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高考英语大二轮总复习 专题三 完形填空课件


专题三 完形填空

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考点统计与考情分析 高频考点与技巧点拨 深度阅读 ? 精读精练

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考点统计与考情分析
考情分析

考点统计(略)

1.高考英语完形填空是一种旨在测试考生英语语言综合能力的
填空补缺式障碍性阅读题。它以语篇信息为基础,以中心脉络

为主线,综合考查考生的英语语言运用能力,包括词汇辨析能
力、阅读理解能力、分析判断能力、逻辑推理能力和跨文化交 际能力,是高考试题中要求最高、难度最大的一种题型。

2.近三年高考完形填空的体裁主要以记叙文为主,叙中
有议,文章情节完整,语言地道纯正,体现了 “ 跨文

化意识 ” ;篇章与语句的结构富有变化,常涉及人物
心理活动的细致描写,启迪性强。这就要求考生在

2016 年的备考中,在关注记叙文练习的同时,也应时
常注重其他文体的训练。

3.近三年高考完形填空把知识、教育、趣味融为一体,内容贴近 学生的学习和实际生活,反映社会现实,体现人文精神,符合高 中生的兴趣爱好和认知特点。话题涉及亲情感悟、生活插曲等。 科技进步、人生感悟、合作、赏识、责任等话题仍需关注。 4.高考完形填空设空以单词填空为主,短语或词组填空为辅;考 查以实词为主,虚词为辅。2016年高考完形填空题的命题继续坚

在2016年的备考中,精神信念、人格尊严、生活心态、人间真情、

持 “ 考查语境,突出语篇,注重实词 ” 的命题原则,继 续加大对实词意义辨析的考查力度,并突出考查考生的 分析判断能力、连贯性思维能力和对语境的把握能力。

高频考点与技巧点拨

1 2

考点1

主旨归纳

考点2
考点3 考点4

逻辑推理
语境理解 惯用搭配

3
4

5 6 7 8

考点5 考点6 考点7 考点8

惯用搭配 背景常识 词汇辨析 前后呼应

根据完形填空“考查语境,突出语篇,注重实词”的命 题原则,其考查的热点主要是动词、名词、形容词和副 词等词类,考查的角度和考查方式通常以语境、搭配、 常识、情景及篇章结构等为主。解答不同类型的题目, 可采用不同的解题技巧和解题方法。

考点 1

主旨归纳

典例1 Where do you go when you want to learn something? School?A friend?A tutor?These are all learning.(2015· 全国Ⅱ) A.public B.traditional 21 places of

C.official

D.special

答案及剖析: B

考查语境中形容词的辨析。根据首句

的意思及“School?A friend?A tutor?”,再结合生活 常识,不难看出,这些都是传统意义上的 (traditional) 学

习途径。public公共的;official官方的,正式的;special
特别的,均不符合题意。

典例2 In our modern world,when something wears out, we throw it away and buy a new one.The 36 is that countries around the world have growing mountains of 37.rubbish because people are throwing out more rubbish than ever before.(2015· 安徽)

A.key
C.project

B.reason
D.problem

答案及剖析:D

本篇文章的主旨是:堆积如山的垃圾

给环境带来的影响。随着社会的发展,人们倾向于扔掉
用旧了的东西,以新物品取而代之。环境污染已经成了

全球化的问题。故选D。

技巧点拨
利用首句信息,推测语篇主旨
文章首句往往概括了整篇文章的中心和作者的写作意图。

细读首句可以判断文章体裁,预测文章大意或主旨。完形
填空的命题原则一般是文章第一句不设空,以使考生快速

进入语境,并通过这一“窗口”把握整篇文章。一般来说,
记叙文类的文章首句会交代 4 个 W(when , where , who , what) ,说明文类的文章首句会解释要说明的对象,议论 文类的文章首句会提出一个论点。

考点 2

逻辑推理

典例1 I was required to read one of Bernie Siegel’s books in college and was hooked on his positivity from that moment on.The stories of his unconventional 36 and the exceptional patients he wrote about were so 37.amazing to me and had such a big 38.impact on how I saw life from then on.(2015· 江苏) A.tastes C.notes B.ideas D.memories

答案及剖析:B 根据首句可知,作者读了Bernie Siegel

的书,深受书中积极人生的影响,此处 unconventional
ideas意为“非传统的观点”与上句中“积极的人生观”

呼应。故选B项。

典例2 “Daily Star,sir,” called Jason,carrying some newspapers under his arm.The little boy had been running up and down the street , but there were still twenty left.(2015· 湖北) A.shops C.people B.coins D.papers 31

答案及剖析:D 根据首句中carrying some newspapers可知, 此处表示还剩20份报纸没卖完。故选D项。

技巧点拨

识别关联词语,理清逻辑关系

在一篇文章中,常有一些关联词语,如表示结构层次的

有firstly,secondly,thirdly,finally等;表示因果关系的
有thus,therefore,so等;表示改变话题的有by the way等;

表示递进关系的有besides,what’s more,further等;表
示时间关系的有before,so far,meanwhile,later等;表 示转折关系的有but,however,yet,while,on the other hand,although等。做题时,如果能充分利用这些关联词 语,就可以迅速理清文章脉络,弄清上下文的关系。

考点 3

语境理解

典例1 Where do you go when you want to learn something?

