当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(3)


(新课标)2016 高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(3)
阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A,B,C 或 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

The traditional tent cities at festivals such as Glastonbury may never be the same again. In a victory of green business that is certain to appeal to

environmentally-aware music-lovers, a design student is to receive financial support to produceeco-friendly tentsmade of cardboard that can be recycled after the bands and the crowds have gone home.

Major festivals such as Glastonbury throw away some 10,000 abandoned tents at the end of events each year. For his final year project at the University of the West of England, James Dunlop came up with a material that can be recycled. And to cope with the British summer, the cardboard has been made waterproof.

Taking inspiration from a Japanese architect, who has used cardboard to make big buildings including churches, Mr Dunlop used cardboard material for his tents, which he called Myhabs.

The design won an award at the annual New Designers Exhibition after Mr Dunlop graduated from his product design degree and he decided to try to turn it into a business.

To raise money for the idea, he toured the City’s private companies which fund new businesses and found a supporter in the finance group Mint. He introduced his idea to four of Mint’s directors and won their support. Mint has committed around£500,000 to MyHab and taken a share of 30 per cent in Mr Dunlop’s business. The first Myhabs should be tested at festivals this summer, before being marketed fully next year.

Mr Dunlop said that the design, which accommodates two people, could have other uses, such as for disaster relief and housing for the London Olympics. For music events, the cardboard houses will be ordered online and put up at the sites by the Myhab team

before the festival-goers arrive and removed by the company afterwards. They can be personalized and the company will offer reductions on the expense if people agree to sell exterior(外部的) advertising space.

The biggest festivals attract tens of thousands of participants, with Glastonbury having some 150,000 each year. Altogether there are around 100 annual music festivals where people camp in the UK. The events are becoming increasingly environmentally conscious.

1. “Eco-friendly tents” in paragraph 1 refer to tents

.

A. economically desirable

B. favorable to the environment

C. for holding music performances D. designed for disaster relief

2. Mr Dunlop established his business

.

A. independently with an interest-free loan from Mint

B. with the approval of the City’s administration

C. in partnership with a finance group

D. with the help of a Japanese architect

3. It is implied in the passage that

.

A. the weather in the UK is changeable in summer

B. most performances at British festivals are given in the open air

C. the cardboard tents produced by Mr Dunlop can be user-tailored

D. cardboard tents can be easily put up and removed by users

4. The passage is mainly concerned with

.

A. an attempt at developing recyclable tents

B. some efforts at making full use of cardboards

C. an unusual success of a graduation project

D. the effects of using cardboard tents on music festivals

【参考答案】1-4 BCCA

阅读理解。 An idea that started in Seattle's public library has spread throughout America and beyond. The concept is simple: help to build a sense of community in a city by getting everyone to read the same book at the same tome. In addition to encouraging reading as a pursuit (追求) to be enjoyed by all, the program allows strangers to communicate by discussing the book on the bus, as well as promoting reading as an experience to be shared in families and schools. The idea came from Seattle librarian Nancy Pearl who launched (发起)the "If All of Seattle Read the Same Book " project in 1998. Her original program used author visits, study guides and book discussion groups to bring people together with a book, but the idea has since expanded to many other American cities, and even to Hong Kong. In Chicago, the mayor(市长)appeared on television to announce the choice of To Kill a Mockingbird as the first book in the "One Book, One Chicago" program. As a result, reading clubs and neighbourhood groups sprang up around the city. Across the US, stories emerged of parents and children reading to each other at night and strangers chatting away on the bus about plot and character. The only problem arose in New York, where local readers could not decide on one book to represent the huge and diverse population. This may show that th e idea works best in medium-sized cities or large towns, where a greater sense of unity(一致)

can be achieved .Or it may show that New Yorkers rather missed the point ,putting all their energy And passion into the choice of the book rather than discussion about a book itself. Ultinatel was Nancy points out, the level of success is not measured by how many people read a book, but by how many people are enriched by the process. or have enjoyed speaking to someone with whom they would not otherwise have shared a word. ( ) 1. What is the purpose of the project launched by Nancy?

