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上海理工大学附属中学2013届高三第一次摸底考试英语试题

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上海理工大学附属中学 2013 届高三第一次摸底考试英语试题
I. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A (50 分) Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A B C and D. Choose the best answer that best completes the sentence. 1. While I was waiting at the bus stop, I noticed a new shop ___ had not been in the street the day before. A. who B. which C. where it D. from which 2. Is this the reason ___ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A. he explained B. what he explained C. how he explained D. why he explained 3. Have you seen the film “Titanic”, ___ leading actor is the world famous ? A. its B. it’s C. whose D. which 4. This is the biggest lab ___ we have ever built in our university. A. which B. what C. that D. where 5. When he came back from south America, the professor told us about the cities and the people ___ he had visited. A. that B. whom C. which D. where 6. I will never forget the days ___ I was staying in the city. A. on which B. which C. that D. when 7. Is this research centre ___ you visited the modern equipment last year? A. where B. that C. the one that D. the one where 8. ___ is mentioned above, the number of the students in senior high schools is increasing. A. Which B. As C. That D. It 9. This is the largest clock in the world, ___ the minute hand is six meters long. A. where B. of which C. which D. whose 10. One’s character is always defined by the way ___ the rules are carried out in one’s behavior. A. by which B. in which C. for which D. of which 11. We went to the Lake District, ___ we visit many places of interest such as Wordworth’s former residence. A. there B. in the place C. where D. which 12. The time is not far away ___ modern communication will become widespread in China’s vast countryside. A. when B. as C. that D. which 13. Funny animal is a term used in comics and animated cartoons ___ the animals are given human characteristics. A. where B. that C. why D. as 14. Before the collapse of Easter Island’s civilization in the 17th century, there was a Golden Age, ___ the two-ton moai statues were constructed. A. to which B. during which C. where D. whose 15. In today’s education, we can easily think of cases common to every campus ____ make teenagers stressed and depressed. A. where B. in which C. that D. what
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16. In northwest China, there are some areas ___ are short of daily necessities and medical service. A. where B. which C. in which D. when 17. Can you find something___? A. to open the tin B. that I can open the tin C. I can open the tin with D. by which to open the tin 18. Do you know anything about the fire ___ in the neighbourhood yesterday? A. which broke out B. breaking out C. broke out D. that was broken out 19. Is this ___ you have heard? A. the reason B. the reason why C. why D. reason that 20. He’s got himself into a dangerous situation ___ he is likely to lose control over the plane. A. where B. which C. while D. why 21. The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket ___ the desert. A. covering B. covered C. cover D. to cover 22. ___ miracle of the box office, “Avatar” brings back the peace and innocence to the heart of the audience. A. Calling B. To be called C. Having called D. Called 23. Judging from her ___ facial expression, I guess that the problems must be interesting. A. excitement B. excited C. exciting D. excite 24. ___ on the floor of small ponds is a new farming industry. A. Raising crabs B. Crabs are raised C. Crabs raised D. Raised crabs 25. ___ that Steve had a bad cold, Anna was surprised to see him at the party. A. Having been told B. Being told C. Having told D. Telling 26. When ___ different cultures, we often focus our attention on the differences without noticing many similarities. A. having compared B. comparing C. being compared D. compared 27. Can those ___ at the back of the classroom hear me? A. seating B. sit C. seated D. sat 28. For me, living a low-carbon life means ___ public transportation to school. A. to take B. taking C. take D. taken 29. Which do you enjoy ___ your holiday, going abroad or staying at home? A. spending B. to spend C. being spent D. spent 30. Is this the best way you thought of ___ people getting into the dangerous areas? A. stopping B. to stop C. stopped D. to have stopped 31. To complete the essay in time, she spent three days ___ in the school library with her mind focused on the topic assigned by the professor. A. locking B. having locked C. locked D. to be locked 32. I think I am lucky ___ a few friends who are always going to be a part of my life. A. finding B. to find C. having found D. to have found 33. After the surgeons’ discussion about the mistakes they were making in those cosmetic surgeries, new standards were designed to prevent those errors from ___. A. repeated B. repeating C. to be repeated D. being repeated 34. The reason why physicians are among the best-paid professions in the United States is the long and expensive preparation ____ to become qualified physicians. A. to require B. having been required C. required D. requiring
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35. It is less likely that an earthquake will happen in Shanghai, according to a report ___ the urban quake risks of 30 major cities. A. estimate B. to estimate C. being estimated D. estimating 36. The decision ___ Internet addiction as a mental disorder has caused much debate. A. classifying B. to classify C. being classified D. to be classified 37. The traffic problems we are looking forward to seeing ___ should have attracted the government’s attention. A. solving B. solve C. to solve D. solved 38. Believe it or not, the sun keeps us ___ with light and heat. A. supplying B. to supply C. supplied D. be supplied 39. After a long journey, the whole Europe from north to south, they found themselves ___ out as well as their clothes. A. wear B. wore C. wearing D. worn 40. ---Can the bridge be finished as planned? --- Sure, ___ it completed in time, we will work two more hours a day. A. having got B. getting C. to get D. get 41. The text and the dialogues below focus on cultural differences between Chinese and Western societies which can create misunderstanding if ___. A. ignored B. ignoring C. to ignore D. to be ignored 42. You should understand the traffic rule by now, since you have had it ___ often enough. A. explaining B. to explain C. explain D. explained 43. Educators claim that children ___ to English-speaking environment will learn the language more quickly. A. being exposed B. to be exposed C. having exposed D. exposed 44. At least 200000people were reported ___ in the ever recorded worst earthquake that struck Haiti last winter. A. being killed B. to be killed C. killing D. to have been killed 45. Those businesspersons are getting well-prepared for the coming season, for they can’t risk ___ the good opportunity. A. to lose B. losing C. to be lost D. being lost 46. Kathryn Bigelow, director of “ The Hurt Locker”, was the first female ___ the best director Oscar. A. winning B. to win C. won D. has won 47. The national debt of Greece has reached 20% of its GDP, ___ the actual breakdown of the country’s economy. A. to indicate B. indicating C. having indicated D. indicated 48. Our community appears more beautiful with green grass and colorful flowers ___ here and there. A. grow B. to grow C. growing D. having grown 49. We reached the top of the mountain. ___, only ___ they had all gone. A. exhaustedly, learned B. exhausted, to learn C. exhausting, learning D. exhaustingly, to learn 50. No matter how frequently ___, I always remember never to stop improving myself. A. praising B. praised C. to be praised D. being praised Section B ( 18 分) Directions: Complete the following passages by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used
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once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A A. thought AB. preserve BC. suffered B. created AC. isolated BD. construction C. common AD. abandoned CD. reduced D. religious

