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甘肃省兰州市2016高考英语二轮复习 阅读理解学生选练11

兰州市 2016 高考英语二轮阅读理解学生选练(11)
阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A,B,C 或 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 For five days, Edmonton’s Downtown Park is transformed into one huge stage where artists are able to share their talents, and where people are able to celebrate and enjoy themselves. Since its beginning in 1980, the Edmonton Folk Music Festival has been commemorating (纪念) the true feeling of what folk music is all about and that’s the traditional togetherness (友爱) that is felt when people gather to share stories and feelings through song. This year will be the sixth year when volunteer Riedel will be offering up her time to the festival. “People coming off a busy spring and summer have a moment of relaxation,” Riedel said. “It’s really easy to relax, and it’s great seeing family and friends have fun together.” These families and friends come from all different kinds of musical tastes. People who take pleasure in Blues are there, so are people who love Bluegrass. This festival does its best to develop everyone’s musical interests. With so many years of experience, the festival has become a well-oiled machine, and does whatever it can to make attendees feel as comfortable as possible. There are free water stations throughout the venue (举办地) for people to fill up their travel cups. When people buy food, reusable dishes are given a $2 plate fee, but that is returned when the plate is brought back. The festival has completely sold out of tickets, and in record time. But with big names such as Van Morrison and Jakob Dylan, it’s easy to see how that was going to happen. There is no parking area during the festival, so using the Park & Ride system or Edmonton Transit is highly recommended. A bike lock-up area is provided and will be available Thursday until Sunday one hour before the gates open until 45 minutes after the gates close. The Edmonton Folk Music Festival begins on Wednesday, Aug. 4 with Van Morrison playing the special donation fund (基金) concert, and will finish up on Sunday, Aug. 8.

1. The Edmonton Folk Music Festival is held mainly to A. gather people with different musical tastes B. remind people of the real sense of folk music C. exhibit the good voices of great talents in folk music D. collect old stories of folk music


2. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Riedel has volunteered for the festival for at least 5 years. B. It’s hard for people to appreciate Blues. C. It costs people a little to fill up their cups from water stations. D. People have to pay $2 for a plate of food. 3. We can learn from the passage that .

A. people can get tickets easily for the festival B. the Edmonton Folk Music Festival is well organized C. driving one’s own car to the festival is highly recommended D. bikes are available at the festival from Wednesday to Sunday 4. What would be the best title for this passage? A. Folk Music of Blues C. Festival for Family Gathering 【参考答案】1-4 BABB B. One Festival for All D. Edmonton’s Downtown Park

阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A,B,C 或 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 Feeling blue about the world? “Cheer up,” says science writer Matt Ridley.” The world has never been a better place to live in, and it will keep on getting better both for humans and for nature.”

Ridley calls himself a rational optimist—rational, because he’s carefully weighed the evidence; optimistic, because that evidence shows human progress to be both unavoidable and good. And this is what he’s set out to prove from a unique point of view in his most recent book, The Rational Optimist. He views mankind as a grand enterprise that, on the whole, has done little but progress for 100,000 years. He backs his findings with hard facts gathered through years of research. Here’s how he explains his views. 1) Shopping fuels invention It is reported that there are more than ten billion different products for sale in London alone. Even allowing for the many people who still live in poverty, our own generation has access to more nutritious food, more convenient transport, bigger houses, better cars, and, of course, more pounds and dollars than any who lived before us. This will continue as long as we use these things to make other things. The more we specialize and exchange, the better off we’ll be. 2) Brilliant advances One reason we are richer, healthier, taller, cleverer, longer-lived and freer than ever before is that the four most basic human needs—food, clothing, fuel and shelter—have grown a lot cheaper. Take one example. In 1800 a candle providing one hour’s light cost six hours’ work. In the 1880s the same light from an oil lamp took 15 minutes’ work to pay for. In 1950 it was eight seconds. Today it’s half second. 3) Let’s not kill ourselves for climate change Mitigating(减轻) climate change could prove just as damaging to human welfare as climate change itself. A child that dies from indoor smoke in a village, where the use of fossil-fuel(化石燃烧) electricity is forbidden by well-meaning members of green political movements trying to save the world, is just as great a tragedy as a child that dies in a flood caused by climate change. If climate change proves to be mild, but cutting carbon causes real pain, we may well find that we have stopped


a nose-bleed by putting a tourniquet(止血带) around our necks. 1. What is the theme of Ridley’s most recent book? A. Weakness of human nature. B. Concern about climate change. D. Optimism about human progress.

