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2014新目标八年级下册unit3


张明工作室 in 2014.2.15

Unit3 Could you please clean your room? 课文重难点讲解 Section B 1. Could I invite my friends to a party? 我能邀请我的朋友们来聚会吗? 【解析】invite sb. to Sp. 邀请某人去某地 【解析】invite v → invitation n 邀请 (1) invite sb. to do sth 邀请某人做某事 (2)invite sb. to +地点 邀请某人去某地 You should refuse his __________(invite) .He is really friendly.

①We invited him _______(join) us to practice speaking English. ②He invited a lot of friends _________(come) to his birthday party.
( ( )③I’d invite her ________ dinner at my house tomorrow. A. have B. to have C. having D. had ) She was very pleased because we invited ____ to stay with us at ___ house.

A. she; we B. her; our C. her; ours D. hers; us 【2013 江西中考 4】 Lucy is shy. She would not invite her classmates ____ dancing with here. A. practice B. practice C. practing D. to practce 2. No, you can’t have a party. 不, 你不能举办聚会。 【解析】can’t 不能;不会 【2013 重庆 1】30.Hurry up,or you ____catch the train. A.can’t B.needn’t C.mustn't D. shouldn’t 【2013 湖北黄冈】37. —Who’s the man over there? Is it Mr. Black? —It ______ be him. He’s much taller. A. may not B. can’t C. will not D. mustn’t 3. I don’t understand why some parents make their kids help with housework and chores at home. 我不理解为什么有些父母在家让孩子们帮忙做家务和杂务。 【解析】make sb. do sth 让某人做某事 make → made →made v. 做, 制作, 使得 (1) make sb/sth + 形容词 “让某人或某物…” make you happy (2) make sb/sth do sth 使某人做某事 make me laugh. ( ) Colors can change our moods and make us ___ happy or sad, energetic or sleep. A. to feel B. feeling C. felt D. feel 【2013湖北鄂州】28. — I’m very tired these days because of the senior high school entrance examination(中考). —Why not ______ music? It can make you ______.
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张明工作室 in 2014.2.15

A. listen to; relaxed B. to listen to; relaxed C. listen to; relax D. to listen to; to relax 【2013 重庆中考】He lost his key. It made him ___ in the cold to wait for his wife’s return. A. to stay B. stayed C. stays D. stay 【make 短语】: make sure 确信 make a dialogue 编对话 make a mistake 犯错误(by mistake 由于疏忽) make a noise 吵闹 make faces 做鬼脸 make friends (with)和..交朋友 make room for 给..让地方 make tea 沏茶 make money 赚钱 make a decision 作出决定 make the bed 整理床铺 make a living 谋生 make fun of = laugh at 取笑 【2012 曲靖中考】 Every morning I _______________(整理床铺) and clean the living room. 4. They don’t have time to study and do housework,too. 他们也没有时间来学习家务和做家务。 【解析】have time to do sth.有时间做某事 have time =be free 有空 5. Housework is a waste of their time. 做家务是在浪费他们的时间。 【解析】a waste of 浪费 a waste of time 浪费时间 a waste of money 浪费金钱 waste v “浪费” waste time/money on sth waste time / money (in) doing sth 在做某事上花费时间/金钱 ( ) Don’t __________water. Can’t you see the sign “save water”?(waste) 6. They should spend their time on schoolwork in order to get good grades and get into a good university. 为了取得好成绩并考上一所好大学,他们应该把时间用在学习上。 【解析 1】spend... on sth 在某事上花费...... spend/pay/cost/take 花费 (1)spend→spent→spent v 花费,主语是人 ◆ sb.+ spend +时间/钱+on sth ◆sb. +spend +时间/钱+(in) doing sth ◆spend on= pay for 支付 He spends too much time on the computer games. ( ) Remember to spend some time __ your loved ones, because they’re not going to be around forever. A. from B. with C. in D. on ( )【2012 湖南永州】 My father _____ one hundred thousand yuan on his new car. A. spent B. cost C. paid (2) pay →paid →paid v 支付,主语是人
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张明工作室 in 2014.2.15

