning and texting missed call (n) when someone telephones you but you do not receive the call call (v) to telephone someone call back (v) to telephone someone a second time, or to telephone someone who telephoned you earlier hang on (v) to wait, especially on the telephone hang up (v) to end a phone call (keep/stay) in touch (v) to be/remain in contact make a phone call (v) to use a telephone mobile (n) a mobile phone (tele)phone (n) a piece of equipment that is used to talk to someone who is in another place (tele)phone (v) to speak to someone by telephone ring (v) to telephone someone silent (adj) without any sound switch on/off (v) to turn on/off text (v) to send a written message from a mobile phone top up (v) to pay more money to your phone company so that you can continue using your phone Strange worlds alien balloon believe believe in button cloud collect deceive dream examine discover something explanation

(n) a creature from another planet (n) a round rubber thing filled with air or gas that floats in the air (v) to think that something is true, or that what someone says is true (v) to be certain that something exists (n) a small, round object that you push through a hole to fasten clothes (n) white or grey thing in the sky made of small water drops (v) to get things from different places and bring them together (v) to make someone believe something that is not true (n) events and images in your mind while you are sleeping (v) to look at someone or something very carefully, especially to try to (n) the reason why something happens

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land (v) when an aeroplane arrives on the ground after flying object (n) a thing that you can see or touch but that is not alive possibility (n) a chance that something may happen or be true psychologist (n) someone who studies the human mind and feelings real (adj) existing and not imagined scientist (n) someone who studies or works in science search (v) to try to find someone or something secret (adj) This describes something that other people are not allowed to know about. spacecraft (n) a vehicle which can travel outside the Earth and into space strange (adj) unusual or not expected survey (n) an examination of people’s opinions or behaviour made by asking people questions trick (n) something you do to deceive someone, or to make someone look stupid (tell the) truth (n) the real facts about a situation UFO (Unidentified Flying Object) (n) something strange that you see in the sky that could be from another part of the universe Friends alone (adj) without other people bossy (adj) always telling other people what to do chat (n) a friendly talk chat (v) to talk with someone in a friendly way be fed up with (v) to feel bored and unhappy with a situation, thing or person be friends with (v) to like someone and feel they are your friend become/make friends with (v) to start being friends with someone you have recently met friendship (n) when two people are friends get on with (v) If two people get on with each other, they like each other and are friends. honest (adj) This describes someone who gives their real opinion about things and doesn’t deceive anyone. sense of humour (n) the ability to laugh and know that something is funny introduce (v) to tell someone another person’s name the first time that they meet meet (v) to see and speak to someone (not) mind (v) (not) to be angry or worried about something miss (v) to feel sad about someone or something that you no longer see or have rude (adj) behaving in a way which is not polite and upsets other people share (v) to have or use something at the same time as someone else support (a football team) (v) to like a particular sports team and want them to win supporter (n) someone who likes a particular sports team and wants them to win trust (v) to believe that someone is good and honest and will not harm you be someone’s type (v) to be the kind of person someone thinks is attractive

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upset

(v) to make someone feel sad or worried

Inventions build demonstrate battery factory inventor machine particular job metal operate produce program replace round square square stone wood Shopping bargain bring back browse catalogue check-out counter deliver fit fitting room in stock shopping mall match online price product queue receipt restaurant, etc. refund are not happy self-service

(v) to make something by putting materials and parts together (v) to show someone how to do something (n) an object that provides electricity for things such as radios, toys or cars (n) a place where things are made or put together (n) someone who designs and makes new things (n) a piece of equipment with moving parts that uses power to do a (n) a hard, shiny material such as iron, gold or silver (v) If a machine operates, it works, and if you operate it, you make it work. (v) to make or grow something (v) to give (a machine) a set of instructions to do something (v) to get a new thing in place of something older (adj) in the shape of a circle or ball (n) a shape with four equal sides and four 90°angles (adj) in a shape with four equal sides and four 90°angles (n) a hard, natural substance that is found in the ground (n) the hard material that trees are made of

(n) something that is sold for less than its usual price (v) to return something to the shop where you bought it (v) to walk around a shop and look at things without buying anything (n) a book with a list of all the things that you can buy from a company (n) the place where you pay in a self-service shop (n) the place in a shop, bank, etc., where people are served (v) to take letters or things to a person or place (v) to be the right shape or size for someone or something (n) a room in a shop where you can try on clothes (adv) available in a shop (n) a large, covered shopping area with different shops and café etc. s, (v) to be of the same colour or type (adj) connected to the Internet (n) the amount of money that you pay to buy something (n) something that someone makes or grows so that they can sell it (n) a line of people waiting for something, one behind the other (n) a piece of paper that proves that you have paid for something in a shop, (n) an amount of money that is given back to you, especially because you (adj) This describes a shop where you get things yourself.

