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赖世雄中级美语教程+75-148课笔记

75. The Amish

p.1

☆make (no, a lot of) sense 有 意 义 make sense of = understand v.搞清...的 意思;了解 ☆1> 主+vi+地方性副词(短语)= 地方副 词(短语)+vi+主 倒装

well said 说的好 ☆plan to do = plan on doing Eg: I am

In the heart of America, in the states of Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana, live (vi.)some people who are not your typical Americans. In order to lead simple lives, they don't use cars. Instead, they drive horse-drawn buggies. They don't use electric lights, either, not to mention telephones. They make their own clothing, which looks ancient. And, to make matters worse, they don't speak English but German among themselves. These people are the Amish. They settled in America almost 300 years ago. Most of them are farmers who stay away from the temptations of the city. As modern life becomes more and more complicated, the Amish way of life seems to make more and more sense. ☆in the heart of 在…心脏地带 ☆dream a sweet dream sigh 叹了一口…的气 ☆lead a rich life = live a complicated life ☆Instead,... = On the contrary,... ☆buggy = wagon 马车 ☆I can't afford a Ford, not to mention a Benz. 更不要说 = to say nothing of = not to speak of +n./动名 用于肯定句或否定句中 用于否定用句 sigh a/an …

planning to see Mary. = I am planning on seeing Mary. ☆To be frank(with you), + 主 + 动 词 = Frankly (speaking), = To tell (you) the truth. = To be honest, = Honestly (speaking), “坦白(对你 说,老实说 对你)说 老实说 老实说” 坦 对你 ☆make a plan 做计划 aspire 渴望 ☆I'm thinking of going to Indiana. = considering + going ☆what for? = (不加不定式)

Bill stood there.=There stood bill. By the door stood a boy who was a Peter. In the room is a girl, who...

2>主+be+过去分词+地方副词(短语) = 地方副词(短语)+ be +过去分词+主 3>主+be+现在分词+地方副词(短语) = 现在分词+地方副词(短语)+ be +主 A small village is located on the top of the mountain. = On the top of the mountain is located a small village. My classmates are playing baseball over there. = Playing baseball over there are my classmates. 注: 1.上述句型, 若主语为代词(it,he,she…) 时,则不可采倒装句 不可采倒装句.地点副词可变句 不可采倒装句 首,但句子不倒装。Here you are! She sat there. = There she sat. 2. 地方副词(短语)置于句首, 之后可接表 语从句,分词短语,介词短语,用以修 饰主语。

why? = How come

☆What about = How about = What do you sthing to. What about going to the movies tonight? =How about going to the movies tonight =What do you say to(prep) going to the movies tonight. 说…” ☆How do you like this song? How do you feel about this song? What do you think of this song? ☆From what I hear, .... I say 我的看法 ☆yawn 弗兰克 with 厌烦 讨厌的东西 ☆oddball 点” 打哈欠 race 赛车 paul 保罗 Frank 我听说… what “你的看法怎样..,你怎么

☆be bored with = be tired of = be fed up 76. Live and Let Live p.12 bore n. He is such a bore.

Paul and Wendy are talking about the Amish. P: What do you plan to do in the summer, Wendy? W: To be frank, I haven't made any plans. What about you? P: I'm thinking of going to Indiana. W: What on earth for? P: To tell the truth, I want to see how the Amish people live. W: What for? From what I hear,they're

古怪的 n.古怪人 weird 怪 “有

let alone = much less 中,前后词类相同.

☆kind of (ad.) +所修饰的 a./ad./v. foolishly. 有点愚

Sometimes, he behaves kind of

Eg:He hasn't enough money for food, let alone amusements. 他连吃饭钱都不够,就更不用说 玩儿的钱了。 The baby can’t even walk , let alone run. 前后都为动原 … not to mention running. 动 名 ☆clothing 单数 clothes 复数 ☆To make matters worse,... = What's worse,... better,... ☆settle down 定居 ☆stay away from = keep away from 避 开 seem 似乎 stay away from school away v.外出 v.旷课 stay “更糟的是” What's

☆1>We saw a very appealing movie last night. 相当于 attractive

2>sth appeal(vi.) to sb = attract(vt.) sb. 吸引 She appeals to me. 我对她感兴趣。 她吸引了我. 3>appeal to sb for sth. 因...向...求助; 恳求;要求 I appealed to Peter for a loan, but the miser refused me. ☆to each (one has) their own (life) 固定 用法 所好吧” ☆exactly ad. 正 是 , 正 确 的 You talk exactly like my father. 你说话的口气和 我父亲一个样。 To each one’s own “人各有

boring people. To be honest,I think they're kind of weird. P: Nonsense! In fact, their simple way of life is quite appealing to me. W: Well, to each their own, I guess. P: Exactly, I wish more people would just live and let live. ☆Live and let live 得 饶 人 处 且 饶 人

keep away v.防范

It happens that he is here. = It happens to be here. 77. Think Before You Speak p. 18 时态不同 happen to +have +过去分词 It happens that he was there. = It happen Sometimes we say things without thinking. Very often a thoughtless remark may hurt others' feelings or cause a misunderstanding or an embarrassment. We must, therefore, always think before we speak. Once I told an old friend how beautiful his girlfriend looked when I saw them together at a movie theater the other day. Unfortunately, I made a mistake. It happened that she wasn't with my friend. She was with someone else. I had let the cat out of the bag, so to speak. I'd never been so embarrassed in my life. I certainly learned my lesson, but at a very high price. His girlfriend never spoke to me again! And to make matters worse, it is rumored that they eventually broke up. ☆Do not give up halfway. adv.在中途 persistent 持久的 My friend, Andy, is talking to his girlfriend, Jenny, about what I said in the previous lesson. “致使 sb. …造 致使 造 A: So who did you go to the movies with? 那么… J: Nobody. A: What do you mean (by saying) NOBODY? J: Don't shout at me. Allow me to explain. A: I'm waiting. J: Uh… that was my uh… brother. A: Do you expect me to believe that? make a statement 最近几天前的一天 storm have a J: You can ?? believe what you “某人做 考虑周详 体谅 / 欠考 某人做…考虑周详 体谅) 某人做 考虑周详(体谅 to have been there. ☆let the cat out of bag = reveal the secret 泄露秘密 ☆Bruce is a scholar, so to speak. 这么说” ☆learn one's lesson 学了教训 a lesson 给某人一个教训 ☆at a high price on me. 对我不忠. two-time 以很高/大的代价 Don’t cheat Faithful 忠实的 ☆cheat on sb 对...不忠 teach sb. “可以

☆ 口 语 中 profit

who 可 取 代

whom

☆Let's see a movie tonight. 一 场 电 影 go to the movies 习惯用法 take in sth. 娱乐性活动 entertainment take in a show(a movie,a football game etc.) 看表演... ☆mean / means 1>Do you mean to say ...? 你的意思是 说...吗? 难道...吗? What do you mean by ...? 你这是什 么意思? (=What on earth do you mean by ...?) 你怎么胆敢...? 你怎么竟然...? Eg:What do you mean by smoking in here. This is a non-smoking section. 非 抽烟区 What do you mean by calling me? by laughing at me. 2>I mean it. 我是说真的 3>I know what you mean. 我知道你的 意思 4>You are so mean (a.). 你好凶啊. 5>It means 这表示 A: What dose this word “delusion” mean? B: It means false belief. 6>a means to an end 方法 7>means n.财富 rich 财富 He is a man 达到目的的 n. /

vt.欺骗, 出卖, 对妻子(丈

夫)不忠,脚踏两只船 ☆break up with sb. 和…分手 ☆It is rumor that = Rumor has it that = Word has it that…. “谣传 谣传…” 谣传 ☆先发生的—用过去完成时 后发生的—用简单过去时 My friend told me that he had seen the movie twice.

halfway

78. Believe it or Not

p.26

☆look before you leap 三思而后行 ☆very often = in many offer 常 常 far/even +比较级 成” ☆It’s thoughtful / thoughtless of sb. to + 动原 太粗心).” 虑(太粗心 太粗心 Anyone likes Sam, because he is so thoughtful of others. It’s thoughtless of me to forget my friend’s birthday. ☆make a remark (正式) ☆the other day cinema (文诌) 强调 ☆cause sb. to+动原 动原

of means.很有钱 He wants to go to college, but his family haven't the means to help him. 他想上大学,可是他家没钱帮助他 ☆shout at 酸疼 yell at 对...吼叫 sore a sorethrost 喉痛 预期… stammer 结巴 invent = 编造 buy = believe 他相信了 allow for 体谅 期望(某人)…

☆expect (sb.) to +动原 expect that ☆excuse [z]v. [s]n.

“发表意见,评论” at

want.

A: I'll never get you to tell me the truth, I guess. J: Why don't you believer(=buy) me? A: Because I had dinner(n.) with your brother last night! ☆believe it or not 信不信由你 ☆be in hot water = be on the hook = be in trouble ☆Andy is short for Andrew. short for Jennifer. Bible 圣经 Jenny is

☆make up a story 编造 fabricate = formulate 我才不相信 相信你的故事. 相信 He bought the whole story. 那套鬼话。 ☆Don't beat around bush.. make the round of 兜圈子 ☆get sb to do sth ☆I don't buy your story.

☆emotions / fellings 感 情 feeling that

对…有预感,对…有感觉

I have a feeling that I finally become a graduate student ☆error = mistake n. B “误将 A 当 B” mistake A for take A. for B.

不要兜圈子.

☆It happened that... = It turns out that .... “原来是,恰巧…,碰巧,正好” 时 态 相 同 happen to + 动 原 .

/ make sb. do sth.

“使/叫某人做某事” get sb. +过去分词 “把….”

☆I was dined(v.) with your brother. 吃 饭,进餐(高级用法)

身份上 ☆What do you think of Pete. 特怎么样. 你认为比

☆allow

=

permit(permitting,permitted) allow doing sth.

allow sb. to do sth.

☆I don't see anything wrong with small children staying up late. or: anything the matter with... 这也没什么不好啊. 迟睡,深夜不睡 ☆physical a.身体的, 物质的, 自然的, 物理的 内科医师 You should have a physical (checkup 可 省) once a year. ☆So? = So what? 身体检查 那(又)怎样? n.体格检查 physician n.医师, stay up late

79. The Weaker Sex

p.31

=How did you feel about Pete. =How did you like Pete. ☆if( 如果),unless(除非),once(一…就…), (al)though(虽然)等副词引导的状语从句, 其主语后为 过去分词” 1> “be+a. / 过去分词 时,则此状语 从名亦可化简为副词短语, 2>且 be 动词在化为现在分词 being 后 一律予以省略. Eg: If is it too greasy, it can’t be called health food. =If (being) too greasy, it …. Thought he was reluctant, he still went to the party. =Thought (being) reluctant, he … ☆when / while Eg: When I am rich , I will buy a car. = When (being) rich, I will buy a car. While I was in Paris, I had a great

Who says that women are the weaker sex? Sixteen-year-old (a.) Kelly Williams from St. Petersburg, Florida is the first female wrestler to fight against boys and beat them. Who would have thought that possible not so very long ago? Her success, though, has angered some people. They say she should have been banned from wrestling because it will cause the boys to think impure thoughts. When (she was) asked about this, Kelly said, "People live in their own worlds and nobody has the right to force their values on others." Should women be allowed to wrestle with men in competition? What do you think(of it )? ☆obese 肥胖 比 fat 更胖 diet ☆wrestler n.摔角手 力/摔角 wrest wrestle v.(与…)角 n..扭,拧

☆He equals to the job. 胜任 Ten plus ten is equal to twenty. 等于 ☆lie on top of … 把…压在下面,躺在… 上面 ☆grab 抓 嫌, 讨厌 What a disgusting smell! 多么令人作 呕的气味! feel disgusted crab 螃蟹 take a disgust at ☆disgust 恶心,厌恶

lose weight

time.= While (being) in Paris, I…. 81. Stop to Smell the Flowers 80. Girls versus Boys p. 41 (知觉动词)vt.+宾+宾补(动原) p.46

☆who says that he is nice?谁说他是个 好人。 fight against ☆hyphen 连 字 号 five-year-old (a.) boy. years old(a.). 他 16 岁。 six-foot-tall 六 尺 高 (无复数形式) ☆I should have finished my homework last night,but I watched TV instead(相反 的).照理说(虚) ☆ ,though, = however 然而 有逗点 ☆sb. be banned / barred /prohibited form + 动名词 某人被禁止… (被动) ban / bar / prohibit sb. from + 动名词 禁止某人.… (主动) 当虽然,没 ten-story 十 层 v.对抗 I like that He is sixteen

Daisy is talking with Samson about Kelly Williams, the female wrestler. D: What do you think, Samson? Should girls be allowed to wrestle with boys? S: I don't see anything wrong with that. D: Well, wrestling is a contact sport. It's very physical. S: So? I thought you women always wanted to be equal to men. D: Yes. But this is different. They'll be grabbing each other. And to win, one wrestler has to lie on top of his or her opponent. S: So what? D: It's disgusting. Girls just shouldn't wrestle with boys. S: Gee, Daisy! Maybe you ought to be a nun.

In

the

hustle

and

bustle

of

modern-day life, people seldom stop to enjoy the beauty of nature. Ask yourself how many times you have listened to the birds sing. And when was the last time you looked at the sparkling stars twinkle in the sky? Time flies and life is short. So don't forget to stop to smell the flowers. In our eagerness to make a living, we often forget about our quality of life. Too often you hear people say, "I'm too busy," for this or that. What a shame! One day, when they do(强调) find time to stop to smell the flowers, it might be too late. ☆stop to smell the flowres 驻足片刻闻花 香 stop doing sth. 停止做某事 ☆hustle and bustle 熙熙攘攘, 繁忙扰攘 hustle n.热闹,拥挤 bustle n.喧哗,忙乱 ☆1> “ 自 然 ” 不 加 the Nature,nature 均可 2>the nature of sth “性质,个性”

Children under 16 are banned from doing it. ☆think + a. + thoughts optimistic 乐观的 I am think positive(or good) thoughts. 积极的 不说:I was thinking sb/sth. ☆have the right to do 有权利…. ☆force A/sth. on B/sb. 强迫某事在某人 有…的想法 的想法

D: That's not funny! You sex maniac! ☆versus perp. 对…, 对抗…. ☆liberal 开放的 daisy 小黄花,雏菊 ☆get in contact with sb. conservative 保守的 petal 花瓣 和某人联络

the nature of work / women ☆看 see, look at 听 hear,listen to 感觉

feel 原

其后宾补不定式省略 to 直接加动

的,柠檬黄 ☆to get sb. to do = to make sb. do 使役 动词 get,make Dad got me to go to store for him. =

☆man 不加冠词,指人类 突出 ☆of all.... = among all... 两个以上 of,among 都可以

stand out 两个 用 of,

outstanding a.杰出的,优秀的

Eg:They listened to Bruce sing before they fainted. 昏倒 ☆sparkle 发 光 闪 烁 Time flies. 光阴似箭 生短暂 ☆in one’s eagerness to +动原 过程中, 某人破切要… In his eagerness to court Sally, He embarassed her. be eager to +动原 court 追求 渴望/迫切… 在渴望... twinkle 闪 耀 life is short. 人

made me go to ☆go camping,dancing,swimming,shopping,bird -watching,.... 到户外的活动 不用 in the ☆If you want to stay fit, you should exercise on a regular basis. regular basis 可省,起强 ☆What's sth. all about anyway(可省 起强 可省 调)? sth 究竟是什么玩意 究竟是什么玩意? 某事是关 于什么的

the animals of the Chinese horoscope 中国的十二生肖 ☆horoscope 占 星 astrology 星 相 学 astronomy 天文学 ancient 古老的 What's your chinese horoscope (sign)? 什 么 属 相 ? I am rat. 属 鼠 toad 癞蛤蟆 ☆compare A to B = compare with out of our homes.闯入我们家 ☆companion 同伴(可数) 伴(不可数) 公司(可数) sb. = faithful ☆horse around = monkey around = goof around(常用)= idle around = fool around “鬼混 鬼混” 鬼混 ☆1>help sb. (to) +动原 帮助/忙某人... 帮助/忙... 帮助/忙(某人)... 帮助/忙... Peter lives a life of 两者意义 company 陪 be loyal to joose

☆My uncle earns(makes) a living by driving a taxi. 靠….谋生/过活 scarcely = roosters crow 公鸡啼叫 It's ☆You are my envy. rarely

Eg: Can you tell me what this book is all about? 你能告诉我这本书写些什么嘛? ☆chant 圣歌 behave yourself ☆surroundings 差不多 ☆Spare the rod, spoil the child. 不打不成 器 ☆What’s the fun in…? …的乐趣在哪 的乐趣在哪 里? ☆keep sb. fit 保持某人身体健康 Eg:I jog every day to keep myself fit. ☆注意:a lazybones, two lazybones habitats 动物栖息场所 守规矩 环境(只 用复数 )

☆what a shame! = what a pity! 遗憾

a pity/a shame/pitiful/too bad he can't come. ☆Once you stop to work, you'll feel bored. 一旦

environment 环境,用单数

He helped me (to) write this letter. 2>help (to) +动原 3>help (sb.) with +n.