◆sb.+ pay + 钱+for sth I pay 10 yuan for the book. ( ) — How much did you ____ for this computer? — Five hundred dollars. A. cost B. take C. spend D. pay (3) cost→ cost→ cost v 花费,主语是某物或某事 ◆sth cost sb. +钱 某物花费某人多少钱 A new computer costs me a lot of money. ( ) 【2012 广西贵港】 I bought a new sweater last weekend. It ____ me 120 yuan. A. paid B. take C. cost D. spend (4)take→took → taken v 花费 ◆It takes /took sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间 It takes him 3 hours to do his homework. 【2013 黑龙江绥化】 10. It will ________ them several years to learn English well. A. cost B. take C. spend ( ) ①I _____ 10 yuan for that book. A. spent B. paid C. cost D. take ( )② Jim spent two hours ___ that house. A. to draw B. draws C. draw D. drawing ( ) ③She spent 100 dollars on her dress. A. cost; for B. paid ;for C. took; to D. use; for 【2012 曲靖中考】--Are you always online? --Yes. It ____ me a lot of time to read the web pages I likes. It’s the best way to kill time. A. takes B. spends C. uses D. pays 【2013 鞍山】It only______ him 20 minutes __________to his office every day. A. takes, to drive B. took, drive

C. takes, drive D. took, to drive 【2013 湖北荆州】 22. It usually Mum about half an hour to cook supper. A. pays B. takes C. spends D. costs 【2013 四川雅安】4. I spent $5 this book. A. in B. to buy C. buying D. buy 【2013 山东济宁】22. — Do you know the price of the ticket? —Yes. Each______? 180. A. pays B. costs C. takes D. spends 【2013 湖北黄石】 38. It ______ me about 10 days ______ painting the walls. A. took; to finish B. cost; finishing C. took; finishing D. spent; to finish 【2013 四川遂宁】24. Paul’s parents were worried that he too much time chatting on line. A. spent B. paid C. took 【2013 山东青岛】9. — How much is the ticket to Central Park? —A one-way ticket ____ $40, and you can _____ another $20 for a round-trip. A. costs, pay B. cost, spend C. pay, spend D. spends, pay
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张明工作室 in 2014.2.15

【解析 2】in order to “目的是;为了” 后接动词原形。 in order to do sth 为了做某事 ( ) He ran quickly in order not _____ late for the meeting. A. to be B.be C. being 【2012 江苏连云港 2】A lot of doctors gathered in Harbin ____ save “China’s most beautiful teacher” — Ms. Zhang Lili. A. So that B.in order to C.in order that D.as a result 【解析 3】get into =enter 进入 【拓展】与 get 相关的短语: get up 起床 get back 返回 get over 克服
get dressed 穿衣 get into 进入 get/be lost 丢失 get off/on 下/上车 get on well with sb.与某人相处得好 get out of 从…出来 get warm 变暧 get ready for +n.为…做准备 get ready to do sth.准备做某事 get well 康复 get a chance 有机会、得到机会 get/go to sleep(fall asleep)入睡 相关:(be asleep 睡着)

【2013 山东滨州 4】32. —So many problems! I’m tired. —You should try to them by yourself. You are not a child any longer. A. get into B. get off C. get on D. get over 【2013 新疆乌鲁木齐 2】27. If Ted can _______ his difficulties, he’ll make great progress. A. come over B. get over C. get off D. come out 7. Also,when they get older, they will have to do housrwork so there’s no need for them to do it now. 而且,当他们长大的时候,他们也将会做家务,因此,他们没必要现在在做。 【解析】get older 长大 get/ become/ go 辨析: ⑴ get+adj 较多地与形容词比较级连用。
The days are getting longer and longer.

⑵ become 强调变化的结果
It's becoming colder and colder.