School ? A friend ? A tutor ? These are all 21.traditional places of learning.But it may well be that the learning you really want 22.lies somewhere else instead.I had the 23 of seeing this first hand on a 24 .(2015· 全国Ⅱ) 23.A.dream B.idea C.habit D.chance

24.A.trip

B.holiday

C.weekend

D.square

答案及剖析: 23.D 考查语境中名词的辨析。联系下文可知,“我”有 机会(chance)亲自观看了女儿的一场足球赛并领悟到了这一 点。dream梦想;idea主意;habit习惯,均与语境不符。 24.C 考查语境中名词的辨析。作者下面叙述的几场 比赛都是发生在周六和周日的,因此答案选C。

典例2 When we handed him the bag of

52 ,he lit up and

thanked us with 53 eyes.When I handed him the gift card,

saying he could use it for 54.whatever his family might need,
he burst into tears.(2015· 全国Ⅰ)

52.A.toys
C.food C.curious

B.medicine
D.clothes D.sharp

53.A.sleepy B.watery

答案及剖析:

52.C 考查语境中名词的辨析。联系上文“They got apples,
a sandwich and a bottle of juice.”可知,我们将这些食品递给

这个人。故答案为C。
53.B 考查语境中形容词的辨析。根据本段结尾一句中的

“...he burst into tears.”可知,这个人眼含泪水向我们表示感
谢。 sleepy 困倦的; watery 含水的; curious 好奇的; sharp 锐

利的。由语境可知B项为正确答案。

技巧点拨
寻找暗示信息,重视语境意义 完形填空主要考查考生对语境的理解,设空处的前后 多有暗示(后文暗示前文的居多)。所以做题时要从全局 考虑,进行连贯性思维,把前后文的意思联系起来理 解,这样有助于正确、快速地解题。

考点 4

惯用搭配
The squirrels had no 12 coming up right to me for

典例1

them.(2015· 四川) A.business C.problem B.fun D.privilege business 生意; fun 乐趣; problem 问题;

答案及剖析: C

privilege特权。考查短语have no problem (in) doing sth.意为 “做某事没问题”。故选C。

典例2 The stories of his unconventional 36.ideas and the exceptional

patients he wrote about were so 37.amazing to me and had such a big
38 on how I saw life from then on.(2015· 江苏)

A.strike
C.challenge

B.push
D.impact

答案及剖析:D

句意为:他非传统的想法以及关于特殊病人的

故事让我感到如此惊讶,对我从那以后如何看待人生产生了很

大的影响。考查固定搭配have an impact on “对??有影响”。

技巧点拨 注意习惯用语,熟记常见句型
答题时,对习惯用法、固定搭配和句子结构的分析可以帮

助我们找出正确选项。同学们平时要有意识地记忆一些常
用的固定搭配和习惯用法,并且要学会灵活运用。常见句

型的掌握也很重要,经过反复使用的刺激后,大脑会对常
见句型形成思维定势,这对确定题目答案很有帮助。

考点 5

语法分析

典例1 When I handed him the gift card,saying he could use it for 54 his family might need,he burst into tears.(2015· 全国Ⅰ)

A.whoever
C.whichever

B.whatever
D.whenever

答案及剖析:B

考查代词以及对语境的理解。whoever无论

谁; whatever 无论什么; whichever 无论哪一个; whenever 无 论什么时候。动词need 缺少宾语,此处表示 “用于买他的家 人可能需要的任何东西”,故用whatever。

典例2 As a parent,I 29.hated seeing my daughter playing her best, 30 still defeated.(2015· 全国Ⅱ) A.if C.but B.or D.as 考查语境中连词的辨析。由playing her

答案及剖析:C

best 和 still defeated 的语意逻辑,不难看出前后为转折关 系。因此C项为正确答案。

技巧点拨

利用语法知识,确定考查项目 即通过分析句子结构来确定考查的语法项目,进而 确定答案。

考点 6

背景常识

典例1 Imagine the first days in a new time zone.Slow to respond to the 28 ,your body clock is confused.(2015· 重庆) A.flight C.demand B.change D.climate 考查名词辨析。 flight 航班; change 变化;

答案及剖析: B

demand 要求; climate气候。根据常识,人到了一个新时区时, 生物钟就会混淆及语境可知本文是关于时差反应的,故选B项。

典例2 Yet,our cells simply cannot continue to reproduce

3 .(2015· 广东)
A.rapidly B.harmlessly

C.endlessly

D.separately
根据常识,我们的细胞不会无止境地

答案及剖析: C

继续再生。所以选择endlessly “无穷尽地”。

技巧点拨 巧用背景常识,简化判断过程
完形填空作为独立的语篇,以其自身的内容提供完整的语篇

信息,但其中有时渗透着相关的文化科学、历史地理、风俗
民情等方面的知识。学生在做题时,若能积极调动自己的文

化背景知识和生活常识,特别是有关东西方文化差异的知识,
并巧妙地加以运用,将会大大简化复杂的分析与判断过程, 节省宝贵的时间,顺利地沿作者的思路阅读下去。

考点 7

词汇辨析
35 ,

典例1 They have loans,bills,a mortgage(抵押贷款) to retirement to save for.(2015· 浙江) A.take off C.put off B.drop off D.pay off

答案及剖析:D

考查动词短语辨析。因为他们有借款、账单、

抵押贷款要偿还。pay off付清,还清,符合语境。take off取下, 起飞;drop off落下,减少;put off推迟。

典例2 It 46 that among other things,he was an eighty-yearold writer.(2015· 江苏)

A.came out

B.worked out 考查动词短语辨析。除此之外,他还是一位

C.proved out D.turned out

答案及剖析:D

八十岁的作家。come out出现,出版;work out锻炼,解决,

制定;prove out证明;turn out证明是,结果是。It turned out
that... 是固定搭配,意为 “ 结果是 ?? ,结果证明 ??” ,故 选D项。

技巧点拨

牢记词汇意义,准确辨析词义 掌握常用词汇、短语的意义,运用上下文的内在逻辑 关系,验证每个词汇或短语的含义,然后做出正确的

选择。

考点 8

前后呼应

典例1 Someone had left a

39

under their door during the

night.One of their neighbors had written to complain(抱怨)

about the sound of the piano.Dario’s mother asked the
building superintendent(管理员) if he knew anything about

it.(2015· 北京)
A.note B.poster C.bill D.report

答案及剖析:A

本题是一道同义词复现题。根据文章

倒数第五段中的 “So I wrote a short note.” 可知,是 Mrs.Gilbert留的一张字条,故选A。

典例2 “What if we invited them to come here for a
43 instead?” Dario asked.(2015· 北京) A.party B.concert C.show D.play 考查名词辨析。party聚会;concert音乐会; 答案及剖析:A

show展览;play游戏,比赛。此题为线索题,且为原词复现, 由后文中的“Finally,the day of the party...”可知母子为解决 此事办了一场派对,并邀请了邻居们,故选A。