82. Being around Nature

p.54

He helped me with +(n.)this letter. 4>help with +n. ☆lead/live a life crime.

Ruby is trying to get her friend, Tony, to go bird-watching with her. R: You really should get some exercise, Tony. Why don't you come bird-watching with me this weekend? T: That sounds boring. What's

lives a luxurious life

☆It's rainning cats and dogs. = It's rainning heavily. ☆call of nature 内急

83. Man's Best Friend

p. 60

bird-watching all about anyway? R: Bird watchers study birds in their natural surroundings. It's a great hobby. T: What's the fun in that? R: We enjoy listening to different birds sing, looking at them fly and watching how they behave. T: What else? R: Well, it's also relaxing to be around nature. And walking in the mountains helps (to) keep you fit. T: Nothing's more relaxing than watching TV in my air-conditioned room. R: You're hopeless! T: And you're birdbrained! ☆birdbrain 呆子 goof ☆I love nature. 不说:I love the nature. sapphire 蓝 ☆gem 宝石 ruby 红宝石 Of all the animals of the Chinese horoscope, the dog really stands out. Which other animal can compare to the dog? The horse? No, he's always horsing around. The monkey? No, he's always monkeying around. The dog is a loyal companion. He makes us feel safe. He helps us keep thieves out of our homes. The dog has also helped us with our English. For example, if there were no dogs, how could people complain about leading a dog's life? And how could the weatherman say, "It's raining cats and dogs?" The dog is truly man's best friend. So the next time a dog lifts a leg to your car, don't get angry. Just let it obey the call of nature. Two animals, Porky the pig and Donald the duck, see something strange to them. P: What's that four-legged furry thing? D: Beats me. Why don't you get him to tell us who he is? P: OK, Let me try. Hey! Hi, idiot. D: Hey, Porky! Look at the tag hanging around its neck .It says G-O-D, God! You're in big trouble. P: Oh, please forgive me. I didn't mean to call you an idiot, God. D: Wait a minute! I read the tag backwards. It says D-O-G. DOG? P: Oh my God! What a relief! By the way, where did you learn to read English? D: Uh… I'd better not say. 84. Oh , My God! P. 70

宝石 emerald 绿宝石,翡翠 citrine 柠檬

☆my gosh = my goodness 避免 my God Uh oh! 惨了 发男孩是谁 furry (盖着)毛皮的 ☆Who is that black-haired boy? 那个黑 I like that big-eyed girl. ☆Beats me. 难 住 了 = I have no idea. beat (adj. 累 ) = exausted beaten by sb. 被揍 ☆I got him to wash the car. = I made him wash the car. Why don't you get him to tell us who he is? 你为什么不 你为什么不让他跟我们讲它是谁? ☆Give it a shot. "shot" means "try" 让我试试看。 idiot 白痴 tag 标签 hold on = I was

由此可见” 由此可见 ☆That is the reason... = That is why... = That is the reason why.... ☆make-up 化妆(动作) 妆品 clothe Even if she doesn’t wear any marcia 进行曲 cosmetics 化 clothing 不可

A: Don't you want me to look pretty? D: Yes. But do you really need that(so) much? A: Well, since you put it that way, I guess I don't. Do I? D: Of course, you don't. A: Do you really think I look pretty enough make-up)? D: Uh… sure. Besides( 而 且 ), you're I cannot heple but spending a fortune. A: Oh, I see! You're interested in nothing but money. You don't really care how I nothing look. D: Come on. Be reasonable. You're married. Who's going to look at you anyway? (She gets angry.) A: Make your own dinner tonight. without cosmetics(=wearing

make-up,she appeared beauty. ☆cannot help doing 不住 = cannot help but do buy this chocolate. = connot but do ☆desire/ expect / want /choose but to +动原. 除了 外,什么都不想 除了…外 什么都不想 Eg: I expect nothing but(expect) to be able to provide a decent living for my family. 我什么都不想,只想能够提供家人 一个过得去的生活. Joan expects nothing but to get married and have children and be a simple housewife. ☆do nothing but to + 动原 以外,什么都不做 了…以外 什么都不做 以外 除 不得不做,忍 禁 不得不 忍/禁

Let me have a shot at it. 不用 moron 弱智

☆Howdy = How do you do? 正式场合 ☆Bill is in big trouble, because he didn't finish his work. 麻烦大了 ☆mean to do = intend to do wait a minute ☆It is a relief that our test is over. What a relief! 真是松了一口气! relieve sb. of sth. 减轻/缓解 某人某事

D: Me and my big mouth! ☆Me and my big mouth! 都怪我多嘴 ☆My teacher blamed me starting a fight. 引起的口角 prince ☆sb. be shopping(v.) for sth. angry. 每次,只要 ☆Today is pretty(ad.=very) hot. ☆that much = so much ☆perfume 香水(重音在前後均可) bottle of perfume 香水,科隆 fingernail polish 指甲油 lipstick 口红(可数) a cologne 男人用的 购买某物 ☆Whenever(=Every time) I see him, I feel quarrel 吵架 duke 公爵

85. Beauty is Only Skin-deep

p.75

It is natural for people to be attracted to beautiful things. It follows, therefore, that most women desire nothing but to look beautiful. That is why they cannot help but spend vast sums of money on cosmetics and fashionable clothing. They are interested in nothing but their looks. However, they should be reminded that beauty is only skin-deep. Instead, they should pay more

Eg: He did nothing but (did) play all day. 他整天除了玩以外,什么都没做. The sick old man does nothing but stare at the ceiling all day long. ☆vast sums of money=a large sums of money ☆remind sb. that 情 remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人 remind sb. of + n./pron. 使某人想到… The picture reminds me of my days in school. ☆He is not a good student. Instead(=On the contrary), he is a bad student. 相反的 Instead of + n./动名 (非但)不…(反 而 …)Instead of working,the salesman went home to sleep. ☆inner beauty sorry for sb.同情 提醒某人什么事

two lipsticks

She is wearing some lipstick. 涂在脸上 /嘴上的 lipstick 是不可数名词 ☆Since you put it that/this way. 即然你 那样说/这样说 那样说 这样说 Let’s me put it this way. 让我这样说 好了. 好了 ☆miserly 小 气 的 ☆fortune 财富(可) 钱 It costed me a fortune to vacation(v.) in = stingy = cheap 运气(不可) 好多 He is cheap. 修饰人时小气

attention to their character because when you have character, you have class. And that is what(=the thing which) gives one(=everybody) inner beauty. ☆Beauty is only skin-deep. 美色是肤浅 的 ☆class 格调,水准 质 look n.相貌 character 品格,气 saying / proverb

outer beauty

feel

n.谚语 ☆be attracted to/by 被吸引 Eg:The children are always attracted to/by toy section of department stores. ☆He is very diligent. Therefore, it follows (that) he will pass the test. “是有道理的 是有道理的, 是有道理的 Duke is out shopping with his wife, Angel. D: How come every time I'm out shopping with you, you buy nothing but cosmetics? 86. Me and My Big Mouth p. 85

Hongkong. ☆Be reasonable. 理智点,你要讲道理 承认… stubborn /obstinate 固执的,倔强的 ☆own up to + n./ 动 名 look into the mirror

☆fix = cook = make dinner

your weight(n.)?

在医院医生用语 tuition -- fee

Guangzhou. ☆Gate two

I am departing from Beijing 不说:the second gate board 食 宿

☆fee -- service charge 87. Traveling by Plane p.89 for school 错过…的机会 ☆duty-free shop 免税店

for Guangzhou. ☆dormitory 宿 舍

fare -- transportation fee

☆pass up the chance to + 动原 = miss Traveling by plane is exciting, but it can also be very tiring. There are so many things to be done(=to do). You have to pay the airport tax, check in your bags and then get to the departure gate. So it's best to arrive at the airport at least two hours before your plane is scheduled to take off. When you check in, the attendant will ask you to show her your passport, ticket and airport-tax receipt. After you have done that, she will weigh your luggage. If it's overweight, you'll have to pay an extra fee. Then she will give you your boarding pass. On your way to the gate, don't pass up the chance to buy something at the duty-free shop. Things are a lot cheaper there. The key is to give yourself plenty of time and everything should run as smooth as clockwork. ☆I am going to taxi there. there by taxi. on foot Joe is standing in the check-in line at the airport. He has two bags to check in and one carry-on. A: Hello, sir. May I have your passport and ticket, please? J: Here you are, I'd like to have an aisle seat in the smoking section, please. A: I'll see what I can do. I'm sorry. They've I am going all been taken. How about a window seat? J: Sure. It really doesn't matter. What gate does my flight depart from? A: Gate two. Here's your boarding pass. We'll begin boarding in about an hour. J: Good. That will give me time to take advantage of the duty-free shop. A: Bon voyage! J: Thank you! ☆Bon voyage( 法语) = Happy landings check-out time take off 起 一路顺风, ☆cut in line 插队 排队 行李 ☆a piece of baggage check-in n. ☆aisle 中 间 走 道 seat stand in line/line up 88. Bon Voyage! P.99

Who is responsible for your room and board? ☆He will be back in two hours. 过两小时 回来 He will be back after two hours. 两小时 way + 地 方 副 词 以后回来(具体时间不知道) ☆I'll take advantage of this sale and buy a lot of CD. 某人往

☆as smooth as clockwork 非常顺利 ☆on one’s way to+地方名词 某地的途中 on one’s

(home,here,downtown) stand in +所有格+way 挡某人的路,妨 碍某人

89. AIDS P.104

Each day, more than 6,000 people around the world fall victim to HIV. That's how serious the problem is.(名从?) The World Health Organization has estimated that about 17 million people have already been infected with this disease. The news is that the virus is now spreading fastest in Asia. It's high(/about) time (that) some steps were taken. Two proven methods should be followed. One way is to teach people how to avoid catching the virus sexually through condom promotion. The other way is to encourage people to stop having casual sex. A word to the wise is sufficient, so don't take this warning lightly. ☆acronym 只 取 首 字 母 的 缩 写 词 WHO 世界卫生组织 ☆abbreviation 缩写 HIV AIDS 病毒 ☆Thousands of people fall victim/prey to traffic accidents every month in big city. “成为受害者”(习惯用法,无单复数变 化) =become ☆Several children were infected with food poisoning at the picnic. “感染 感染…” 感染 ☆spread -- spread, spread We are quitely through school. I caught a cool . condom 保 险 套 How(What) bookworm 书虫 ☆It's high/about time (that) +过去时名 词从句 Eg:It's high/about time (that) you got married. (现在)该是你结婚的时候了。 I had a flu casual sex 性 滥 交 The flu spread

若交通工具前有冠词(a,an,the)或所有 格(my,your,his),由介词用 on 或 in. 交通工具大,人可在上面行动,用 on . 反之 in on a bus, in my car. V-ed 感 到 ... 的 ☆V-ing 令 人 ... 的 tiring tired ☆facility 设 备 ( 通 常 复 数 facilities) bathroom or restroom 扶梯 ☆check in 办理...手续 a.退房时间,结账 飞 ☆luggage = baggage ( 都 为 不 可 数 ) How many pieces of baggage do you have? ☆go to +地方名词 +地方名词 到达某地 reach escalator 自动

carry on

I forgot my lines.(台词) carry-on n.随身 check in v. 托运 aisle seat/window

arrive at/in

non-smoking section

☆be scheduled to do = be expected to do 预定/预期 The train is scheduled to arrive at 7 o'clock. ☆attendant 服 务 员 attendant = steward(ess) ☆receipt overweight ☆How much do you weigh(v.)? What's 收 据 flight (女)飞机服务员 underweight

☆run out of sth 用 光

running out of rice, we'd better go to market. ☆how about = what about about seeing a movie tonight? ☆It doesn't matter what he says. I don't believe him. ☆Tomorrow I am leaving Beijing for

It's high/about time (that) some steps were taken.该是采取一些措施的时 候了. 注:that 从句中,若动词为 be,那一 律用 were . ☆take steps to +动原 ☆follow v. 遵循.跟随 my parents’ advice. ☆We should promote more foreigh language study in high school. “提倡 提倡” 提倡 ☆The teacher discouraged her students from cheating. 劝阻/阻拦” “劝阻 劝阻 “采取措施….” I always follow ☆Dennis is in trouble with the teacher, because he cheated on the test. 考试作弊 ☆Vicky gee 女 孩 名 Vickie 亦 可

mountains alone. speeding 快速行使

timid

☆at the/a speed of 以 … 的 速 度

He was arrested for speeding.他因超速 行车而被捕。 ☆I am freezing cool. hopping mad adj. 分

int.啊 说服

☆talk to = talk with ☆talk sb. into (doing) sth. (vt.) 某人作某事 = persuade/convince sb. to do sth. ☆infected 被...传染 ☆hepatitis 肝炎 infectious desease 传染 性的 saliva 唾液 street girl = lady of ☆prostitute 妓女 the night = call girl ☆hospitalize (英) hospital 住院 ☆trembling = shivering 点) “摇动” shaking( 轻一 vt.就医(美) hospitalise in in a hospital 在医院 adj. be infected with AIDS

非常生气的 词当副词用 词当副词 ☆be dead wrong

boiling(ad.) hot(a.) adv.完全地

dead

☆Sam looks fat, but in reality he is very strong. 事实上 the dead = ☆the brave= brave people dead people 已死的人 残疾者 ☆It take time to sth. ☆all the proper equipment(U) 所有适当 的装备 a piece of equipment 注意副词的位置 ☆It's not cheap, but good things seldom are.

excourage sb. to do sth. “鼓励” ☆When (you are) mountain climbing, (you should) wear casual clothing. 轻便 ☆take…lightly 轻乎… lightly.对这条消息不在意 ☆A word to the wise(=wise people) is sufficient, so don't take this warning lightly. 智者一点就通,所以不要忽视这项警 智者 告.(不要掉以轻心) 明白人用不着多说 随便提一句就够 了 ☆I like to have a word with you about sth. 我想和你谈一谈,关于… ☆prove that / n. 证明… prove (to be) + n./a. 显示/结果是… took the news

the handicapped

=It's not cheap, but good things are seldom cheap.

☆effort n.努力 efficiency n.效率,功效 efficient a.(直接)生效的,有效率的,能 干的 efficiently ad.有效地, 有效率地

92. Only the Good Die Young

p.128

91. Kayaking

p. 118

Diana bumps into her friend, Steve. D: Hi, Steve! It's awful(ad.=very/boiling)

If you are a little adventurous, like water sports, and enjoy being around nature, then kayaking is definitely for you.

hot today, isn't it? S: You can say that again! D: Let's go kayaking later. S: Are you kidding(me)? I can't even swim. D: So what? You'll be safe with a life jacket and a helmet on. S: What ( will happen ) if the kayak capsizes? D: I'll teach you to "Eskimo roll." 斯基摩式的翻滚 S: What's that? D: Well, it's a special technique we use to get the kayak upright when it overturns. S: I don't know… it sounds pretty dangerous. D: Come on. Don't worry. Only the good die young. S: What do you mean by that? D: Just kidding. Let's go. OK? S: Ok. Anyway, if only the good die young, 爱

90. What an Idiot!

P.114

Floating, drifting and speeding down rivers is all part of kayaking. What better way is

Lucy is talking to her boyfriend, Vic, about their friend, Randy. L: Did you hear that Randy's got AIDS? V: Oh my God! Really? How come? L: He became infected after having sex with a call girl. V: What an idiot! Where's he now? L: He's in a hospital. When I went to see him, I found him trembling in fear. V: What did he say? L: Not much. He seemed tired. He lay(lie) in bed with his eyes staring up at the ceiling. V: Gee! Poor guy. L: Let that be a lesson to you. V: You're right. I'll never do that again. L: What! So you've done it before! 么 V: Uh oh! 那

there to spend a boiling hot summer day? And if you think it is dangerous, you're dead wrong. It's so safe, you don't even need to know how to swim! Everyone wears a life jacket while kayaking. So, you see, it's not a sport for the

brave(people) only. Kayaking may look difficult but it's really very easy. Sea kayaking can be learned in 5 minutes! However, it takes about two days to learn river kayaking. And for an estimated US$1,500, you'll be able to own all the proper equipment, including the kayak. It's not cheap, but good things seldom are. ☆canoe 独 木 舟 , 轻 舟 ticket = fine ☆The adventurous boys climbed the

kayaking

we'll both probably live to be a hundred. ☆only the good die young(a.) 好人不长

命 people.

