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高考英语一轮 短文改错、信息匹配训练(23)

2014 高考英语短文改错、信息匹配一轮训练(23)及答案

(201*·郑州质检) We all know that healthy is very important to us. Both1.________ study and work depend by strong bodies. Doing sports2.________ and games helps us keep strong and healthy. If we do not3.________ take any exercise, we may feel tired but get sick easily.4.________ There's many different kinds of sports we can do them,5.________ such as playing ball games, running, walking and swim.6.________ However, now we have too much homework to do in7.________ every day. We hope that we'll be giving less homework8.________ and have more time take part in sports. We also hope9.________ that our school can hold a sports meeting every term. 10.________ 答案与解析: 1.healthy→health 这里是句子的主语,因此用名词形式。 2.by→on/upon depend on/upon 是固定搭配。 3.help→helps 这句话的主语是动名词短语 doing sports and games。动名词短语 作主语表示一件事时,谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。 4.but→and feel tired 和 get sick 是并列关系,不表示转折,因此将 but 改为 and。 5. 去掉 them 这是一个定语从句, 从句中作动词 do 的宾语的关系代词 that(或 which) 被省略了,因此 them 是多余的。 6.swim→swimming 应用动名词与前面的 running,walking 并列,故应用 swimming。 7.去掉 in every day 可以单独作状语,前面不需要加介词。 8.giving→given 这里是被动语态,因此用过去分词。 9.take 前加 to 此处考查的是 have time to do sth.的结构。

10.√ ***********************************************************结束

第***节 七选五(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 There was a legend about one small thing changing the world history. Sir Alexander Fleming was a Scottish biologist.His discovery of penicillin (青 霉素) had changed the world of modern medicine by introducing the age of useful antibiotics (抗生素) 51 .

Alexander's father was a poor Scottish farmer.When Alexander was young, one day, while trying to make a living for his family, his father heard a cry for help coming from a nearby muddy ground. 52 There, stuck to his waist in black mud, was a terrified boy,

screaming and struggling to free himself.Farmer Fleming saved the boy from what could have been a slow and terrifying death. The next day, a fancy carriage pulled up at the Scotsman's rough surroundings.An elegantly dressed nobleman stepped out and introduced himself as the father of the boy Farmer Fleming had saved. "I want to reward you," said the nobleman."You saved my son's life. " I can't accept reward for what I did," the Scottish farmer replied, waving off the offer. 53 "Is that your son?" the nobleman asked.

"Yes," the farmer replied proudly. " I'll make you a deal. Let me take your son and give him a good education.If the boy is anything like his father, he'll grow into a man you can be proud of." And that he did.Farmer Fleming's son attended a very best school, and in time, he graduated from St. Mary's Hospital Medical School in London. 54 Why?

Because he discovered Penicillin.Years afterwards, the nobleman's son was stricken with pneumonia.What saved him? Penicillin.


The name of the nobleman? Lord Randolph Churchill.His son's name? Sir Winston Churchill. Sir Winston Churchill, was a British politician known chiefly for his leadership of the United Kingdom during World War II. 55

A.His father dropped his tools and ran to the muddy ground. B.If the farmer hadn't saved the boy, he wouldn't have met the nobleman. C.Penicillin has saved, and is still saving, millions of people around the world. D.At that moment, the farmer's own son came to the door of the family cottage. E.Both the discoverer of Penicillin and his father saved Sir Winston Churchill's life. F.He served as Prime Minister of UK from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. G.And he went on to become known throughout the world as the famous Sir Alexander Fleming.