Near the city of Yogyakarta in Java is not only one massive, magnificent monument, Borobudur, but a second equally impressive one. Prambanan, the second monument, shares a remarkable number of things in _51__ with Borobudur. First, both huge temple complexes are _52__ to have been built at about the same time, around 850 A.D. However, scholars are not completely sure about the exact dates of _53_ of either place. Some historians think that both temples were _54_ during the era of the Sailendra Dynasty. Second, in both cases, the temples appear to have been _55_ just after they were completed. Why were they left alone, _56_ in the mountains of Java? Perhaps it is due to the eruption of the volcano, Mount Merapi. It certainly took a great deal of effort to build the monuments, so why would use come to a standstill without a very good reason? The third common factor is that both priceless monuments _57_ a great deal of damage during the centuries when they were left alone. Prior to efforts to restore and _58_them in the 1800s, they lay in ruin, covered with plants. Today, both Borobudur and Prambanan are UNESCO World Heritage sites, famous for their _59_ art. B A beliefs AB independent BC urgently B programmed AC success BD firmly C struggled AD determined CD hopelessly D plunged

A group of girls, on a picnic in a mountain area, had taken a wrong path. After spending a terrifying night in the high country, they were wandering _60_ cold wet and hungry. “They will never find us,” one girl sobbed. “We are all going to die.” Then, an 11-year-old, Evancell Towne, stepped forward. “ I am not going to die,” she said _61_. “I have heard that if you follow a little stream it empties into a big stream and finally you come to a town. I am going to follow that stream we saw. The rest of can come if you want.”Evancell_62_ resolutely into the woods towards a tiny stream. The others followed,. For more than five hours they _63_ through bushes along ever-larger stream beds. Finally, they heard voices, and their shouts brought the rescue party. The _64_ youngster had led the group to safety. “A born leader,” people say when I tell this story. In their view, people like Evancell are _65_ at birth to lead, while others are destined to follow. But my work with athletes, students, Air Force plots and hotel managers has convinced me that leaders aren’t born—they are made. Men and women who run organizations, lead the community and captain sports teams are the products of strict parents who follow rules that help develop a leadership mentality—strength of mind and _66_ thinking. Their children do not easily give in under pressure; they follow their own _67_. A leadership mentality pays off tomorrow as well today. Childhood leadership in class and after-school activities is more accurate a predictor of adult _68_ for both sexes than intelligence or academic grades.