(n.) the good die = good die die + a./n. 作主语补足语

even helped him (to) carry his groceries. One day when he fell ill with cancer, they

wanting to draw up a will to give their money away, too. So the next time (conj.) you meet a lonely old man, you'd better treat him right. E: Come on! What kind of person do you think I am? A: Don't get so mad! I'm just kidding! Besides, you might not be so lucky and

The hero

even visited him in the hospital. The old man turned out to be a retired doctor. And, of course, when he died, he didn't die

died young. 英年早逝 未成年人

young person

The gamble died a poor man. 那个赌鬼 死时一贫如洗。 ☆encounter 正式词 run into = bump into short of 短缺 ☆awful = lousy 糟糕的,差劲的 hot (口语用法) awful a.作 ad.用 你说的一 awful come across = “偶遇” be

(being) a pauper. He left US$70,000 in his will to thank them for their kindness. ☆a 菩 萨 心 肠

heart

of

gold

come across my old uncle, Jake. E: What do you mean? A: He's as poor as a church mouse! ☆mouse

☆U.S. is short for ... …的缩写

generous 慷慨的 ☆You deserve a big kiss for this beutiful gift. “应该得到”

You deserved to be punished/rewarded. 你应该得到处罚/奖赏. ☆store clerk 店员 的行为 a good turn 善良

mice pl. av.碰巧, 幸运

What a awful/lousy movie/guy! ☆You can say that again! 点也没错。 点也没错。 ☆go V-ing 分 词 go fishing/swimming/skating/ 户外活动 go bowling 打 保 龄 球 不 说 : play bowling ball ☆注意:He came with nothing on. 他身 上没穿衣服。 么都没带 ☆capsize = overturn helmet 头盔 antique 古董 unique a.唯一的, 独特的 /ni:k/ ☆He swims like a rock. good swimming. ☆What's your big deal. 起 so what 那有怎样 或:life span ☆life expectancy 寿命 么意思 你有什么了不 旱鸭子 He is “身上穿/戴着…” 他什 不同于 He came with nothing.

☆as luck would have it

地;不幸的;侥幸(视上下文而定) I was lucky that I met you here. 我在这 儿见到你真走运。 Fortunately(Luckily), our teacher was sick on the day of testing. ☆be born a swimmer, a miser = be a born swimmer ☆I agree with you. 你说的真对 ☆I bet ten dollars on our school team. 把 A 赌在 B 上. Thank you. answer: You bet.(年轻 人口语) = You are welcome. Look at black clouds, I bet that it'll rain. I bet 我敢说,我打赌 ☆draw up = hammer out=map out 草拟 draft vt.草拟 发放 will n.遗嘱,意志 ☆The rich country gave away food to that poor country. property ☆the next time (conj.) 主 + 动 ☆Dad got hopping mad when Allen took the car without asking him. 气得跳脚

☆learn a lesson 吸 取 教 训 , 经 验 Alzhermer's 老年痴呆症 ☆forgetful 健忘地 remindful 提醒的 ☆grumble = complain 抱怨 ☆befriend (vt.)= make friends with = be friends / friendly with 交友” 与…交友 交友 Sam is friends Edwards 姓 肝炎 with Edward. Edward 名 “ 对 ...友善 友善, 友善

☆Sherry fell ill with hepatitis last month. “因…病倒了” ☆turn out to be “原来/竟然/结果是…” The party turned out to be a disaster. disastrous a. ☆penniless 赤贫的 liar 说谎者 ☆He standed there singing. When he died was a hero.= He died (being 省略) a hero. 是个英雄 有利可图的 P5. profitable 以英雄而死, 死时

☆What do you mean by that? 你这话什 anyway 无论如何 “活到多少岁 活到多少岁” 活到多少岁 ☆sb. live to be+ 数字 He lived to be 104-year-old.

☆work overtime 加班

95. The Poor Man's Cure-all

p. 146

93. One Good Turn Deserves Another p.133 94. As Poor As a Church Mouse 一贫如洗 One good turn deserves another. That's the lesson five store clerks learned recently. Every day a strange old man came to their supermarket to buy groceries. "Once he came in wearing only one shoe," recalled one of the clerks. And although he grumbled a lot and they often had to stand there listening to him, he was a nice old man. The clerks befriended him and Anna and Eric are talking about the previous lesson. E: Wow! Those store clerks really got lucky. A: You can say that again. Some people are born lucky. E: There must be thousands of old men just like that doctor, I bet. A: That's probably true. And they must be penniless p.142 ①Having one of the world's largest garlic crops, Gilroy, California is known as the "garlic capital of the world." On a hot summer day, a pungent odor rises from this farming town which can be smelled miles away. All you have to do is roll down the window of your car and you know you're in Gilroy. ②Believing that garlic helps the body fight many forms of diseases, people add garlic to their cooking in many parts of the world. Moreover, it's popularly used as

the poor man's cure-all. During the First World War it was used as an antiseptic. And in the Second World War it was known as "Russian penicillin." Nowadays, ③thinking that it kills bacteria, some people eat raw garlic as if it were candy. ☆He has bad breath. 口臭 可数 丹 ☆Hongkang is known as one of the busiest city in the world. ☆taste v.尝起来 tasty 好味道 没味道的 tasteless smelly 臭的 odor(坏)气味 stink 发臭的 breath 不

bored. She walded along the street, she ran into her college classmate.= Walking along the …, … Being only sixteen,the youngester couldn’t get married without his parents’ consent.

he is stubborn. ☆a stick/piece of gum (U) gum 一包 a pack of

Would you care for/want

a stick of gum? ☆Traveling can help you learn more about the world. He is well-traveled.

well-educated ☆What's up? 极为口语的用法 answer:

cure-all 万灵

96. What's the Point of Chewing Gum? P.155

Nothing much/ special.= same as usual ☆1>Stick the stamp on the envelope. 粘 stinky tofu 臭豆腐 beancuid 豆腐(已 少用) 2>stick to +n. 坚持/固守 to the lawer. 忠实的 3>put[stick] one's tongue out at sb. 向 某人伸舌头 伸舌头(表示蔑视) 伸舌头 His handkerchief stuck from his pocket. 他的手帕从口袋里露/伸了出来。 ☆watch your tongue = watch your language 说话当心点 Hold your germ 总 称 tongue! 住嘴! ☆bacteria 一 类 细 菌 viruses 滤过性病毒 ☆good for 对…有益 能担当 有益,能担当 有益 ☆Says who? boy! 表惊讶 系 谁 说 的 ?( 表 怀 疑 ) never mind 算了吧,没关 I am loyal

Being an American, Donna wants to learn more about the Chinese. She's talking to her Chinese friend, Jeff. D: Hi, Jeff! What's up? J: Nothing much. What/How about you? D: Same as usual. Here, have a stick of Fragrant smells gum. J: No, thanks. I'll stick to my own brand. D: And what brand's that? garlic 大 蒜 antibiotic 抗生 J: Actually it's not gum. I eat raw garlic instead. (Would you)Want a piece? D: No way! So that's where the stinky roll up smell is coming from. J: Hey! Watch your tongue, ok? Garlic kills germs. It's good for you. D: Says who? J: Well, according to… D: Never mind. Please stop talking. Your breath stinks. I'm out of here. J: Boy! These Americans don't know what's good for them. Besides, what's the point of chewing gum anyway? ☆onion 洋葱 崭新的 ☆What's of... 名 the point/use ...有什么意义呢 有什么意义呢? 有什么意义呢 ….是没有用的 是没有道理的 是没有用的./是没有道理的 是没有用的 是没有道理的. 1>to +动原 2>动 动 1>to +动原 2>动 动 brand-new 全新的,

pungent ( 气 味 , 味 道 ) 刺 鼻 的 辛 辣 的 aroma(好吃)/fragrance(花香) 好的味道, 香味 Odor smells bad. nice. nice. ☆chili pepper 红 辣 椒 antiseptic 消毒剂 素 ☆be widely = popular 广泛的 / down 摇下/起 more ☆was used as 被用作 ☆some people eat raw garlic as if it were candy. “好像 好像” 好像 As if she were student . ☆all/what sb. have/has to do is + 动原 某人所必须做的就是… 某人所必须做的就是 What you have to do is (to 可省略) study often to master a language. 精通一 种语言. If you want to be successful, all you have to do it (to) work hard. If war breaks out, all we can do is (to) pray. 祈祷 All you can do is hope for the best. 你 所能做的是持乐观的态度. What more people should do is obey the traffic laws. ☆化简 化简原则 化简 1>删除主语,两句主语不同 3>be 变为 being 后,可省.如 不省,表强调 “因为” Eg: He has nothing to do, he feels bored.= Having nothing to do, he feels 要保留 2>之后的动词要变成现在分词. 虚拟语气,第几人称都用 were moveover 而且=further

Aroma smells food or cooking

97. The Bronze Age

p.161

①While (they were)(being) on an expedition in western China twenty years ago, some explorers discovered the

mummies of a tall, red-haired people. ②Though(they were) (being) estimated

to be nearly 4,000 years old, the corpses were quite well preserved. Scientists are excited because these mummies are a link between the East and the West. What were redheads doing in China and who were they? Though the answers to these questions may never be answered with certainty, these mummies provide new information about the Bronze Age, when(=in which) men used tools and weapons made of bronze. This was the period between the Stone Age and the Iron Age. As the explorers continue their work, new

There is no point/sense in + 动 = There is no use (in) + 动名 = It is of no use + 名 = It is useless + 名 Eg: What’s the point of spending such a lot of money on clothes? It is no use crying over spilt milk 覆水难收 There is no use in talking to Peter,

mysteries are waiting to be discovered.

graves. ☆That old man aged(v.) beautifully. to come of age 成 气 候 , 成 年 Some writers do not come of age until they are 50. ☆The Chinese are a peace-loving people. a people 民族 ☆make a /the discover of 完成一项…的 发现 ☆She is a big-eyed girl. 腿的 two-headed 双头的 corpse 尸体 ☆preserved pork 腊肉 One-legged 独 ☆give sb. the creeps = give sb. goosebunps 鸡皮 疙瘩 ghost story ☆tomb 冢 ( 有 碑 ) put sb. into a tomb grave problem from the cradle to the grave 从生到死, 一生中 ☆juvenile delinquency 青 少 年 犯 罪 juvenile delinquent 不良少年 ☆Can you tell me what it is like living in Shanghai? 能否告诉我住在上海是什么 是什么 样? ☆imagine + V-ing He has spoiled imaginative 想象的 his image. 形 象 grave 坟 地 , 墓 穴 grave adj.= serious 使人毛骨 悚然 B: Stop it! you're giving me the creeps!

☆We've had foul weather. 不 良 天 气 foul language 脏话 ☆language C 语言 U 言辞 Even when 甚至当 时 甚至当…时 ☆no catch (=not much of a catch) 不值得 买的东西, 不合算的东西 ☆all over the world 全世界 a./ad.

= everywhere in the world = across the world = the world over = around the world ☆When doing the work, you should be careful. ☆normal language right/normal/proper way ☆contagious 传染性的 ☆We should do something about the traffic problem. 对…采取行动 do nothing about 对…不采取行动 put sb. in jail 监禁某人 因…被监禁 ☆ban = prohibit doing 限 term 期间, 期间, 期 be jailed for properly -- in the

☆Caucasian 高 加 索 人 , 白 种 人 (white race) Mongoloid 蒙古人,黄种人 ☆The boys enjoys going on a long train journey/trip. ☆a piece of evidence (U) 证据 ☆a preiod of … 一段… ☆be certain of + n. 某物 provide / supply sth. for sb. ☆凡表“探险,旅游,旅程”等名词,以及 表持续性或时间性的任务或动作,与 on 连用。 On an expedition / excursion journey/trip/outing/picnic on duty on a / that… 确定… ☆provide / supply sb. with sth. 提供某人

spoiled his reputation ☆If I had money, I'd buy a car. ☆Nothing doing it = No way ☆Sean 人名(读音 Shawn) ☆shut up (very impolite) 应用:Stop it.

☆My father was harsh(hard) on me. be strict with ☆He was fined 50 dollars for speeding.

=

99. Stop Swearing!

p.176

☆trivial 琐碎的, 微不足到的 nature 性 Everywhere in the world you can hear people swearing or using foul language. Even when learning a second 质 infringe on 侵犯 conj. ☆judging from/by = considering 照…来看,就…而论,鉴于 Considering his age, the little boy reads very well. 就他的年龄来说,这小孩读得 算挺好的 the ☆He did well on the test. 表 现 良 好 on the examination (不用 in,考试卷子上)

on a mission

98. Speaking from the Grave

p.171

language, many people know how to swear before they can speak the language

Two students, Beth and Carl, are talking about the red-haired mummies. B: Can you imagine what it was like 4,000 years ago? C:That's hard to imagine.But if the mummies could speak,they could certainly tell us a great deal. B: Well, that, of course, is impossible. But scientists can tell a lot from the things (which) the explorers found. C: I know. For example, they think the 4000-year-old mummies were Celts. B: Who were the Celts? C: They were ancient European people who settled in Britain even before the Romans existed. B: Wow! That's amazing! C: So you see, although mummies don't really speak, they are "speaking" from their

properly. Indeed, it is a disease. Recently, in New Jersey,

government decided to do something about the problem. It banned swearing. You could face a US$500 fine, including a three-month jail term for swearing.

100. Stop Bullshitting!

p.183

Considering the trivial nature of the crime, the punishment seemed quite harsh to some. Some say the law infringes on their rights. But others say it is a good law because people in New Jersey have really stopped swearing so much. ☆ignore 忽视

Candy is asking her friend, Rudy, why guys swear so much. C: Why do guys swear so much? R: It adds color and emphasis to language. C: Bullshit! People who swear don't have class. R: See? You just said "bullshit."

= drop sb. out of

I

C: "Bullshit" isn't swearing. It's even in the dictionary. R: Sure it's swearing. C: It simply mean, "male cow manure."

didn’t need to ignore you. ☆swear vi. 说脏话 swear. swear vt. 发誓 vow 发誓 +动原 /that… swear to I swear I'll never

R: Then why don't you just say "shit"? It's in the dictionary as well.