⑶go+adj.''表示令人不快的事情 go bad 变坏,go blind 变瞎,go hungry 挨饿 8. It is the parents’ job to provide a clean and comfortable environment at home for their children. 在家为孩子们提供一个干净、舒适的环境是父母的义务。 【解析】provide sth. for sb. 为某人提供某物 provide v 提供 provide sb. with sth. (sb 前介词用 for) =provide sth for sb.( sth 前需加介词 with)供应某人某物 相当于:offer sb. sth. = offer sth to sb. 为 应 急 等 做 好 准 备 而 provide sb. with sth. provide “提供; 供给” =provide sth for sb.提供某人某物 侧重表示“愿意给予” offer offer sb. sth. = offer sth to sb.
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张明工作室 in 2014.2.15

对某人提供某物 offer to do sth 主动提出干 某事 定期“供应” , 强调替代 Supply sb. with sth=supply sth. to sb. 为某人提 supply 或补充所需物品 供某物 ( ) ①The Internet provides us ___a lot of ____we need. A. for , information B. with, information ( )② —Could you please provide us ____ some information about the students’ health? — Of course, it’s my pleasure. A. to B. of C. from D. with
【2013 山东东营 4】23. The local people like that Italian restaurant because it ____ both delicious food and good service. A. uses B. wants C. shares D. Provides 【2013 黑龙江齐齐哈尔 1】The charity provides homeless people ___ food and clothes. A. with B. for C. as

9. And anyway, I think doing chores is not so difficult. 无论如何,我认为做家务并不那么难。 【解析】anyway 无论如何, (一般放在句首,用逗号和句子隔开) 10. I think it is important for children to learn how to do chores and help their parents with housework. 我认为对孩子们来说,学习如何做杂务并帮助他们的父母做家务是很重要的。 【解析】It is important for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说做某事是重要的
【2012 山东临沂】30. Breakfast is ____ meal of the day. It provides us with energy after a long night without food. A. important B. more important C. the most important D. very important

【2013 四川雅安】It is important ____ people ____ learn team spirit. A. of; of B. of; to C. for; to D. to;to 11. Children these days depend on their parents too much. 现在的孩子太依赖他们的父母。 【解析】depend on 依靠;信赖
【2013 浙江湖州 3】19. —— Shall we go for a picnic tomorrow? —— Well, it all _______ the weather. A. belongs to B. happens to C .depends on D. concentrate on

12. ... Everyone should do their part in keeping it clean and tidy. 每个人都有责任保持家里的干净和整洁。 【解析 1】 do one’s part 尽职责;尽本分 Do one’s part in doing sth 在做某事上尽职责 【解析 2】keep +sth /sb. +adj. “使......处于某种状态” ( ) Her mother asked her to keep the windows ____ and the door ____. A.open ; closed B.closed ; to open C.to open ; to close keep 系动词 “保持” keep + adj . We must keep healthy. 实义动词 “保持;继续” (1) keep ( on ) doing sth 继续做某事
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张明工作室 in 2014.2.15

He was in great pain but he kept on working ) He kept on ____ after the ball rang for class. A. talk B. talking C. to talk (2) keep sb. Doing sth 让某人一直做某事 I’m sorry to have kept you waiting for so long. ( ) My teacher kept me _____ homework all the afternoon. A.doing B.do C.to do 13. Doing chores helps to develop children’s independence and teaches them how to look after themselves. 做杂务不仅可以培养孩子们的独立性还可以教 他们如何照顾自己。 【解析】develop independence 培养独立意识 ( develop v→development n 发展→developing adj. 发展的 →developed adj. 发达的 a developing country 一个发展中国家 a developed country 一个发达国家 ( ) China is a _____country. A. developed B. development C. developing 【2013 安徽 3】43. It is helpful to ___________ a good habit of reading in language learning. A. take B. show C. develop D. match 【2013 山东泰安】 One of the best ways for people to keep healthy is to___ good eating habits. A. grow B. develop C. increase D. find 14. Since they live in one house with their parents, they should know that everyone should do their part in keeping it clean and tidy. 既然他们和父母同住在一个房子里,他们应该知道保持家里干净、整洁每个 人都应该参与。 【解析】since conj. 既然 (表示对方已知的事实或理由,常放在句首)
【2013 四川内江 4】32. —You have been in Neijiang very long? —Yeah. _____my parents came here. A. For B. As C. When D. Since 【2012 湖南永州 3】29. I have been collecting stamps _____ I was nine years old. A. before B. if C. since