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II.

Reading Comprehension

Section A(30 分) Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A B C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Almost every day we come across situations in which we have to make decisions one way or another. Choice, we are given to believe, is a right. _69_ for a good many people in the world, in rich and poor countries, choice is a _70_, something wonderful but hard to get, not a right. And for those who think they are exercising their right to make choices, the whole system is merely an illusion, a false idea created by companies and advertisers _71_ to sell their products. The endless choice gives birth to_72_ in people’s lives. Buying something as basic as a coffee pot is not exactly simple. Easy _73_ to a wide range of everyday goods leads to a sense of powerlessness in many people, ending in the shopper _74_ up and walking away, or just buying an _75_ item that is not really wanted. Recent studies in England have shown that many electrical goods bought in almost every family are not really needed. More difficult decision-making is_76_ either _77_ or trusted into the hands of the professionals, lifestyle instructors, or advisors. It is not just the availability of the goods that is the problem, but the _78_ at which new types of products come on the market. Advances in design and production help quicken the process. _79_ also need to have a short lifespan _80_ the public can be persuaded to replace them within a short time. The typical example is computers, which are almost out-of-date _81_ they are bought. This indeed makes selection a problem. _82_ are the days when one could just walk _83_ into a shop and buy one thing ;no choice, no anxiety. 69. A. Also B But C. Thus D. Moreover 70. A. decision B chance C. luxury D. sense 71. A. hoping B starting C. regretting D. suggesting 72. A. anxiety B power C. need D. relaxation 73. A. hints B access C. evidence D. attention 74. A. keeping B making C. picking D. giving 75. A. unsuitable B unfamiliar C. unusual D. unknown 76. A. however B therefore C. nevertheless D. instead 77. A. released B maintained C. avoided D. undergone 78. A. end B growth C. distance D. speed 79. A. Producers B Commercials C. Products D. Customers 80. A. so that B as a result C. such as D. such that 81. A. unless B after C. until D. once 82. A. These B Gone C. Available D. Unnecessary 83. A. with ease B with care C. with worry D. with decision Section B (26 分) Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A B C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. A Holidays Holiday News
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Vacancies (空位) now and in the school holidays at a country hotel in Devon. This comfortable, friendly home-from-home lies near the beautiful quiet countryside, but just a drive away from the sea. The food is simple but good. Children and pets are welcome. Reduced prices for low season. The Snowdonia Center The Snowdonia Center for young mountain climbers has a mountain lesson. The beginners' costs are £57 for a week, including food and rooms. Equipment is included except walking shoes, which can be hired at a low cost. You must be in good health and prepared to go through a period of body exercises. This could be the beginning of a lifetime mountain climbing adventure. The World Sea Trip of a Lifetime Our World Sea Trip of 2008 will be unlike any holiday you have ever been on before. Instead of one hotel after another, with all its packing and unpacking waiting and traveling, you just go to bed in one country and wake up in another. On board the ship, you will be well taken care of. Every meal will be first-class and every cabin like your home. During the trip, you can rest on deck(甲板), enjoy yourself in the games rooms and in the evening dance to our musical team and watch our wonderful play. You will visit all the places most people only dream about - from Acapulco and Hawaii to Tokyo and Hong Kong. For a few thousand pounds, all you've ever hoped for can be yours. 84. What can you do if you like to go on holidays with pets? A. Choose the holiday in Devon. B. Go to the Snowdonia Centre C Join the World Sea Trip of 2008 D. Visit Acapulco and Hawaii 85. .In what way is the Snowdonia Centre different from the other two holidays? A. It provides chances of family gatherings. B. It provides customers with good food. C. It offers a sport lesson. D. It offers comfortable room. 86. What is special about the World Sea Trip of 2008? A. You can have free meals on deck every day. B. You can sleep on a ship and tour many places. C. You will have chances to watch and act in a play. D. You have to do your own packing and unpacking. 87. At the Snowdonia Centre, the beginners' costs of £57 do not cover_____. A. food B. rooms C. body exercises D. walking shoes B We are all interested in equality, but while some people try to protect the school and examination system in the name of equality, other, still in the name of equality, want only to destroy it. Any society which is interested in equality of opportunity and standards of achievement must regularly test its pupils. The standards may be changed—no examination is perfect—but to have no tests or examinations would mean the end of equality and of standards. There are groups of people who oppose this view and who do not believe either in examinations or in any controls in school or on teachers. This would mean that everything would depend on luck since every pupil would depend on