技巧点拨 觅寻上下文字,求索词汇复现
在完形填空题中,学生可以利用上下文的复现信息,确定

正确答案。词汇复现包括原词复现、同义词复现、反义词
复现、同根词复现、概括词复现等。

(1)原词复现:由于表达的需要,有时在上下文中同一词会
重复出现。考生可以借助这一信息来选择答案。

(2)同义词、近义词、反义词复现:同义词、近义词和反义 词复现是借助意思相同、相近或相反的表达方式,或解释 性的语言使上下文语意连贯起来。做完形填空题时,考生 应注意分析上下文中出现的解释性语言。 (3)同根词复现:考生还可借助复现的同根词来确定答案, 如conclude,conclusion,conclusive,conclusively等。

深度阅读 ? 精读精练

1 2 3

记叙文

夹叙夹议文 议论文

A(记叙文) My kids and I were heading into the supermarket over the weekend.On the way, we spotted a man holding a

41.A.Lost C.Quit

B.Changed D.Finished

考查语境中动词的辨析。联系下

文内容及“Family to Feed.”可知这
个人失业了,还要养家糊口。故

piece of paper that said ,
“ 41 my job.Family to Feed.”

答案为A。

42.A.condition

B.place

At this store,a 42 like

C.sight

D.show

this

is

not

normal.My

考查语境中名词的辨析。那人手

10yearold noticed him and made a 43 on how bad it 44

里拿着一张写有 “ 失去工作,供
养家人 ” 的纸,站在冷风中。这

must be to have to stand in the cold wind.

种情景在超市外面并不常见。
condition 条件; place 地方; sight

情景,景象;show展示。显然只
有C项符合句意。

At this store,a 42 like

43.A.suggestion C.decision

B.comment D.call

this

is

not

normal.My

10yearold noticed him and made a 43 on how bad it 44

考查语境中名词的辨析。十岁 的孩子看到这个站在冷风中的 求助者十分感慨,发表评论 (comment) 。 suggestion 建 议 ; decision 决定; call 电话,均不 合句意。

must be to have to stand in the cold wind.

At this store,a 42 like

44.A.outside

B.proudly
D.angrily

this

is

not

normal.My C.by

10yearold noticed him and made a 43 on how bad it 44

考查语境中副词的辨析。由
in the cold wind所提供的信息 可以判断此人是站在超市外 面的。

must be to have to stand in the cold wind.

In the store,I asked each of my kids to 45 something they thought our “friend” there would 46 .They got apples,a sandwich and a bottle of juice.Then my 17year-old suggested giving him a 47 .I thought about it.We were 48 on cash

45.A.draw C.arrange

B.say D.pick

考查语境中动词的辨析 。 根据下文所述可知,我让孩子 们挑选 (pick) 某种他们认为这 位朋友喜欢的东西。draw绘画; say 说出; arrange 安排,均与 语境不符。

In the store,I asked each of my kids to 45 something they thought our “friend” there would 46 .They got apples,a sandwich and a bottle of juice.Then my 17year-old suggested giving him a 47 .I thought about it.We were 48 on cash
46.A.order C.appreciate B.supply D.discover

考查语境中动词的辨析。根据 语境可知,孩子们挑选出那位 “ 朋友 ” 会喜欢的礼物,所以 选 C 项 (appreciate) 。 order 订购; supply提供;discover发现。

In the store,I asked each of my kids to 45 something they thought our “friend” there would 46 .They got apples,a sandwich and a bottle of juice.Then my 17year-old suggested giving him a 47 .I thought about it.We were 48 on cash

47.A.dollar B.job C.hot meal D.gift card 考查语境中名词的辨析。下一 段“When I handed him the gift

card...”一句已有暗示。

In the store,I asked each of my kids to 45 something they thought our “friend” there would 46 .They got apples,a sandwich and a bottle of juice.Then my 17year-old suggested giving him a 47 .I thought about it.We were 48 on cash

48.A.easy

B.low

C.soft

D.loose

考查语境中形容词的辨析。根

据前面“I thought about it.”可
推知,作者他们本身带的现金

也不多了(low on cash ,即:手
头拮据 ) 。 easy 容易的; low ( 数

量 等 ) 不 足 的 ; soft 柔 软 的 ;

loose松散的。B项显然符合句意。

but...well,sometimes
49 from our need instead of

49.A.giving
C.spending

B.saving
D.begging

our abundance is

50

what

根据上文的 giving 以及此处语境 而不是富足的东西给别人,这正 是我们需要做的 ” ,所以选择 giving。

we need to do!All the kids

可知,此处表达“把我们需要的,

51

something they could

do away with for the week.

but...well,sometimes
49 from our need instead of

50.A.yet C.still

B.even D.just

our abundance is

50

what

用 “just( 正是,恰是 )” 能够 体现出作者此处的情感,即: 突出强调“就是需要这样 做 ”。 yet 然而;even 甚至; still仍然。

we need to do!All the kids

51

something they could

do away with for the week.

but...well,sometimes
49 from our need instead of

51.A.declared

B.shared

C.ignored

D.expected

考查语境中动词的辨析。为了省

our abundance is

50

what

we need to do!All the kids

出钱来去帮助别人,孩子们纷纷
宣布自己这周可以舍弃不用的东

51

something they could

西。 declare 公布,宣布; share
分享,分担;ignore 忽视,不理

do away with for the week.