21

serve (a customer) (v) to help customers and sell things to them in a shop size (n) how big or small something is (market) stall (n) a table or small open shop in a market, from which things are sold try something on (v) to put on a piece of clothing to see if it fits you wallet (n) a small, flat container, usually made of leather, for paper money and credit cards Persuading advert(isement) (n) a notice or short film which informs people about something and tries to persuade them to buy it advertise (v) to tell people about something, on television or in newspapers, etc., so that they will buy it change (your) mind (v) to change a decision or opinion encourage (v) to say good things to someone that will make them confident about doing something influence (v) to change the way that someone thinks inform (v) to tell someone about something It’s none of your business. (expression) You say this when you don’t want to tell someone about something. (not very polite) logo (n) a special design that a company uses so that people recognise its products persuade (v) to make someone agree to do something by talking to them a lot about it prevent (v) to stop something happening or to stop someone doing something promise (v) to say that you will certainly do something or that something will certainly happen recommend (v) to say that someone or something is good or suitable for a particular purpose slogan (n) a short phrase that is easy to remember, often used in advertisements suggest (v) to talk about an idea or plan for someone else to consider take notice of (v) to pay attention to warn (v) to tell someone that something bad may happen in the future The environment air-conditioning clean up cool cut down damage destroy forest heat home-made a factory human being

(n) a machine or system which cools the air in a building (v) to make a place clean and tidy (v) to become less hot (v) to cut a plant (for example, a tree) so that it falls (v) to harm or break something (v) to damage something so badly that it cannot be used or does not exist (n) a large area of trees growing close together (v) to make something become hot or warm (adj) made in someone’s home, or cooked in a restaurant, not bought from (n) a person, not an animal

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local (adj) relating to an area near you pollution (n) damage caused to water, air, etc. by bad substances repair (v) to mend something that is broken or damaged responsibility (n) something that it is your job or duty to do rubbish (n) things that you throw away because you do not want them save (v) to reduce the amount of money/space/time, etc. that you have to use society (n) the people who live in the same country or area and have the same laws, traditions, etc. spoil (v) to damage something or stop it from being enjoyable or successful take care (v) to give a lot of attention to what you are doing so that you do not have an accident or make a mistake turn the heating up/ down (v) to increase or decrease the amount of warmth from a central heating system volunteer (n) someone who works without being paid, especially helping other people volunteer (v) to offer to do something without being asked to do it Journeys depart departure destination express coach another fare petrol route stop tour tour traveller trip again

(v) to leave a place (n) when someone or something leaves a place (n) the place where someone or something is going to (n) a comfortable bus which travels quickly, usually from one city to (n) the price that you pay to travel on an aeroplane, train, bus, etc. (n) a liquid fuel used in cars (n) the roads you follow to get from one place to another place (n) the place where people can get on or off a bus, tram, etc. (n) a visit to and around a place, area or country (v) to travel around a place for pleasure (n) someone who is travelling (n) a journey in which you visit a place for a short time and come back

Celebrities autograph (n) a famous person’s name, written by that person bodyguard (n) someone whose job is to protect someone chef (n) someone who cooks food in a restaurant designer (n) someone who draws and plans how something will be made stage (n) the raised area in a theatre where actors perform famous (adj) known by many people fan mail (n) letters that famous people receive from people who admire them in public (adv) in a place where anyone can go personal trainer (n) someone whose job is to help people get or stay fit personal assistant (n) someone whose job is to help a busy or rich person to organise their life

23

rich star (personal) stylist hairstyles, etc. up-to-date cooked

(adj) having a lot of money (n) a famous singer, actor, sports person, etc. (n) someone whose job is to help a rich or famous person to choose clothes, (adj) modern, and using the most recent technology or knowledge (adj) not raw

Eating meals main course (n) the most important part of a meal cup (n) a small, round container with a handle on the side, used to drink from dessert (n) sweet food that is eaten after the main part of a meal dish (n) food that is prepared in a particular way as part of a meal eat in (v) to choose to eat restaurant food in the restaurant instead of taking it away fast food (n) hot food that is served very quickly in a restaurant because it is already made flavour (n) the taste of a type of food or drink fork (n) a small object with three or four points and a handle, that you use to eat with hungry (adj) wanting or needing food knife (n) a sharp metal thing used for cutting loaf (n) bread made in one large piece menu (n) a list of food and drinks that you get in a restaurant order (v) to ask for food or other things packet (n) a small box with a lot of the same thing in it picnic (n) food that you take from your home to eat outside plate (n) a flat, round object used for putting food on portion (n) the amount of food served to one person, especially in a restaurant raw (adj) not cooked salad (n) a cold mixture of raw or cooked vegetables service (n) when people help you and bring you things in a place such as a shop, restaurant or hotel slice (n) a flat piece of bread, meat, etc. cut from a larger piece sparkling (drink) (adj) with small bubbles in it still (drink) (adj) without bubbles in it spicy (adj) containing strong flavours from spice, sometimes hot and peppery spoon (n) an object with a handle and a round, curved part at one end, used for eating and serving food starter (n) something that you eat as the first part of a meal take away (v) to buy food in a restaurant and eat it at home or somewhere else taste (v) If food tastes a particular way, it has that flavour. thirsty (adj) wanting or needing a drink tip (n) an extra amount of money that you give to a waiter, etc. to thank them vegetarian (n) someone who does not eat meat or fish

24

waiter/waitress Teenagers childish cool embarrassing people embarrassed go out with gorgeous guy haircut joke notice smart spoil the class idiot whistle your lips

(n) a man/woman who works in a restaurant, bringing food to customers

(adj) silly, like the behaviour of a child (adj) good or fashionable (adj) someone or something that makes you feel stupid in front of other (adj) feeling that you appear stupid to other people (v) when you have a date with someone, especially if you see them often (adj) very beautiful or pleasant (n) a man or boy (or, in plural form, sometimes people) (n) the style in which your hair is cut (n) a short funny story which someone says to make people laugh (v) to see something and be aware of it (adj) clever (v) to stop something from being enjoyable or successful (n) the most stupid student in the class (very impolite) (v) to make a sound by breathing air out through a small hole made with

25


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