C. Importance of practical thinking. 2. How does Ridley look at shopping?

A. It encourages the creation of things. C. It demands more fossil fuels.

B. It results in shortage of goods. D. It causes a poverty problem. .

3. The candle and lamp example is used to show that A. oil lamps give off more light than candles B. shortening working time brings about a happier life C. advanced technology helps to produce better candles

D. increased production rate leads to lower cost of goods 4. What does the last sentence of the passage imply? A. Cutting carbon is necessary in spite of the huge cost. B. Overreaction to climate change may be dangerous. C. People’s health is closely related to climate change. D. Careless medical treatment may cause great pain. 【参考答案】1-4 DADB

A Taking exams in a large group setting can be stressful for students and for the staff members who are watching over them. When classrooms are crowded and desks are close together, cheating might be tempting.One university in Thailand came up with an anti-cheating hat that makes it almost impossible for students to see other students’


papers. A photo of the students wearing the anti-cheating hats made its way to the internet, and the university was criticized for making students wear those ridiculous looking homemade hats. The hats were made by stapling two pieces of paper onto a headband, one to each side of the head. After being criticized, senior academic staff at Kasetsart University in Bangkok, Thailand, released a statement saying that the hats idea came from students. They said that in a bid to prevent cheating they asked the students for ideas on how to prevent cheating in the upcoming exam, which was being taken by almost one hundred students. Students came up with different ideas, then the paper hat idea was selected by them as the most fit. The university claims that no-one was forced to use the hat, but they all chose to do so. “When wearing the hat during the exam, students felt more relaxed,” Nattadon Rungruangkitkrai, a lecturer at the university said.“It was not meant to indicate that Kasetsart students often cheat on exams. I apologize if the photo makes other people look at my students in a negative way,’ Rungruangkitkrai added. 1. Why was the university criticized on the Internet? A.The homemade anti-cheating hat looked too simple. B.Wearing the anti-cheating hat made students look ridiculous. C.Wearing the anti-cheating hats couldn’t prevent students from cheating in the exam. D.The university forced students to wear the anti-cheating hat. 2. What’s most of the Kasetsart University students’ attitude towards the cheating hat? A. skeptical B. supportive C. objective D. negative

3. It can be inferred from the passage that_______. A. It’s useless wearing the anti-cheating hat in the exam. B. Kasetsart students are often caught cheating in the exam. C. Wearing the anti-cheating hat is effective in some degree. D. Some students are forced to wear the anti-cheating hat. 参考答案 1-3 BBC

B We know that sugary sodas aren’t good for our bodies. Now it turns out that they may not be good for our minds, either. A new study of more than 260,000 people has found a link between sweetened soft-drinks and depression, and diet sodas may be making matters worse. Americans drink far more sodas than people in other countries— as much as 170 liters per person per year. But the impact of this study isn’t limited to the United States. “Sweetened drinks, coffee and tea are commonly consumed worldwide and have important physical consequences. And they may have important mental-health consequences as well,” study author Dr Honglei Chen said in a statement. The study studied 263,925 people between the ages of 50 and 71. Researchers followed their consumption of drinks like soda, tea coffee, and other soft drinks from 1995 to 1996 and then. 10 years later, asked them if they had been diagnosed with depression since the year 2000. More than 11,3000 of them had. Participants who drank more than four servings of sodas per day were 30 percent more likely to develop depression than participants who did not drink sodas at all. People who stuck with fruit punch(鸡尾酒), had a 38 percent higher risk than people who didn’ t drink sweetened drinks. And all that extra sugar isn’t the actual problem. Researchers say that the artificial sweetener aspartame may be to blame. The study found a link but could not surely determine whether sodas and other sweet soft drinks cause depression. Still, the results “are consistent with a small but growing body of evidence suggesting that artificially sweetened beverages may be linked to poor health outcomes.” But there’s a bright side for those who can’t live without their daily sodas. Adults who drank coffee had a 10 percent lower risk of depression compared to people who didn’t drink any coffee, according to the study. “Our research suggests that cutting


out or down on sweetened diet drinks or replacing them with unsweetened coffee may naturally help lower your depression risk,” said Chen. 4.What has the new study of more than 260,000 people found? A. Sugary sodas aren’t good for the physical health of old people. B. Americans have a special tooth for sweet foods. C. Sweetened soft-drinks may increase the risk of depression. D. Sweetened soft-drinks have important physical consequences. 5.What do we know about the process of the study? A. About twenty-six thousand people participated in it. B. The oldest participants were below 80 when the study was over. C. Most of the participants had depression when the study was over. D. The study lasted more than ten years from the beginning to the end. 6.It is implied in the passage that ______. A. more research is needed to confirm the new findings B. the new findings aren’t consistent with any previous findings C. cutting one’s sodas intake will surely reduce one’s depression D. the new findings won’t have an impact on people’s drinking habits 7.What should you drink in order to reduce the risk of depression? A.Sodas. C.Sugary coffee. 参考答案 4-7 CDAB B.Unsweetened coffee. D.Fruit punch.

