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2014中考英语总复习 专题12 简单句陈述句、疑问句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句课件(含13年试题) 牛津版


专题 12 简单句(陈述句、疑问句、 祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

┃考点直击┃ 1 陈述句 陈述句是用于陈述事实和观点的句子,包括肯定结构和 否定结构。肯定句变否定句的基本方法如下: 1.be 动词的否定式: 在be动词后面加否定词not。如: We aren't classmates. 我们不是同学。

专题12┃简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

2.情态动词的否定式:在情态动词后面直接加否定词not。如: I can't speak English well. 我英语说得不好。 3.实义动词的否定式: 借助助动词do/does/did构成。一般现 在时的句子的否定结构为“主语+doesn‘t/don’t+动词原形+ 其他.”。如: He doesn't do exercise every day. 他不是每天都锻炼。

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

2 疑问句 疑问句的主要交际功能是提出问题,询问情况。分为一 般疑问句、选择疑问句、特殊疑问句和反意疑问句。 1.一般疑问句: 通常用来询问一件事情是否属实。答句通 常是“Yes”或“No”。如: —Are you tired? 你累吗? —Yes, I am.是的,我累。 2.选择疑问句: 指提出两个或两个以上的可能答案供对方 选择。如: Shall we go home or stay here for the night? 我们回家还是待在这里过夜? 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

3.特殊疑问句: 以特殊疑问词开头,对句中某一成分提问的 句子叫特殊疑问句。如: What do you like most? 你最喜欢什么? 4.反意疑问句: 反意疑问句又叫附加疑问句,由两部分组 成,前一部分是对事物的陈述(即陈述句),后一部分是简短 的提问(即简短疑问句),中间用逗号隔开。反意疑问句遵循 “前否后肯”、“前肯后否”的原则,且两部分的人称和时 态要 保持一致。 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

中考中常见的反意疑问句的构成情况如下: (1)陈述部分为“Let us…”时,问句部分习惯上用“will you ?”; 陈述部分为“ Let's…” 时,问句部分习惯上用 “shall we?”。如: Let us go to the cinema, will you? 让我们去看电影好吗? Let's go to the cinema, shall we? 让我们去看电影好吗? (2)陈述部分为“There (Here)+ be +主语”时,问句部分 用 “be+not+there (here)?”形式。如: There are two cakes on the plate, aren't there? 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 盘子里有两块蛋糕,不是吗? 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

(3)反意疑问句的陈述部分带有little, few, never, hardly, seldom等否定意义的词时,问句部分用肯定式。如: She seldom goes swimming, does she? 她很少去游泳,是吗? (4)陈述部分的主语为指物的不定代词时,问句部分的主语用 it。如: Something is wrong with the computer, isn't it? 那台电脑有问题了,不是吗? (5)陈述部分的主语为指人的不定代词时,问句部分的主语用 he或 they,这时问句动词的数应和he或 they保持一致。如: Someone is knocking at the door, isn't he? 有人在敲门,不是吗? 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

(6)反意疑问句的陈述部分为“I (We) don't think (believe, suppose, consider等)+ that从句”时,问句部分的动词和 主 语仍与that从句保持一致且用肯定式。如: I don't think that he has finished the work on time, has he? 我认为他没有按时完成工作,不是吗? (7)反意疑问句的陈述部分含有由un-, im-, in-, dis-等否 定意义的前缀构成的词语时,陈述部分要视为肯定含义, 问句部分用否定形式。如: It is unfair, isn't it? 这不公平,不是吗? 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

(8)陈述部分为肯定的祈使句时,反意疑问句部分可用“will you/won‘t you?”; 陈述部分为否定的祈使句时,反意疑 问 句部分只能用“will you?”。 如: Don't make any noise, will you? 不要制造噪音,好吗?