C: We're just going round in circles. Tell you what. If you stop saying "shit," I'll stop saying "bull-shit." R: Considering(=since) they both aren't very nice things to say anyway, that's a deal. ☆Why do guys use foul language so much. ☆bullshit 脏 话 of/about 吹牛 Candice 的 亲 昵 称 呼 ☆Candy 是 brag about = boast

Generally

speaking,

most

ordinary

☆short-circuits 成分

vt. =stop

ingredient 处理

painkillers won't work. Besides, they are so powerful that they may cause side effects. Fortunately, according to a recent study, doctors say (that) there is a red-hot cure: chili peppers. An ointment is made from the ingredient that makes chili peppers hot. It kind of short-circuits the pain. The ointment is sold in a tube that lasts a month and costs only US$16. It's considered the newest, most creative and inexpensive way of dealing with the problem.

last=continue v.维持,持续 作不完成及物动词

☆deal with = handle = cope with ☆consider 补)

主动形式: consider + 宾 + n./a.(作宾 视…为…; 认为…是…. 被动形式: be considered + n./a.(作主补) 被视为…; 被认为…. considering 论,鉴于 Considering his age, the little boy reads very well. 就他的年龄来说,这小孩读得 算挺好的 ☆According to 根据 conj. 照…来看,就…而

candy 寓意 candid “坦白的” a piece of candy candies 各类糖果 ☆Rudy 是 Rudulph 简 称

☆The food is very hot. 讲话

辣 102.Old Wives' Tales p.198

Rudy/rude, Rudulph 寓意 wolf ☆The color of this collar is red. ☆Our school lays/put great emphasis / stress on safety. 加了风采 ☆have no class 没有格调 数) classy = elegant a. ☆ill-bred It is hard to (class 不可 特别强调 ☆add charm to that girl 给那个女孩子添

☆pep talk 动员鼓动的话, 鼓舞士气的 ever 强调副词,有无都可 ☆The doctor cured her of her illness. = The doctor cured her illness. Mom says a glass of warm milk before going to bed can cure you of insommia. 失眠症 ☆perform an operation on + 身体部位 /人 为身体某部位/人 动手术。 operate on + 身体部位/人

Connie and Willy are talking about the previous lesson. C: Do you believe what(名从,宾) they say about chili peppers? W: Frankly speaking, I don't. The last time I got hurt playing soccer, my mom told me not to eat anything spicy. She said it will irritate the wound. C: My mom is the same. For example, according to her, eating fish eyes is good for the eyes. W: If you think that's weird, listen to this. My mom says(that) eating pigs' brains makes you smart.

believe that Peter has a classy wife. well-bred 无 / 有 教 养 的 manure 动物粪便 ☆simply = just ☆company U 是"陪伴,同伴(总称)",C 是"公司" ☆bull 公牛 pl. buffalo cow 母牛 ox 阉牛 oxen buffalo,two 水 牛 (one

perform an operation on one's illness to save one's life 给某人动手术, 治…病, 拯救生命。 Eg: The doctors operated on me after I had not eaten anything for twenty-four hours. ☆surgery 外 科 手 术 ( 不 可 数 ) surgery twice last year. I had 不 说 : two

C:

Are

you

kidding (me)?

Frankly

buffalo) bison 野牛 yak 西藏的牦牛 ☆go round in circles 兜圈子 ☆Tell you what. 告诉你好了(口语) ☆Considering (the fact that) they both... the fact that 可省略 considering =since 由于 ☆That's a deal. 一言为定

speaking, I don't believe in any of these of wives' tales. W: I wish you would tell that to my mom. I'm sick of eating pigs' brains.

surgeries ☆He has a burning desire to become a doctor. 灼热的,强烈的 ☆Generally speaking generally = in general 般而言 = In general = By and large = For the most part = On the whole ☆painkiller 止疼药 ☆side effect 副作用 腹泻 子 ☆green (chili) pepper = bell pepper 青辣 椒,柿子椒 poison ☆an onitment = a kind of onitment 表种 类 a tube of onitment /toothpaste 一条 牙膏 “一般说来” 通常,大体上,一

C: Poor guy! W: Don't tell anyone, OK? Or I'll never hear the end of it . 否则 C: Ok. It doesn't work anyway. W: What do you mean (by saying that)? C: I'm only kidding. You're at least as smart as a pig. ☆old wives' tales 无稽之谈 无根据的 tale 发音相同 ☆Connie 是 Constance 缩 写 章节 beerbelly 啤酒肚 chapter

101.A Red-hot Cure

p.188.

tolerate=stand=bear diarrhea 痢疾,

Have you ever had an operation? If you have, you'll know that surgical scars can leave you with a burning pain for months and sometimes even years. Frankly speaking, the pain is sometimes so unbearable (that) it's hard to even stand the weight of your own clothes on the scars.

I had the runs yesterday. 拉肚 groundless tail , fairy tale 童话故事

☆People say that in the future we will be

living on the Mars. 据说 that ...

= They say

status. 地位 ☆beat = defeat + sb. 击败 challenge 接受挑战 ☆have 不完成及物动词 1> have/make +宾语+动原. = get +宾 +to+动原 “叫...” meet the

B: Well, yes and no. They measured the rivers, but it's hard to tell where they begin. A: Oh, I see. Tell me then. Who's the tallest basketball player? B: I don't know. A: Hah! It's Michael Jordan. He's the greatest. B: He may be the greatest, but he certainly isn't the tallest. A: Ok. Who cares anyway? 乎. B: Then stop asking me all these stupid questions. ☆care about = concern about 关 切 care for -- love, like very much a fifty-story We care about our envirnment. care for you. I don't care how fat you are. ☆common knowledge 学校里学的常识 ego(U) = pride common sense 生 活 常 识 vinegar 醋 detergent 清洁剂 ☆build up your energy 增加体力 ☆the Nile (River 可省略) (Ocean) the Himalayas (Mountain Range 可省略) n.喜马拉雅山脉 the Yangtse Rive 长江 黄河 ☆vital line 生命线 力, 生机 vital force n.生命 source 源头 the Yellow Rive 任由/让…. the Pacific I 反正谁在

☆Frankly (speaking), = To be frank (with you), = To tell (you) the truth, = Truthfully, 坦白的说 ☆(the) last time conj. 上一次…的时候 引导副词从句 (the) next tiem conj. 下一次…的时候 ☆irritate sb. = make sb. angry 激 怒 annoy irritate 刺激 believe 相信话 ☆believe in 相信事 odd = strange ☆I am fed up smoking. = be sick of = be tired of ☆joke vi 不能直接跟宾语 与某人开玩笑 kid vt Don't kid me. 不要骗我。 ☆I'll never hear the end of it . 我的耳根 就别想清静了。 ☆It doesn't work anyway. 反正那也没什 么用/行不通。 ☆bright = smart 聪明 joke with sb.

2> have/get +宾语+宾补(过去分词) “把...(被)... (非自己做); 把…怎么样了 把 怎么样了” 怎么样了 ☆declare +宾语+宾补(n.) him a genius. declare that 宣布 declare war (on…) (向…)宣战 ☆I try to measure(live) up to my teacher's expectations of me. 符合 达到 符合/ 达到某人的期 望;够的上 够的上 expectations “ 期 望 : 永 远 用 复 数 or: meet your parents'expectations ☆on the fifth floor building storey(英) Business is boom ☆boom 兴起.热潮 ☆construction = build We declared

today 今天生意非常兴隆. is a matter of ego 面子问题

103.The Tallest Building in the World p.203

☆It's Peter's turn to treat me to dinner finally. treat sb to sth 几个…;两个… ☆a couple of

Recently Kuala Lumper beat Chicago in a battle of skyscrapers when experts had( 把 ) the country's Petronas Twin Towers measured and declared it the world's tallest building. The title was formerly held by Chicago's 110-story Sears Tower. Its status had been left

☆leave + 宾 +现在分词 现在分词/a. 现在分词 被….

被动: 过去分词/a. 任由/让… 被动 be left +过去分词 过去分词 Eg :Please leave the candle lit; I’m afraid of the dark. 请让蜡烛点着,因为我 让 怕黑 The baggage was left unclaimed for a week. 无人认领 (被动) vt/vi. 离开

vitamin

☆I don't have the foggiest idea. = I have no idea. 我连最朦胧的概念都没有。 foggy 风的 foggiest tell 断定 有雾的 windy 有

unchallenged for 22 years. Buildings in the United States have held the title since 1913, but the need for space has created a skyscraper boom in Asia. According to one building expert, "the ball has started rolling in Asia." However, some experts think that building super-tall skyscrapers is not a matter of economics but ego. Every architect wants to have the honor of having the tallest building in the world. When the planned 1509-foot Shanghai World Financial Center is finished in a couple of years, it will be China's turn to have that honor. ☆high 固定高度 tall 不断增高 习惯

leave for +地主/场所

Eg:He left the office for home an hour ago.

☆What's the big deal. 有什么了不起呀 ☆Don’t make fool of me. ☆to ask me an interesting question = to ask an interesting question of me 问某 人一个问题

104. Who Cares Anyway?

P.214

One student is testing another student's common knowledge. A: What's the tallest building in the world? B: The Shanghai World Financial Center. Of course. A: What's the longest river in the world? B: In fact, there are two – the Nile and the Amazon. A: How do you know? Did someone have them measured?

105. Catch-22

p.218

Nobody likes war and Joseph Heller is no exception. In 1961 he published an antiwar novel entitled Catch-22. The book is about a soldier who hated war and didn't want to do military service. To prevent soldiers from quitting, the military has a

用法 The man is not tall, but he is high in

rule which states that you can only get out of the military if you're crazy. However, they also have a rule (number 22) which says that if you hate war, you're not crazy, so you can't get out. In other words, it's no use trying to leave the military because you just can't win. Since that novel was published, the term catch-22 has come to be used to express a no-win situation. ☆be in predicament 困境 ☆chop (盖的)章,官印 catch-22. ☆Everybody likes ice-cream and I am no exception. “不例外 不例外” 不例外 ☆novel n.小说 adj.新颖的 The boss That's a

tonight. 到期 ☆publish = be in print = be printed ☆come to do 渐...,终至于 Eg: When you get old, you’ll come to realize how much your parents have done for you. 你年纪渐长时,就会渐渐了解你父 母为你付出了多少. Tom has come to realize that widsow comes from experience. ☆express = describe 表达,描述 ☆it's no use / There is no use (in)+动名词 “…是没有用的 是没有用的” 是没有用的 = There is no sense/ point in +动名词 It’s no use blameing others for your mistake. = It is useless / It is of no use + 动名词 /不定式 不定式 被动 come to be done 渐

to dissuade sb. from smoking

劝阻某 劝阻

人不(做)... = take sb. out of + 动名 不做 Eg: was easily dissuaded from going. He 他很容易就接受劝告不走了。 不 ☆makes him an offer. = make an offer(n.) to him 给某人提出一个建议,向某人出价 John offered(v.) to take us to dinner after the test. … made an offer(n.) to take... 应说:I ☆I married with him. 错 married him. or: I married to him. ☆make/keep/break a promise I don't want to make a promise (which)I can't keep. 我不想承诺我办不 到的事情. 到的事情 ☆They loved each other at first sight. 一 见钟情 不说:at the first sight ☆sth. be a good catch 钓大鱼 ☆The teacher told us that if we all passed the test, she would take us out to dinner. What a great incentive! n.诱因 …确信 ☆be sure of = be certain of be sure about 确定…

likes Jhon's novel idea and decided to support it. ☆1>书/剧本等+be entitled +名称 被定 名为… He write book entitled love. 他写了一 本书,书名叫作爱. The titles of this book is LOVE. 2>entitle + 宾 +to do 使 … 有 资 格 … 被动 be entitled to be 有资格… This preferential ticket entitles you to travel first class."凭这张优惠票,你可以坐 头等舱旅行。" 3>被动 be entitled to +n. 有资格获 得… ☆antiwar 反 战 hatred n.憎恨 antiaging 防 哀 老 的 hate v.

106. What a Dilemma!

p.228

Hoping to persuade her boyfriend to quit smoking, Jenny makes him an offer. J: If you quit smoking, I'll marry you. B: I don't want to make a promise (which)I can't keep. J: Is it that(=so) hard to quit smoking? B: Well. You know I've tried many times already. J: But this time you've got a big incentive to do it. B: Uh… I'm not sure. J: What aren't you sure about? B: I do want to stop smoking. But if I do. I'll have to get married. J: So? B: I'm not so sure if(=whether) I want to be crazy about = tell sb. off 责骂某 get married. J: Well. You can't eat your cake and have it, too. B: What a dilemma! 左右为难/进退两难 Wearing glasses can be a real day-to-day hassle, not to mention using contact lenses which have to be cleaned, rinsed and disinfected every so often. Fortunately, however, for those millions of contact lens users, there's a new product out -- the 1–day Acuvue. These new disposable contact lenses are designed to be convenient and rather inexpensive because the idea is to throw them away after use at the end of each day. What's even better is (that) if you are planning to give them a try for the first time, the manufacturers will give you your first five pairs for free. If you don't think that's possible, why not go down to your local optician and check it out? No one will blame you for doing that. After all, ☆be in dilemma = be in predicament club = baton n. ☆dial +号码 for sb. 拔…找某人 ☆be addicted to 上瘾 smoking 有烟瘾 抽烟的人 ☆My father persuaded my younger brother to study hard. = take sb. into +动名 “换言之 换言之” 换言之 be addicted to ☆Seeing is believing. = To see is to believe. 眼见为实 ☆a lot of evidence 证据(U) ☆glasses 眼镜 glass 玻璃(杯) a pair of glasses 一付 a chain smoker 连续 seeing is believing. 107. Seeing Is Believing p.233

☆do military service 服兵役 ☆state that… 说明/注明 ☆To keep(To prevent) your children from harm, keep medicines out of their reach. 防止/预防 ☆go crazy 发疯了 ☆get out = leave 人 ☆Peter, your days are numbered. 在世上 的日子不久了/时日不多. ☆bat 蝙蝠,棍棒 棍棒,警棒 ☆In other words = That is (to say) = To put it differently be mad about 喜欢得发疯

The case is due tomorrow; To put it differently ,we must finished the work

☆hassle = trouble 常的 ☆lens 镜片 洗,漱口 lenses pl.

day-to-day 日 rinse 漂

F: No wonder they say, "there's no such thing as a free lunch." ☆Holland 荷 兰 ☆koalas 树袋熊 鼠 ☆adorable 可爱的 崇拜 为 ☆icon = symbol 象征 ☆feed on 以动物为主语 为主语 ☆on average destructive embrace = hug adv.平均而言 = in general extinction 灭绝 On average there are national icon live on 以人 daydream adore 疼爱,敬重, eucalyptus 桉树 kangaroo 袋 fluffy 毛茸茸的,松松的 = the Netherlands Dutch 荷兰人 ☆There is a catch in the agreement. 陷 阱,骗局 ☆ophthamologist 眼科医生 ☆It's quite a feat. 一门功夫 ☆eyesight 视力 眼的 ☆letter 字母 near-sighted 近视 alphabet 字母表

☆every so often 不时地 = every now and then = quite often mange 家畜疥 ☆Many stray dogs are infected with mange. vt.消毒 ☆fortunately = luckily market ☆Do you have something available? accurate ☆not to mention = to say nothing of = not to speak of ☆dispose of garbage 处 理 /rubbish /trash /litter(散在地上的) disposable dishes/ diapers / chopsticks 一次性盘子/尿布/筷子 的 ☆optician 眼睛店,验光师 ☆check out 瞧瞧 ☆what’s even/far better is that… = what’s (even/far) better , 主+动 (even/fat) worse , 主+动 主+动 “更棒的是” a.可任意处理 garbage out = in the disinfect

☆consider = be view as = regard…as 视

far-sighted 远视眼的

☆post( 英 )/mail these letters for me My father is a man of letters. 有学问的人 ☆pricey adj.昂贵的 ☆Some department stores are rather pricey, so don't buy things there unless they have a sale.降价 降价 ☆one buck, two bucks two grand 1000 元 ☆sth cost sb cost 20 dollars. ☆be free = be for free = is free of charge 免费 ☆不说:no such a thing no 本身就是冠 词 词 可以说: such a thing not not 是副 sb spend sth 不说:I one grand,

☆typhoon 台风 宾群岛

ten typhoons beating the Philippines.菲律 ☆activist 积 极 分 子 nearby ☆the authorities 始终复数 “当局” authorities concerned 有关当局 “权威” U “权威人士” C ☆You should do all (that) you can (do) to help them. do all one can to +动原 do one’s best 动原= 动原 /utmost to +动原 动原 余力” ☆consider, suggest, recommend, avoid, “某人尽全力 某人尽全力” 某人尽全力 “不遗 = spare no effort to +动原 动原 the

neighboring =

what’s even/far worse is that… = what’s “更糟的是”

what’s more is that… = what’s more , “而且,此外” ☆why (not) +动原 If he not interested, why bother teaching him? = why do you bother…. 何必费心

109.Adorable Koalas in Danger

p.248

enjoy, escape, practice, risk, admit, deny, mind, quit.