C I must have been about fourteen then, and I put away the incident from my mind with the easy carelessness of youth. But the words, Carl Walter spoke that day, came back to me years later, and ever since have been of great value to me.


Carl Walter was my piano teacher. During one of my lessons he asked how much practicing I was doing. I said three or four hours a day. “Do you practice in long stretches, an hour at a time?” “I try to.” “Well, don’t,” he said loudly. “When you grow up, time won’t come in long stretches. Practice in minutes, whenever you can find them five or ten before school, after lunch, between household tasks. Spread the practice through the day, and piano-playing will become a part of your life.” When I was teaching at Columbia, I wanted to write, but class periods, theme-reading, and committee meetings filled my days and evenings. For two years I got practically nothing down on paper, and my excuse was that I had no time. Then I remembered what Carl Walter had said. During the next week I conducted an experiment. Whenever I had five minutes unoccupied, I sat down and wrote a hundred words or so. To my astonishment, at the end of the week I had a rather large manuscript (手稿) ready for revision. Later on I wrote novels by the same piecemeal (零碎的) method. Though my teaching schedule had become heavier than ever, in every day there were moments which could be caught and put to use. There is an important trick in this time-using principle: you must get into your work quickly. If you have but five minutes for writing, you can’t afford to waste it in chewing your pencil. You must make your mental preparations beforehand, and concentrate on your task almost instantly when the time comes. Fortunately, rapid concentration is easier than most of us realize. I admit I have never learnt how to let go easily at the end of the five or ten minutes. But life can be counted on to supply interruptions. Carl Walter has had a significant influence on my life. To him I owe the discovery that even very short periods of time add up to all useful hours I need, if I throw myself into it without delay. 8. The meaning of “stretch” in the underlined part is the same as that in the sentence “ ”.

A. The dog woke up, had a good stretch and wandered off. B. Bob worked as a government official for a stretch of over twenty years.

C. My family wasn’t wealthy by any stretch of the imagination. D. This material has a lot of stretch in it. 9. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. The author didn’t take the teacher’s words to heart at first. B. Rapid concentration is more difficult than people imagine. C. The author thanked his teacher for teaching him to work in long stretches. D. Carl Walter has influenced the writer greatly since he was a student. 10. We can infer that the author________. A. has new books published each year however busy his teaching is B. is tired of interruptions in life because he always has much work C. has formed a bad habit of chewing a pencil while writing his novels D. makes mental preparations beforehand so as to focus on work quickly 11. What is probably the best title for this text? A. Concentrate on Your Work C. How I Became a Writer 参考答案 8-11 BADB B. A Little at a Time D. Good Advice

D Today, people all over the world are moving out of small villages in the country to go and live in big, noisy cities. They are moving from the peaceful hills, mountains, fields, rivers and streams of the countryside to the busy world of streets, buildings, traffic and crowds. This movement from rural areas to urban areas has been going on for over two hundred years. In many countries, the main reason people come to live in towns and cities is work. After one or two large factories have been built in or near a town, people come to find work, and soon an industrial area begins to grow. There is usually a residential area nearby, too. The families of these workers need schools, hospitals


and shops, so many people come to live in the area to provide these services and a city grows. In every major city in the world, there is a business district where the big companies have their main offices. In the United States, this area is usually in the city center downtown. It is here that you can see many huge skyscrapers and office blocks. The people who work here often travel a long way to work each day. Many of them live in the suburbs of the city, far away from the industrial area and the city center. Some suburbs are very pleasant, with nice house and big gardens. There are usually parks for children to play in and large department stores where you can buy all you need. But what is the future of the big cities? Will they continue to get bigger and bigger? Perhaps not. Some major cities have actually become smaller in the last ten years, and it is quite possible that one day we will see people moving out of the major cities and back into smaller towns and villages. 12. The underlined phrase “a residential area” means an area______. A. where people can buy things C. where people can do business B. which is suitable for living in D. which is near a city center

13. Why do people move to live in cities or towns? A. Because they can live more comfortably there. B. Because they like noisy life better than peaceful life. C. Because they mainly want to find work there. D. Because they are sure of having a better life there. 14. Which of the following statement is NOT true about the business district? A. Big companies usually have their main offices in the business district. B. People usually work and live in the business district. C. A business district usually lies in the city center downtown. D. Nearly every major city has its own business district. 15. We can infer that this movement from rural to urban areas_____. A. has been going on for more than 2,000 years. B. will surely continue in the future
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C. may not continue in the future D. has now stopped already 参考答案 12-15 BCBC

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