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the efficiency, the values and the purpose of each teacher. Without examinations, employers will look for employees from the highly respected schools and from families known to them—a form of favourtism will replace equality. At the moment, the bright child from an ill—respected school can show certificates to prove he or she is suitable for a job, while the lake of certificate indicates the unsuitability of a dull child attending a well—respected school. This defense of excellence and opportunity would disappear if examinations were taken away, and the bright child form a poor family would be a prisoner of his or her school’s reputation, unable to compete for employment with the child from the favoured school. The opponents of the examination system suggest that examinations are an evil force because they show differences between pupils. According to these people, there must be no special, different, academic class. They have even suggested that there should be no form of difference in sport or any other area: all jobs or posts should be filled by unsystematic selection. The selection would be made by people who themselves are probably selected by some computer. 88. The word “favouritism” in paragraph 3 is used to describe the phenomenon that________. A. bright children also need certificates go get satisfying jobs. B. children from well—respected schools tend to have good jobs C. poor children with certificates are favoured in job markets D. children attending ordinary schools achieve great success 89. What would happen if examinations were taken away according to the author? A. Schools for bright children would lose their reputation. B. There would be more opportunities and excellence. C. Children from poor families would be able to change their schools. D. Children’s job opportunity would be affected by their school reputation. 90. The opponents of the examination system will agree that _________. A. jobs should not be assigned by systematic selection B. computers should be selected to take over many jobs C. special classed are necessary to keep the school standards D. schools with academic subjects should be done away with 91. The passage mainly focuses on ___________. A. schools and certificates B. examination and equality C. opportunity and employment D. standards and reputation C Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A—F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need. A. New teachers’ opinions of involving parents B. An argument over an assignment C. A conflict between assumption and reality D. Difficulties in sharing goals AB. The best way to score high AC. Proper ways of parental involvement 92. _________________________________ An Iowa high school counselor gets a call from a parent protesting the “C” her child received on an assignment. “The parent argued every point in the essay,” recalls the counselor, who soon realized why the mother was so disappointed about the grade. “It became apparent that she’d written
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it.” 93. ________________________________In a survey, 90% of new teachers agreed that involving parents in their children’s education is a priority at their school, but only 25%described their experience working with parents as “very satisfying.” When asked to choose me biggest challenge they face, 31% of them quoted involving parents and communicating with them as their top choice. 73%of new teachers said too many parents treat schools and teachers as enemies. 94.__________________________________ At a time when competition is rising and resources are limited, when battles over testing force schools to adjust their priorities, when cell phones and e-mail speed up the information flow and all kinds of private ghosts and public quarrels slip into the parent-teacher conference, it’s harder for both sides to step back and breathe deeply and look at the goals they share. 95.__________________________________ Everyone says the parent-teacher conference should be pleasant, civilized, a kind of dialogue where parents and teachers build partnership. But what most teachers feel, and certainly what all parents feel, is anxiety and panic. 96.___________________________________ When a teacher asks parents to be partners, he or she doesn't necessarily mean Mom or Dad should be camping in the classroom. Research shows that though students benefit modestly from having parents involved at school, what happens at home matters much more. According to research based on the National Education Longitudinal Study, a sample of nearly 25,000 eighth graders, among four main areas of parental involvement (home discussion, home supervision. school communication, and school participation), home discussion was the most strongly related III. Translation (26 分) 1、众所周知,吸烟会导致多种疾病。 (cause) 2、我永远不会忘记我进高中的那一天。(enter) 3、他为什么上课迟到的原因不清楚。 (clear) 4、我忘了告诉他打篮球的时间了。 (forget) 5、他很后悔失去了获得奖学金的机会。 (regret) 6、很清楚,做这种事情意味着浪费时间。 (mean)

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