Koalas are considered an Australian national icon. These adorable

+ doing

108. (There is) No Free Lunch

p.244

tree-hugging animals feed on eucalyptus tree leaves. The problem is on average a

110 Killing is no solution

p.258

Hoping to get free contact lenses, Freddy goes to the optician. F: Could you help me check my eyes. Please? O: Sure. Please have a seat and put on these glasses. Now, tell me. Which letters seem clearer? F: The ones on the right. O: Ok. Can you read these price tags? F: Yes. They're as clear as daylight. O: Fine. Read out the highest amount. F: US$100. O: Right. That's what it'll cost you. F: But I thought the contact lenses are free. O: Yes. But you'll have to pay for our service.

koala destroys 13 pounds of the leaves to eat 2 pounds a day. Because of this, 5,000 koalas soon face starvation on Kangaroo Island in the south of Australia. The authorities are now considering shooting them to control the island's koala population explosion. However, animal activists suggest growing more trees. "There aren't too many koalas. There are too few trees." They argue. Neighboring provinces have even recommended

Two Australians, Mack and Jill, are camping on Kangaroo Island. M: Look! There's a koala (that is ) hugging a tree. They're really so cute. Jill, why are you crying? J: The government's planning on killing them because they may starve to death soon. M: What a stupid idea! They should try saving them instead. J: I agree. Let's start a campaign to save them. If we can find 5,000 people to each take one home (each). The problem will be solved. M: That's a good idea. You know, there're about 18 million people in Australia. Five

relocating some of the koalas to them. Most Australians feel that the authorities must do all they can to avoid killing the koalas for (=because) to do so would be a national disgrace.

thousand is only 0.027 percent of the population. J: Let's do it then. M: Killing as a solution to a problem is just not right. J: You can say that again. 你说的对极了 ☆be all ears 洗耳恭听 专心的 My feet are killing /betraying me. 听使唤了,走不动了 so long so far 不

billionaire ☆aging 年老的 符合... ☆fit the bill = fit the requirement 符合 条件/要求/目的 条件 ☆needless to say = It goes without saying that… 不用说 pour in 涌入 ☆put/place ads 登广告 go skydiving 跳伞 ☆"look after" = take care of 软 表 达 take after 长得像 ☆make(earn) a fortune on the stockmarket 发大财 fortune-teller 算命人 tell one's fortune 算命 ☆show up= turn up=appear 出现 Eg:Peter showed up at the party showing off his diamond ring. ☆We've been working on this case very hard two monthes; It's time to get away. adj.年纪渐大的 aged adj. ☆answer the door/the letter for sth. 对...(坏事)负责 ☆Vodka 伏特加酒 饮料 ☆small potato = common people big potato 大人物 ☆I'm not sure that 从句 ☆fatty chance = no way ☆what kind of man 就是 adj. man 前不加 a ☆good-looking 形 容 boy or girl beautifel 形容女孩 what kind of 本身 很客气的拒绝 小人物 alcohol 含酒精的 to answer

pay attentive

☆The solution to pollution is to have fewer cars. ☆Let's pitch our tent here on this level ground. 小聪明 ☆plan on going camping = plan to go camping ☆count 认真追求 chase 为有趣追求 start a campaign 发起一个活动 ☆approximately (写作中) / around / about ☆15.23 fifteen point two three 活动(正式词) 0.027 pitch (动作)搭帐篷 sly = cunning ☆aboriginee 原著居民

handsome

☆That handsome(good) salary comes along with that work. 待遇不错的工作 ☆Usually the oldest child in a family has a strong sense of duty. 责任感 称赞 ☆qualify for vi. He studies English comliment

(暂时)摆脱 get away from it all ☆It takes +表条件的从句(sb./ sth.)+to do 从事….需要…(条件) Eg: It takes imagination to be a writer. 要当作家需要有想像力 ☆make up 构成 = compose 被动:be made up of …= be composed of …=consist of… 由…组成/构成;包 含…

in college, so he qualifies (for this job) as an editor. ☆you’ve get to tell me? 你必须把真像告 诉我. ☆be bound to do 注定 ☆kick the bucket 一命鸣呼 ☆what a jerk! = what a silly guy! 傻子,呆子 jerk

zero point zero two seven. ☆campaign

111 I Want to Marry Your Wife

p.262

Strange people do strange things. Aging German millionaire Walter Thiele certainly fits the bill. Recently, he put advertisements in newspapers to find someone to "look after" his wife and his fortune after he dies. Needless to say, thousands of letters poured in from all over the world. Some young men even showed up at Walter's home. Once, when he opened the door, a young man said, "I want to marry your wife." If you think that's funny, so does Walter. The problem is he isn't getting much sleep. So in order to get away for a while, he's taking his beautiful young wife on a round-the-world trip. Well, I guess it takes all kinds of people to make up the world. ☆He was married(a.) to Jane ten years ago. = He married(vt.) Jane ten years ago. ☆odd ball 怪人,怪胎 millionaire

113 Heavy and Chubby

p.281

112

You've Got to Be Kidding!

p.271

Watch out, all you chubby guys out there! If you continue to overeat, you might be just like Michael Hebrank.

爱说笑

Walter answers the door at his home. (S = stranger; W = Walter) S: Hi! I'm from Russia. My name is Vodka. I want to marry your wife. W: With a name like that, I'm not sure she'll want to marry you. S: So, what kind of man does she like? W: You need to be strong, handsome and have a good sense of humor. S: No problem. I guess I qualify then. W: You've got to be kidding! One look at you and my wife is bound to burst out laughing. S: Where is she anyway? Can I meet her? W: I'm afraid she might kick the bucket before me if she meets you. Goodbye! S: What a jerk!

He's 43 years old. He can't walk. He can stand up for no more than 30 seconds at a time. He has to use an oxygen mask to help him breathe. And he weighs 1,000 pounds(455 kilograms). He once became seriously ill and couldn't get out of the house. In the end, he had to be forklifted out after the front wall of his house was torn down. Poor Michael says, " Once(= as soon as ) I start eating, I can't stop." So if you're on the heavy side, take care lest you (should) become another Michael. ☆obese 肥胖 obesity 肥胖症

jumbo 当

庞然大物,巨无霸 ☆watch out for that car = look out 心

☆overemphasize 过分强调 Diligence in your work can't be overemphasize. “再强调也不为过 再强调也不为过” 再强调也不为过 He’s 43 years of age. ☆He is aged(a.) 43. He’s 43.

If you had come earlier, you would have met her. 3> If you should become bankrupt, I will give you some financial heop. 4> a. If you should come to my hometown, I would throw a big garty. 4>b.

☆make it to + 地主

到达某地

Eg: I make it home from my office today in less that ten minutes. 琼奖

He’s 73 years old.

115. A Very Special Juice 玉液

p.295

☆no/not more than = at most 最多 ☆Only two students can come into the room at a time. 一次 一次只能有两个学生进 来 ☆stand sb. up 失约,爽约,空等 up 站起来 ☆I fell compressed seriously ill with stomach stand

114. Muscular My Foot!

p.290

A Very Special Juice and the Golden Fountain are the titles of two books. They

Jill is talking to her boyfriend, Mack. (J=Jill;M=Mack) J: You'd better watch your diet, Mack. You're getting really fat! M: It's alright. I'm not fat. I'm muscular. J: Muscular my foot! You're flabby. Do you

have sold hundreds of thousands of copies. Can you guess what they are about? They are guides to urine therapy. Don't laugh! Urine is big business these days. There's an annual market of US$500 million for products made from urine. "It's a great aftershave," says one consumer. It's even used in many skin creams and perfumes. Besides, it is widely used as a kind of medicine. Believe it or not, a lady in America says she drinks a glass of urine a day. At this point, you must excuse me ; I have to go to the restroom. ☆lucrative / profitable 有 利 可 图 的 be entitled +书名 ☆juice n. juicy a. 多汁的 what is so special about…? 有什么特别的? ☆hundreds of thousands of 几十万 be

problems after eating Peter's cooking. ☆forklift 叉车 ☆on the heavy side 体重开始偏高 ☆tear up 撕掉 tore/ torn/ tearing Many houses had to be tore down after the earthquake. ☆lest conj.以免 lest he become 注 意不用第三人称单数,因为 he 后面省了 should ☆虚拟语气 虚拟语气 1> 表纯条件: if+主 +现在时 v. ,主+现在 时助动词 (will,can,may,should,must, ought to) + 动原 2> 表与现在事实相反: if +主+过去时 v. , 主+过去时助词 (would, could, might, should, ought to)+动原 3> 表与过去事实相反: if +主+had+过去分词,主+过去时助词 ( would,could,might,should,ought to ) +have+过去分词 4> 表与未来状况相反的虚拟语气: a.高可能:if +主+should+动原,主+现在 现在 时助词(will,can,may,should,must, ought to)+动原 b.低可能:if +主+should+动原,主+过去 过去 时 助 词 ( would,could,might,should,ought to)+动原 If you are broke, you ought to get a job. 如 果你一文不名,你就应该去找工作。 (不 知)1> If I had money, I would buy a house. (现在 没钱) 2> If I were you, I would get merried as soos as possible. (if 从句中有 be,无论第几人 称都用 were) tear down 拆毁 tear/

want to be another Michael Hebrank? M: Are you kidding? That guy weighed 1,000 pounds. He was a couch potato. J: Well, you're not far from that. M: Come on! I'm a big guy. 拜托

J: Well, either you lose weight or I'm out of here. M: Gee, don't you know that the best way to a man's heart is through his stomach? J: Yes. But in your case, there's so much fat around your stomach, (that)I'll never make it to your heart. ☆muscle Moscow 莫斯科 性化的 ☆Nice my foot! 用) 好个头(口语,年轻人 强 健 的 masculine 男

muscular

a guide to 是…的指南 ☆five copies 五 本 相 同 的 书 books 五本不同的书 到 Please copy your passport and give two copies to me. copy vt.副印 n.复本 copy cat 盲目的模仿者 ☆make a guess 猜 ☆tour guide 导 游 annual ☆urine 用语) 意(U) aftershave n. 尿 We made a guess five

Peter is very muscular.

feminine 女性化的

copy to v.复制

….才怪/个屁! to go 节食 skinny 皮包骨 fatty a.脂肪 n.胖子 fattening 令人

☆high blood pressure 高血压 on a diet salt ☆fat n.脂肪 adj.肥胖 发胖的 fatty chance = no way= no deal

where Bill is, because we can't find him. yearly = 须后水 v.小便(医生 business 生

fatty /lean meat 肥/瘦肉

urinate

☆Our company didn't see eye to eye with theirs, so we didn't invest in that company. 与某人看法相同 ☆flabby 松弛的,不结实的 ☆a couch potato--person who looks like a potato,sitting on the couch 电视迷/终日懒 散在家人 a big shot /potato 大人物,大享 ☆be far from + n./a. = be not +n./a. + at all 一点儿也不…,远非

restroom(公共)厕所

☆a business 公司,商行(C)

Business is not so good this year.

☆表示“针对”某一问题或事件的解决方 法,答案和要领,或“通向”之意。 guide / key / road/ answer / soultion/ to …. 之路 ☆ ;= “ ,+ 连词 连词(and, so , but…) ” Eg: He is a man of principle ;we all The road to victory 通向成功

respect him. = , so we all…. He is nice, however, I don’t like him. = He is nice ;however ,… = He is nice , but I …. She is kind, therefore, we all like her. = She is kind ;therefore ,… = She is nice , so I …

以置信的 ☆mind you 告诉你(提醒) your own business. st.自管自吧. Please close your window. Mind you, many people have caught (a.) cold recently. ☆sheer nonsense 语) ☆do sb. a favor naive 天真的(法 帮某人一个忙 Mind

提,关于…. ☆, though 但是” = ad.放句尾 “不过, 句尾 however (一般不放句尾 不放句尾) 不放句尾

118. What a Grouch!

p.315

Barny and Sally are husband and wife. They're having dinner. B: These water dumplings taste like tennis balls. S: But they're your favorite dish! B: Not the way (in which )you cook them. S: Why are you so grouchy?

sophisticated 老于世故的

116.

I Prefer My Own Brand

p.303

be in favor of… 赞同… Jenny and Frank are at a coffee shop. (F=Frank; J=Jenny) F: Did you read about the "special juice," Jenny? J: Yeah. Isn't it disgusting? F: Well, what gets me is how come so many people are using it. J: It's incredible, isn't it? F: Mind you, though(=however), there might be some truth in the matter. J: What? I can't believe what I'm hearing. Are you that(ad.=so) naive? F: I'm not so sure. It might really work. J: Gee, don't tell me (that)you're interested in trying it. F: Why not? J: Tell you what, I've been drinking coffee all morning. I'll do you a favor... F: Thanks, but I prefer my own brand. (They break out laughing/crying.) ☆brand-new rusted ☆read something ☆prefer + 动 名 + to + 动 名 adj. article,book,story... about 哇 Grouchy people are always 117. Cheer Up! p.307 ☆on a shoestring [美口]以极少的资金或 不用资金

B: Why shouldn't I be (grouchy)? I've got a wife who can't cook, my kids are naughty and... S: Hold it a minute. Maybe you are the problem! B: Huh? How could that be? 哈,啊

complaining for no reason. Do you have a husband or boyfriend like that? Is he driving you crazy with his complaints? Don't worry. Cheer up. There's still some hope. A recent medical report says that doctors have found a cure. They say that some men are grouchy because they have a physical problem. In other words, they are sick. They need medical help. So the next time your better half is grouchy, don't just sit there. Take him to the doctor's. There's one strange thing about the report , though. It doesn't say anything about grouchy girlfriends or wives.

S: There might be something wrong with you. You should see a doctor. B: Huh? No way! S: Why not? B: Waiting in doctors' offices makes me grouchy. ☆grouch 相处 grouch. ☆water dumpling 水饺 tasty 好吃的 dish 一道菜 chives 韭菜 associate with 与...

n.vi.

It's hard to associate with a

adj.崭新的

rust

n.vt. ☆cheer up 点吧 ☆down adj.= blue 忧郁 发牢骚的 ☆complain about / of + n./动名 a complaint ☆for no reason 无缘无故的,毫无理由 ☆The kids are crazy about that new singer. ☆therapy v.n. ☆Gee, the sky is dark and it's getting cold and windy. In other words, I think it's n. 治疗 cure sb. of sth. make grouchy 爱 v. 使振奋, 感到振奋 高兴

☆I like the way/how (in which ) she / talks. 引导形容词从句。我好喜欢她说 cook 厨师 话的样子. ☆cooker 电锅 a rice cooker /electric cooker 电饭锅 ☆Mom is cooking dinner. prepare = fix = make ☆sarcasm 讽刺 和的 ☆mischievous 调皮的 鬼 naughty 且慢;等一下 (打断别人的话) 且慢 耐心点 urchin n.淘气 softspoken 说话柔 Etc: cook =

Saul prefers black offee to tea. = prefer to +动原 + rather that +动原 原 I prefer to stay home rather than go to the movie. = prefer to +动原 + instead of + 动名 名 ☆what gets sb. is ….= what puzzles sb. is… 某人感到困惑/不明白的是… ☆I meet at the station. 车站外 外 station. 车站里 里 ☆disgusted disgusting I feel How gross! 好恶心 ...in the

☆Hold it a minute(moment). = Give me a break.

