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高中英语必修5+课件:Unit+2+The+United+Kingdom5_图文

Unit 2 Book 5 The United Kingdom Discovering useful structures Past participle (2) Used as the Object Complement Read the sentence from the reading passage. Now when people refer to England you find Wales included as well. find + object+ past participle object complement One more sentence from the reading passage. … to form the United Kingdom by getting Ireland connected in the same peaceful way. get + object+ past participle object complement 什么是宾语补足语? 英语中有些及物动词,除有一个直接宾语以外,还 要有一个宾语补足语,才能使句子的意义完整。这 类常用的及物动词有:make, consider, cause, see , find, call, get, have, let等。 We think him clever. What he said made me angry. (宾语) (宾补) We consider the answer correct. Everyone calls him Tom. (宾语) (宾补) (宾语) (宾补) (宾语) (宾补) 宾语补足语的表示法 1.His father named him Doming. (名词) 2.They painted their house white. (形容词) 3.You mustn’t force him to go at once. 4. Nobody noticed him enter the room. (不定式短语) (不定式) 5. We saw her entering the room. (现在分词或其短语) 6. We must get the work finished by 10 o’clock. (过去分词) 7. We take English as a useful tool for research work. (用介词引出) 8. Whenever you may go, you will find him at work. (介词短语) 9. Let the fresh air in. (副词) 10. The plant has its own name. You cannot call it what you will. (从句) 作宾语补足语的过去分词与宾语之间的关系 过去分词作宾语补足语,表示动作已经完成 或结束。能用作宾语补足语的过去分词一般 都是及物动词,表示被动意义或已完成的意 义,有时候两者兼而有之。作宾语补足语的 过去分词与宾语有逻辑上的动宾关系,即宾 语是过去分词动作的对象。 After waking up, I found everyone gone. The speaker raised her voice to make herself heard. They found their new bikes stolen. 1. 在feel, find, hear, notice, see, watch等表示感 觉和心理状态的动词之后,表示感受到某人 或某事被做。 I was sleeping when I heard my name called. He was disappointed to find his suggestions turned down. [真题解析] Even the best writers find themselves ______ B for words. (2011浙江) A. lose B. lost C. to lose D. having lost 解析:根据固定短语搭配:be lost,茫 然、困惑,由此可知此处答案选B,过 去分词作宾语补足语。 2. 在get, have, make, keep使役动词之后, 用过 去分词作宾语补足语, 表示“使/ 让 …” 。 We should keep them informed of what is going on here. Jane got her bad tooth pulled out at the dentist’s. [真题解析] Alexander tried to get his work _____ D in the medical circles. (2010辽宁) A. to recognize B. recognizing C. recognize D. recognized 解析:考查非谓语动词用法。宾语work 和recognize之间存在被动关系,所以 用过去分词作宾语补足语。 Michael put up a picture of Yao Ming C beside the bed to keep himself ______ of his own dreams. (2011重庆) A. reminding B. to remind C. reminded D. remind 解析:remind和himself构成动宾关系, 即remind sb. of sth., 故用reminded。 reminded作宾语补足语。 3. 表示“意欲;命令”的动词,如like, order, want, wish,可用过去分词作宾语补足语。 I

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