睬;expect 期待。由句意可知答
案为A。

When we handed him the bag of 52 , he lit up and us with 53

52.A.toys C.food

B.medicine D.clothes

thanked

考查语境中名词的辨析。联系上 文“They got apples,a sandwich and a bottle of juice.”可知,我 们将这些食品递给这个人。故答 案为C。

eyes.When I handed him the gift card , saying he could use it for 54 his family might need , he burst into tears.

When we handed him the bag of 52 , he lit up and us with 53

53.A.sleepy

B.watery

C.curious

D.sharp

thanked

考查语境中形容词的辨析。根据

本 段 结 尾 一 句 中 的 “...he burst
into tears.” 可知,这个人眼含泪 水向我们表示感谢。 sleepy 困倦 的; watery 含水的; curious 好奇 的; sharp 锐利的,敏捷的。由 语境可知B项为正确答案。

eyes.When I handed him the gift card , saying he could use it for 54 his family might need , he burst into tears.

When we handed him the bag of 52 , he lit up and us with 53

54.A.whoever C.whichever

B.whatever D.whenever

thanked

考查语境中代词的辨析。由句子
结构可知,这是一个宾语从句。

eyes.When I handed him the gift card , saying he could use it for 54 his family might need , he burst into tears.

从句谓语动词need后缺少宾语,
故可将D项排除。再结合句意“我

告诉他可以用这张卡为家人购买
生活必需品”可知答案为B。

This has been a wonderful 55 for our family.For days !

55.A.experience C.message

B.example D.adventure

the kids have been looking for
others we can 56

考查语境中名词的辨析。由全文 所述可知,这是一次非常棒的经 历,给了孩子们莫大的鼓舞 。

Things would have played out
so 57

experience 经历; example 例子; 由文意知答案为A。

if I had simply said,message 口信 ; adventure 冒 险 。

This has been a wonderful 56.A.rely on B.respect 55 for our family.For days C.learn from D.help

the kids have been looking for 考查语境中动词及动词短语 others we can 56 ! 的辨析。帮助别人,快乐自 Things would have played out 己。接连几天,孩子们都在 so 57 if I had simply said,寻找需要帮助的人。显然,D 项意思与语境相吻合。

57.A.suddenly B.vividly

This has been a wonderful C.differently D.perfectly 55 for our family.For days 考查语境中副词的辨析。句意为:

the kids have been looking for 如果我当时告诉孩子们没有钱去
others we can 56 !

帮助更多的人,事情可能会完全
不同,他们可能就不会有这样的

Things would have played out 举动。 suddenly 突然地; vividly 生 动 地 ; differently 不 同 地 ; so 57 if I had simply said,
perfectly 完美地。由句意可知 C 项为正确答案。

“No,we really don’t have 58 to give more. ” ,it also 60

58.A.time C.patience 上题解析。

B.power D.money

Stepping out not onlyhelped a brother in 59

考查语境中名词的辨析。见

gave my kids the

taste of helping others.It’ll

go a long way with them.

“No,we really don’t have 58 to give more. ” ,it also 60

59.A.fear C.need

B.love D.memory

Stepping out not onlyhelped a brother in 59

考查语境中名词的辨析。综 合前文所叙述的经历可知, 我和孩子们帮助了一位处于 困境中的人。in need患难,急

gave my kids the

taste of helping others.It’ll

go a long way with them.

需,处于困境中,符合语境。

“No,we really don’t have 58 to give more. ” ,it also 60

60.A.strong B.sweet
C.strange D.simpl 考查语境中形容词的辨析。 纵观全文,作者与孩子们的 这一善举让他们品尝到了帮 助别人的甜蜜,正所谓“赠 人玫瑰,手留余香”。故答 案为B。

Stepping out not onlyhelped a brother in 59

gave my kids the

taste of helping others.It’ll

go a long way with them.

深度阅读 Ⅰ.掌握文章的篇章结构
My kids

grateful
they the sweet taste

Ⅱ.掌握文章的细节——判断正(T)误(F)
1.At the store a sight of some poor man asking for help

is normal for the kids.( F )
2.When we handed him the bag of food,he lit up and

burst into tears.( F )
3.The author’s 10yearold suggested giving the man a gift card and he agreed immediately.( F )

4.I said “No,we really don’t have money to give more.” to children when the kids helped others.( F )

5.The helping act has a long impact on the children.( T )

Ⅲ.突破文章的长难句 1.On the way,we spotted a man holding a piece of paper that said,“Lost my job.Family to Feed.” 翻译: 在路上,我们看到一个人举着一张纸,纸上

写着:“我丢了工作。有家人要养活。” 难句分析:介词短语On the way在句中作 状语 ;现在分
词holding a piece of paper在句中作宾语补足语 ; that 引导

定语从句,修饰先行词 a piece of paper。

2.We were low on cash ourselves,but...well,sometimes giving
from our need instead of our abundance is just what we need to do! 我们自己也不宽裕,但是??好吧,有时需要的不 翻译: 是在我们富足的时候去接济别人,而恰恰是在我们本身 不宽裕的时候! 难句分析:but连接并列句。在第二个分句中,现在分词短语 giving from our need instead of our abundance作 主语 , 谓 语 动词用 第三人称单数 ;what引导 表语 从句,在从句中, what作do的宾语 。

3.When I handed him the gift card , saying he could use it for

whatever his family might need,he burst into tears.
翻译: 当我把这张礼品卡递给他,并告诉他可以使用它去 购买他的家人所需要的任何东西时,他热泪盈眶。 难句分析:本句的主干为 When I handed him the gift card ,he

burst into tears.。在主从句中间,saying...作伴随 状语, saying 后
面接一个省略了引导词that的 宾语 从句;whatever引导的宾语

从句作介词for的 宾语 ,在从句中,whatever作need的 宾语 。

B(夹敘夹议文)

Where do you go when you want

21.A.public
C.official

B.traditional
D.special

to learn something ? School ? A

friend?A tutor?These are all 21

解析

空 格 前 的 “School ? A

places of learning.But it may well

friend ? A tutor ? ” 所指的都是

be that the learning you really want
22 somewhere else instead.I had

传统的(traditional) 我们可以求教
的地方。 public 公共的; official

the 23 of seeing this first hand on

官方的;special特殊的。

a 24 .