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

3 祈使句 祈使句是表示请求、命令、劝告、祝愿或建议的句子。 其否定式是直接在动词原形前加 don't 。常见的祈使句的基本 句型如下: 1.动词原形+其他。如: Be careful.小心。 2.Do+动词原形(加强语气)。如: Do be careful next time.下次要小心。 3.加please的祈使句(表示更加客气和礼貌)。如: Open the door, please.请打开门。
专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

感叹句 感叹句一般用来表示说话时的喜悦、惊讶等情感。英语 感叹句常用what或how引导,句末用感叹号。 1.what引导的感叹句 (1)What+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)! 如: What a difficult question it is!多么难的一个问题啊! (2)What+形容词+可数名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+ 谓语)!如: What useful information!多有用的信息啊! 4 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

2.how引导的感叹句 (1)How+形容词/副词+主语+谓语!如: How kind they are!他们多和蔼啊! (2)How+陈述句(主语+谓语)!如: How time flies!时间飞逝! 3.what引导的感叹句可以和how引导的感叹句互换。 如: What a good girl!=How good the girl is! 多好的女孩啊! 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

5 倒装句 1.副词位于句首时。here, there, now, then等副词置于句 首时句子要倒装,谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie, run 等。这种倒装结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称 代词时则不能完全倒装。如: Here he comes.他来了。 2.only在句首强调状语时。如: Only then did he realize that he was wrong. 到那时他才意识到他错了。 3.以so/neither/nor开头的句子。说明前面的内容也适用于 后者时用倒装句“so/neither/nor+be动词/助动词/情态动 词+主语”。如: John can't swim, neither can I.约翰不会游泳,我也不会。 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

┃考点过关 ┃ 基础过关 句型转换 1.Our school is beautiful.(改为感叹句) ________ How ________ beautiful our school is! 2.Diana made great success in her research because she put her effort into it. (改为简单句) because Diana made great success in her research ________ ________ her effort. of

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

3.The children have never done that before. (改为反意疑问句) have _____ they ? The children have never done that before, _____ 4.There are fifty students in our class. (对画线部分提问) How ________ many students are there in your class? ________ 5.Chen Ping received an e-mail last Friday. (改为否定句) didn't receive an e-mail last Friday. Chen Ping ________ ________

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

中考透视 ( C )1. [2013· 安徽] —________can you finish this English exam? —In about one and a half hours. A. How far B. How often C. How soon D. How long

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( A )2. [2013· 温州] —It's Father's Day,________? —Yes. Let's buy a gift for Dad. A. isn't it B. doesn't it C. isn't he D. doesn't he [解析]根据反意疑问句的句式结构“前肯后否”和 上半句的主语it可知正确答案为A。

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( B )3. [2013· 雅安] ________ lovely the squirrel is! A. What a B. How C. What D. How a
[解析]感叹句有两种基本句式:“How+形容词/副 词+(主语+谓语 )!”和“What(+a/an)+形容词 +单数可数名词 ( +主语+谓语 ) !” lovely 是形容 词,所以选B。

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( A )4. [2012· 永州] ________ get off the bus before it stops. A.Don't B.Doesn't C.Didn't D.Hadn't ( D )5. [2012· 济宁] —Peter doesn't know many people here. —________. A.So do I B.So am I C.Neither am I D.Neither do I

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

┃语法专练 ┃ ( B )1. I don't think she will pass the exam, ________? A.won't she B.will she C.does she D.doesn't ( B )2. —Mr Wang's never been to Canada, has he? —________. He went there on business last week. A.No, he hasn't B.Yes, he has C.No, he has D.Yes, he hasn't

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( C )3. Don't make so much noise, Lily, ________? A.do you B.don't you C.will you D.won't you [解析]祈使句的反意疑问句应用“will you?”。

( B )4. You've just finished your listening exam. Please get yourself ready for the next part, ________? A.shall we B.will you C.do you D.are you 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( D )5. [2013· 安顺] Tom,________ afraid of speaking in front of people. You are the best one. A.don't B.not C.not be D.don't be ( C )6. [2013· 威海] —________are you leaving for Beijing? —In a couple of days. A.How far B.How often C.How soon D.How long ( A )7. —There is nothing else to do, ________? —No, there isn't. We can have a rest. A.is there B.isn't there C.is it D.isn't it

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( C )8. [2013· 宜宾] —Sam didn't go to school yesterday, did he? —________. He was ill yesterday. A.Yes, he did B.No, he did C.No, he didn't D.Yes, he didn't ( B )9. There are more and more foreigners learning Chinese, ________? A.are there B.aren't there C.are they D.aren't they 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( A )10. [2013· 兰州] —He hasn't watched the movie So Young, has he? —________. He told me it's very moving and interesting. He'd like to watch it again. A.Yes, he has B.Yes, he hasn't C.No, he hasn't D.No, he has ( A )11. Nothing is more important than life,________? A.is it B.isn't it C.are they D.aren't they ( B )12. —________afraid of making mistakes. Failure is the mother of success. —Thanks for encouraging me. A.Don't B.Don't be C.Not be D.Be not