Hold your horses.= Slow down. = Take it easy. ☆nothing / something + wrong / the matter with + with

going to rain. ☆better half 配偶,另一半 ☆the butcher’s 肉店 the barber’s 理发 店 the dentist’s 牙医诊所

disgusted about... (年轻人口语) ☆boul 碗 bowel 上厕所

bowel 大 肠 incredible

move adj.<口>难

☆It doesn’t say anything about…. 只字未

119. Where's the toilet?

p.320

Eg: That is the hilltop where(=on which) You're walking along the street. You need to go to the washroom our school is located. 我们学校座落在那 个山顶上. Everyone likes the way / how he sings. 每个人都喜欢他唱歌的主式。 I don’t know the reason why she in San was fired. 我不知道她被开除的原因。 There are millions of people all over the world who smoke. Most of these smokers have tried to quit smoking at least once in their lives, but in vain. Make no mistake; smoking is addictive. And once you are addicted, it's very difficult to stop smoking. Many people have tried 120. It's Too Late p.328 来不及了 many different ways to kick the habit. None of them is easy. A mother and her child are walking along the street. (C=child; M=mother; W=waiter in a restaurant) C: Mom, I need to go to the washroom. M: Uh-oh! Can't you wait? ☆bathroom (home) John 约翰 lavatory (school, plane, military) john (to youth) C: I can't stand it anymore. M: OK, let's go into this restaurant. Excuse me, but can my son use your toilet? W: Of course not. This is a restaurant, not a public toilet. M: You're so mean. W: Oh, OK. But it'll cost you US$5. have the runs 拉 肚 子 pee 小便, M: What? That's highway robbery. C: Mom, never mind. It's too late. W: Hey, come back here and mop the floor. ☆cannot staand to +动原 / cannot stand + 动名 受不了… scold 责骂 put up with v.忍受, 容忍 ☆to be late for sth. 迟到 gum gym ☆along / down the street 沿着街道 the street 远足 May I walk(vt.) you home? 回家? ☆Uh-huh 我能陪你 告 吧. = yes,right,ok tip sb. +金钱 给某人…小费 ☆once and for all 一劳永逸 never mind. 没关系, but 不 ☆a single cigarette single 强调 method ☆cold turkey 一 劳 永 逸 地 since then 从此后,其后 ☆现在完成时 主 + have / has+过去分 现在完成时 词 “已经 已经…” 已经 1> 表 现 到 现 在 为 止 完 成 的 动 作 / 经验. Let’s take a walk 散步,走开 . 啊 哈 sidewalk 人行道 自动的 up hike ad.绝望的,拼命地, 失望地 toilet 马桶 ☆kick the habit of = get rid of the habit of … 摆脱/除去…的习惯 Smoking ☆do sb. good/harm(n.) will do you harm. Eg: Excerising at least three times a week does everybody good. ☆in vain 徒劳地 (副词短词) 白费了。 ☆give up smoking . addictive 上瘾的 Don’t give up. sb. be addicted to All our work(v.) was in vain. 我们所有的工作都 Take a tip from me. I smoked for twenty-five years. Then one day, I decided to quit cold turkey after trying everything else. It worked. That was two years ago and I haven's smoked a single cigarette since then. Good luck! 121. Kick the Habit p.332

desss...perately. What do you do? If you can't control yourself, you could be embarrassed to no end. Don't worry. Someone

Francisco has invented a self-cleaning public toilet. The toilet cleans itself. The seat goes back into the wall where(=in which) it is washed and blow-dried. Even the floors are washed automatically. You must be quick,though. You've only got 20 minutes to "do your business." Then, there's a 2-minute warning before the door opens. When it does, you'd better be ready or your face will be red!

latrine (军事用语) W.C.(E)= water closet, (A) go to the restroom / toilet / washroom home) ☆to (outside

desperately 撒尿

take a leak 小便(调皮话) dump 大便 ☆droppings 狗的粪便

☆to no end = extremely = infinitely = without end 无止境的,无限的 极为 无止境的,无限的,极为

sth. 对...上瘾,沉溺于… ☆Make no mistake 不要搞错了,你要搞 清楚. ☆ganbling 赌博 chase 追求 ☆take a tip from sb .= take one’s tip 听 从/接受某人的建设/忠告 give sb. a tip /some tips + about / on 就…给某人建议/提示 tip sb. on 就…(方面)给人建议/忠 Take a tip from me. 听众我的忠告

When I found out my friend was dating my girlfriend, I was angry to no end. ☆invent = make up 捏 造 story 编 ☆I bought an umbrella which opens automatically. ☆bashful 害羞的 ☆a piece of glass, two pieces of glass ☆warn sb. not to + 动 原 = warn sb. against + 动名 警告 ☆had better +动原 He had better not get drunk again or else his girlfriend would dump him. ☆where +引导表语从句 = in(大) which = at(小) which = on(地方表面的上面) which “警告某人不要..” warn sb of/about + n. 就…向某人提出 invent a

(when scold sb) Uh-oh! 糟糕 ☆durian 榴莲 不用担心,算了吧 算 ☆I am sorry, but you are wrong. 翻译 ☆mean 多译词,这里"不友善的" “小气 的,很凶的” ☆mop the floor 擦地板

Eg: He has gone on vacation. 他 已经渡假去了. Tom has been to America before. 汤姆以前曾经去过两次 美国. I have read the book twice . 2> 表示从过去某时一直持续到现在 的动作 / 状态. Eg: Carl has worked here for five years. 卡尔已经在这里工作五年 了。 I have studied English since 2002. 3> 现在完成时并不强调时间的明确 性;明确的过去时间副词出现, 时态应用过去时。 Eg: I finished my homework ten minutes age. John graduated from college last year. 4> 现在完成时可以单独使用,过去完 成时则需要与另一过去时或表过去的副 词短语并用,先发生的用过去完成时, 后发生的用简单过去时。 Eg: He has finished painting the house. 他已经油漆完房子了。 He said (that) he had finished painting the house. 他说他已经油漆完房 子了。 5> 瞬间动词,在完成时里不可于表持 续性的时间副词短语并用。 但表持续性动作的动词则可与些 类副词短语并用。 Eg: He has lived here for five years. 他住在这里已经五年了。 (live 是持续性 动词) He has died for five years. 错。 (die 是瞬间动词) He had died. 他死 了。 It is five years since he died=Five years have passed since he died 自他死后已有五年 It is five years since he went to Japen.=Five years have passed since he went to Japan.

C: Benny, your breath smells like an ashtray. You've got to stop smoking! B: I know. I want to, but it isn't easy. C: Why don't you chew gum instead? B: I can't. I've got false teeth. Remember? C: Oh yeah. In that case, how about eating candies? B: If they're as sweet as you, no problem. C: Cut it out, will you? I'm serious. B: Just kidding. Do I get a kiss if I really quit? C: I don't like the taste of ashtrays. Maybe tomorrow if you quit right now. B: OK, you're got a deal. ☆Candy 是 Candice 简称 candy 不说:one candy ☆ceramic metal 金属陶瓷 灰缸 ☆choo 声音词,火车声音 ☆If you swallow too much food, you must choke your throat. ☆You must chew your food well before you swallow it. 食物要细嚼慢咽。 bite off more than one can chew 贪多嚼 不烂;不自量力; 做自己做不了的事 chew over a matter 对事情深思熟虑 chew the fat 聊天;闲扯 chew over 熟思;玩味 ☆a stick of gum = a piece of gum pack of gum ☆fake 假 话 jenuine ☆sweet talk ☆cut it out 甜言蜜语, 奉承巴结 少来这一套(口语) false 人 工 造 的 a ashtray 烟

designed so that it cannot be switched off with a simple push of a button. The clock has several "protective shells." You must open these shells one by one before you can turn off the alarm. If you don't, it'll keep (on) saying,"Good morning...good morning..." So if any of you lazybones need a morning call that really gets you out of bed, this clock might be just the thing for you. ☆Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. "Honesty is the best policy." so goes an old saying. 诚实是上策 俗话/ ” “俗话/谚语说 得好) 俗话 (得好) ☆There is an old saying, = as an/the old saying goes,

a piece of

= as an/the old saying puts it, = so goes an old saying ☆night owl 夜 猫 子 , 猫 头 鹰 sit up 熬夜 nocturnal 夜的

☆I am in the habit of skipping breakfast. ☆alarm clock 闹钟 9:00 设闹钟 火警 ☆They came into the room one by one. 一个接一个 ☆tweak 关 ☆be protective of 保护… protect … from 保护…免于… ☆be just the thing for sb. 正是某人所需 要的 ☆keep (on) doing = go on doing 做… ☆so that, in order that 如此,以便 副 词连词,引导状语从句,从句中通常有 many,can,will. 主,从句中主语相同,主语可改写为 so that / in order that + 动原. 继续 vt. 抓, 捏 拧, (耳朵、 鼻子等) 关掉/打开…的开 ☆switch /turn off / on set the clock for alarm bell 警钟 fire alarm

☆It's a deal. = Deal. ☆more than one can help [用于否定句]过 份, 太多

123. Early to Bed, Early to Rise

p.346

"Early to bed, early to rise," so goes an old saying. But how many of us are in the habit of doing that?Not many, I bet. Most of us need an alarm clock to wake us up. But even that doesn't always work. It's

I came so that / in order that I might see Helen. = I come so that/ in order that see helen. John quickly finidhsed his homework so that/in order that he could go out to play. Tell me how to do it so that / in order that I will not make the same mistake again.

122 Candy Helps?

too easy to punch the off button and fall asleep again.

Candy is trying to get her boyfriend Benny to quit smoking. (C=Candy; B=Benny)

The Lazybones Alarm Clock may be the solution to our problem. It's specially

124 Don't Be a Lazybones

p.355

工作 John regrets not studying harder when he was young. 约翰后悔年轻时不用功 点。 remember to + 动原 “记得要去做…” remember doing “记得做过…” “ 忘 了 要 …” forget to + 动 原 forget doing

人生厌 ☆thank sb. for sth. 感谢某人某事 ☆if 取代 whether 的用法. 是否” “是否 是否 1> whether 引导名词从句,做主语 为虚词 It 取代时,此时 whether 可用 if 代替。 Eg:Whether the jury’s decision was right or not it still debatable. = It is still debatable

Daisy and Herbie are chatting. (D=Daisy; H=Herbie) D:How come you were late for school again this morning, Herbie?Didn't you just buy a lazybones Alarm Clock? H: Yes, I did. D: Did you forget to set it? H: No, I didn't. D: Didn't it wake you up? H: It sure did. D: So what happened? H: I had a hard time switching the alarm off, so I gave up. D: What do you mean you gave up? H: I threw it out the window and went back to sleep. ☆be on the ball 留心 ☆bashful = shy ☆junk food 无营养食物,垃圾食品 ☆Rita called me last night and had a pleasent chat. chatterbox 唠叨的人 ☆Fish are bony. 多刺/多骨的鱼 (内) This rose have too many prickers. (外) skinny, bony 人 皮 包 骨 的 thorny matter 棘手的问题 三角恋爱 ☆set for 设置未来的时间 I set/ made an appointment with the dentist for ten tomorrow morning. 我跟牙医约定好明天十点钟见面。 Are you ready to go on picnic? Yes, I am all set. 准备好了 Get ready, get set, go. 各就各位, 预备, 预备 开始 go ☆wake woke woken, waked waked barking 狗 叫 chirping 鸟 叫 声 a

“忘了曾…”

125. Partying with Foreigners

p.360

whether(=if)

the jury’s decision

was right or not. Partying is fun. But have you ever been invited to a party by a foreigner? What should you wear? Should you bring anything? If so,what? Don't worry. Today we are going to give you some tips about partying with foreigners. First, you should ask if(=whether) it is a formal or casual party. Then you will know what to wear. It's as simple as that. At a casual party, it is customary to bring a bottle of wine or some other refreshment. It is not considered polite to bring someone along with you unless you first ask your host. At more formal parties like birthdays, a small gift will be sufficient. Giving money would cause some embarrassment. Finally, never overstay your welcome. When it's getting late, it's time to thank your host for a wonderful evening and say good night. ☆party with sb. 与 某 人 开 派 对 同 乐 throw/ hold / have a party 举行派对 ☆Young kids like to party all night. ☆party school 混日子的学校 casual ☆inviite sb. to +场所 ☆hospitable 好客的 邀请某人到某地 ☆fun person 不同于 funny person hospitality n. ☆if so 果真如些的话,… ☆It is customary to +动原 …是惯例/习 俗 ☆along with 连同...一起, 随同...一起 ☆tuxedo 燕尾服 衣 ☆liquor 烈酒 心,饮料 ☆overstay one’s welcome 逗留过久而惹 refreshment 点 suit = business suit pajamas 睡 ☆compliment 道贺 wanna = want to compliment sb. on sth. 称赞某人某事 ☆make it 成功 sb. can make it 某人可 以参加(某活动等) gonna = be going to an evening gown 晚礼服 formal Candy goes to Dan's casual party. Dan's her American friend. C: Hi, Dan! D: Hi, Candy! Glad you could make it. C: I wouldn't miss your party for the world. 我绝对不会错过你的派对. 我绝对不会错过你的派对 126. Wanna Dance? p.368 2> whether 引导的名词从句若作介词 作介词 的宾语时, 此时 whether 不可被 IF 取代。 的宾语 Eg: departure depends on if the Our weather will clear up tomorrow. 3> whether 引导名词从句若置于 be 动 词后作主语补足语时,此时 whether 不 词后作主语补足语 可用 if 代替。 Eg: The question is whether the boss will approve this idea (or not).

triangle love

D: Thanks for the compliment. C: Here, I brought some beer and a bottle of wine. D: That's great, Come on in. I want you to meet some of my friends. C: OK. D: Hey, everybody. This is Candy. Candy, uh... this is everybody. (Everyone laughs as they continue to dance.) C: Hey, don't let me interrupt. D: Wanna dance? C: Uh...how about some wine first? I need to get in the mood. D: Sure thing. (= of course.) )

wake up to 认识到,意识到 ☆I had a hard time (in) interpreting for Peter. 绝 Or: trouble, difficulty throw up 抛弃,拒 v.伸出, 扔掉, v.(从...)扔开, 去掉(伪装), ☆to throw up 呕吐 throw out throw off

摆脱掉, 散发出 ☆regret to + 动原 “抱歉要去做某事”

regret doing “后悔曾经” I regret to inform you that you didn’t get the job. 抱歉要通知你,你没有得到这份

☆not…for the world = not …for anything = not … at all “绝不可能…” be in a 有心情做… ☆get in the mood 培养情绪 good/bad mood 心情很好/不好 be in the mood to +动原 be in the mmod for + n. ☆draft beer 生啤酒 ☆attention, halt ☆sure thing 当然 swell

坚称… ☆pun 双关语 ☆be in for sth. 必定会遭遇到… ☆to be ripped off 被骗了 take sb. for a ride 欺骗某人 ☆pose a threat to … 对…构成威胁 ☆had no choice but to + 动原 除了…外, 别无选择 = have no alternative but to + 动原 = have on option but to +动原 Florine is in a taxi. driver) F: Hey, driver, are we going (in) the right way? T: Of course. (do)You think I'm cheating you? F: Well,it seems like an awfully long ride. (after a while) Driver, how come your meter is running so fast? Is it out of order? T: Hey, lady, if you think I'm cheating you, you can get out. luggage F: OK. I think I'll do just that. Stop the taxi. T: Sorry, I can't. We're on the highway. You can get out if you like, but I can't stop. three times 三 two-thirds 三 two-fifths 五 F: I'm going to report you to the police. T: Ha!Ha! That's what they all say. (They one-third 三分之一倍 分之二倍 one-fifth 五 分 之 一 倍 分之二倍 ☆1>倍数词 + as … as… 是…的几倍 Eg:He is five times as rich as I . 他的 财富是我的五倍. This car is three times as expensive as that one. 三倍. 2>More that + 倍数词 + as .. as… 是…的几倍还不止 Eg: I am more that three times as old as he. 我的年龄是他的三倍还不止. Hugo is more that twice as heavy as his brother. 雨果的体重是他弟弟的两 倍还不止. 3> 倍 数 词 + 定 冠 词 the / 所 有 格 (his,her,my) / 指 示 形 容 词 (this, 这部车的价钱是那部车的 ☆Every Sunday afternoon our family go for a ride to the countryside. 开车兜风 ☆The airplane is taxiing on the runway. 滑行 ☆You have a gold heart. 善心 go over ☆cheat sb 欺骗 忠 cheat on sb. 对...不 cheat sb. out of +钱 骗某人钱 wanton a.荒 wander arrive.) See you. F: I don't ever want to see you again. T: Same here. furniture 家具 (F=Florine; T=taxi 128. A Long Ride p.385 长路漫漫

127. A Shocking Experience

p.373

Eg: The bankrupt has no choice but to borrow more money from the bank.

