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【最新】高中英语人教版必修五课件:Unit+2+The+Unitied+Kingdom+Section+Ⅰ_图文

When people say England, they sometimes mean Great Britain, sometimes the United Kingdom, sometimes the British Isles — but never England. Why is England or the UK sometimes called Britain? United Kingdom, the entire island of Great Britain (or simply Britain), or indeed the British Isles. This is not only incorrect but can cause offence (冒犯) to people from other parts of the UK. England, Scotland, Wales, Great Britain refer to different parts of the UK. The British Isles includes many islands not even part of the UK. The diverse (多种多样的) history of England, Scotland and Wales has led to very different cultural traditions. The Scots and Welsh have right to feel aggrieved ( 受侵害的) whenever the term “England” is used wrongly to mean all three. The name United Kingdom refers to the union of what were once four separate countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland (though most of Ireland is now independent). The UK's full and official name is “the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”. SectionⅠ Warming Up & Reading — Prereading [读文清障] ①puzzle n.谜;难题 ② Wales [weIlz] 威尔士(英) ③Scotland ['sk?tl?nd] 苏格兰(英) ④Northern Ireland ['aI ?l?nd] 北爱尔 兰(英) ⑤clarify ['kl?rIfaI] vt.澄清;阐明 [原文呈现] PUZZLES① IN GEOGRAPHY People may wonder why different words are used to describe these four countries: England, Wales , Scotland and Northern Ireland . ④ ② ③ You can clarify⑤ this question if you study British history. [原文呈现] First there was England. Wales was linked to⑥ it in the thirteenth century. Now when people refer to⑦ England you find Wales included⑧ as well⑨. Next England and Wales were joined to⑩ Scotland in the seventeenth century and later the name was changed to “Great Britain”. Happily this was accomplished? without conflict ? when King James of Scotland became King of England and Wales as well. Finally the English government tried in the early twentieth century? to form the United Kingdom [读文清障] ⑥link A to B 把 A 与 B 连接、联合起 来,此处为被动语态。 ⑦refer to 提及;涉及 ⑧find Wales included 为“find+宾语+ 宾补”结构, 过去分词 included 充当宾补。 ⑨as well 也;还;而且 ⑩join A to B 把 A 与 B 连接、联合起 来,此处为被动语态。 ?accomplish [?'k?mplI ?] vt.实现; 完成; 达到 ?conflict ['k?nflIkt] n.矛盾;冲突 ?in the early twentieth century 在 20 世纪初 [原文呈现] by getting Ireland connected in the same peaceful way ? . However, the southern part of Ireland was unwilling ? and broke away ? [读文清障] ?by getting ...为方式状语, 其中 getting Ireland connected 为 “get+宾语+宾 补”结构, 过去分词 connected 作宾补。 ?unwilling [??n'wIlI?] adj.不愿意(的); 不乐意(的) be