Where do you go when you want

22.A.passes C.lies 解 析

B.works D.ends

to learn something ? School ? A

friend?A tutor?These are all 21

根 据 空 格 后 面 的

places of learning.But it may well

somewhere else instead可知,该 句意思是 “ 但很可能你真正想 要 学 习 的 却 在 (lie) 其 他 某 个 地 方 ” 。 pass 经 过 ; work 工 作 ; end结束。

be that the learning you really want 22 somewhere else instead.I had

the 23 of seeing this first hand on

a 24 .

Where do you go when you want

23.A.dream C.habit 解析

B.idea D.chance

to learn something ? School ? A

friend?A tutor?These are all 21

结合空格后面的 seeing

places of learning.But it may well

this first hand可知作者有机会 (chance) 亲眼看到这样的事情。 dream 梦 想 ; idea 想 法 ; habit 习惯。

be that the learning you really want 22 somewhere else instead.I had

the 23 of seeing this first hand on

a 24 .

Where do you go when you want 24.A.trip

B.holiday D.square

to learn something ? School ? A C.weekend

friend?A tutor?These are all 21 解析

根据下文中的 Saturday

places of learning.But it may well 和between Saturday and Sunday 这些信息可知,她们踢球的时 22 somewhere else instead.I had 候是周末 (weekend) 。 trip 旅游;

be that the learning you really want

the 23 of seeing this first hand on holiday假日;square广场。

a 24 .

B.entered a 25.A.won D.watched recreational soccer team.They did C.organized very well this season and so 25 a 解 析 根 据 空 格 后 面 的 “...a

My

daughter

plays

on

tournament,which normally was

tournament,which normally was

only

for

more

skilled

teams.This led to some

club only for more skilled club teams.” 26 可知,一般来说只有技术更好的
俱乐部球队才能参加 (enter) 锦标

experiences on Saturday as they
played against teams 27 trained.

赛 。 win 赢 ; organize 组 织 ;
watch观看。

B.strange a 26.A.painful D.practical recreational soccer team.They did C.common very well this season and so 25 a 解析 结合上下文可知,她们周 My daughter plays on
tournament,which normally was 末对抗的球队是一些受过更好训

only

for

more

skilled

teams.This led to some

club 练的强队,因此这给她们带来的 26 肯定是一些痛苦的 (painful) 经历。
practical实际的。

experiences on Saturday as they
played against teams 27 trained.

strange 奇怪的; common 普通的;

My

daughter

plays

on

a

27.A.less

B.poorly

recreational soccer team.They did

C.newly
解析

D.better

very well this season and so 25 a
tournament,which normally was

根据上文提到的 “more

skilled club teams”可知,这些
参加锦标赛的球队都是经过更

only

for

more

skilled

club
26

teams.This led to some

好 (better) 训练的球队。 less 更少;
poorly糟糕地,二者意思与语境

experiences on Saturday as they
played against teams 27 trained.

相反; newly 最近,新近,与语
境不符。

Through the first two games,her
28 did not get one serious shot

28.A.fans

B.tutors

on goal.As a parent , I best ,

C.class
解析

D.team
由空格所在句中的

29

seeing my daughter playing her

games 及 shot 可知,此处是指
她的球队(team)表现不佳。fan

30

still defeated. It

seemed that something clicked

迷,狂热爱好者;tutor导师;
class班级。

with the 31

between Saturday
32 for

and Sunday.When they

their Sunday game,

Through the first two games,her
28 did not get one serious shot

29. A.imagined

B.hated

C.avoided
解析

D.missed

on goal.As a parent , I best ,

29

根据下文的“playing her

seeing my daughter playing her

best...still defeated”可知,作者
不愿意(hate)看到女儿尽力踢球

30

still defeated. It

seemed that something clicked

但却仍然被打败的情景。 hate
doing sth.厌恶做某事。imagine

with the 31

between Saturday
32 for

and Sunday.When they

想象;avoid避免;miss错过。

their Sunday game,

Through the first two games,her
28 did not get one serious shot

30.A.if

B.or

on goal.As a parent , I best ,

C.but
解析

D.as
根据前面的 playing her

29

seeing my daughter playing her

best 和后面的 defeated 可知,女
儿虽然尽力了,但还是被打败

30

still defeated. It

seemed that something clicked

了。前后是一种转折关系,故
选but。

with the 31

between Saturday
32 for

and Sunday.When they

their Sunday game,

Through the first two games,her
28 did not get one serious shot

31.A.girls
C.coaches 解析

B.parents
D.viewers

on goal.As a parent , I best ,

29

阅读文章可知这是一

seeing my daughter playing her

30

still defeated. It

支女子足球队,因此这里指 那些女孩子 (girls) 。 parent 父 亲 ( 或 母 亲 ) ; coach 教 练 ; viewer观众。

seemed that something clicked

with the 31

between Saturday
32 for

and Sunday.When they

their Sunday game,

Through the first two games,her
28 did not get one serious shot

32.A.dressed C.made up 解析

B.showed up D.planned

on goal.As a parent , I best ,

29

结合空格后面的“for their

seeing my daughter playing her

Sunday game” 可知,这是她们 dress 穿 ( 衣服 ) ; make up 编造; plan计划。

30

still defeated. It

在周日比赛露面(show up)的时候。

seemed that something clicked

with the 31

between Saturday
32 for

and Sunday.When they

their Sunday game,

they were

33

different.They 33.A.slightly

B.hardly D.completely

had begun to integrate(融合) the C.basically kinds of play and teamwork they 解析

结合语境,尤其是上文中

had 34 the day before into their 的“...something clicked with the...” 35 .They played aggressively and 可知,这些女孩子们好像突然领 36 scored a goal. It 37 me that 悟到了什么,这次露面时,她们 playing against the other team 完 全 (completely) 不 一 样 了 。 slightly 稍 微 ; hardly 几 乎 不 ; was a great 38 moment for all basically基本地。 the girls on the team.I think it is a

