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广东省2004年成人高等教育学士学位外语水平考试

广东省 2004 年成人高等教育学士学位外语水平考试 Part II Reading Comprehension (35minutes, 40 points, 2 for each) Passage One The dog, Prince, was a friend to Williams. When Williams was at home, Prince never left his sight. The dog could perform several duties. Price lived for the chance to demonstrate his abilities. When Williams wanted to put on his boots, he would murmur “Boots” and within seconds the dog would drop them at his feet. At nine every morning Prince ran off to the general store in the village, returning shortly not only with Williams’ daily papers but with a half-ounce packet of William’s favorite tobacco, John Rhine’s Mixed. A gun-dog by breed, Prince possessed a large soft mouth specially evolved for the safe carrying of hunted creatures, so the papers and the tobacco came to no harm, never even showing a tooth mark. Williams was a railway man, an engine driver, and he wore a blue uniform which smelled of oil and oil fuel. He had to work at odd times —— “days” “late days” or “nights”. Over the years Prince got to know , these periods of word and rest, knew when his master would leave the house and return, and the dog did not waste this knowledge. If Williams overslept, as he often did, Prince barked at the bedroom door until he woke, much to the annoyance of the family. On his return, Williams’ slippers were brought to him, the papers and tobacco too if undelivered. A

curious thing happened to Williams during the snow and ice of last winter. One evening he slipper and fell on the icy pavement somewhere between the village and his home, He was so badly shaken that he stayed in bed for three days; and not until he got up and dressed again did he discover that he had lost his wallet containing over fifty dollars. The house was turned upside down in the search, but the wallet was not found. However, two days later — that was five days after the all — Prince dropped that wallet into Williams’ hand. Very muddy, stained and wet through, the little case still contained fifty-three-dollars, Williams’ driving license and a few other papers. Where the dog had found it no one could tell, but found it he had and recognized it probably by the faint oily smell on the worn leather.

16. What was the relationship between Williams and Price? A)So far as Williams was concerned, nothing was too good for Prince. B) The dog protected Williams from the others in the family. C) Prince behaved as he did through fear of Williams D) The dog was a devoted friend to Williams. 17. How did the dog perform his abilities? A) He was delighted to show them off. B) He did his best but was not often successful.

C) He did them quickly to get them over. D) He had few opportunities to do them. 18. What does the passage tell us about gun-dogs? A) They are the fastest runners of all dogs. B) Their teeth and removed when they are young. C) They can carry birds, etc. without hurting them. D) They breed well, producing many young dogs. 19. Williams did not realize his loss for several days because ___ A) he trusted the dog to find the wallet B) he was unconscious all that time C) he thought the wallet was in the house D) he had no occasion to feel in his pockets 20. The dog knew it was Williams’ wallet because of ___ A) the amount of money in it B) the color of it he recognized C) the mud that was on it D) the smell of it he was familiar with

Passage Two Mass production, the defining characteristic of the Second Wave economy, becomes increasingly out of date as firms install

information-intensive, often robotized manufacturing systems capable of

endless cheap variation, even customization. The revolutionary result is, in effect, the declassification of mass production. The shift toward smart flexible techniques promotes diversity and feeds consumer choice to the point that a Wal-Mart store can offer the buyer nearly 110,000 products in various types, sizes, models and colors to choose among. But Wal-Mart is a mass merchandiser. Increasingly, the mass market itself is breaking up into differentiated segments as customer needs diverge and better information makes it possible for businesses to identify and serve micro-markets . Specialty stores, shopping centers, superstores, TV home-shopping systems, computer-based buying, direct mail and other systems provide a growing diversity of channels through which producers can distribute their wares to customers in an increasingly declassified marketplace. When we wrote Future Shock in the late 1960s, visionary marketers began talking about “market segmentation.” Today they no longer focus on “segments” but on “particles”— family units and even single individuals. Meanwhile, advertising is targeted at smaller and smaller market segments reached through increasingly demassified media. The dramatic breakup of mass audiences is underscored by the crisis of the once great TV networks, ABC, CBS and NBC, at a time when Tele-Communications, Inc. of Denver, announces a fiber-optic network capable of providing viewers with five hundred interactive channels of television. Such systems mean that sellers