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( C )13. Boys and girls,_______ your hands if you want to take part in the summer camp. A.putting B.to put C.put up D.put ( C )14. ________this kind of peach, and you will like it. A. To try B.Trying C.Try D.Tried ( A )15. —________ here on time next time, or you'll be punished. —Sorry for being late again. A.Be B. Being C.To be D. Been

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( C )16. ________, because it's bad for your health. A.Don't to eat too much B. No eat too much C.Never eat too much D. Never eating too much ( B )17. —________ late for school again, Tom. —Sorry, I promise that I ________. A.Don't; won't B.Don't be; won't C.Don't be; don't D.Don't; will 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( A )18. [2013· 兰州] —________ bowl of mutton soup would you like? —A big bowl, please. A.What size B.What big C.How much D.How size ( A )19. [2013· 济南] —Jenny, I need some milk. —OK, Mum.________ do you need? A.How much B.How many C.How often D.How long 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( D )20. [2013· 济南] —Do you like summer or winter? —________. I really like the snow. A.Yes, I do B.No, I don't C.Summer D.Winter ( B )21. —________did you receive the letter? —Just now. A.What B.When C.Where D.Why ( D )22. —________? —The one on the stage. A.Who are boys B.Where's the boy C.Who's that boy D.Which boy 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( D )23. —Have you watered the trees? —________.I'm too busy and forget it. A.Yes, I did B.Yes, I have C.No, I didn't D.No, I haven't ( A )24. ________ wonderful news report he wrote! All of us were proud of him. A.What a B.What C.How D.How a

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( C )25. [2013· 安顺] ________ good time they had last weekend! A.How B.What C.What a D.How a [解析 ] what后面的中心词是名词, how后面的 中心词是形容词或副词,又因have a good time 是固定结构。故选C。 ( A )26. [2013· 广东] Mo Yan won the Nobel Prize for Literature last year. ________ excellent he is! A.How B.What C. What a D.What an [解析] how强调形容词,what强调名词,由形容 词excellent可知用how强调。故选A。

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( A )27. [2012· 广东] ________exciting it is to swim in the sea while it is hot! A.How B.What C.How an D.What an ( C )28. —Look, ________ dirty the water is! —Yes, we should really take some actions to deal with it. A. what a B.what C.how D.how a ( B )29. ________ we made the snowman last Sunday! A.What a great fun B.What great fun C.How a great fun D.How great fun

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( A )30. —Two ________ died in the accident. —________ terrible it is! A.policemen; How B.policeman; What C.police; What D.policemans; How ( C )31. —Dad, do you like my picture? —________! It's the nicest one I've ever seen! A.What beautiful B. How careful C.How wonderful D. What wonderful picture ( B )32. —I have changed my job. —________. A.So do I B.So have I C.So I do D.So I have 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( A )33. —Tom had got high marks in the last exam. —________, and so did I. A.So he had B.So had he C.So he did D.So did he [解析]用“so +主语+be动词/助动词/情态动词” 表示同意对方的看法,意为“是的,的确”。 ( C )34. If you want to go to see the movie this evening, so ________ I. A.do B.am C.will D.should

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( B )35. Hey, Nick. ________ comes the last bus! Hurry up, or we'll have to walk home. A.This B.There C.That D.It [ 解析 ] 以 here/there 开头的句子通常完全倒装。 故选B。 ( B )36. John can't swim, ________ I. A.so can B.nor can C.neither can't D.so do [ 解析 ] 说明前面的内容也适用于后者时,用倒装句 “ so/neither/nor + be 动 词 / 助 动 词 / 情 态 动 词 + 主 语”。 专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)

( D )37. —Would you like to go fishing? —If Li Ping doesn't go, ________. A.so do I B.neither I do C.neither do I D.neither will I ( A )38. Only by taking more exercise ________ keep healthy. A.can you B.you can C.are you D.you are

专题12┃ 简单句(陈述句、疑问 句、祈使句、感叹句、倒装句)


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