参考答案------------51-55 CADGF ********************************************************结束

(201*·河南五校联考) After I finished the school this year, I began to1.________ look for work. Now several month later, I still hadn't 2.________ found the job that I was interested. Last Sunday morning,3.________ I received a phone call from a man calling him Mr. Smith.4.________ He said to me on the phone, “I hear you do very well in your5.________ studies. I may provide a job for you.” I entered 6.________ his office with a beaten heart. How I hoped that I 7.________ will go through the job?hunting talk today and he would8.________ take me on as a lab assistant. But to my surprised, 9.________

what he said disappointing. He only needed a model.10.________ 答案与解析: 1.去掉 the finish school 是固定搭配,表示“毕业”。 2.month→months month 是可数名词,several 暗示应用复数形式。 3.interested 后加 in be interested in 是固定搭配,表示“对……感兴趣”。 4.him→himself Mr. Smith”的男子。 5.do→did 根据逻辑可知这里表示毕业前的情况,故用一般过去时。do well in“干 得好”。 6.√ 7.beaten→beating a beating heart“忐忑不安的心”。 8.will→would 这里应考虑主从句时态的呼应,故用过去将来时。 9.surprised→surprise to one's surprise 是固定搭配,表示“令某人惊讶的是”。 10.said 后加 was 系动词。 ***********************************************************结束 what he said 是主语从句,“他的话是令人失望的”。句子缺少 calling himself Mr. Smith 短语作定语,修饰 a man 表示“自称

请阅读下列应用文和相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。 1. Mary: I never used to like stamp collecting. I read almost everything I can: books, magazines, newspapers. I go to the public library abut twice a week. If you’d like to send me something, maybe books are my favorite. 2. Tom: My wife says I should take up gardening. We have a big garden and she loves working in it. But the truth is, it bores me. My friends and my wife think I’m really boring, because I’m always listening to music. I go to concerts all the time. I love Mozart and all that classical staff. 3. Mike: I don’t really like video games and that sort of things. I prefer being outdoors, hiking or playing sports. I always go out with my family playing baseball and stuff all the time. I think most sports are pretty interesting. 4. Lisa: I’m a free writer, and a lot of people think my job is easier because

I don’t have to go to the office everyday. And I don’t have to deal with office politics. But, you know, my job is very hard. I have to be very organized and much disciplined. And pretty self-motivated. And when I have a problem, there is no one around to help me. 5. Victor: My life is very stressful. In my working place, everyone is in a hurry and under tremendous pressure. The doctors are demanding, and there is always too much to do to save a dying patient. 请阅读以下相关的职业或兴趣爱好,然后匹配和相关的个人。 A. The person works in a hospital emergency room. His/her job is to assist doctors to rescue patients who are seriously ill. B. The person likes sports activities the most. For him/her, having sports activities is very interesting. C. The person works for himself/herself at home. He/She writes for others. D. The person doesn’t like other things such as gardening. But he/she really likes music, especially classical music. E. The person likes collecting all kinds of things, such as baseball cards and stamps. F. Many people may like collecting things, such as collecting cards or stamps. But he/she likes reading very much.

参考答案 FDBCA ***************************************************结束 英语短文改错 【命题趋向】 短文改错是一项主要测试考生的判断能力,观察能力、纠错能力语言基础知识及语言的综合 运用能力。 短文改错的趋势: 1.改错短文以记叙文和说明文为主 。 2.文章内容贴近学生生活,没有生僻词汇和复杂的结构,文章简单易懂,错误设置也很 简单,多为学生平常作文中常出现的错误。 3.短文一般 100 词左右,错误有 9 处。 4.常见错有三种:错词、多词、 缺词。错词占 60%左右 【错误类型】 1. 错词 2. 多词 3. 缺词 4. 正错 【考点透视】

一.错词的热点 1. 动词—时态 语态 非谓语 ;主谓关系。 2. 联系词—关系代词和关系副词;连词;连接词。 3. 名词—可数名词 、不可数名词,可数名字的单复数变化。 4. 介词—介词和动词的搭配错误。 5. 形容词/副词—词类错用。 6. 冠词—定冠词和不定冠词的错用。 7. 代词—人称代词;物主代词;反身代词。 8. 惯用法—固定句型,固定短语。 二.多词和缺词热点 1. 冠词 2.介词 3.副词 4.代词 5.关联词 6.小品词 to 【短文改错主要特点】 1. 语言材料取自于学生的习作。 2. 短文为贴近学生生活的话题或学生身边事。 3. 短文难度符合学生水平。 4. 语言简单易懂。 5. 没有生僻的语言现象或繁难的语句结构。 ***********************************************************结束


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