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【高考领航】2016届高三英语二轮复习 课时训练17 阅读理解+完形填空+语法填空+短文改错


训练 17

阅读理解+完形填空+语法填空+短文改错
(建议用时 45 分钟)

Ⅰ.阅读理解 Even if trees cannot walk,they are still on the move. In parts of the Arctic , entire forests are moving northward.Across

the Arctic,temperatures are rising faster than anywhere else in the world.As that happens,the tree line that marks where forests stop and the treeless tundra (冻 原) starts has been shifting northward.Trees growing along the tree line must

protect themselves from the cold wind.To do this,plants tend to grow horizontal (水平的)branches low to the ground.The energy it takes for trees to grow this way means they don’t have enough energy to make seeds. But as Earth’s climate has been warming,trees no longer have to just grow horizontally.Many can instead grow up toward the sky.This takes less energy.And with all that leftover energy,these trees have started producing more seeds.This happens especially in places where white spruce (白云杉) grows. White spruce,which is a North American tree,is quite able to produce a lot of seeds,which can move long distances in the wind.When wind?blown seeds end up on the tundra beyond the tree line,they eventually can sprout (发芽) new trees.This explains how a forest can move.Of course,the process would work only if the tundra were warm enough.But in recent years,the whole planet has been warming. New trees will provide shelters for some snow.Keeping the sun’s rays from making the white surface disappear.Instead,the trees absorb the sun’s heat.This warms the surrounding air.The extra warmth encourages even more trees to produce seeds.That further boosts a forest’s ability to expand.In addition,more trees will trap more snow,preventing much of it from being blown away.Snow can trap heat in the soil below, which encourages trees to grow.The recent rise of temperatures has helped more trees grow past the tree line.People worry about impacts on the animals that depend on frozen conditions for food and shelter. 1.What is the main cause of the trees in the Arctic moving northward? A.The shrinking of northern tundra. B.The rising temperature. C.The fierce and cold wind.

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D.The abundant resources in the north. 2.What does the underlined word “ this” in Paragraph 2 mean? A.To produce more seeds. B.To move northward. C.To respond to the climate change. D.To protect themselves from the cold wind. 3.What can be inferred from the last paragraph? A.New trees can trap the snow,which may make the soil colder. B.The trapped snow prevents new trees from producing more seeds. C.New trees can make the surrounding air warmer. D.New trees can bring more food and shelter to local animals. 4.The passage is most probably taken from ________. A.a science report B.a health report C.a fashion magazine D.a children’s magazine 【语篇解读】 本文是一篇科研报告,主要研究了气温升高对北极圈植物的影响。 1. 解析: 选 B。 根据第二段的第二句“Across the Arctic, temperatures are rising faster than anywhere else in the world”以及本段的整体内容可知,不断上升的气温是北极圈 树木北移的主要原因,即 B 项正确。 2 .解析:选 D 。根据画线词前的“Trees growing along the tree line must protect themselves from the cold wind” 可 知 , 画 线 词 this 指 代 的 是 本 句 中 的 “protect themselves from the cold wind”,即 D 项正确。 3. 解析: 选 C。 根据最后一段中的“New trees will provide shelters for some snow.Keeping the sun’s rays from making the white surface disappear.Instead,the trees absorb the sun’s heat.This warms the surrounding air”可推知,新树会让周围的空气更加温 暖,即 C 项正确。 4.解析:选 A。根据文章的整体内容可推知,本文主要研究的是气候变暖对北极圈植物的 影响,故该文应选自科研报告,即 A 项正确。 Ⅱ.完形填空 Getting Started Chris’s parents were proud of him when he graduated from college.But it’s been six months and he hasn’t got a job yet.In fact,he hasn’t __1__ has no idea what he wants to do and he’s thinking of grad school.
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seriously.He