Taking a taxi in a certain Eastern European country can be a shocking experience. It is said that some taxi drivers have metal wires stuck into the passenger seats. And when a button is pushed, the seat will give you an electric shock. These taxi drivers don't do this for fun. They do it to tourists who argue about the ridiculous fares they charge. Some drivers charge as much as ten times the legal fare. They have a secret switch which makes the meters run faster. If you refuse to pay, you are really in for a shock. In one case, a German woman had no choice but to pay US$120 for a US$20 ride from the airport. She said that she was "really taken for a ride," but what could she do? Besides the electric shock,she was verbally abused and threatened with 据 倍 ☆ U

The bank robber had no option but to surrender. garbage 垃 圾 junk

information

equipment 设 备 , 装 备 evidence 证 advice 忠告,建议 ☆half 一半 twice 两倍

physical violence. She has only one piece of advice to tourists: "Take the bus or stay at home." ☆be shocked at / by 对…感震惊 ☆Tom has much experience in teaching, so the students like him very much. or: Tom is experienced in .... ☆take bus/taxi/train/plane ☆stick A into B 把 A 插 进 B 里 面 electric shock 电击 ☆faint look into the mirror telephone 拨 号 电 话 push 按 ☆rotary(dial)

☆rambling rose 水性扬花 唐的 n.水性杨花

two-tiner

☆be out of order --- TV, airconditioner, refrigirator 机器故障 故障,坏了 ☆report sb./sth. to the police (department) 将某人/某事报警处理 ☆pull over v.把...拉过来, 靠岸, 开到路 边 ☆where to ? hop in -- get in 进来 上/下轿车,出租车 ☆Same here. 彼此彼此, 我也一样 ☆get in / out of (小交通工具) get on / off 飞机 (大) 上/下公共汽车,火车,船, break down (车辆)

that,these,those) + n. “是…的几倍 是 的几倍 的几倍” Eg:This river is ten times the length of the Tamsui River. 这条河的长度是台湾 河的十倍长. The basketball play er is (more that) twice my height. 4>more than +倍数词+定冠词 the /所有 格 (his,her,my) / 指 示 形 容 词 (this, that,these,those) + n. argue that… “是…的几倍还不止 是 的几倍还不止 的几倍还不止”

push-button telephone ☆as much as ☆fare 车费 多达

☆He charge me ten dollars. 他向我收费 for fun 为了好玩/乐趣 争论

the legal fare 合法的车费 ☆argue about/ over

129. Dog Days Off

p.390

人. Have you ever made an excuse for not going to work? I guess most people have. But have you ever called in for a day off because your dog is sick? I bet you haven't. Most people wouldn't have the guts. However, some companies in New Zealand find this as an acceptable reason for taking a day off. It is counted as paid sick leave. The reason, they say, is simple: "A sick dog is as much a dependant as a sick child." That makes plenty of sense, doesn't it? This is now known in New Karen calls the manager for a dog day off. (K=Karen; M=manager) K: Hello, Mr.Fu? M: Yes. This is he. K: Uh... I'm calling to ask for a day off. M: What's the matter? Are you sick again? K: No. Um...actually it's my dog.I think it's that time of the month.I've got to take her to the vet. M: I guess it's OK. But I didn't know dogs had periods. K: They sure do. By the way, if she gets pregnant, do I get two months off? ☆I have three days off. 有空 tomorrow off. 我明天有空. ☆Mary made an excuse for not doing her homework;she said she had a headache 为…找/编籍口 找 编籍口 ☆call in for 为…而找电话到(公司,单位) 来 ☆a day off 请/放一天假 +off 请几天假 请病假 take personal leave 请 ask for +天数 ☆Don't be slave to money. ☆Don't boss me around. vt.指挥 boss the house 做一家之长 Who is bossing this job? 谁在指挥这个 工作 ? ☆go to bed late 晚上睡得晚 late 睡过头, 迟起 ☆euphemism n.委婉的用词 ☆period n.时期, 学时, 节, 句点, 周期, (妇女的)经期 经期 at stated periods 相隔一定时期, 在一 定时期 for a period of time 一段时间; 一个时 期 ☆vet 是 thug 真流氓,暴徒 被算为是… be 和…一 一 veterinarian 简 称 兽医 to sleep I have M: Do you want permanent leave? K: Uh...what do you mean? 130. An Inch Given,a Mile Taken 得寸进尺 p.398

direct you to the Lost and Found department. In most cases, they'll find your luggage. But you must not forget one thing when you're at the check-in counter. Make sure (that)you get a baggage check stub. Without it, the airline will have great difficulty helping you. (Are you) Worried about what to say at the Lost and Found? Well, tune in tomorrow and listen to someone who has just lost his luggage. ☆in recent years/months +现在完成时/现 在完成进行时. latly/ of late

Zealand as "dog days off." I wonder what the bosses in China will say if someone calls in for a dog day off.

Eg:Recently business has been very 最近的生意很好. good. 最近 Lately it had been getting colder. 最近天气翕愈变愈冷了. Recently John quite his job. 最近 约翰把工作辞了. soon / in the near future +将来时 Eg:I will go to see you soon. The education system will change in the near future. ☆lost and found department/ section ☆comedy -- funny movie 好 indeed 的确 hobby 嗜

ask for leave / take sick leave/ be on sick leave 事假 ☆I can tell you for sure that you'll going to fail if you don't study hard. ☆Bill didn't have the guts to break up with his girlfriend. 勇气 分手 have the nerve /courage/guts to +动原 动原 有胆子/勇气 有胆子 勇气…. 勇气 ☆to keep mug company 陪伴 ☆rascal 小霸王 ☆be counted as …

☆beware of dogs 永 远 用 在 命 令 句 中 “小心恶犬” “当心,提防” You girls should beware of strangers. 你们女孩子应该提防陌生人 You must beware of pickpockes in crowded places. ☆carry-on luggage ☆check-in 登 记 a.手提的 check-in counter 在

不说:check-out counter ☆in most cases/situations/occasions 某种情况/场合 ☆(water) basin 洗脸盆 直接到… ☆make sure + (that 简单现在时/现在完 成时) “务必 确定 务必,确定 务必 确定” go straight to …

pregnant adj.怀孕的,孕育的 ☆hoof, hooves pl. 蹄 ☆by the way = incidentally ☆sack = fire 解雇 permanent 永久的 p.402 失物招领

☆be dependent on … 依 赖 … independent of … 脱离…而独立 ☆be as much + a/an + n. + as… 样是… 样是

131. Lost and Found

Make sure you mail the letter, Tom. In recent years, going abroad for a holiday has almost become a national pastime. Traveling is indeed fun. But those so…that of you traveling for the first time beware! What should you do if you lose your How luggage? Don't panic. Just go straight to the airline you're traveling with. They'll Make sure (that) you come on time for the meeting. 务必准时来开会。 Make sure you have written your name on the exam paper before handing it in. ☆stub 存根 as on 关于 one airline, two 不说: airline company ☆airline 航 空 公 司 airlines

Eg: Mr. Chen is as much a teacher as his father was. 陈先生和他父亲一样都是老 师. as + a. +a/an + n. + as… such…that… too…to…

How + a. + a/an +n!

considerate a man he is ! 他真是个体贴的

☆tune in 收听 锁定电台

stay tuned

继续收听/

world smiles with you." These are the words taken from an old song. These words must have given Tomoji Kondo a

time. OK? S: OK. Gud-e-va-ling! (Good evening!) How's that? T: I haven't got a clue what you're saying. S: Thank you. Ha!Ha!Ha! ☆on earth = the hell = in the world ☆laugh one’s head off 笑破肚皮 ☆accent 口音 pronunciation 发音 ☆hospitable 好客的 ☆It works. 真的很有效! 你怎么说. Whatever 随 Anyway 无论如何. 如何,怎么样啊 heavy Chinese accent

132. What's in the Bag?

p.412

bright idea. He started smiling classes. Now, they're all over Japan. People from

Mr.White is at the Lost and Found. He's talking to one of the clerks there. (W=Mr.White; C=clerk) W: Excuse me. I couldn't find my luggage at the carousel. C: OK. Come with me, please. See if (=whether) you can find it in this room. W: (after a while) It doesn't seem to be here. C: In that case, do you have your baggage check stub with you? W: Yes. Here you are. C: OK. I'm afraid you'll have to fill out this form. W: OK...(He looks at the form.) Hey! Wait a minute. How can I remember every item (that) I have in the bag? C: Why not? It's your luggage, isn't it? You should know what's in it. W: Can you tell me everything you have in your pockets right now? C: Uh...Um...OK, smart aleck! Just write down what you can remember. ☆Don't let the cat out of the bag. 不要认 他人知道,泄露秘密 ☆doggie bag 食物袋 ☆be slave to 不要做钱的奴隶. ☆carousel 行李输送带 fill out/in 填妥/写 刻 ☆Here you are. = Here you go. /拿去吧 了 There you go again.犯了同样的错/老 毛病又犯了。 ☆jot down 略记 写下/抄下… ☆smart aleck n.自作聪明的人 write /jot / take down 在这儿 Here we are.我们到了/ 找到 ☆just in case 以防万一 while = time inem 项目 right now 立 s // t p k

all walks of life, aged 20 to 83, attend these classes. As you enter the class, you must shout out, "Konbanwa!"(Good evening!) as

loudly and cheerfully as possible. Then you're supposed to make direct eye contact and smile as you shake hands with your classmates.No Laughing is bowing not is necessary. either.

allowed,

According to Kondo, smiling immediately makes you fell better. Sound like a good idea? Why not give it a try? ☆go bananas = go nuts = go crazy ☆must have 一定曾经做过 ☆bristling = difficult ☆Smile is the best medicine for your health. ☆contagious 传染的 ☆all over +地方 酷你极娃 白天好

How's that?

☆ridicule 嘲笑(正式词) ☆Good evening. 见面时(6:00 – 9 :00) Good night. 离开时 晚安 (6:00 or late) ☆wall flower 无人邀请跳舞的女孩 ☆clue to + n./动名

135. The Roaring Englishman

p.429

A strange thing happened in London recently. A large number of Englishmen started roaring and eating food off the floor.

某处到处 This cheap

pen is for sale all over town. ☆seasoned traveller 老 道 的 游 客 walks of life 各行各业 ☆attend to your studies 该” 注意 ☆should = be supposed to 更委婉 “应当/ must / have to 语气最强 ☆give it a shot /try all

They were behaving like a pack of lions. No, they weren't going bananas. They were normal people like you and me. But they watched a "therapist" on a daytime TV show. They were convinced by him that roaring is good for you. "Roaring helps people who are uptight to relax," he

Don’t be slave to money. 134. Konbanwa, Everybady! p.426

said. The "therapist" turned out to be a

Sato, a Japanese student, goes to a smiling class in Beijing. S: (S=Sato; T=teacher) evali-badi!

hoaxer. He goes around the world playing tricks on people. It's all for fun. So if you don't want to feel like a fool, watch out! You can't always believe what you see, read or hear. ☆roaring a./n. at me. monster

Konbanwa,

(everybody!)(The whole class laughs.) Ha!Ha!Ha! T: What on earth is that? S: Wow! You see. It works. My classmates are so happy (that)they're laughing their heads off. T: They're laughing at you, Mr.Shatou. S: No,no,no. My name is Sato,not

roar n./vi.

He roared

☆happen = take place = occur 发生 vi. 不能用被动 ☆a large number/small of+复数可数名词 a large/small amount of+不可数名词 adj. (如果做主语 复可 复数动词 不 如果做主语, 复可+复数动词 复数动词;不 如果做主语 Anyway, try to 单数动词.) 可+单数动词 单数动词 Eg: A large number of students play

Shatou.(The class laughs again.) I think 133. Smile, Everybady! p.416 they're laughing at you. T: Whatever (you say)! "When you're smiling,the whole

just say, "Good evening!" in English next

soccer in our school. A small smount of this poison is enough to kill you the number of +复数可数名词 数目” the amount of +不可数名词 数量” (做主语.of+n.为介词短语做 adj 用.修 饰前面的 mumber/amount,故之后的动词 要用单数.) Eg: The number of people (who are) present is quite large. The amount of money you have is not enough for the trip. The amount of his remarks is that ... 他的话总的意思是... ☆a flock of sheep, a school of fish, a herd of cattle, a swarm of bees, a colony of ants , a pack of wolves/lions. “一群 一群” 一群 ☆tense 紧张的 defensive 防卫性的 “…的 “…的

136. Letting off Steam

p.437

job is done. For those of you who don't know

An Englishman is at home with his girlfriend. (E=Englishman; G=girlfriend) G: Have you gone mad? Why are you roaring your head off like a lion? E: Rrrrr...ah! G: Hey, have you gone off your rocket or what? Cut that out! E: I'm letting off steam. The guy on TV said it's good for me. G: Oh, really? Meowww! Meowww! E: Hey, what are you doing? G: The girl on the radio said meowing like a cat helps to cure indigestion. E: Come on, that's absurd. You can't believe everything people say, you know. G: Look who's talking! E: Uh...OK, wise guy. You win. ☆let off = release That busy businessman let off steam by playing tennis three times a week. 散发多 多 rapist 强奸犯 余精力 ☆be mad at 对 ... 愤 怒 about 对...疯狂 ☆go off one's rocket = go crazy 精神失常, 神智不清 使某人相信 ☆cut it/that out = stop it ☆spirits 话是谁说的. ☆groceries 部,里面) 杂货 doubtful 不说: in the radio(在内 on TV 不说:on the TV adv.永久的 ☆on the radio 确信… = let up = stop or what? 还是…/还是怎么了? Look who's talking! 你瞧这 be mad

what to say to the barber, just remember the two S's--short and simple.When I was abroad, it always worked. Don't forget to give the barber a tip before you leave, though. It's their custom. If you don't, make sure (that) you don't go back or you might get something else cut as well. ☆as simple as ABC = as easy as pie that's it 就这样,就这么简单 ☆clinic = doctor's office barber ☆I have a scar on my scalp. ☆How on earth do I know? 我怎么晓得 ☆all the time = always 总是 ☆barbershop, barber's shop and barber's beauty salon / parlor 美容院 wig 假发 ☆I want to have my hair shaved. 理光头 have my hair trimed 理/修一下 left/right part on the hair 做分头 the middle part on the hair 中分头 hairdo=hairstyle 发型 braid 辫子 bald 秃头 ☆I don't want my fancy hair cut. ☆I can finish the word in two hours. 这工 作两小时内完成. afte 两小时后 That customer ☆reply (vt) + that razor 刮胡刀 in hairstylist =

☆at the drop of the/a hat 马上,很乐意地, 随时,突然的 = suddenly ☆lunatic hoax 哄骗 ☆turned out to be + n. 结果竟是… ☆play a trick/joke on sb. 捉弄某人 ☆watch out (for) 小心,提防 ☆I conveined.= I believe. 1>convince sb. that / of +n. /承认… Eg:The lawyer convined the jury of his client’s innocence. How can we convince him that he’s wrong? 2>be convinced(a.) that/of + n. sure 承认 Eg: Are you convinced of his sincerity? 你相信他的诚意吗? We are convinced that Mr. Brown would never do such a thing. 3>convincing 的 Eg: The reason Frank gave for being late was very convincing. 4>convince sb. by sound arguments 以理 服人 be half convinced 充分相信[半信] a.令人信服的,能说服人

replied that the price was too high. reply (ti.) to +n./doing replied to his letter? ☆…at well = …, too 也… either ☆would like to +动原 想要…(某物)… Eg: How would you like your steak done? 想要… 否定句用 Have you

☆The pot is calling the caddle. 半斤八两 ☆for good = forever

would like +宾+ a. /过去分词/介词短语

137. Going to the Barber's (shop) p.441

I would like it well done/ mediume /medium rare/ rare. 全/七/五/三

In the old days, going to the barber's was as simple as ABC. You sit down, he barber cuts your hair, you pay, you leave and that's it. Nowadays, the hairstylist will ask you how you would like your hair done.How on earth do I know? I'm no barber. So what do I do? I go to the same guy all the time. As soon as he sees me, he says, "Same as before?" I reply with a smile, "Yes, please." In twenty minutes the

How would you like your coffee? I would like it black / with cream and no suger/ whith sugar only / with sugar and cream, please