A. To invite authors to guide readers. B. To encourage people to read and share. C. To involve p eople in community service. D. To promote the friendship between cities. ( ) 2.Why was it difficult for New Yorkers to carry out the project?

A. They had little interest in reading. B. They were too busy to read a book. C. They came from many different backgrounds D. They lacked support from the local government ( ) 3. According to the passage, where would the project be more easily carried out?

A. In large commu nities with little sense of unity B. In large cities where libraries are far from home C. In medium-sized cities with a diverse population D. In large towns where agreement can be quickly reached ( ) 4.The underlined words “shared a word” in Paragraph 5 pro bably mean

A. exchanged ideas with each other B. discussed the meaning of a word C. gamed life experience D. used the same language ( A. B. ) 5.According to Nacy, the degree of students of the project is judged by the careful selection of a proper book the growing popularity of the writers

C. the number of people who benefit from reading.

D. the number of books that each person reads. 【文章大意】文章鼓励人们互相分享阅读的想法,并享受分享阅读的过程。 1.B 细节理解题。定位关键词 project launched。根据文章第二段的 as well as promoting reading as an experience to be shared in families and schools.和 who launched (发 起)the "If All of Seattle Read the Same Book 可知答案为 B。 2.C 细节理解题。根据文章第四段 The only pro blem arose in New York ,where local readers could not decide on one book to represent the huge and diverse population. 唯一的 问题也就产生了纽约,在那里,当地读者不能决定一本书代表巨大而多样化的人口。选 C。 3.D 细节理解题。根据文章第四段 This may show that the idea works best in medium-sized cities or large towns, where a greater sense of unity(一致)can be achieved .可知 答案。 4.A 词义猜测题。从上文阅读不仅要互相分享阅读的想法,还要享受分享阅读的过程。由 otherwise 可以看出 shared a word 是指前者,互相分享阅读的想法。 5.C 主旨大意题。文章鼓励人们互相分享阅读的想法,并享受分享阅读的过程。

阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A,B,C 或 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

All over the world, libraries have begun the Herculean task of m aking faithful digital copies of the books, images and recordings that preserve the intellectual effort of humankind. For armchair scholars, the work promises to bring such a wealth of information to the desktop that the present Internet may seem amateurish in retrospect. ?

Librarians see three clear benefits to going digital. First, it helps them preserve rare and fragile objects without denying access to those who wish to study them. The British Library, for example, holds the only medieval manuscript of Beowulf in London. Only qualified scholars were allowed to see it until Kevin S. Kiernan of the University of Kentucky scanned the manuscript with three different light sources (revealing detail not normally apparent to the naked eye) and put the images up on the Internet for anyone to peruse (阅览). Tokyo’s National Diet Library is similarly

creating highly detailed digital photographs of 1,236 woodblock prints, scrolls and other materials it considers national treasures so that researchers can scrutinize them without handling the originals.

A second benefit is convenience. Once books are converted to digital form, patrons can retrieve them in seconds rather than minutes. Several people can simultaneously read the same book or view the same picture. Clerks are spared the chore of reshelving. And libraries could conceivably use the Internet to land their virtual collections to those who are unable to visit in person.

The third advantage of electronic copies is that they occupy millimeters of space on a magnetic disk rather than meters on a shelf. Expanding library buildings is increasingly costly. The University of California at Berkeley recently spent $46 million on an underground addition to house 1.5 million books – an average cost of $30 per volume. The price of disk storage, in contrast, has fallen to about $2 per 300-page publication and continues to drop.

1.

The best title for this passage would be __________.

A. Three Benefits of Libraries

B. Libraries Going Digital

C. Space-saving E-learning

D. Security of Electronic Reading

66.

Which paragraph(s) in the text offer(s) further explanation of the central idea?

A. Paragraphs 2, 3 and 4

B. Paragraphs 3 and 4

C. Paragraphs 2 and 4

D. Paragraph 4

3.