He’s living at home with his parents and things are getting __2__,especially with his father,who __3__ Chris of being lazy and afraid to enter the real world. Chris thinks his dad is being totally __4__.After all,he’s only young once and he needs some “ __5__ ”.During a recent argument,Chris said,“I’m not you,Dad.I have my own way of doing things.I want a job I __6__.” His dad replied,“That’s a nice idea,but in the end they call it ‘work’__7__ it’s about making a productive living—not having __8__.” There are many youngsters like Chris who are having trouble getting started __9__ a serious job and becoming independent.Some,like Peter Pan,just don’t want to __10__.Some are afraid of making a wrong decision or of being rejected.Others are __11__ of what psychologists call “magical thinking”.They believe that when the __12__ is right,everything will fall into place.So they wait for __13__ to come knocking or until they feel inspired or excited about their next step. __14__, it doesn’t work that way.What’s important is to __15__.Things happen

and opportunities appear most often when we’re __16__,not standing still. Energy is very important.Basic physics says it’s easier to __17__ the course

of a moving object than to start __18__ initially.In the end,it’s not really about finding yourself.It’s about __19__ yourself.

The first steps are the __20__,but the key to success in anything is getting started. 1.A.fought C.applied 2.A.positive C.dangerous 3.A.reminds C.accuses 4.A.arrogant C.enthusiastic 5.A.patience C.money 6.A.enjoy C.create 7.A.unless C.because B.learned D.looked B.tense D.uncertain B.informs D.warns B.unreasonable D.cruel B.rest D.space B.understand D.tolerate B.though D.when
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8.A.difficulty C.action 9.A.at C.for 10.A.grow up C.go away 11.A.experts C.victims 12.A.choice C.method 13.A.wealth C.love 14.A.Unfortunately C.Obviously 15.A.begin C.survive 16.A.expecting C.moving 17.A.record C.analyze 18.A.movements C.speeds 19.A.educating C.behaving 20.A.heaviest C.hardest

B.fun D.power B.on D.with B.take off D.give in B.students D.patients B.time D.route B.fame D.opportunity B.Strangely D.Totally B.compete D.react B.waiting D.thinking B.change D.follow B.positions D.advancements B.making D.rewarding B.simplest D.shortest

【语篇解读】 本文通过一个害怕进入社会而不愿意找工作的年轻人的故事, 说明了开始行 动起来很重要。 1.解析:选 D。结合前面的 he hasn’t got a job yet 可知,他并没有认真地寻找工作。 2.解析:选 B。根据前面的 He’s living at home with his parents 可知,由于他不出 去找工作,父母非常不满意,因此关系变得紧张了。 3.解析:选 C。根据后面的 Chris of being lazy and afraid to enter the real world. 可知,父亲指责他懒惰、害怕进入现实世界中。 4.解析:选 B。由于受到父亲的责备,Chris 认为父亲完全不讲理。
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5.解析:选 D。根据前面的 he’s only young once and he needs...可推知他认为他还年 轻,需要空间。 6.解析:选 A。结合前面的 I have my own way of doing things.I want a job 可知,他 认为自己有做事的方式,他需要找到一份他喜欢的工作。 7.解析:选 C。从后面的 it’s about making a productive living 可知,这是因为工作 是创造一种积极的生活的手段。 8.解析:选 B。与前面的 it’s about making a productive living 对比,指工作是创造 有意义的生活,而不是玩乐。 9.解析:选 D。这里是 start with 表示开始,即开始一份认真对待的工作。 10.解析:选 A。与前面的 becoming independent 对比,有很多的年轻人不愿意成长,即 不愿意进入现实世界。 11.解析:选 C。根据后面的 what psychologists call“magical thinking”和 everything will fall into place 可知,有些人是 magical thinking 的受害者。 12.解析:选 B。与前面的 magical thinking 等呼应,指他们认为时间合适的话,一切都 会水到渠成。 13.解析:选 D。根据后面的 to come knocking 可知,他们在等着机会来敲门。 14.解析:选 A。结合后面的 it doesn’t work that way.事情不是这样的,因此表示“不 幸的是”。 15.解析:选 A。与上文中的 get started 对应,表示开始第一步很重要。 16.解析:选 C。和后面的 not standing still 中的 still 对比,指机会在运动中产生, 而不是在静止中产生的。 17.解析:选 B。根据后面的内容可知,在运动中容易改变物体的轨迹。 18.解析:选 A。结合上文的 change the course of a moving object 可知,改变一个运 动轨迹比使物体开始运动容易得多。 19.解析:选 B。与前面的 it’s not really about finding yourself.中的 finding 对比, 指不是发现自己,而是创造自己。 20.解析:选 C。结合前面的 The first steps are 可知,这里表示万事开头难。 Ⅲ.语法填空 I told my wife Tamara I wanted to celebrate my 30th birthday with 30 random acts of 1.____________ (kind) . Tamara grabbed at( 抓 住 )the idea and made 2.____________ happen.We first went to the park , 3.____________ we did some