138. Don't Catch a Cold

p.449

Angela bumps into her old friend, Ben, on the street. A: Hey, Ben, you look as if you need a

haircut. B: Yeah, I will be wearing pigtails soon if I don't get my hair cut. But I hate going to the barber's. A: Why don't you get a crew cut? That way you won't need to go to the barber's so often. B: Better still, maybe I should go around bald, right? A: Hey! That's cool! B: You bet! That'll be so cool (that) I might catch a cold. A: No problem. Just wear a wig. B: You know, Angela, you do( 强 调 ) actually have a sense of humor. A: Well, when it comes to talking about your hair, what could be funnier? B: Get out of here, you clown! ☆wonder drug 万灵丹 患病 ☆bloodshot 充 血 的 nose.流鼻涕 状 ☆I had a haircut yesterday. 的确 ☆ponytail 马尾辫 pigtails 几个辫子 braid 编辫子 weave/woven ☆hate to do = hate doing dislike bet! 当然 clown 小丑 ☆sb. go around + a. 以…状态到处跑. The crazy man went ground naked. ☆get out of here = cut it out 少来了,胡说, 去你的 ☆when it comes to +n./doing, 主 + 动 “说到…,…” Eg:When it comes to cooking, my mom’s the best. I bet.我打赌 crew cut 小平头 ☆flat top 大平头 You actually sneeze 打喷嚏 cough I have runny symptom 症 run at the nose 流鼻涕

make

fancy

movements

with

their

140. Going Bananas in Bangkok p.463

white-gloved hands. Everyone agrees they help ease tension on the roads. And because they make people smile and feel happy, the image of Bangkok policemen has improved by leaps and bounds. As a result, motorists have become more Gary and Carrie are driving in the streets of Bangkok. C: Hey, Gary! Take a look at that cop. He's gone bananas. G: No, he hasn't. He's dancing and directing traffic at the same time. C: How ridiculous! He's causing a traffic jam. Because everyone's looking at him, the traffic is almost at a standstill. G: That's not his fault. The traffic almost always moves at a crawl anyway. C: In that case, I'm going to join him. ☆light / heavy traffic ☆stand a chance (of) 拥有机会, 有...的 希望 的希望 By studying hard, you stand a good stand no chance of +doing 没有... G: Hey, come back, Carrie. Don't do that. (Carrie dances with the cop.) C: This is fun! Look, other people are joining us. G: What a mess! ☆alert 警觉 = on the ball 灵, 留心, 勤奋, 有见识 ☆take/have a look at 瞧 一 瞧 ridiculous adj.荒谬的, 可笑的 ☆lose one's mind 两旁 也不为过 ☆You aren't sober, because you drunk. 清 醒的 = in ☆insane 疯狂的 ☆a traffic jam 可数 (jammed = sticky 粘) traffic congestion 不可数(抽象) n.拥塞, 充血 ☆Recently our business is at a standstill; we have no new order(定单). a./n.停顿 traffic still life n.静物 ☆Still water runs deep.= An empty vessel makes the most sound . 大智若愚 ☆moves at a crawl 行动慢如爬行 ☆join sb. in doing 加入某人做… ☆This is fun! 好好玩哟! ☆be (in) a mess = be messy 一 团 糟 My room is in a mess. ☆be one’s fault 是某人的错 be at fault = be wrong =be in the wrong 有错 find fault with sb. 挑剔某人, 对某人吹 毛求疵 captious 虽然很怪异. 不能自制 on the street 路 ☆in the street 路中间

cooperative and understanding. Odd as it may be, it seems to work. Don't forget to also keep your eye on the road, though. If you don't, you might cause an accident. You can be sure the cops won't be dancing then.

catch a disease

chance to pass that test. direct traffic 指挥交通

v.很有可能 adv.<口>机

☆dance to the music with a partner destination ☆entertainer -- amuse someone 艺 人 entertain sb. with … 以…招待/娱乐某人 ☆fancy 漂 亮 的 twist 扭 转 汽车驾驶人 ☆toss and turn 辗转反侧 ☆tense a.紧张的 n.语法时态 ☆leaps and bounds 突飞猛进 ☆spoil one's image 形象 ☆as a resul/consequencet motorist

coomperative a.协作,合作

You can't be too careful.再小心

consequence = consequently = therefore 结果,因此 ☆keep one’s eye on 注视,监视,留心 Eg:Keep an eye on your children while you are cooking in the kitchen. ☆accident 意 外 事 件 accident 车祸 ☆Odd(a.) as(=though) it may be = Though it may be odd

1>Though it looks strange(a.) = stranger as(=though) it looks 虽然看起来很怪.

139. The Dancing Cop

p.455

2>Though it may be unusual (a.) = ususual as(=though) it may be, his method

Do you want to be a traffic cop in Thailand? Are you a good dancer? If you aren't, you won't stand a chance. Traffic cops in Thailand dance as they direct traffic. These cops are good entertainers. They twist and turn and

is very effective. 他的方法虽然不寻常,但很见效. Though it ran fast (ad.) = Fast as(=though) ran, he lose the race. 虽然它 跑的快,但还是输了。

141. Men or Monkeys?

P.467

☆incident 事件 No matter what anybody says, there's no telling how man came into existence. But some people insist that through evolution human beings came from apes. A recent incident seems to support such a suggestion. A three-year-old boy fell from a height of 18 feet into an area where gorillas were kept in a zoo. On seeing this, a 150-pound gorilla came to his rescue. To everyone's astonishment, it picked up the boy, cradled him in its arms and brought him to the zookeepers. While zoogoers screamed in horror, the gorilla showed maternal behavior and even protected the child from other gorillas. The boy survived and the gorilla was given an award. This incident had many people asking,"Could it be that humans do have a special bond with apes?" Whatever(=no matter what) the answer may be, there's no denying the resemblance between men and monkeys. ☆fool/goof/horse/monkey around ☆No matter 无论 v.闲混 “一…就…” 一 就

gorilla 大猩猩

☆at the zoo 在动物园/门口 zoo 在里面 ☆godness,gosh 不大写 ☆ape 猿 的猩猩 paternal cradle chimp 小的猩猩 orangutan n.猩猩

in the

☆On(Upon) seeing my father, I ran away. 一看到

As soon as /The moment /The instant /Once +主+动词 动词,主句 动词 ☆deform 变形 vt. 紧抱 ☆to my happing to my regret ☆go to rescue = com to one’s rescue 赶来 营救某人 ☆give sb. an award for sth. 因某事而颁 奖给某人 be awarded sth. 获颁某物 sd. sth. 颁给某人某物 会不会有可能是/是不是因 award to his angry 令 … reform 改革 父爱的 maternal love 母爱的

gorilla 大

☆It's no use doing... ☆Mayday (飞行员)help ☆cool off = cool down 平静下来 ☆The collar of your colour is white. ☆make it snappy = hurry up = get cracking 快一点 ☆Take a picture of sb. 拍某人的照片 let’s pose for a picture. pose. ☆pose 摆姿势 构成威胁 ☆give me a break 拜托 ☆cut/knock that/it out 闭嘴,别说了 ☆grin 露齿笑 pose threat to 对... Give me a good

☆Could it be that she is on the date with Jack? 为…? ☆bond = relation 和…有联系/关系 ☆bear a close resemblance to sb. 和某人 极相似/共同这处 have a bond with…

143. How to Improve Your Writing Skills p482

By the time you reach this page, you 142. Say Cheese p.478 will have studied 142 lessons of this book. You will have learned many new words, A boy and a girl are at the zoo. (B=boy; G=girl) B: Oh, my God! That kid just fell and one of the gorillas is walking toward him quickly. Call the zookeeper! G: It's no use doing that. It's too late. One of the gorillas got him. B: Oh no! Help! Help! G: Hey! Wait a minute. The gorilla is carrying him to the gate. B: Wow! That's cool! G: Hurry! Take a picture of this. B: That's a good idea. 坚信… 坚信 (从句用 G: Look, the gorilla's actually posing for us. B: Isn't she cute? Come on, gorilla, say cheese. G: Cut that out, will you? Do you think it understands English? B: Look! It's smiling! ☆stinky ☆cheese 发 (照相时) 茄子 臭 的 ☆spoken English 口语英语 English 写作英语 ☆be skillful in carpentry. 精于 wirtten idioms, sentence structures and quite a bit of grammar. You will have come to a stage where(=at with) you might be asking yourself, "How much have I improved, if(I have improved ) at all?" Why not give yourself a simple test? Read a short text. Read it carefully, then try to rewrite what you have just read, in your own words. After that, compare what you have written to(with) the text. This is called paraphrasing. In face, it is a good way to improve your writing skills.

No matter what 开始存

anybody says. 无论任何人怎么说? ☆came into existence/being 在,问世,成立 ☆There’s no telling… = It is impossible to tell… 我们无法知道…,没有人知道…

= No one can tell… = No one knows There’s no denying = It is impossible to deny… 没有人可以否认…, 无可否认…. = No one can deny… There's no

denying that honest is the best policy. There’s no +动名…=It is impossible to +动原… 做…是不可能的,无人能…. =No one can +动原 ☆1>vt. instist that 一般时态) firmly believe 坚定的

writing skills He is skilled in goof around

Eg : Her family insists that she is innocent. 2>意志动词 instist that +(should)+ 意志动词 ( ) 坚持(要求 要求)…. 动原 坚持 要求 Eg: insist that Jack come to work on I time. 3>insist(vi.) on + 动名 坚持 坚持… Eg:The teacher insists on having : weekly tests. 那位老师坚持每周周考 那位老师坚持每周周考.

carperter 木匠

☆By the time + 状语从句 “到...时候” by the way 随便 1> By the time +主+现在时动词, 主 语+ 将来进行时/将来完成时/将 来完成进行时. 2> By the time +主+过去时动词, 主 语+过去完成时(had+ved.)

tofu,dofu,doufu,beancuid 豆腐

Eg: By the time his graduates, I will be working already. By the time Nick called, we had already gone out. ☆quite a bit of + 不可数 = quite a lot of 相当多的… ☆kick the bucket 俏皮话 正式写作 “过世” pass away

encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓 励 某 人 encourage a man to work better 鼓励一个 人更好地工作 be encouraged by 受...鼓励[鼓舞] ☆ma'am 女 老 师 hobby well 嗯 essay 专文 Opportunity ☆article 文章 madam(e)( 英 )

= have the habit of +动名 = make it a rule to +动原 ☆timing 时间选择,适时,时间的安排 time vt. 安排...的时间,记录...的时间,计 时,定时 Timing is very important. 安排好时间 很重要. The plane is timed(vt.) to take off at 10:00 am. 这班飞机按时刻表早上十点 该机会. ☆perform one’s duty 尽 某 人 的 责 任 . do well 表现良好 ☆at work 中 在工作中 at play 在玩乐 在做礼拜 brief sb. on 没有什么好损 guitar 吉它 拉

☆opportunity = chance

☆I've received a sentence(n.) of five years. 我被判五年徒行。 He was sentenced(v.) to(prep.) death. 被判死刑 a life sentence sentenced for thief “如果有 如果有…” 如果有 无期徒刑 因盗窃罪被判刑 be

knocks, but once. 机会只有一次 Don't take that chance. = Don't take risks. 冒险 on one occasion 曾经, 有一个时候 ☆behind – butt behind (俚)屁股 sit on one’s 光坐着无所事事

at church

☆How many girlfriends do you have, if at all?

☆put…into practice 将…付诸实行 Sometimes it’s not easy to put dreams into practice. 有时候将梦想付诸实行并 不容易. practice(vt.) + n./ving 做宾语,不能加 不定式做宾语 “练习”

☆in brief/short 简言之 sth. 向某人简报某事 ☆what's there to lose? 失的。 失的。 ☆blink one’s eye 眨眼睛

How much money do you make, if at all? ☆Wyh not + 动原 ☆in one’s own words 用某人自己的话 用某人自己的话. talented 天份 ☆paraphrase 释义

146. Doing It in the Pants 145. Breakfast p.493 Improves Mental 在裤子里

p.502

Sharpness 144. Go for It p489

Donald is in class. He raises his hand to If you are not in the habit of having get the teacher's attention again. (T=teacher; D=Donald) T: Yes, Donald. What do you want? D: Excuse me, sir. May I go to the washroom? T: But this is the third time in half an hour. D: I know. But my mother made me eat a big breakfast this morning. T: Why? D: She said that if I eat a big breakfast, I will do better in my schoolwork. T: But if you go to the toilet every ten minutes, you won't be able to do any work. D: Uh... but if I don't go now, I'll do it in my pants. T: Well, I guess if you've got to go, you've got to go. mental 智力 sharpness sock 零食 dull 迟钝 I am ☆pants( 美) trousers(英) slacks 休闲裤 a pair of stink 臭 be in

Vicky is talking to her teacher about her English. (V=Vicky; T=teacher) V: How can I improve my English, sir? T: Well, the more you read, the better you'll write. V: And what about my spoken English? T: Practice makes perfect. Speak English whenever you have the chance. V: But I don't get many opportunities to speak English. T: Remember: You'll have to create opportunities yourself. V: What do you mean by that? T:You can't sit on your behind and hope that good things will come to you.You've got to go for it. V: I see what you mean. T: Good. Now go and put what you have learnt into practice. ☆go for sth 努力获取 躬亲 You've got to go for it. = You must work toward your goal.你得朝自己的目标努力 go for it 事务

breakfast, then you should start doing so. A recent study shows that not only is breakfast the most important meal of the day, but it is also important to eat(=have) it at the right time. The timing of breakfast may affect one's performance in school or at work. For instance, if children eat breakfast 30 minutes before school, they will probably do better than those who eat it two hours earlier. What you eat is also an important factor. If you eat sweet foods, they will probably improve your ability to think and remember. In brief, the study claims that they improve mental sharpness. If I were you, I would give it a try/shot. After all, what's there to lose? ☆breakfast 灵敏,敏锐 ☆star to do / doing suck thumb neat 整洁的 ☆be in the habit of +动名 fast 斋戒/紧

的,精神的 physical 身体的

shorts 短 裤 jeans 牛 仔 裤 pants 一条裤子 ☆greasy 油腻的 the class 在教室 junk food

☆be in class/school 在上课/学

in the habit of taking a nap afetr lunch .

☆get one’s attention 得 到 某 人 的 注 意

draw one’s attention to… 引起某人对… 的注意 pay attention to 注意/专心… ☆make a good impression on 印象 ☆lavatory ☆quiz 小考 washroom W.C.( 英 )

a.

If you should see judy, please give her my regards. = Should you see ….

☆freak out(大发脾气) ☆Get out of here(别开玩笑了,别骗人 了) ☆gross(真恶心)

b.

If I had known you were coming, I would have cooked more food. = Had I known you ….

latrine (军事用语) a pot quiz 抽考 c. ☆do it in my pants 拉 裤 子 ( 委 婉 ) = When nature calls, we have to answer. ☆be able to + 动原 动名 = 动名 = can + 动原 = be capable of + 能够… 能够 148. p.514

If I were you, I would divorce that good-for-nothing. = Were I you, … What a Terrible Experience!

be unable to +动原 = be incapable of + cannot +动原 不能… 不能

Jeff is in a school play with his classmates. (C=classmate; J=Jeff) C: Hey, Jeff! What's the matter? J: I forgot my lines. C: If you forgot your lines, you should make something up. J: What should I say? C: Anything! If you don't say anything soon, you'll ruin the whole play. J: OK. OK...(to the audience) I love you!(laughter) C: You're an idiot! What on earth was that about? J: I think I'm gonna(=going to) faint. C: Don't. If you do, that will be the end of the play. 玩完了

147. Let Experience Be the Teacher p.517 It has often been said that there's no better teacher than experience. So how does a student of English learn the language through experience? Obviously,to "experience" English, you'll have to use it as often as possible(=you can). That is why more and more teachers use role plays, dramas and field trips to teach English. What you see, hear and feel will more likely stick in your mind than what you read in a book. Should you (=If you should) have the opportunity to take part in a school drama one day, you will probably try to memorize your lines to perfection. If you are anything of an actor, you will probably say your lines with emotion. In other words, you may "experience" the use of the language as it is really used in everyday(a.) life. So if I were you, I would let experience be the teacher. ☆have experience in … 有 … 的 经 验 be experienced in … 对…经验 My father has a lot of experience in carpentry, so he can make furniture. 经验 (U) ☆role model 模范 field trip 参观教学 ☆participate in = take part in 参于… ☆anything of [用于疑问或条件句]多多 少少, 一点...的味儿 ☆everyday a.日常的,每天的 = daily life every day n./ad. ☆含有 should,were,had 的虚拟 虚拟,都可以 虚拟 用倒装,省略 if 合秀华

J: Good!(to the audience) Goodbye! (He faints.) ☆horrible,terrible,awful ☆Don't spit. 吐痰 ☆We staged our play in the school gymnasium. 推出 ☆shiver, shake 颤抖 ☆make up sth 编造 ☆I'm never lonely just because the love you give to me! ☆Excuse me, would you spend some time practice English with me?”, “you scared me!” ☆When will you ever learn! 时候才能长点见识呀! ☆Have a crush on someone(爱上某人) Eg:She thinks she has a crush on someone on John.(她认为她爱上约翰了) ☆Hey, dude, look at that girl /chick.(喂, 老兄,看那个女孩) ☆pissed off(生气,不高兴) ☆Hey, Give me five(嗨,好啊! ) 你什么