they were

different.They 34.A.seen B.known had begun to integrate(融合) the C.heard D.read kinds of play and teamwork they 解析 结合语境“They had begun to integrate(融合) the kinds of play had 34 the day before into their and teamwork they had the 35 .They played aggressively and day before...” 可知,作者女儿的 36 scored a goal. It 37 me that 这个队把昨天她们看到 (see) 的打 playing against the other team 法和团队精神融合到今天的比赛 was a great 38 moment for all 中来了,而不是 know“知道 ”, hear“听到”或read“读”。 the girls on the team.I think it is a

33

they were

33

different.They

35.A.styles

had begun to integrate(融合) the kinds of play and teamwork they had 34 the day before into their 35 .They played aggressively and 36 scored a goal. It 37 me that playing against the other team was a great 38 moment for all the girls on the team.I think it is a

B.training
C.game D.rules 解析 此处照应上文提到的 “their Sunday game”。

they were

33

different.They

had begun to integrate(融合) the kinds of play and teamwork they had 34 the day before into their 35 .They played aggressively and 36 scored a goal. It 37 me that playing against the other team was a great 38 moment for all the girls on the team.I think it is a

36.A.even

B.still

C.seldom
解析

D.again

结合空格前的 “They

played aggressively...”可知她
们富有攻击性地踢球,甚至

(even) 得 分 了 。 still 仍 然 ;
seldom很少;again又,再。

they were

33

different.They

37.A.confused
C.reminded 解 析 It

B.struck
D.warned strikes/struck

had begun to integrate(融合) the kinds of play and teamwork they had 34 the day before into their 35 .They played aggressively and 36 scored a goal. It 37 me that playing against the other team was a great 38 moment for all the girls on the team.I think it is a

sb.that...“ 某人突然想起 ??” , 是固定句式, it 是形式主语,真 正的主语是 that 引导的从句。这 confuse 使 困 惑 ; remind 提 醒 ; warn警告。

里的strike可以换成 hit 或 occur to。

B.thinking different.They 38. A.touching D.learning had begun to integrate(融合) the C.encouraging 解析 根据文章首句 “Where do kinds of play and teamwork they you go when you want to learn had 34 the day before into their something ? ” 可知本文谈论的主 35 .They played aggressively and 要是学习,作者认为和训练有素的 36 scored a goal. It 37 me that 对手进行比赛是这些女孩子们学习

they were

33

playing against the other team (learning)的良机,以此紧扣文章主 was a great 38 moment for all 题。touching感人的;thinking有思 the girls on the team.I think it is a
考力的;encouraging鼓舞人心的。

general principle. 39

is the

39.A.Experience
B.Independence

best teacher.The lessons they
learned may not be 40 what

C.Curiosity
D.Interest 解析 通读全文可知,作者认 为和训练有素的对手比赛的经 验 (experience) 是最好的老师。 因此选项A正确。

they would have gotten in
school , but are certainly

more personal and meaningful,
because they had to work them out on their own.

general principle. 39

is the

40.A.harmful to
C.different from

B.mixed with
D.applied to

best teacher.The lessons they
learned may not be 40 what

解析 句意为:她们学到的经验可
能与将在学校学到的并无区别

they would have gotten in
school , but are certainly

(different from) ,但一定更加个性
化、更有意义,因为她们必须靠自 有害;be mixed with与??混合; be applied to应用于。

more personal and meaningful, 己摸索出来。be harmful to对??
because they had to work them out on their own.

深度阅读 Ⅰ.掌握文章的篇章结构
Where

painful

into

the best

Ⅱ.变式训练——语法填空
My daughter plays on a recreational soccer team.They did

very 1. well

(good)

this

season

and

so

entered

a

tournament,2. which normally was only for more skilled club

teams.This led 3. to some painful experiences on Saturday as
they played against teams better trained.Through the first two

games,her team did not get one serious shot on goal.As a
parent,I hated seeing my daughter playing her best,but still

4.

defeated (defeat).

5. It

seemed that something clicked with the girls

between Saturday and Sunday.When they showed up for their Sunday game,they were 6. completely (complete) different.They had begun to integrate the kinds of play and teamwork they 7. had seen (see) the day before into their game.They played aggressively and even scored 8. a goal.

It struck me that 9. playing(play) against the other team
was a great learning moment for all the 10. girls (girl)

on the team.I think it is a general principle.Experience is
the best teacher.

Ⅲ.突破文章的长难句 1.But it may well be that the learning you really want lies

somewhere else instead.
翻译: 但或许事情就是这样:你真正想要的学习恰

恰在其他地方。
难句分析:it作 形式主语 ,真正的主语为后面的 that 从 句。在that从句中,句子主语the learning后接一个省略了 关系代词that或which的 定语 从句you really want。

2.As a parent,I hated seeing my daughter playing her best,

but still defeated.
翻译: 作为父母,我不喜欢看到我女儿尽力踢球,但还

是被打败的情景。
难句分析:hate后面常常接动名词作宾语。seeing的宾语为

my daughter,在该宾语后,有 两个 宾语补足语,一个是现
在分词短语 playing her best ,含有 主动 的含义 ;另外

一个是 过去分词

defeated,含有 被动 的含义。

3.It struck me that playing against the other team was a great learning moment for all the girls on the team. 翻译:我突然想起,对于球队所有的女孩来说,和另外

