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高中英语选修6重点词汇及句子

人教版模块六必背短语及句子 Unit 1 Art Ⅰ. Phrases. 1. in the abstract 2. aim at sth. aim to do sth. aim at doing sth. with the aim of 3. focus on=concentrate on 4. in the flesh take one’s place 6. break away from 7. would rather do sth would rather sb. did sth. would rather sb. had done sth. = as a result 于…的原因 Ⅱ.Sentences 1. Art is influenced by the way of life and beliefs of the people. 艺术受人们生活方式和信仰的影响。 2. If the rules of perspective had not been discovered, people would not have been able to paint such realistic pictures. 如果没有发现透视法,人们就不可能画出如此逼真的画. 3. Among the painters who broke away from the traditional style of painting were the impressionists who lived and worked in Paris. 那些脱离传统绘画风格的印象派画家们在巴黎生活工作. 4. When people first saw his paintings they were convinced they were looking through a hole in the wall at a real scene. 当人们第一次看到他的画时,他们确信他们是从墙上的一个孔看一个真实的场面. 5. The garden of this lovely mansion is also well worth a visit. 这座可爱的花园大厦也是很值得一看的. 6. In the Renaissance, new ideas and values took the place of those that were held in the Middle Ages. 在文艺复兴时期,新的想法和价值观取代了中世纪的想法和价值观. 7. People became focused more on humans and less on religion. 人们的注意力更多地集中在人类本身,而对宗教的注意力减少了. 8. They paid famous artists to paint pictures of themselves, their houses and other possessions, as well as their activities and achievements. 他们高价聘请著名艺术家来为自己画相,画自己的房屋和其它财物,以及他们的活动和成就。 9. Nowadays, there are scores of modern art styles, but without the impressionists many of these painting styles would not exist. 如今,现代艺术风格已经有好几十种,然而如果没有印象派,那么这许多不同的风格就不可能存在。 10. (一句多译)这个地方值得参观。 This place is worth visiting/a visit. This place is worthy of being visited/a visit. This place is worthy to be visited. It is worthwhile visiting this place/ to visit this place. 结果 5. take the place of sb. = replace 带有……的目的 集中 活着的 本人 代替,取代 代替,取代;入座;就位 脱离,摆脱,放弃 (主语)宁愿做某事 宁愿某人做某事(现在或将来) 宁愿某人做某事(过去) 抽象地,理论上 瞄准 意欲,企图做某事 9. in possession of in the possession of sb = in one’spossession 为某人所拥有 take/ have possession of 10. consider doing consider that-clause consider sb./sth. to be/as 认为,看待 consider it adj./n.+to do sth. 11. be well worth doing 值得…(表被动) 12. be contemporary with 与…属同时期 13. convince sb. of sth 使某人确信/明白某事 convince sb. +that clause 使某人相信… convince sb.to do sth. 15. scores of 说服某人做某事 14. attempt to do sth. 企图做某事 许多,大量 每两年 16. every two years every second year every other year 拥有(占有) 考虑做某事 拥有…

8. as a consequence =in consequence as a consequence of =in consequence of =as a result of 由

Unit 2 Poems I. Phrases 1. go over 复习,检查 2. make sense 有意义,说得通 (Sb.) make sense of sth 理解…… (Sth.) make sense to sb. 有意义,说得通 3. recite / read / explain sth. to sb. 给某人背诵/读 / 解释…… 4. convey one`s emotions 6. stay/sit up 熬夜 7. take it easy = take things easy 放轻松,别紧张 take one`s time 别着急,慢慢来 II. Sentences 1. We would have won if Jack had scored that goal.(对过去的虚拟) 如果杰克踢进了那个球的话,我们就赢了。 Unit 3 Healthy Life I. Phrases 1. be/become addicted to 对……有瘾 2. decide on 对……做出决定 3. be/become/grow accustomed to sth./doing sth. 习惯于某事/ 做某事 4. stand for 支持;代表 5. get (sb.) into (sth.) 陷入;染上坏习惯;进入 get into the way/habit of doing sth. 学成做某事的方法/养成 做某事的习惯 6. be ashamed of/that.… 为……感到惭愧/羞愧 II. Sentences 1. I think my long and active life must be due to the healthy life I live. 我想我之所以长寿而且精力充沛,要归功于我的健康生活。 2. As you know, if you do the same thing over and over again you begin to do it automatically. 正如你所知道的,如果你反复的做同一件事情,你就会开始机械的地做它。 3. I also noticed that I couldn’t run as fast any more and I wasn’t enjoying sport as much.. 我同时也意识到我不能再和以前跑得一样快乐,而且我也不那么喜欢运动。 4. I do hope so because I want you to live as long and healthy a life as I live. 我的确希望这样,以为我想让你过上和我一样长寿而又健康的生活。 5. It is only when the disease has progressed to AIDS that a person begins to look sick. 只有当这种病毒发长成艾滋病时,人才会显出病态。 Unit 4 Global warming I. Phrases 1. a supply of /supplies of 大量的 2. a natural phenomenon 自然现象 be ashamed to do sth. 羞于做某事 7.take off 开除/脱衣/起飞/取消/休假 8.quit (doing) sth. 停止做某事 9.at risk 处在危险之中 take risks(a risk) 冒险 10.manage to do sth. 设法做好/设法办到某事 11.so far 到目前为止(与现在完成时连用) 12.make sure 确定;查明;弄明白 13.prevent sb. (from) doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 14.every time 每次;每当……时 表达情感 5. bow to … 向鞠躬 / 屈服 8. make up 组成 / 编造 / 化妆 / 弥补 / 和解 be made up of = consist of … 由……组成 9. a few more minutes 再多几分钟 10. be brimful of = be full of … 充满 11. week in ,week out 一周又一周 day by day 一天又一天 12. on and on 继续不停地 13. by chance / accident 碰巧 14. try out 试验 try on 试穿 15. let out 泄漏 / 发出(声音) / 释放 / 放宽(衣服)