will be able to target buyers with even greater precision. Such systems mean that sellers will be able to target buyers with even greater precision. The simultaneous de-massification of production, distribution and communication revolutionizes the economy and shifts it from the sameness toward extreme diversity. 21. Which of the following can be taken as the characteristic feature of the Second Wave economy? A) Endless cheap variation B) Information-intensive C) Mass production D) Smart flexible techniques 22 Which of the following is NOT true of a Wal-Mart store? A) It offers the customer endless cheap variation of products. B) It offers better information for the customer needs. C) It promotes diversity and feeds consumer wider choice among the products offered. D) It makes it easier for the customers to make a wider choice among the various types, sizes , models and colors. 23. TV home-shopping systems and computer-based buying _____ A) become effective channel through which producers can exchange ideas with their customers to improve the quality of their wares to be sold out.

B) can be regarded as two channels through which producers can distribute their products to the customers on the personal interactive basis. C) can be taken as two effective means next to specialty stores, shopping centers, superstores and direct mailing D) are no more than two channels to promote the growing diversity of contemporary marketing 24. By “Today they no longer focus on ‘segments’ but on ‘particles’… ” the author means ____ A) today they shift their attention from the “segments” onto “particles” B) today they not only emphasize “segments” but also “particles” C) today they begin to realize the importance of “segments” as well as “particles” D) today they cease to pay any more attention to “segments” except for “particles” 25. From the last sentence of the last paragraph, it can be concluded that ____ A) the future economy will be diversified as a result of de-massification of production B) the economy will be thoroughly reformed by demassifying production, distribution and communication so as to make it diversified. C) distribution and communication helps to bring about the

economic revolution in the future D) the economy in the future will be more and more diversified with distribution and communication forms revolutionized Passage Three Harvard, the first American college, was founded in 1636 to train religious leaders. During the years before the American Revolution several other institutions of higher learning were founded by church groups, and during the first half of the nineteenth century many more religious colleges and universities were established. Today more than half of all private colleges have some kind of church connection, but very few of these schools are now devoted to religious. Students and faculty usually come from many different religious groups, and large numbers belong to no religious groups at all. In the first half of the nineteenth century, several states established publicly financed colleges and universities, and many secular private colleges were also founded. For the first time serious attention was given to the higher education of women. The first time coeducational college program was established at Oberlin in 1833, and in 1837 the first women’s college, Mount Holyoke, was founded. Ten years later the University of Iowa became the first state university to accept women. By 1860 women were attending many state universities as well as private schools.

During the second half of the nineteenth century, the federal government encouraged public higher education by giving large amounts of land to the states. Money from these land grants was used to found new public institutions or to improve existing state colleges and universities. During this period there was also a great increase in the number of privately endowed schools. The rise of the universities as we know it today was gradual rather than sudden. The first Ph.D. was awarded in 1861, and in the years that followed several other important changes in the organization of American universities took place. Universities instituted systems that did away with rigid curricula and permitted students to select the subjects that they wanted to study. Separate departments were made responsible for the teaching of different disciplines such as biology, history, and philosophy. In the 1890s, medicine and law became serious subjects of graduate study. Today, more and more students can get chances to study in graduate schools. 26. The first American college, ____ was founded in _____ in order to ____. A) Harvard, 1636, educate church leaders B) Harvard, 1636, educate American men C) Mount Holyoke, 1837, train American women D) Oberlin, 1833, train both American men and women

27. When were women first admitted to a state university according to the passage? A) 1837 B) 1833 C) 1636 D) 1847

28. The first Ph.D. was awarded in America in ____ according to the passage. A) 1636 B) 1861 C) 1871 D) 1890

29. The federal government gave large amounts of land to states in order to ___ A) build more colleges and universities B) rebuild existing state colleges and universities C) promote the development of public higher education D) win more support from colleges and universities 30 The passage is mainly about ____ A) how Harvard University was founded B) when American women began to receive higher education C) the relationship between higher education and religious D) the general development of American higher education. Passage Four One Tuesday evening in the beginning of the fall 1996 semester at Shippensburg University, sirens(警笛) sounded. These sirens were not in

celebration; they were a cry to the university that something was wrong. A house, only one block away, was on fire. Nine of the university’s students lived there. From the minute the word got out that help was needed, it seemed like everyone showed up. The victims of the fire were offered endless invitations for housing for the night. The very next day, everyone got into gear to do their part in helping them. Flyers were posted with item that were immediately needed, just to get these students through this next couple of days. Boxers for donations and money jars were placed in every residence hall. As a residence director, I went before the students in my hall to ask them to do what they could. I knew that college students don’t have much, but I asked them to do their best: “Every little bit will help.” I really didn’t think they could do much. I was proved wrong. At the hall council meeting the night after the fire, my residents decided to have a wing competition, where each wing of the building would team up to see who could bring in the most donations. I announced that the wing that won would receive a free pizza party. Thursday evening we announced over the PA system that we were beginning the wing competition. Within minutes, the place exploded. The single large box that I had placed in the lobby was overflowing. We

quickly grabbed more boxes, and we watched in amazement as they, too, filled to the brim. Members of the resident assistant staff and I began to count the items. I was astonished by what I saw, and these kids inspired me. When we came to the final tally, the winners turned to me and announced that they would like to donate their winnings as well. They wanted the victims of the fire to have their pizza party. Tears welled up in my eyes. I had watched these students jump to action, work tirelessly and donate all that they could. And then, as if that were not enough, they handed over their reward. I was touched and so very proud of them. 31. From the passage we know ______. A) how the nine victims were killed in the fire B) the house which was on fire belongs to the university C) that the nine students did something wrong in the fire D) how the nine victims were rescued and favorably treated in the community 32. The part of the sentence “… everyone got into gear to do their part in helping them”(Line 3, Paragraph 2)can best be paraphrased as ___ A) everyone expressed their idea to help the victims B) the whole residential area is enthusiastic in answering the call of the the residence director

C) all the residents plunged themselves into the rescue of the victims promptly D) All the cars were running to help the victims in the high gear 33. Why did the storyteller say “I was proved wrong”? A) Because he hadn’t expected the help from everyone in the community came so generous B) Because he didn’t believe every little would help. C) Because he really wanted the victims of the fire to have their pizza party. D) Because he was warmly supported in organizing the pizza party. 34 Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A) The storyteller was moved to tears B) The house where the fire took place is near the university. C) Flying planes were coming to the rescue of the nine victims. D) The single large box that the storyteller had put in the lobby was soon filled with money donated. 35. The best title of the passage can be _____ A) A Friendly and Warmhearted Residential Community B) Generous Donations Offered to the Victims of the Fire C) An Interesting Free Pizza Party Held to the Victims of the Fire D) An Extremely Enthusiastic Residence Director

Part III Vocabulary and Structure(25 minutes, 20 points, 0.5 for each) 36. It was said that America was discovered by Christopher Columbus, though not named ____ him. A) for B) after C) with D) from

37. He was caught in the heavy rain and ____ was wet through when he got home. A) finally B) eventually C) subsequently D) consequently

38. We know nothing about Peter ___ he is a taxi driver. A) except B) except for C) except that D) besides

39. The street cleaner went out in the early morning to find the street wet. It ___ hard last night. A) must have rained C) might have rained B) ought to have rained D) must have been raining

40. Alice won’t leave the TV set with her favorite programs on ___ her husband is waiting for his dinner. A) as if C) so that B) even if D) just that

41. Seeing Bob coming in, Mary broke ___ in the middle of her story. A) off C) up B) out D) down

42. My boss used to read newspapers __ his breakfast. A) while B) over C) at D) on

43. The organizer didn’t realize putting on a play __ so much work. A) included B) involved C) contained D) carried

44. If you try to learn more than two foreign languages at the same time, you may get yourself ___ A) mistaken B) lost C) troubled D) confused

45. John suggested ___ anything about it until they found out more facts A) not to say B) not say C)not say out D) not saying

46. It was not long ___ the news spread and people from all over the country came to visit this miracle of nature. A) until B) when C) before D) after

47. I have always ___ English one of the most useful languages in the world. A) considered C) regarded B) considered over D) regarded as

48. The favorable weather of this year has ___ to the good harvest of watermelons. A) promoted C) encouraged B) provided D) contributed

49. All __ is encouragement in applying for a job. A) that is needed C) the thing is needed 50. “Would you like to go for a walk, Jim?” B) what is needed D) which is needed

“Why not! It’s ____ day!” A) such beautiful a C) such a beautiful B) so a beautiful D) what a beautiful