cleaning and passed out delicious Mexican hot chocolate to those who appeared homeless.We even played games 4.____________ a bored 10?year?old boy,who was

waiting for his sisters 5.____________ (finish) shopping,and more.
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The highlight for me

6.____________ (occur) at the end of the day when we

were passing out carnation flowers in a retirement home after their dinner.At first I found 7.____________ (I) questioning my motives(动机) and whether it would

be received.8.____________,the first thing that took me a bit by surprise was that almost every man also enjoyed receiving a flower,not only from Tamara,but also from me. Then,I found myself giving the women 9.____________ (long) deep caring hugs than before.My heart was touched when one woman told me that she hadn’t been hugged like that for years.I didn’t count 10.____________ number of kind acts we did that day,and neither did I count that birthday as one of the good ones.Without doubt, I know it was my best! 1.考查词性转换。此处用名词作介词 of 的宾语。 kindness 2.考查代词。此处指 Tamara 抓住这个想法并让这个想法实现了,此处 it 指代上文的“the idea”。 it 3.考查定语从句。先行词为 the park,定语从句中缺少地点状语。 where 4.考查介词。此处为 play with...意为“与??玩耍”。此处指他们与 10 岁的男孩做游 戏。 with 5.考查非谓语动词。wait for sb.to do sth.“等某人做某事”,此处为动词不定式作目 的状语。 to finish 6.考查时态。本文描述的是过去的事情,因此用一般过去时态。 occurred 7.考查反身代词。当句子的主语与宾语一致时,宾语应使用反身代词。 myself 8.考查副词。前后语境表示转折关系。 However 9.考查比较级。根据下文的“than”可知,此处应使用比较级。 longer 10.考查冠词。句意为:我没有数那天我们所做好事的数目。定冠词 the 表特指。 答案:the
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Ⅳ.短文改错 I can still well remember what greatly difficulty I had learning English.Failing in different exam nearly destroyed my faith and confident.However, when my head teacher,Mr.Wang sensed my depression and came to my help.Encouraging by him,I gain my ambition to learn English well again.Buried in English for a long time,I finally achieved his goal.Since then I’ve been convinced that only when you determine to succeed can you possess the perseverance(坚持不懈) to work hard, that will eventually lead to your success.Therefore,hold on to determination, you are guaranteed to have the brighter future. 答案: I can still well remember what English.Failing in different exam exams greatly difficulty I had learning great nearly destroyed my faith and

confident .However,when my head teacher,Mr.Wang sensed my depression and came to confidence Encouraging gain my help. by him,I my ambition to learn English well again.Buried Encouraged gained in English for a long time,I finally achieved his goal. my

Since then I’ve been convinced that only when you determine to succeed can you possess the perseverance(坚持不懈) to work hard, that will eventually lead to your which

the ∧ success.Therefore,hold on to determination,and you are guaranteed to have a brighter future.

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