Which one of the following is mentioned as the advantages of E-libraries?

A. Old manuscripts can be moved more easily

B. Materials can be examined without being touched

C. Fewer staff will be required in libraries

D. Libraries will be able to move underground

4.

What does the word ‘scrutinize’ probably mean?

A. keep for a while

B. reprint

C. restore

D. examine carefully

【参考答案】1—4、BACD

【科普知识型---阅读理解】 The forces that make Japan one of the world's most earthquakeprone(有地震倾向的) countries could become part of its longterm energy solution. Water from deep below the ground at Japan's tens of thousands of hot springs could be used to produce electricity. Although Japanese hightech companies are leaders in geothermal(地热的) technology and export it, its use is limited in the nation. “Japan should no doubt make use of its resources of geothermal energy, ” said Yoshiyasu Takefuji, a leading researcher of thermalelectric power production. The disastrous earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011 caused a reaction against atomic power, which previously made up 30 percent of Japan's energy needs, and increased interest in alternative energies, which account for only 8 percent. Artist Yoko Ono has called on Japan to explore its natural energy, following the example of Iceland which uses renewable energy for more than 80 perc ent of its needs. For now, geothermal energy makes up less than 1 percent of the energy needs in Japan, which has for decades relied heavily on fossil fuels and atomic power. The biggest problem to geothermal energy is the high initial cost of the exploration and constructing the factories.Another problem is that Japan's potentially best sites are already being developed for tourism or are located within national parks where construction is forbidden.

“We can't even dig 10cm inside national parks, ” said Shigeto Yamada of Fuji Electric, adding that regulations protecting nature would need to be relaxed for geothermal energy to grow. Researcher Hideaki Matsui said, “Produc ing electricity by using hot springs is a decadeslong project.We also have to think about what to do for now as energy supplies will decline in the short term.” The Earth Policy Institute in Washington, the US, believed Japan could produce 80, 000 megawatts(兆瓦)and meet more than half its electricity needs with geothermal technology. Japanese giants such as Toshiba are already global leaders in geothermal technology, with a 70 percent market share.In 2010, Fuji Electric built the world's largest geothermal factory in New Zealand. 1.What would be the best title for the text? A.Alternative energies in Japan B.The world's largest geothermal plant C.Japan takes the lead in geothermal technology D.Japan thinks of geothermal energy 2.What percentage of Japan's energy needs is geothermal energy? A.About 8%. B.Below 1%. C.Around 30%. D.Over 80%.

3.According to Shigeto Yamada, the growth of geothermal power in Japan needs ________. A.a change of rules C.local people's help B.financial support D.high technology

4.Geothermal energy is considered as a longterm program by ________. A.Yoshiyasu Takefuji C.Shigeto Yamada B.Hideaki Matsui D.Yoko Ono

5.It can be learned from the last two paragraphs that ________. A.the world's biggest geothermal plant was built by America B.Japan will not export its geothermal technology C.the potential of Japan's geothermal energy is great D.it is hard to find geothermal energy in Japan

【要点综述】文章主要讲述了日本正在考虑开发地热能。因为日本是地震多发国家,国家地 热能非常丰富,所以地热能将是日本的新型替代能源。 1.D 主旨大意题。文章主要讲述了日本正在考虑开发地热能,围绕地热能的话题展开。故 选 D 项。 2.B 细节理解题。从第七段“For now,geothermal energy makes up less than 1 percent of the energy needs in Japan,which has for decades relied heavily on fossil fuels and atomic power.”可知,日本地热能不到 1%,主要依赖于化石燃料和原子能。故选 B 项。 3.A 细节理解题。从倒数第四段“?adding that regulations protecting nature would need to be relaxed for geothermal energy to grow.”可知,要开发地热能需要将现行的 规章制度进行改变,故选 A 项。 4.B 细节理解题。从“Researcher Hideaki Matsui said, ‘Producing electricity by using hot springs is a decadeslong project?”可知,Hideaki Matsui 认为地热能是个长期的 项目,故选 B 项。 5.C 推理判断题。从最后两段可知,日本在地热能方面有着巨大的潜力,故选 C 项。