3.

a quantity of/quantities of + n. 大量的

come across 偶遇;穿过 come back 回来 come down 降下;减低 come in 进来;到达 come out 出来;出版 come up 上来;被提出讨论;发芽 come up with 追上;赶上 come to 结果达到;苏醒 13. heat up 受热 14. up to 多达; 比得上 15. in the years ahead 今后一些年里 16. decrease by 下降了…… decrease (from …) to (从……)下降到 17. greenhouse effect 温室效应

4. result in 导致.. result from 原因是.. 5. as a result = in consequence 因此 as a result of =in consequence of 由于…的缘故 6. build up 逐渐建立 7. keep on 保持 8. make a difference 有影响;有关系 make no difference 对…没影响;不重要 9. put up with… 忍受 10. glance at… 很快地看……一眼.. 11. on the whole 大体上 12. come about 发生(不及物) II. Sentences

1. That probably doesn’t sound very much to you or to me but it is a rapid increase compared to most natural changes. 这对你我来说很可能是无所谓的,但是跟多数自然变化相比较而言,这却是一种快速的增长。 2. There is no doubt that the earth is becoming warmer but there is fierce debate over whether it is human activity that has caused this global warming or whether it is just a natural phenomenon. 毋庸质疑的是地球正在变暖,但关于它变暖的原因是由于人类活动所致还是一种自然现象还存在激烈的争论。 3. Without the “greenhouse effect”, the earth would be about thirty-three degrees Celsius cooler than it is. 如果没有这种 “温室效应”,地球的温度将比现在的温度还要低 33 摄氏度左右。 4. Some people think future global warming would cause the sea level to rise by several meters; others predict severe storms, droughts, famines, the spread of diseases, and the destruction of species. 有人认为全球变暖会导致海平面上升好几米;也有人预言会出现严重的风暴、干旱、饥荒、疫病和物种的灭绝. 5. It is the greenhouse effect that gives the earth’s surface the average temperature of 15 ℃ . 温室效应使得地球表面的平均气温达到了 15℃. 6. Together, individuals make a difference. 众人拾柴火焰高。 7. Your contribution counts. 你的贡献很有价值。 Unit 5 The power of nature I. Phrases 1. a volcano erupting 一次火山爆发 2. an active / a live volcano 活火山 3. compare…with / to… 把……和……进行比较 compare…to… 把……比作…… 4. imagine doing sth. 设想做某事 5. take risks / a risk 冒险 at risk 处于危险之中 at the risk of doing sth.…冒……危险 risk doing sth.冒险做某事 6. excite sb./oneself 使某人/自己激动 7. protect sb. / sth. from… 保护……免遭…… 8. be warned (not) to do sth. 被警告(不要)去做某事 warn sb. of danger 警告某人有危险 9. move sth. out of the way 把……搬离…… 10. burn to the ground 全部焚毁 11. the first sight of… 第一次看见…… 12. be fast asleep 睡得很熟 13. as bright as day 亮如白昼 14. in the distance 在远处(大范围的) at a / some distance (有间隔的)在远处(的具体某地) 15. in the side of the mountain 在山的一边 16. have a much closer look ( at sth.) 近距离的观看(某物) 17. be in a panic 陷入恐慌(状态) get into a panic 陷入恐慌(动作) 18. make one’s way to … 前往……. 19. climb down into… 爬进…… 20. be enthusiastic about… 对……怀着热情 21. be amazed at … 对……感到惊讶 22. take sb. by surprise 使某人大吃一惊 take sth. by surprise 突袭

23. make an effort to do sth. 努力做某事 24. be out of work 失业 25. thick forest 茂密的森林 26. nature reserve 自然保护区 27. vary from … to … 由……到……不等 28. a great diversity of 多种多样 II. Sentences