14. Our neighbor’s son got into a good college but during his first year, he had n idea how to take care of himself. 我们邻居的儿子上一所好大学,但是在第一年 的时候,他还不知道如何照顾自己。 【解析】take care of 照顾
【2013 广东广州 3】23. Thanks for your invitation, but I’m so sorry I can’t go. I need to ______ my baby at home. A. take away B. take off C. take care of D. take out of

【拓展】与 take 相关的短语: take photos/pictures 照像

take away 拿走
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张明工作室 in 2014.2.15

take out 取出(work out 算出) take care 当心 take medicine 服药 take place 发生 take one’s temperature 量体温 take one’s time 别着急 take a walk 散步 15. As a result , he often fell ill and his grades dropped. 结果,他常常生病,功课也落下了。 【解析 1】as a result 结果 (插入语,放在句首,用逗号隔开) 【2013 山东聊城 2】Don’t ask him too late into the night, _____ , he is only a small child. A. As a result B. After all C. Best of all D. For example 【解析 2】fall ill 生病 fall asleep 入睡 16. The earlier kids learn to be independent , the better it is for their future. 孩子们越早学会独立,对他们的未来越好。 【解析】the + 比较级, the + 比较级 “越...... 越...... ” 【2011 重庆 2】31. The more you smile, the _______ you will feel. A. happy B. happier C. happily D. more happily 【2013 黔西南 3】120. —Remember this , children . _______careful you are , _______mistakes you will make . —We know , Mr. Li . A. The more; the more B.The fewer; the more C. The more; the fewer D. The less; the less

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room? 重点短语 go out for dinner 出去吃饭 stay out late 在外面待到很晚 go to the movies 去看电影 get a ride 搭车 work on 从事 finish doing sth. 完成做某事 clean and tidy 干净整洁 do the dishes 洗餐具 take out the rubbish 倒垃圾 fold your/the clothes 叠衣服 sweep the floor 扫地 make your/the bed 整理床铺 clean the living room 打扫客厅 no problem 没问题 welcome sb. 欢迎某人 come home fro m school/ work 放学/下班回家
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张明工作室 in 2014.2.15

throw down 扔下 sit down 坐下 come over 过来 take sb. for a walk 带某人去散步 all the time 一直;总是 all day/evening 整曰/夜 do housework 做家务 shout back 大声回应 walk away 走开 .share the housework 分担家务 a comfortable home 一个舒适的家 in surprise 惊讶地 get something to drink 拿点喝的东西 watch one show 观看一个节目 hang out 闲逛 pass sb. sth. 把某物传给某人 lend sb. sth. 把某物借给某人 get sth. wet 使某物弄湿 hate to do sth. 讨厌做某事 do chores 做杂务 help sb. (to ) d o /with sth 帮助某人干某事 bring a tent 带顶帐篷来 buy some snacks 买些小吃 go to the store 去商店 invite sb. to a party 邀请某人参加聚会 make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 enough stress 足够的压力 waste of time 浪费时间 in order to 为了 get good grades 取得好成绩 mind doing sth. 介意做某事 depend on 依赖;依靠 develop children’s independence 发展孩子的独立性 look after/take care of 照顾;照看 do one’s part in (doing ) sth.做某人分内的事 二、重点句型 1. Could you please…..do sth. ? Could you please clean your room?你能整理一下你的房间吗? 2. I have to do some work.我必须干些活。 3. Could I+ do sth. ? Could I use your computer?我可以用一下你的电脑吗? 4. She won’ t be happy if she sees this mess. 如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不高兴的。 5. For one week, she did not do any housework and neither did I.
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张明工作室 in 2014.2.15

整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,我也一样。 6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front of the T V . 我一在电视机前坐下,我妈妈就过来了。 7. hate + ( to do/ doing) sth. I hate to do chores.

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