一个队进行比赛也是一个很好的学习机会。
难句分析: It 作形式主语,真正主语为后面的 that 从句。在 that引导的主语从句中,动名词短语 playing against the

other team 在句中作 主语 ,谓语动词用第三人称单数。

C(议论文)
(2015?浙江)
21.A.much B.never
D.well Since finishing my studies at C.seldom Harvard and Oxford , I’ve 解析 上文提到作者的很多朋友已 经成为 “ 银行、咨询公司、法律事 watched one friend after another 务所以及大公司等的高级管理人 land highranking , highpaying 员”,此处选择D项表示“现在很多 Wall Street jobs.As executives (高 人在通往骄人的职业之路上表现得 级管理人员) with banks,consulting 非常出色”,well是“表现出色地, firms,established law firms,and 很好地 ” 之意,符合语境。 much 非 常,很;never从不;seldom很少。 major corporations,many are now

By society’s 22 ,they seem to

have it made. On the surface ,
these people seem to be very lucky

22.A.policies C.experiments 解析

B.standards D.regulations

in life.As they left student life
behind,many had a 23 drink at

根据空格前面的介词 by

及上下文语境可推知,此处表

their cheap but friendly local bar, 示 “ 按照?? 标准” ,故选择 shook hands with longtime B项,意为“标准”。policy政
roommates , and small apartments buildings. 24 into out of high 策 ; experiment 实 验 ;

regulation规则,规章。

By society’s 22 ,they seem to

have it made. On the surface ,
these people seem to be very lucky

23.A.last C.second 解析

B.least D.best

in life.As they left student life
behind,many had a 23 drink at

根 据 前 面 的 “As they

left student life behind...”可知,

their cheap but friendly local bar, 当他们离开学校时,很多人去 shook hands with longtime 便宜且热情待客的当地酒吧喝
roommates , and small apartments buildings. 24 into out of high 最后一次酒。故此处应选择

last,意为“最后的”。

By society’s 22 ,they seem to

have it made. On the surface ,
these people seem to be very lucky

24.A.cycled

B.moved
C.slid

in life.As they left student life
behind,many had a 23 drink at shook small hands with 24 into longtime out of high

D.looked
搬出狭小的学生公寓进

their cheap but friendly local bar, 解析
roommates , and apartments buildings.

入高楼大厦中。move out of搬
离,符合语境。

They made reservations at restaurants where the cost of a bottle of wine college rent.They beloved year’s 25 a

25.A.shared
C.equaled 解析

B.paid
D.collected

在他们预定的餐厅里

monthly their with

一瓶酒的价格相当于大学一 个 月 的 租 金 。 equal 与 ??

replaced old cars

相等或相同,符合语境。

expensive new sports cars.

The thing is,a number of them
have 26 that despite their

26.A.advertised C.admitted 解析

B.witnessed D.demanded

success



they
27

aren’t
for

实际情况是,他们中的

happy.Some

of unfriendly feel sad

coworkers and tasks they

很多人承认尽管他们很成功, 但并不快乐。 admit 承认,符 合 语 境 。 advertise 做 广 告 ; witness目击;demand要求。

eighthour workweeks devoted to 28 .Some do not respect the companies they work for and talk of feeling tired and

The thing is,a number of them
have 26 that despite their

27.A.complain
B.dream

success



they
27

aren’t
for

C.hear
D.approve

happy.Some

of unfriendly feel sad

coworkers and tasks they

解析

根 据 后 面 的 unfriendly

eighthour workweeks devoted to 28 .Some do not respect the companies they work for and talk of feeling tired and

coworkers 以 及 后 面 一 系 列 不

开心的举动可知,一些人抱怨
同事不友好。complain of抱怨,

诉苦,符合语境。

The thing is,a number of them have 26 that despite their

28.A.distribute

B.hate
C.applaud

success



they
27

aren’t

happy.Some

of unfriendly

D.neglect
解析 由空格前后的语境,特

coworkers and feel sad for
eighthour workweeks devoted to

tasks they

28 .Some do not

别是feel sad for...可推知,此处

respect the companies they work

表示 “ 他们厌恶的工作任务 ” ,

for and talk of feeling tired and

故hate“讨厌,厌恶”符合语境。

The thing is,a number of them

29.A.calm

B.guilty

have
success

26


that despite their
they aren’t for

C.warm
解析

D.empty
根据空格前后的语境,

happy.Some

27

of unfriendly
feel sad

特别是feeling tired可推知,此处
表示有些人并不尊重自己为之

coworkers and tasks they

eighthour workweeks devoted to 28 .Some do not respect the companies they work for and talk of feeling tired and

工作的公司,而且会感到厌倦
和空虚,故此处答案为 empty ,

意为“空虚的”。

instead of devoting themselves to
their work,they find themselves

30.A.family C.lifestyle 解析

B.government D.project

working to support the become
and 32

30

to

但他们并不专心于自己

which they have so quickly

31 .People often speak
in the end the idea of

的工作,他们工作只是为了维 持这种很快就习以为常的生活 方式。lifestyle生活方式,符合 语境。

of trying a more satisfying path, leaving their jobs to work for something

instead of devoting themselves to
their work,they find themselves

31.A.accustomed

B.appointed
C.unique

working to support the become
and 32

30

to

which they have so quickly

D.available
解析 此处考查固定表达

31 .People often speak
in the end the idea of

of trying a more satisfying path, leaving their jobs to work for something

become accustomed to “对??
变得习以为常,习惯于”。

instead of devoting themselves to
their work,they find themselves

32.A.yet
B.also

working to support the become
and 32

30

to

C.instead
D.rather

which they have so quickly

31 .People often speak
in the end the idea of

of trying a more satisfying path, leaving their jobs to work for something

解析

根据上下文可知,这里

表示转折关系,故要用yet。

they 33 or finding a position
that would give them more time with their families almost always leads them to the sameconclusion:it’s 34 .They have loans,bills,a mortgage(抵押贷款) to 35 , retirement to save for.

33.A.let out

B.turn in

C.give up
解析

D.believe in

离职去从事他们自己看好

的事情。believe in相信,符合语
境。 let out 泄露,发出; turn in

上交,呈交;give up放弃。

they 33 or finding a position
that would give them more time with their families almost always leads them to the sameconclusion:it’s 34 .They have loans,bills,a mortgage(抵押贷款) to 35 , retirement to save for.

34.A.fundamental B.practical C.impossible D.unforgettable 解析 联系下文可知,想法没

有成为现实,故选impossible,
意为“不可能的”。

they 33 or finding a position
that would give them more time with their families almost always leads them to the sameconclusion:it’s 34 .They have loans,bills,a mortgage(抵押贷款) to 35 , retirement to save for.

35.A.take off C.put off 解析

B.drop off D.pay off

根据空格前面的 loans ,

bills , a mortgage 可知,此处表
示“有借款、账单、抵押货款需

要支付”。pay off付清,还清,
符合语境。take off取下,起飞;

drop off落下,减少;put off推迟。

They recognize there’s
something 36 in their lives,

36.A.missing B.inspiring C.sinking D.shining 解析 他们意识到生活中缺少 了什么。 missing 失去的,失踪 的,找不到的,符合语境。

but it’s 37 to step off the track.
In a society that tends to 38 everything in terms of dollars and cents,we learn from a young age to consider the costs of our 39 in financial terms.But what about the personal and social costs 40 in pursuing money over meaning?

They recognize there’s
something 36 in their lives, 37.A.harmful B.hard C.useful D.normal 解析 但很难脱离既定的生活

but it’s 37 to step off the track.
In a society that tends to 38 everything in terms of dollars and cents,we learn from a young age to consider the costs of our 39 in financial terms.But what about the personal and social costs 40 in pursuing money over meaning?

轨迹。 hard 困难的,符合语境。

They recognize there’s
something 36 in their lives, 38.A.measure B.suffer

but it’s 37 to step off the track.
In a society that tends to 38 everything in terms of dollars and cents,we learn from a young age to consider the costs of our 39 in financial terms.But what about the personal and social costs 40 in pursuing money over meaning?

C.digest
解析

D.deliver

此处意为 “ 在一个倾

向于用金钱来衡量一切的社
会 里 ??” 。 故 选 择

measure“衡量”。

They recognize there’s
something 36 in their lives,

39.A.disasters B.motivations C.campaigns D.decisions 解析 从小的时候我们就学 会了从经济的角度来考虑所 作决定的代价,故选择 decision,意为“决定”。

but it’s 37 to step off the track.
In a society that tends to 38 everything in terms of dollars and cents,we learn from a young age to consider the costs of our 39 in financial terms.But what about the personal and social costs 40 in pursuing money over meaning?

They recognize there’s
something 36 in their lives, In a society that tends to 38 everything in terms of dollars and cents,we learn from a young age to consider the costs of our 39 in financial terms.But what about the personal and social costs 40 in pursuing money over meaning?

40.A.assessed 解析

B.involved D.reduced

but it’s 37 to step off the track. C.covered

此处句意为:但是追

求金钱超过追求人生意义本 身带来的个人代价和社会代 价呢? involve 参与,涉及, 符合语境。assess评价;cover 覆盖,包括;reduce减少。

深度阅读 Ⅰ.掌握文章的篇章结构

high-paying
unhappy

respect

workweeks

their lives
personal and social

Ⅱ.掌握文章的主旨大意 请用约50个词概括本文。 The author told us through the experiences and

feelings after they graduated that we should not pursue
money to build a highquality life.In fact,the personal and

social costs are the ones we need to consider most.

Ⅲ.变式训练——语法填空 Since 1. finishing (finish) my studies at Harvard and Oxford , I’ve watched one friend after another land highranking,highpaying Wall Street jobs.As executives with and banks,consulting firms,established law firms ,2. well major corporations,many are now 3. it 4. to have (good) on their way to impressive careers.By society’s standards,they seem

made.

On the surface,these people seem to be very 5. lucky

(luck) in life.As they left student life behind,many had a last
drink at their cheap but 6. friendly (friend) local bar , shook hands 7. with longtime roommates,and moved out of small

apartments into high buildings.They made reservations at restaurants 8. where the cost of a bottle of wine equaled a college year’s monthly rent.

They9.

replaced

(replace) their beloved old cars with

expensive new sports cars.

The thing is,10. a

number of them have admitted that

despite their success,they aren’t happy.

Ⅳ.突破文章的长难句
1.They made reservations at restaurants where the cost of a bottle of wine equaled a college year’s monthly rent. 翻译:他们预订了昂贵的餐馆,在那里一瓶葡萄酒 的价格相当于他们大学里一个月的租金。

难句分析:该句是一个含有定语从句的复合句。定语
从句的先行词为 restaurants ,关系副词 where 在定语从

句中作 地点状语 。

2.Some complain of unfriendly coworkers and feel sad for eighthour

workweeks devoted to tasks they hate.
一些人抱怨他们的同事不友好,对于八小时的工作时间 翻译: 都用在他们讨厌的工作任务上感到悲伤。 难句分析:该句是由 and 连接的并列句。在第二个分句中, they

hate是一个省略了关系代词which或that的定语从句,修饰
tasks ;过去分词短语devoted to作 后臵定语 ,修饰

workweeks ;在逻辑上,workweeks与devote之间存在着被动
关系。

3.They recognize there’s something missing in their lives, but it’s hard to step off the track. 翻译: 他们意识到在他们的生活中少了点什么,但离开 这种既定的生活轨道却很难。 难句分析:谓语recognize后是一个省略了引导词that的 宾语 从句。形容词missing修饰不定代词要 后臵 ; it 为

形式 主语,代替后面的 不定式短语 作主语。


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