29. take a bath 沐浴 30. give birth to sb. 生小孩 31. glance through 匆匆看一遍 32. be bored with sb. / sth. 对某人/某物厌烦 33. cancel one’s appointment with sb. 取消和某人的约会

1. Have you ever considered how weak humans are compared with a volcano , hurricane or earthquake? 你有没有想过,与火山、飓风和地震比起来,人类是多么软弱? 2. Having been collected and evaluated the information, I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast it will flow. 收集和评估这些信息之后,我就帮助其他科学家一起预测熔岩接着将往何处流,流速是多少。 3. I was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom became as bright as day. 我刚要再睡,突然我的卧室亮如白昼。 4. Studied volcanoes now for more than twenty years, I am still amazed at their beauty as well as their potential to cause great damage. 我现在已从事火山研究 20 多年了,但我仍然惊羡于它们的美丽以及它们潜在的巨大破坏性。 5. The height of the land varies from 700 metres above sea level to over 2,000 metres and is home to a great diversity of plants and animals. 这里地面的高度由海拔 700 米到 2,000 米不等,是多种多样动植物的生长地。 6. It is said that the boy, who had a great gift for language and persuasion, is the father of the Manchu people. 据说这个男孩就是满族人的祖先,他具有语言天赋和很强的说服力

人教版 Book 5-6 词汇词组单选专练 1. In Britain today women ______ 44% of the work force, and nearly half the mothers with children are in paid work. A build up A join A concentrated A results from A understand A is; consisted of A break away A worthy A left out B stand for B attend B devoted B contributes to B make out B does; make up B give away B worth B kept out C make up C take part in C absorbed C devotes to Ct turn out C is; made from C turn away C worthwhile C let out D turn up D join in D fixed D lies in D make sense D does; consist of D put away D worthy of D left out 2. Did you ____ the meeting yesterday afternoon? 3. The writer was _____ in his writing that he forgot to flick the ashes from his cigar. 4. It is said that driving after drinking ______ thousands of traffic accidents every year. 5. No matter how I tried to read it, the message did not ______ to me. 6. How many nationalities ______ or country ______? 7. Everyone knows it is not right for Taiwan to ___________ from China. 8. The records of S.H.E are______ being bought, for their songs can bring energy into us. 9. It is Mary’s own fault id she feels ______ at the party; she makes no effort to be friendly to people. 10. I was going to attend Mary’s wedding party, but I could not make, for my car ___ on the way.

A broke down A in honor of A took up; lack of A in a while A of A turn into A demanded A occupied in A acquire A blamed A In order that A permit A price A. destroyed A be injured A symbol A direct to A carry out A gift

B put down B instead of B put up; short of B in a hurry B from B live on B allowed B busied for B inquire B accused B In order to B promise B cost B ruined B be hurt B sign B stick to B set out B present

C broke up C in favour of C set up; need of C in good time C to C ask for C reminded C absorbed to C require C charged C So that C agree C value C hurt C be wound C signal C lead to C put out C ability

D put up D by means of D pick up; want of D in a flash D for D depend on D hoped D engaged with D request D scolded D So as to D approve D usefulness D damaged D hurt D symptom D refer to D bring out D skill

11.Washigton, a state in the United State, was named ____ one of the greatest American presidents. 12.Robert _____ business two years ago, but he did not get along well at first for _____ of experiment. 13. Thousands of houses fell down in the earthquake in Taiwan. It seemed that everything happened ________. 14. He will agree to do what you require ______ him. 15. Children usually ____ their parents for food and cloth. 16. In our childhood, we were often _____ by Grandma to pay attention to our table manners. 17. Danis is ____ hunting for a new job and has no eye for his wife and children. 18. It took her a long time to ____ the skills she needed to become a famous player. 19. Tom _______ his boss of having broken the labor law. 20. ______ catch the early bus, he got up early. 21.I ______ of your trying to earn some money, but please do not neglect your studies. 22.You will find this map of great _____ in helping you to get round London.’ 23. He was lucky in the accident, but his car was totally ______. 24. I had walked as long as for four and my leg began to ________. 25. Many people like white as a color as it is a _____ of purity. 26.Once a decision has been made, all of us should ______ it. 27. I don’t think George is the right person to __________ the plan. 28. He can speak English, German, French and Japanese. He is nearly a man with a(an) ______ for language. 29. --Have you read this book? -- Yes. It is _____ worth reading. I suggest you read it if you have time. A best A since B well B while C better C when D more D as 30. I do every single bit of housework _____ my husband Bob just does the dished now and then. 31.--Does the young man standing there ________ the company. -- No, the company is _____his father. A in possession of; in the possession of C take possessionof; in possession of B have possession of; in the possession of D have possessionof; in possession of

32. Shall we ____ our discussion and have some tea or coffee, please? A break off A in spite of A Comparing; with A to go; to watch B break down B instead of B Compared; to B going; watching C break into C in the way of C Compared; with C to go; watching D break out D in the shape of D Comparing; to D going ; to watch 33. Although at one point Iaccidentally played two keys ___ the intended one, Icontinued to move my figures automatically. 34._____ the youth ____ the rising sun at 8 or 9 o’clock at a.m., Mao Zedong expressed his great hope for the young men. 35.Mr Liu suggested _____ to the seaside, but I considered _____ a TV play.