短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 When we had our class, our psychology teacher would take any liquid medicine from a tiny bottle. This touched the whole classes. We thought that he should ask for leave and stayed at home for a rest, so he came to each class on time. Therefore, all of us studied psychology hard than we did any other subject. In the end of that term, we told him that how much we appreciated him. We were so worrying about her health that we asked him what disease he got and what medicine he took. With satisfied smile,

he said, “I’m quite all right and it’s a bottle of tea. 【参考答案】4. When we had our class, our psychology teacher would take any liquid some medicine from a tiny bottle. This touched the whole classes. We thought that he class should ask for a leave and stayed at home for a rest, so he came to each class on stay but

time. Therefore, all of us studied psychology hard than we did any other subject. harder In the end of that term, we told that how much we appreciated him. We were so At worrying about her health that we asked him what disease he got and what worried his

medicine he took. With ∧ satisfied smile, he said, “I’m quite all right and it’s a a bottle of tea.”

短文改错(共 10 小题;满分 10 分;改动第 11 处不计分) In the past, teachers always kept on to explaining the points in class. Our students just listened and take notes. But now we often discuss and try to solve the problems raising by the teachers or ourselves. After class, we enjoy different kind of activities instead of doing endless homework. For example, we can read that we are interested in. We can go to the library and surf the Internet for variously kinds of information. In my opinion, exploring study does not help us learn much, but also make us to enjoy study and become masters of study. 【参考答案】5. 1 kept on to – kept on 2 our students – we students

3 take notes – took notes

4 raising – raised 6 read that – read what

5 kind of activities – kinds of activities 7 and surf – or surf 9 not help – not only help

8 variously – various 10 to enjoy – enjoy

6.短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌的作文。文中共有 10 处错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号∧,并在其下面写出该加的词 删除:把多余的词用斜线﹨划掉。 修改:在错的词下面划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Do you read reviews after you see a movie? I used to do that, but I usually wished I didn’t. I read so much about a movie on advance that I often ended up not go to see it at all. The writers point everything out that is wrong with the film, but seldom mentions anything good about one. They also tell the important things and even the ending of the movie. Lately I have changed way I choose movies to watch. I read reviews afterwards, if necessary. It is very important to me is that I don’t watch the talk shows in that people discuss movies. And I don’t ask other people how they like of it. Now, I enjoy myself even more. 【参考答案】6. 1. after-before – going 5. mentions– mention What 9. that – which 10. of 去掉 6. one – it 7. way 前加 the 8. It – 2. didn’t – hadn’t 3. on – in 4. go


赞助商链接
相关文章:
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(12)
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(12) - (新课标)2016 高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(12) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D...
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(6)
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(6) - (新课标)2016 高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(6) 阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A,B,C 或 D ...
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(5)
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(5) - (新课标)2016 高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(5) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中...
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(13)
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(13) - (新课标)2016 高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(13) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D...
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(2)
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(2) - (新课标)2016 高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(2) 阅读下列短文, 从给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中...
2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(3)
2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(3)_语文_高中教育_教育专区。2016 高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(3)阅读下列短文, 从给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) ...
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(10)
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(10) - (新课标)2016 高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(10) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)...
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(7)
(新课标)2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(7) - (新课标)2016 高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(7) 阅读下列短文, 从给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中...
2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(3)及答案(北师大版)
2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(3)及答案(北师大版) - 【由安徽省合肥市 2014 高考模拟题改编】 阅读下列短文, 从给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中...
2016高考英语(人教新课标)阅读理解和短文改错选练(12)...
2016高考英语(人教新课标)阅读理解和短文改错选练(12)及答案 - 【由山东省 2014 高考仿真冲刺卷( 6 )改编】 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C ...
更多相关标签: