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M 7 Unit 4

Public transport (1—2)

Learning aims: 1. 掌握课文中的新单词并理解全文。 2. 知道关于旅游手册的阅读策略。 Step One : 基础过关 Read the passage ,try to find the following phrases and tranlate them into Chinese. 1. have the distinction of __________ 2. during the first half of the 19th century 3. traffic jam __________ 5. give approval to __________ 7. pull through __________ 9. at regular intervals __________ 11. far from __________ 13. under the authority of ________ 15. be used as 17. in honor of 19. why not do sth ________ __________ __________ 4. lead to __________________ 6. a large amount of money ___________ 8. link up ______________ 10. accelerate the pace of _____________ 12. set up ____________ 14. function as ____________ 16. be linked with ___________ 18. huge numbers of ____________ 20. permit sb. to do sth. ____________

World War II? A. A bomb shelter. B. An anti-aircraft centre. C. The Prime Minister’s living room. D. An airplane factory. 5. Who made the most important contribution to the development of the London underground system? A. Queen Elizabeth B. Charles Yerkes C. Charles Holden D. The Prime Minister. Step three 合作探究 I. Read the passage carefully, then discuss with your partners and try to find answers to the following questions. 1. Why was an underground system first developed in London?

2. What was the London Underground like in 1863?

3. What did Charles Yerkes do to improve the underground system?

4. What unusual uses did the tube have during World War Ⅱ?

Step Two: 自主学习 Fast reading: read the passage quickly and choose the best answers according to the text. 1. When was the first underground system opened in London? A. In 1868 B. In 1854 C. In 1863 D. In 1884 2. Why was the underground systemfirst developed in London? A. Most of the railway tracks did not reach the centre of the city. B. The increased number of vehicles choked off the traffic of the city. C. The underground system transported more people without increasing traffic on the road. D. All of the above. 3. The Victoria Line is important because _________ . A.it was built in honour of ElizabethII becoming the queen B.it was linked with other lines at almost every station C.it was the last line added in 1979 D.more people travelled on the underground after the World War II. 4. Which of the following is NOT the function the London underground system played in the

5. What happened to the London Underground after World WarⅡ?

6. What does it mean when the brochure says that the underground system is user-friendly?

II. The following years indicate the important stages in the development of the London

Underground. Find the information to match the years. Date 1854 Event


Step Four Reading strategy Reading a tourist brochure What are the main features of a brochure?


1884 Step Five 巩固提高 推理判断题的解题方法 在阅读中,如果文章作者运用的语言比较直率,表达比较直截了当,那么即便我们仅 仅理解其字面意思,也不会影响我们的理解。然而,大多数情况下,我们所读的文章比较 含蓄, 作者经常把需要我们理解的意思不直接表达出来, 而期待我们去领悟文章的内在含 义。 这种情况下, 如果我们只理解语言的字面意思, 就会妨碍我们对文章真正内涵的理解。 我们只有通过作者所提供的信息,进行推理、作出结论,才能达到真正理解文章的目的。 在推理时,我们必须: 1.理解文章的字面意义; 2.注意作者遣词造句的特点,弄清词的含蓄意义; 3.时刻提醒自己,作者想让我们推断什么; 4.利用文章中明确表示的内容,进行推理,挖掘作者在文章中的隐含意义。 推理判断题的命题方式一般有: We can infer from the passage that ________. The story suggests that ________. The writer of this passage intends to ________. The writer's purpose of writing the passage is to ________. The passage is probably taken from ________. The writer of the passage considers it ________. Which of the following best describes the character of something? 推理判断是一种创造性的思维活动, 但它并非无章可循。 关键是要对文章已给的信息 进行合理的分析判断,做到“有理有据”。考生应主要注意以下几点: 1.要吃透文章的字面意思,从字里行间捕捉有用的提示和线索,这是推理的前提和 基础。 2.要对文章的表面信息进行挖掘加工,由表入里,由浅入深,从具体到抽象,从特 殊到一般,通过分析、综合、判断,进行符合逻辑地推理。 3.要忠实于原文,以文章提供的事实和线索为依据。立足已知,推断未知。不能主 观臆断、凭空想象,更不能以自己的观点代替作者的观点。 4.要把握句、段之间的逻辑关系,了解语篇的结构。



1918—1938 1979
III.How many parts can the passage be divided into? What does each part focus

on? Part Part 1 Para (s) Para____ Main idea _______ why the first underground in the world was developed.

Part 2

Paras ____

________of the first underground system before the Second World War

Part 3

Para _____

Some ___________ of the first underground system during the Second World War

Part 4

Paras ____

_________ and _________ of the first underground system.

Passage 1 The concept (n. 观念 ) of personal choice in relation to health behaviors is an important one. About 90 percent of all illnesses might be preventable if individual (n. 个人 ) made sound ( adj. 健康的 ) personal health choices based upon present (adj.现在的) medical knowledge. We all enjoy our freedom of choice and do not like to see it limited when it is within the legal (adj. 法律的 ) and moral boundaries ( n.界限 ) of society. The structure of American society allows us to make almost all our own personal decisions that may affect our health. If we do desire, we can smoke , drink much, refuse to wear seat belts, eat whatever food we want, and live a completely sedentary (adj. 久坐的, 劳心的 ) lifestyle without any exercise. Q: The concept of personal choice about health is important because____. A. personal health choices help cure most illnesses. B. it helps raise the level of our medical knowledge. C. it is basic to personal freedom in American society. D. wrong decisions could lead to poor health. Passage 2 A teacher who continually draws attention to rewards or who hands out high grades for ordinary achievement (n.成绩 ) ends up with uninspired students. Eisenberger holds (vi.认为). As an exa- mple of the latter (adj. 近来的 ) point ( n.观点 ), he notes ( vi.特别指出 ) growing efforts at major universities to tighten ( v.使变得更紧 ) grading standards (及格标准 ) and restore ( vt.恢复使用 ) failing grades (不及格分数或标 准 ). Q: It can be inferred from the passage that major universities are trying to tighten their grading standards because they believe_____. A. rewarding poor performance ( n.成绩 ) may kill the creativity of students . B. punishment is more effective than rewarding. C. failing (v. 给…不及格 ) uninspired students helps improve their overall (adj.全面的 ) academic (adj.学校的 ) standards. D. Discouraging ( vt.使…失去信心 ) the students’ anticipation ( n.预期之事物 ) for easy rewards is a matter of urgency ( n.紧急 ). Passage 3 One day a man walked a pet shop and said to the shop assistant,“I need two small mice and about five dozen roaches(蟑螂) and two spiders(蜘蛛).”? “What do you need these things for?” the shop assistant was very surprised.? “Well, ”replied the man, “I’m moving out of my apartment and the landlord insists that I should leave the house in exactly the same condition as I found it.”

Q: The passage suggests that when the writer moved into the apartment, it was ______. A. very clean B. just cleaned by the landlord C. tidy and comfortable D. dirty and full of insects
(2011· 福建高考,A 篇)Driving a car is not just handling controls and judging speed and distance.It requires you to predict what other road users will do and get ready to react to something unexpected.When alcohol is consumed, it enters your bloodstream and acts as a depressant (抑制药), damaging eyesight, judgement and coordination (协调), slowing down reaction time and greatly increasing the risk of accidents.Even below the drink driving limit, driving will be affected. Alcohol may take a few minutes to be absorbed into the bloodstream and start action on the brain.Absorption rate is increased when drinking on an empty stomach or when consuming drinks mixed with fruit juice.To get rid of alcohol from the body is a very slow process and it is not possible to speed it up with any measures like taking a shower or having a cup of tea or coffee. The present Road Traffic Ordinance states clearly that the limit of alcohol concentration is: ●50 milligrams of alcohol per 100 ml of blood; or ●22 micrograms of alcohol per 100 ml of breath; or ●67 milligrams of alcohol per 100 ml of urine (尿液). Drivers who cause traffic accidents, or who commit a moving traffic offence or are being suspected of drink driving will be tested. Any driver found drinking beyond the limit will be charged.The driver declared guilty may be fined a maximum of HK $ 25,000 and be sentenced to up to 3 years in prison and punished for 10 driving?offence points; or temporarily banned from driving. The same punishment applies to failing to provide specimens (样本) for breath, blood or urine tests without good excuse. Drink driving is a criminal offence.Be a responsible driver, think before you drink.For the safety of yourself and other road users, never drive after consuming alcohol. 56.The first paragraph is mainly about______. A.the introduction of driving skills B.the damage of drinking to your body C.the effect of drinking on driving D.the process of alcohol being absorbed 57.The underlined word “it” in the second paragraph refers to “______”. A.alcohol B.Absorption C.blood D.process 58.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? ( ) A.Drinking below the drink driving limit has no effect on driving. B.Alcohol is taken in more quickly when drunk with fruit juice. C.Having a cup of tea helps to get rid of alcohol from the body. D.50 milligrams of alcohol per 100ml of breath is below the drink driving limit. 59.A driver suspected of drink driving ______. A.should provide specimens for testing B.will be forbidden to drive for 3 years C.will be punished for 10 drivingoffence points D.should pay a maximum fine of HK $ 25,000