36. The Great Wall _______ one of the greatest man-made projects in the world. A is regarded for A brought in A Except for A taking ;going A At one time A run A cost; worth A worthy; worth to read C worth; worth to read A make out A sight A hold on to A let out A like A wanted A prepare; preparing C prepared for; preparing A take A threw away B keep B put away B make up B view B keep up with B took care B likely B tried B considered to be B brought up B But for B taking; to go B At a time B running B cost; worthy C is considered as C led to C Apart from C to take ; to go D looks like D led out D In spite of D to take; going 37.The cigarette end thrown away by a careless farmer ______ the big forest and brought us great loss. 38. I admire my classmate Lisa very much, _______ her prettiness, she was smart and helpful. 39. I feel like _____ along walk. Would you like _____ with me ? 40. _____ all London taxis were black, but now you sometimes see other colors. C From time to time D At the same time C being run C cost; cost D to run D is worth; worth 41. Do not leave the water ______ while you brush your teeth. 42. The flat _____ us$100,000, but our neighbors say it is not _____ so much. 43.The Scientific Dictionary is ____$ 500. it is really ______ for your youth. B worth; worth reading D worthy; worthy of reading C make up for C sign C turn to C made sense C probably C managed D Put up D scene D look after D made out D possible D made

44. Please _____ a sentence where you can use this phrase. 45. One of the advantages of living on the top of a high-rise building is that you can get a good ____. 46.We thought of selling this old furniture, but we have decided to _____ it. 47. He accidentally ____ he had quarreled with his wife and that he had not been home for a couple of weeks. 48. Those who are of great determination are ____ to make great achievement. 49. I can not imagine how he _____ to move the big stone away all by himself. 50. Mother is in the kitchen _____ dinner while Father is sitting at the table, ______ dinner. B preparing; prepared for D prepared for; prepared for C put C gave away D throw D carried away

51. This is your last chance to go abroad for further education, do not ____ it away. 52. Before the war broke out, many people ___ in safe places the possessions they could not take with them. 53. Te appointment of our new headmaster ___ from the very beginning of the next semester.

A takes effect A let out A flew by A broken in A took off A Because of A stand for A prevent A in the end A meet A came across

B takes places B left behind B took off B run over B took away B In spite of B ask for B keep B after all B satisfy B came up

C takes turns C left off C landed on C taken over C took up C In case of C calls for C save C in other words C supply C came out

D takes part D left over D got out D filled D took on D Thanks to D looks for D protect D at the same time D all the above D came about

54. When considering how to settle the problem the most important factor-weather, he had________. 55. I was a little afraid as soon as the plane _____. 56. It is a common theme in many science fiction stories that the world may one day be ______ by insects. 57. The weather was fine when the plane _______. 58. _____ the high price, demands for these cars are very high. 59. DC Rep _____ Discipline Committee Representative. 60.Use the umbrella to ______ yourself from the rain. 61. Your performance in the driving test did not reach the required standard, _____, you failed. 62. It is hard to ____ the demand for more and better houses. 63. On my way home yesterday, I ____ an old friend of mine. 64. –How is Dennis getting along with his work? -- Well, he can always ___ a new idea for increasing sales. A come up with A make sense A In face A came about A make it out A effort A ride; ride Vocabulary 1-5 CBCBD 6-10 DAAAA 46-50 AABCB 66-70 CBAAC 11-15 AADAD 31-35 BABDB 51-55 DBAAB 16-20 CAABB 36-40 CCCBA 56-60 CABAD 21-25 DCAAA 26-30 BAABB 41-45 BABBB 61-65 CDABC B come about B make a difference B However B came out B make it off B effect B riding ; ride C get away with D get up 65.Can you ______ the point? If you can, please explain it to me. C make sense of D make any difference C Unfortunately C came along C make it up C affect C ride; to ride D Naturally D came up D make it over D offer D to ride ; riding 66. Two passengers fell into the lake. ________, neither of them could swim. 67.The fist textbooks written for teaching English as a foreign language ___ in the 16 th century. 68. The idea puzzled me so much that I stopped for a few seconds to try to ______. 69. After all it takes great ____ to master any foreign language. 70.Rather than ____ on a crowded bus, he always prefers ____ a bicycle.


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