51. All the countries concerned must stick ____ the agreement signed. A) at B) latter C) present D) quickest

52. Daily World Report on TV gives you the ___ news about the situations in Iraq. A) latest B) latter C) present D) quickest

53. “I’d met Jones a couple of times before the conference.” “So ___.” A) should I B) I should C) had I D) I had

54. You might not count ___ John; he is often too busy. A) on B) with C) for D) to

55. ____ is well known, WTO stands for the World Trade Organization. A) That B) As C) Which D) What

56 TOEFL is a special test for foreign students ___ native language is not English. A) which B) who C) whose D) of whom

57. Since it was the first time for the author to see his mother weep so miserably, he was __ how to comfort her. A) well aware C) ashamed of B) at a loss about D) feeling embarrassed

58. Actually, it was due to luck rather than judgment ___ the driver succeeded in avoiding the accident. A) when B) which C) that D) what

59. The country doctor could have worked in the big city, but she didn’t ___ to. A) choose B) select C) mind D) promise

60. The two boys look very much ___ , though they are not twins. A) alike B) like C) likely D) same

61. Fire engines must have priority as they usually have to deal with some kind of ____ A) crisis B) urgency C) emergency D) emergence

62. If you have told us earlier ___, we could have introduced him around. A) whom he was C) who was he B) who he was D) whoever was he

63. The new TV play “On the Beach” did ___ the interests of many young people. A) rise B) raise C) arise D) arouse

64. ____ today, he would get there by Friday. A) Would he leave C) If he leaves B) Was he leaving D) Were he to leave

65. It is high time we ____ something to stop air pollution.

A) do

B) did

C) will do

D) are doing

66. The boy was about to cross the street ___ the cars stopped in front of him. A) and B) as C) that D) when

67. The forest fire caused by the volcano was too difficult to be put ____ A) out B) off C) down D) away

68. Thirty minutes ___ all that the students can use to write the short passage in about 120 words in the test. A) are B) is C) were D) was

69. You think it is the guest team that is going to win, ___? A) don’t you B) do you C) isn’t it D) is it

70. No sooner had I parked my car at the street side ___ a policeman came over to me. A) when B) then C) than D) before

71. Some of the suggestions have been adopted while the others have been turned ___ as they are not practical. A) down B) off C) against D) away

72. The pollution of this city is ___ cities in China. A) heavier than any other C) heavier than any other D) as heavy as any other B) heavier than that of any

73. When ___ in the company, I learned how to make friends. A) was working C) worked 74. Without air, there ___ no wind or rain. A) will be C) is B) would be D) are B) being working D) working

75. The report ____, the secretary submitted it to the committee. A) having been prepared C) prepared B) had been preparing D) had prepared

Part IV Cloze(10 minutes, 10 points, 1 for each) I came to Laos (老挝) from Shanghai as a volunteer to teach English in a remote school. Although still largely unknown to the outside world, Laos has been an increasing foreign influence __76__ people’s lives. The number of foreign visitors __77_ jumped from year to year, __78__ is a big source of foreign exchange for the __79__ . Meanwhile, a large number of international organizations create well-paid jobs for English speaking Laos. So it’s not hard to understand why young people are _80__ to learn English. But the way they did __81_ was inefficient and awkward. For example, the local teachers use a _82__ textbook full of mistakes to teach beginners, who spend most of the time burying their heads and copying

incorrect examples and grammar rules in Laos. Even worse, they never use CDs or videos, __83__ do they learn the international phonetic symbols, which means students have to rely on their local teachers to learn pronunciation. If the teacher pronounces the words improperly, so do the students. When I first arrived, I was _84__ to find that I could hardly communicate with the local English teachers. The strong local accent and Laos grammar made English a new language to me. They also had a hard time _85___ me. So did my students. 76 A) in 77 A) have 78 A) this 79 A) people 80 A) active 81 A) so B) over B) has B) that B) country B) keen B) such C) on C) had C) it C) school C) eager C) thus D) with D) having D) which D) visitors D) longing D) this

82 A) hand-writing C) hand-written 83 A) or 84 A) surprised 85 A) understand C) to understand B) Nor

B) hands-writing D) hands-written C) Either C) glad B) understood D) understanding D) Neither D)sorry

B) curious